Why Wind Power Is Not Equal To Coal Fired Power

Posted: January 2, 2018 by oldbrew in Analysis, turbines, Uncertainty, wind
Tags: , ,

Hazelwood power station, Australia – closed in 2017 [image credit: Simpsons fan 66 at English Wikipedia]


How much enforced variability in electricity generation can a country’s power system tolerate? A close look at the numbers for Australia is not encouraging, to say the least.

How often have you heard that Wind power is intermittent, but has anyone ever explained that to you, or shown just how it actually is intermittent, and what it means, asks TonyfromOz.

What if you need a dedicated amount of power all the time? Can wind power be relied on to generate that dedicated amount of power?

Over the last Month, I have been detailing the closure of the 53 year old Hazelwood brown coal fired power plant in the State of Victoria here in Australia, and comparing that plant’s power generation with wind power across the whole of Australia, and that Post is at this link.

The main comparison was with all the wind plants across the whole of Australia, but I was also including the data for just the wind plants in the same State that the Hazelwood plant was in, Victoria.

While the Hazelwood plant had a Nameplate of 1600MW originally, its old age meant that it could no longer generate that level of power, but after 53 years it was astonishing that this ancient plant could still actually manage 86% of that original total, and that was 1380MW at its maximum with all 8 Units in operation. Across the whole 31 days immediately prior to its closure, the plant averaged a daily power generation of 1306MW, which gave the plant an effective Capacity Factor of 95% for that Month.

However when compared to just the wind plants in Victoria, the result was even more startling. There are currently 15 of those wind plants, and the oldest of them is the Challicum Hills Wind Plant, now only 14 years old. The total Nameplate for all those wind plants just in the State of Victoria is 1485MW, so there are around 850 of those turbines on poles around the State. That 1485MW nameplate is higher than the 1380MW (the recent maximum) of Hazelwood.

Yet, across those same 31 days in the lead up to the closure of Hazelwood, the average daily generation from all those 15 wind plants with 850 individual generators only came in at only 359MW, and that is just a tiny bit more than what was being generated from just TWO of the ancient Hazelwood’s 8 Units, an astonishing fact. Here you have 850 wind turbines and they can only generate as much power as two 53 year old generators.

However, when you say that the AVERAGE daily power from those wind plants was only 359MW per day, that is a straight line average across those 24 hours, where the power being generated is up and down across the whole day, so it is averaged to that amount.

So then, what does that mean, and can it be directly compared with an equal amount of Nameplate to show you how the wind power is variable, or intermittent?

Continued here.

Comments
  1. Graeme No.3 says:

    For the next Eurosong contest the UK entry will be sponsored by the UK Govt. It will be “There’s a wind turbine in my garden”.

    And NOTE the 30% average annual capacity factor compared with the on-shore average in the UK varying between 21-27%.

    And the Premier of Victoria is muttering about shutting down Loy Yang. For some reason he is referred to frquently as Dopey Dan.

  2. Tom Harley says:

    Dopey Dan, could also be referred to as Mullah Dan.

  3. SOUTH Australia’s giant battery is already showing its worth, state Energy Minister Tom Koutsantonis says.

    The world’s largest lithium-ion battery, built by tech billionaire Elon Musk, responded quickly last week when the coal-fired Loy Yang power plant tripped and went offline.

    The battery delivered 100 megawatts into the national electricity grid in 140 milliseconds.

    “That’s a record and the national operators were shocked at how quickly and efficiently the battery was able to deliver this type of energy into the market,” Mr Koutsantonis told 5AA radio on Wednesday.

    The minister said that the battery’s quick response time showed its worth over other forms of power generation.

    “Now if we got a call to turn on our emergency generators it would take us 10 to 15 minutes to get them fired up and operating which is a record time compared to other generators,” Mr Koutsantonis said.

    “Torrens Island power station would take half an hour to an hour to energise and synchronise into the market; the battery can do it in milliseconds.”

    The battery, in the state’s mid-north, was switched on early this month after being built by Mr Musk’s company Tesla in under 100 days.

