Atmospheric electrical effect predicting major earthquakes, Kosuke Heki paper

Posted: October 4, 2011 by tchannon in Astrophysics, Earthquakes

Figure S12 from Heki paper

Heki, K. (2011), Ionospheric electron enhancement preceding the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L17312, doi:10.1029/2011GL047908.

If this effect proves robust it opens a Pandora’s box by providing a direct ionospheric effect precursing crustal events.

Web page of Kosuke Heki with selected scientific papers is here

More detail can be found in a WUWT post here who I thank for alerting me to the paper.


  1. P.G. Sharrow says:

    Seems we discussed this concept in March.

    thread by Vukcevic on Electro Magnetic precursers of large quakes. pg

  2. tchannon says:

    PG, yes

  3. malagaview says:

    Looks like another nail in the coffin for the Dynamo Earth theory…
    While providing support for the Capacitor Earth theory.

    The ionosphere is a capacitor that holds charge…
    and clouds are a capacitor that hold charge…
    and earth is a capacitor that holds charge.

    There are electrical discharges between the earth and the clouds…
    These discharges are called lightening.

    There are electrical discharges between the clouds and the ionosphere…
    These discharges are called sprites

    This new paper indicates that there are electrical interactions (between the ionosphere and earth) that can trigger earthquakes… perhaps this style of earthquake is triggered when the insulation between the capacitors reaches its breakdown voltage at depth within the earth.

    Based upon our current knowledge the Capacitor Earth has many layers that can act as either insulation or a capacitor: crust, upper mantle, mantle, outer core and inner core:

    Perhaps the best indication that the mantle acts as a very large capacitor is the dirty thunderstorm (aka volcanic lightening) phenomenon associated with volcanic plumes

    Additionally, if the mantle acts as a very large spinning capacitor that surrounds an [assumed] iron core then we have the basic ingredients to create an electromagnet.

    This implies that a geomagnetic reversal requires the capacitor to be discharged before its starts acquiring a reversed charge/polarity… however Wikipedia is very reassuring [not] when it states: Capacitors may catastrophically fail when subjected to voltages or currents beyond their rating… so fingers crossed.

    The interesting thing about capacitors is that they their capacitance tends to decrease over time… this process is know as aging… however, this aging process can be reversed by heating the capacitor above its Curie point… this process is called de-aging. This implies that the crust of the earth is a very aged capacitor… while the hot mantle (above it Curie point) is a far more efficient capacitor that can hold a lot more charge!

    Another very interesting phenomenon associated with capacitors is the Biefeld-Brown Effect. Wikipedia is rather coy about this effect that transfers its momentum to surrounding neutral particles.

    Therefore, I suggest that you use Google search to find images associated with the Biefeld-Brown Effect because this phenomenon really fires the imagination.

  4. tchannon says:

    “Looks like another nail in the coffin for the Dynamo Earth theory…”

    Both can be true. The body of the earth has an electrically conductive outer shell which makes electrostatics improbable internally other than brief episodes. The atmosphere is a very different situation.

    Assuming the identified effect is real, why?
    Piezoelectric crustal effect is an obvious one, field is being generated faster than it can leak away. Given there is a lot of monitoring perhaps this can be teased out from the mountain of data.

  5. adolfogiurfa says:

    @malagaview says:
    October 4, 2011 at 3:29 pm
    Simply great!…the recent opening of a “ozone hole” over the artic and current changes:
    seem to indicate that something is coming. How do you explain these?

  6. malagaview says:

    Both can be true.

    OK… I plead guilty to using some rhetorical license

    Both theories could be true… and both could co-exist…
    Many will see the differences as purely semantic…
    Many will just associate the ideas with the electric magnets they were shown at school…

    However, my perspective is that the term Dynamo Theory is very misleading…
    The term has the wrong emphasis… and is basically a misdirection…

    This is how Wikipedia defines a dynamo:
    The dynamo uses rotating coils of wire and magnetic fields to convert mechanical rotation into a pulsing direct electric current

    So a dynamo consists of two basic components:
    1) rotating coils
    2) magnetic fields

    Therefore, using the term Dynamo Theory to explain geomagnetism is really an oxymoron because without geomagnetism there can be no geo-dynamo.

    It is important to remember that a dynamo is primarily used to generate electricity (not magnetic fields)…. and I suppose from the perspective of the Dynamo Theory that the geo-generated electricity should be seen as just an unfortunate waste product which can just be forgotten about… no story here – move along please.

    Therefore, I have a preference for the term Capacitor Earth because the emphasis is upon electricity…. electricity that can be used to generate a geomagnetic field… electricity that charges capacitors and drives the Biefeld-Brown gravity effects… electricity that connects and influences the objects in our solar system / galaxy / universe.

