Suggestions-28

Please post ideas for new threads, tips on relevant and interesting threads elsewhere, and notes about pretty much anything you like here.

The scissors will be wielded to commercial spam, lewd suggestions, and anything else I don’t like. 😎

Comments
  1. oldbrew says:

    Link back to Suggestions 27

    [for viewing only please]

  2. oldbrew says:

    Data from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory offer clues about sun’s coronal irradiance
    July 17, 2017 by Bob Yirka

    Scientists have known for some time that the corona experiences solar cycles of approximately 11 years—solar flare activity grows and ebbs over the course of a single cycle. But until now, there has been no way to measure what happens over the course of a single cycle to explain the changes that occur.
    . . .
    Their findings demonstrate, the pair note, that monitoring sunspots is not an adequate means for predicting EUV irradiance—more measurements and study are required to better understand the factors at play.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-07-nasa-solar-dynamics-observatory-clues.html

  3. oldbrew says:

    Western Hudson Bay: ‘there has been no change, on average, in the amount of time that most WHB polar bears spent on shore since 2003 and thus, the ice-free season in recent years has not been any worse for the bears than it was 14 years ago.’

    https://polarbearscience.com/2017/07/18/western-hudson-bay-polar-bears-reportedly-still-on-ice-as-of-17-july-2017/

    They don’t seem to be affected by the opinions of climate alarmists at all 😉

  4. oldbrew says:

    We love scary stories. The reason why reveals a secret about America.

    Editor of the Fabius Maximus website Information & News, Science & Nature 17 July 2017

    Summary: A new chapter has begun in the climate wars. The reason why reveals secret things about America. Things which we must know if we are to steer America to a safe and prosperous future.

    “I want doomster news stories in this newspaper, and plenty of them!”

    https://fabiusmaximus.com/2017/07/17/why-we-love-doomster-stories/

  5. oldbrew says:

    Gamma-ray telescopes reveal a high-energy trap in our galaxy’s center
    July 18, 2017

    In March 2016, scientists with the H.E.S.S. Collaboration reported gamma-ray evidence of the extreme activity in the galactic center. The team found a diffuse glow of gamma rays reaching nearly 50 trillion electron volts (TeV). That’s some 50 times greater than the gamma-ray energies observed by Fermi’s Large Area Telescope (LAT). To put these numbers in perspective, the energy of visible light ranges from about 2 to 3 electron volts.
    [bold added]

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-07-gamma-ray-telescopes-reveal-high-energy-galaxy.html
    – – –
    Electric galaxy?

  6. oldbrew says:

    Planet Nine hypothesis supported by new evidence
    Date: July 12, 2017

    Summary:
    Last year, the existence of an unknown planet in our Solar system was announced. However, this hypothesis was subsequently called into question as biases in the observational data were detected. Now astronomers have used a novel technique to analyze the orbits of the so-called extreme trans-Neptunian objects and, once again, they point out that there is something perturbing them: a planet located at a distance between 300 to 400 times the Earth-Sun separation.

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170712110457.htm

  7. oldbrew says:

    Re. Larsen C Antarctic ice break-up:

    ‘What is not disputed by scientists is that it will take many years to know what will happen to the remainder of Larsen C as it begins to adapt to its new shape, and as the iceberg gradually drifts away and breaks up. There will certainly be no imminent collapse, and unquestionably no direct effect on sea level because the iceberg is already afloat and displacing its own weight in seawater.’
    . . .
    ‘Even if the remaining part of Larsen C were to eventually collapse, many years into the future, the potential sea level rise is quite modest. Taking into account only the catchments of glaciers flowing into Larsen C, the total, even after decades, will probably be less than a centimetre.’

    https://theconversation.com/ive-studied-larsen-c-and-its-giant-iceberg-for-years-its-not-a-simple-story-of-climate-change-80529
    – – –
    Climate catastrophists need to look elsewhere for their cheap sensations.