    It is paired to the neighbouring Hornsdale Wind Farm, owned by French company Neoen, to bring added reliability and stability to the state’s electricity grid.

    ————-
    oh that oh so reliable coal! (not)

  4. oldbrew says:

    When is wind power going to be ‘reliable’? An adequate system always has had back-up in the form of reserve generating plants, not feeble batteries that can only store a small amount of power, never produce anything.

    Wind power has mainly got away with it so far by reverting to the old-fashioned fuel burning back-up systems when it’s not windy. South Australia shut most of them down so has to resort to imports and a single battery to avoid total failure.

  5. ivan says:

    The battery delivered 100 megawatts into the national electricity grid in 140 milliseconds. The bit missing from that statement by the minister is and then had to be recharged,

    At maximum load on the grid that battery can supply power for less than 2 minutes which is not long enough for the emergency generators to start and synchronise. That, of course, begs the question of how many well stuffed (with taxpayer’s money) brown envelopes were handed out to get that contract.

    The unreliables will never be able to replace conventional coal, gas or nuclear fired power stations in capacity per unit area, constant output 24/7/365, working life and reliability.

    There isn’t one wind farm, solar farm or other renewable form of power generation that can compete on the open market without government intervention – direct subsidies, taxes on conventional generators, preferential treatment for output (the grid must buy renewable energy first) and so on. Take that away and they would shut up shop overnight.

  6. “The unreliables will never be able to replace conventional coal, gas or nuclear fired power stations in capacity per unit area, constant output 24/7/365, working life and reliability. ”
    ————-
    I hope you are not suggesting that thermal stations do not require backup?
    the failure was when a thermal station went off grid unexpectedly (no warning and instant loss of capacity) – you need to run rapid start units elsewhere in order to cater for this eventuality possibly 500MW, when a wind turbine goes down you are looking at 7MW instant loss at most.much easier to backup.
    No one claims that backup is not needed for days when the wind dies, some can be provided from other wind generators where wind is still blowing but until the wind farms are sufficiently geographically separated and interconnected you will always need conventional back up.

    Note that pumped storage sites e.g. Dinowig was built tp provide rapid backup for times when a conventional/nuclear unit trips for example in October 2013 dugeness was taken out when the power lines were felled during a stor

    a uk blackout unrelated to wind power caused by failures overloading the backup (and incorrectly configured system)
    https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/sites/default/files/docs/2008/07/national_grid_-_system_events_of_27_may_for_dswg_16_july.pdf

  7. oldbrew says:

    Welsh rapid response power plant enters next phase
    03/01/2018

    Plans for a £100m gas-fired power plant in Swansea, Wales, are to be the subject of a public consultation exercise in February.

    The Abergilli Power plant will be a 299 MW open cycle rapid response power station, with the capability of powering 150,000 homes.

    The plant is proposed by Abergilli Power, a subsidiary of Drax Power and would create 150 new jobs, 15 permanent, while taking two years to construct.

    It is intended to be able to be up and running quickly to provide back-up power to the National Grid during periods of peak demand, to support the growing number of renewable and low carbon energy sources. [bold added]

    As a rapid response and flexible power station it would not be operational all the time – it would be producing power for up to a maximum of 2,250 hours in a given year.

    http://www.powerengineeringint.com/articles/2018/01/welsh-rapid-response-power-plant-enters-next-phase.html

    Wind power can’t be backed up by wind power.

  8. Stuart Brown says:

    Ford, you’ve given us a link to a document talking about 27th of May 2008. I assume you meant to link to something to back up your graphic concerning the events in October 2013. I’d be interested in more info.

    The 2008 blackout was caused by the more or less simultaneous failure of Sizewell B (nuke) and Longannet (coal) at opposite ends of the country.That doesn’t happen every day!

    Anyway, that’s 2 failures in nearly 10 years, only one of which caused a widespread blackout – and that was for 40 minutes according to the quote on the BBC http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/7423169.stm.

    Just because I happen to have it to hand, and Q1 tends to be a bit windy here in the UK, let’s look at how reliable wind is compared to nuclear for q1 2017:

    We’ve 15 reactors rated at just under 9GW. Output never fell below 6GW for the whole quarter. Not once.