    According to Wikipedia Quartz is the second-most-abundant mineral in the Earth’s continental crust… so no doubt Piezoelectricity plays some part in the electrical wiring diagram that includes our earth… unfortunately this wiring diagram need a lot more thought, investigation and development.

  7. Tenuc says:

    Another great post MV – I too am a doubter about how the h0mopolar generator/motor can produce the magnetic field, but requires a magnetic field as an intrinsic part of the mechanism. Seems like some sort of over unity perpetual motion machine to me!

    Also generating the massive amount of energy needed to produce Earth’s large magnetic field, would mean that the rotation of the Earth would be under constant braking as rotational energy is used to sustain the magnetic field. Yet Earth continues to spin it’s merry dance around the universe with little measurable slowing. The capacitor theory seems a more common sense approach to understanding what’s actually going on, with the electric current being a product of the all pervasive EM charge field which our Earth constantly absorbs. Our planet could be a homo-polar motor perhaps??? Would be the first time the standard model has got everything upside down… 🙂

  8. tchannon says:

    I suggest ballparking the numbers where a little digging might unearth what others have calculated.

    The subject is covered extensively by Creationists. No comment.

    A credible text is in this PDF but no direct answer to the question.

    On page 3 it states “Secondly, continuous supply of energy, provided by thermal
    convection of fluid, is required to drive the dynamo.” which means the energy source is effectively a heat engine internal to the earth, hence has nothing to do with external energy.

    Once again a gravity well is critical to understanding the solar system and on that I might be posting some red hot articles soon.


  9. Lord Beaverbrook says:

    Perhaps Iceland would be a good area to study.

  10. Tenuc says:

    tchannon says:
    October 4, 2011 at 8:33 pm
    “…Once again a gravity well is critical to understanding the solar system and on that I might be posting some red hot articles soon.”

    Looking forward to that, Tim. In the meantime I came across this paper that poses some real issues with current standard model gravitational theory…

    On the anomalous secular increase of the eccentricity of the orbit of the Moon [link added, Tim]
    “A recent analysis of a Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) data record spanning 38.7 yr revealed an anomalous increase of the eccentricity e of the lunar orbit amounting to e (measured) = (9 ± 3) × 10−12 yr−1.

    The present-day models of the dissipative phenomena occurring in the interiors of both the Earth and the Moon are not able to explain it. In this paper, we examine several dynamical effects, not modeled in the data analysis, in the framework of long-range modified models of gravity and of the standard Newtonian/Einsteinian paradigm. It turns out that none of them can accommodate e (measured)…”

  11. adolfogiurfa says:

    @Tenuc says:
    October 6, 2011 at 8:39 am
    What if the Moon is the “ground” relative to earth´s charge, that would increase moon´s eccentricity.

  12. P.G. Sharrow says:

    The daily rotation of the earth causes a slight wobble in the moons position. This is caused by the off axis alignment of the earth’s magnetic field. That would mean a slight change in the angular momentum of both due to magnetic coupling. pg

  13. Tenuc says:

    P.G. Sharrow says:
    October 6, 2011 at 3:47 pm
    “…That would mean a slight change in the angular momentum of both due to magnetic coupling…”

    Hi PG. I think it more likely that it is the charge field that is mainly responsible for the orbital ‘error’, by the mechanism of transfer of mechanical kinetic energy due to bombardment. The ‘magnetic coupling’ could also make a difference to the observed ‘wobble’, but as magnetism is likely an outcome of the spin of the charge field anyway this is going to be a second order effect.

  14. adolfogiurfa says:

    @Tenuc says:
    October 9, 2011 at 11:18 am
    P.G. Sharrow says:
    What do you think is it the relation between Pythagoras Monochord and his famous theorem?: Monochord´s single cord is his square triangle hypothenuse, and where both legs represent that curious phenomena we use to call electricity/mangetism, always at 90° (Oersted´s law).
    The melody of charges making the worlds dance…..

  15. P.G. Sharrow says:

    Immanuel Velikovsky and Albert Einstein thought the daily wobble was caused by earths magnetic field, but that was in the 1950s. I don’t think they even considered field charge. At least they did not discuss that in Velikovsky’s notes on his discussions with Einstien. pg

  16. katesisco says:

    Thinking broadly could this capacitor effect occur in step-downs as the system ages?
    If the Milky Way originally produced its beautiful compact galactic clusters first, then aging caused a step-down to the next capacitor which would have been?
    A solar system is a big drop down but what would be in between?
    The ORT shell, is an obvious remnant from a massive electromagnetic event.
    Planets are next and the info here verifies that.
    The image is a step pyramid of MesoAmerica.
    Just thinking.