  8. oldbrew says:

    Do Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and the UK know what they have gotten into?
    Posted on July 12, 2017

    Therefore, now the US has changed its position, it would seem that, of G20 members, only Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and the UK regard climate change as a serious problem. Yet they are responsible for only 8% of global emissions. I suggest it is they, not the US, that are “completely isolated”.

    https://cbdakota.wordpress.com/2017/07/12/do-australia-canada-france-germany-italy-and-the-uk-know-what-they-have-gotten-into/

  9. oldbrew says:

    Nature Unbound IV – The 2400-year Bray cycle. Part A
    Posted on July 11, 2017
    By Javier
    http://judithcurry.com/2017/07/11/nature-unbound-iv-the-2400-year-bray-cycle-part-a/

    Nature Unbound IV – The 2400-year Bray cycle. Part B
    Posted on July 16, 2017
    by Javier

    http://judithcurry.com/2017/07/16/nature-unbound-iv-the-2400-year-bray-cycle-part-b/

  10. oldbrew says:

    Smallest particles and the vastness of the universe connected
    Date: July 19, 2017
    Source: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

    Summary:
    Are density distributions of the vast universe and the nature of smallest particles related? Scientists have now revealed the connection between those two aspects, and argued that our universe could be used as a particle physics ‘collider’ to study the high energy particle physics. Their findings mark the first step of cosmological collider phenomenology and pave the way for future discovery of new physics unknown yet to humankind.
    – – –
    “Through inflation, the spectrum of elementary particles is encoded in the statistics of the distribution of the contents of the universe, such as the galaxies and cosmic microwave background, that we observe today,” explains Xingang Chen, a co-author and scientist in the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. “This is the connection between the smallest and largest.”

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170719113532.htm

  11. oldbrew says:

    Vatican claiming scientific omniscience?

    “From the scientific point of view, the sentence that the earth is warmed by human activity is as true as the sentence: The earth is round!” said Archbishop Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo.

    http://www.thegwpf.com/vaticans-green-archbishop-denying-man-made-global-warming-is-heresy/
    – – –
    Strictly speaking, the Earth isn’t round. It’s an oblate spheroid.
    http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/earth-is-not-round/

  12. oldbrew says:

    Irish farmers to create seaweed eating ‘supercows’ in bid to fight climate change
    Change of diet could reduce methane emissions by 99%, researchers claim

    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/ireland-cows-methane-emissions-climate-change-supercows-james-cook-university-a7849646.html
    – – –
    Will the madness ever end?

  13. oldmank says:

    Anyone interested in quakes and planetary alignments? Greek/ Turkey quake.

  14. oldbrew says:

    Scientists say east Africa will get wetter, so why is it drying out?
    Published on 13/07/2017

    Despite models predicting increased rainfall with climate change, the region has collapsed into drought – a puzzle known as the East African paradox

    http://www.climatechangenews.com/2017/07/13/scientists-say-east-africa-will-get-wetter-drying/
    – – –
    Because some of their assumptions are wrong perhaps?

  15. oldbrew says:

    Jo Nova: Climate Bargain

    A 500 trillion, gazillion dollar bill is coming for you unless you buy my solar-panel-techno-wind-battery gizmo NOW!
    http://joannenova.com.au/2017/07/climate-bargain-going-cheap-pay-now-save-trillions-stop-storms-droughts-bad-stuff-ends-today/

  16. oldbrew says:

    Anthropogenic Space Weather
    May 18, 2017

    Space weather can have a big effect on human society. Sometimes human society returns the favor. A new study entitled “Anthropogenic Space Weather” just published in Space Science Reviews outlines how human activity shapes the space around our planet. A prime example: Human radio transmissions form a bubble in space protecting us from “killer electrons.”

    http://news.spaceweather.com/anthropogenic-space-weather/

    Paper: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.03390.pdf

    Quote: ‘The permanent existence, and growth, of power grids and of VLF transmitters around the globe means that it is unlikely that Earth’s present-day space environment is entirely “natural” – that is, that the environment today is the environment that existed at the onset of the 19th century.’

  17. oldbrew says:

    Brexit – the nuclear option?
    – – –
    PEI: UK threat to return nuclear waste unless Brexit agreement reached

    07/21/2017
    By Diarmaid Williams

    The UK government has published a paper in which it sets out potentially returning nuclear waste to the European country of origin, should Brexit talks collapse.
    . . .
    “It might just be a reminder that a boatload of plutonium could end up at harbor in Antwerp [in Belgium] unless an arrangement is made,” one source told the newspaper.

    EU diplomats hit back at the threat by telling the paper they would have “the coastguard ready.”

    http://www.powerengineeringint.com/articles/2017/07/uk-threat-to-return-nuclear-waste-unless-brexit-agreement-reached.html

  18. oldbrew says:

    TRUMP ADMINISTRATION LINING UP CLIMATE CHANGE ‘RED TEAM’
    Date: 24/07/17 John Siciliano, Washington Examiner

    The Trump administration is in the beginning stages of forming an adversarial “red team” to play devil’s advocate in a plan to debate the facts behind global warming and take on what skeptics call climate alarmism.
    . . .
    “The White House and the Environmental Protection Agency have reached out to the Heartland Institute to help identify scientists who could constitute a red team, and we’ve been happy to oblige,” Jim Lakely, the group’s communications director, told the Washington Examiner.

    http://www.thegwpf.com/trump-administration-lining-up-climate-change-red-team/
    – – –
    Who wants to be the referee?