    Wind output (rated 15+GW in 2016, and there was more of it by 2017) varied from 0.26GW to 8.2GW. But the wind doesn’t blow everywhere all the time, so let’s take 8GW as a working max and see how often it was above 2/3 of that? About 25%. It wasn’t even above 1GW for nearly 8% of the period.

    Info from my analysis of BM Reports.

  9. gwaigau says:

    I notice Ford is adept at putting up straw men and naturally arguing against his own assertions. No one was stating that thermal plants don’t require backup. Any system delivering essential power does. It’s the reliability of the backup that matters and wind power cannot back itself up reliably. The Elon Musk battery is another case of the “Emperor’s clothes”, it isn’t really effective but no one will admit it.

  10. ivan says:

    Ford, be very careful when you build straw men, they are likely to catch fire and burn you.

    No way did I imply that base load thermal power stations didn’t need backup – everything that supplies essential services require that besides that is standard engineering practice.

    Your pretty picture is rather meaningless because you don’t explain it therefore it can be dismissed.

    To get a real picture of what power is generated in the UK go to http://www.gridwatch.templar.co.uk/ There you get real time data as well as historic figures for comparison. Unfortunately while this is actual production it is very heavily distorted by government dictat, green taxes and subsidies to the unreliables industry.

  11. oldbrew says:

    EMERGENCY COSTS FOR GERMAN ENERGIEWENDE EXPLODE
    Date: 06/01/18

    Irregular and unpredictable wind and solar power is increasingly becoming a problem for Germany’s power grid. Utility company Tennet TSO spent almost a billion euros last year on emergency interventions to stabilize the national grid.
    . . .
    The reason for the increase in emergency interventions is the rising number of solar projects and wind turbines in Germany. The share of renewable energy increased from 29 to 33 percent of the electricity supply last year. Wind and solar power are irregular and often unpredictable. This makes the network increasingly unstable. Supplied and the demanded electricity must always match – otherwise it comes to blackouts.

    http://www.thegwpf.com/emergency-costs-for-german-energiewende-explode/

    That’s not Germany’s total bill, just one large company. At some point there must come an ‘instability limit’ when emergency resources can’t meet the demand any more.

  12. dscott says:

    Tesla’s success in Australia opens up opportunity for 2nd big battery project in country

    https://www.teslarati.com/tesla-energy-victoria-australia-powerpack-battery-project/

    Musk was successful in installing the Powerwall under 100 days. So the question: is it really delivering reliability?

    Following Tesla’s successful deployment of the world’s largest battery in South Australia, carrying out CEO Elon Musk’s 100-day target to install a grid-scale Powerpack battery unit, or the system would be free, another state in the land down under has lined up as Tesla Energy’s next customer. As noted in a recent report from the Sydney Morning Herald, Victoria has joined South Australia in its push towards a large-scale renewable energy system.

    Tesla’s South Australia Powerpack facility currently stands as the largest lithium-ion battery of its kind on the planet. Powered by clean energy from Neoen’s Hornsdale Wind Farm near Jamestown, the mammoth 100 MW/129 MWh battery is capable of powering up to 30,000 homes during blackout periods.

    According to the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO), the Powerpack system in SA has already proven itself multiple times since it was completed, providing ample backup power and other grid services hundreds of times in December 2017 alone. More notably, Tesla’s energy system recently supplied emergency power to one of Australia’s biggest coal-fired power stations after it experienced an unexpected loss of power on December 14.

    Is the real issue to the politicians that there wasn’t blackout hundreds of times giving them further embarrassment OR what people really to know, does this Powerwall absorb all the power spikes from the wind generators during gusts which in turn stabilizes the power grid? AND did this Powerwall reduce the price of electricity by stabilizing the output from the wind generators????

  13. Reblogged this on By the Mighty Mumford and commented:
    BLANKET CLAIMS—RARELY ARE CORRECT WITH AN AGENDA!

  14. EXCELLENT COMPARISON—THANKS FOR SHARING IT!

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