  19. oldbrew says:

    Met Office supercomputer predicts record-breaking rain and floods for Britain

    New study raises fears UK could see worse floods than those in 2014.
    By Paul Wright
    July 24, 2017

    http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/met-office-supercomputer-predicts-record-breaking-rain-floods-britain-1631726
    – – –
    What price a drought instead?

  20. tallbloke says:

    Don’t forget kids; CO2 causes global floods, global droughts, and even global scattered showers with sunny intervals…

  21. Paul Vaughan says:

    The red team strategy rouses suspicion by falsely asserting that competent agents exist. Movements founded on the major western fault are ideologically based on the corollary of the Pareto Principle, a sure indicator that naive leadership will be naturally corrected in the long run.

  22. oldbrew says:

    JULY 25, 2017
    Toyota set to sell long-range, fast-charging electric cars in 2022 – paper

    Toyota’s new electric car, to be built on an all-new platform, will use all-solid-state batteries, allowing it to be recharged in just a few minutes, the newspaper said, without citing sources.

    http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-toyota-electric-cars-idUKKBN1AA039

  23. oldbrew says:

    Stationary waves and slowly moving features in the night upper clouds of Venus
    doi:10.1038/s41550-017-0187
    Published online: 24 July 2017
    – – –
    Venus’s turbulent atmosphere
    July 25, 2017

    Dr. Silvia Tellmann is Vice-Director of the Department of Planetary Research at the Rhenish Institute for Environmental Research at the University of Cologne. She is an expert on the structure, dynamics, and circulation of planetary atmospheres and a co-author of the study. ‘We were able to relate the stationary gravity waves found at higher altitudes with the surface elevations of Venus’, she says. ‘Hence, the waves can be explained with wind currents caused by topographical obstacles. We assume that these stationary waves are substantial for the continuity of the superrotation in the atmosphere of Venus.’

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-07-venus-turbulent-atmosphere.html

  24. oldbrew says:

    How a Guy From a Montana Trailer Park Overturned 150 Years of Biology

    Biology textbooks tell us that lichens are alliances between two organisms—a fungus and an alga. They are wrong.
    ED YONG JUL 21, 2016

    http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/07/how-a-guy-from-a-montana-trailer-park-upturned-150-years-of-biology/491702/

  25. oldbrew says:

    Lubos Motl gives the red team/blue team climate plan a qualified thumbs up.

    So I don’t expect that the alarmists will completely cease to exist. But it’s desirable to unmask the giant amount of misinformation that’s been spread by both sides, especially the alarmist side, and the two-team exercise could be helpful to bring some order to the havoc.

    http://motls.blogspot.co.uk/2017/07/red-team-and-blue-team-may-be-good-next.html

  26. oldbrew says:

    Milky Way’s origins are not what they seem
    July 27, 2017

    “This study transforms our understanding of how galaxies formed from the Big Bang,” said Faucher-Giguère, a co-author of the study and assistant professor of physics and astronomy in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences.

    “What this new mode implies is that up to one-half of the atoms around us—including in the solar system, on Earth and in each one of us—comes not from our own galaxy but from other galaxies, up to one million light years away,” he said.

    By tracking in detail the complex flows of matter in the simulations, the research team found that gas flows from smaller galaxies to larger galaxies, such as the Milky Way, where the gas forms stars. This transfer of mass through galactic winds can account for up to 50 percent of matter in the larger galaxies.

    http://phys.org/news/2017-07-milky.html

  27. oldbrew says:

    NASA – New Study Shows the Amazon Makes Its Own Rainy Season
    Press Release – Source: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Posted July 17, 2017

    A new study gives the first observational evidence that the southern Amazon rainforest triggers its own rainy season using water vapor from plant leaves. The finding helps explain why deforestation in this region is linked with reduced rainfall.

    http://spaceref.com/earth/nasa—new-study-shows-the-amazon-makes-its-own-rainy-season.html

  28. oldbrew says:

    Scientists set sail to unlock secrets of ‘lost continent’ Zealandia
    July 28, 2017

    Drill ship Joides Resolution will recover sediments and rocks lying deep beneath the sea bed in a bid to discover how the region has behaved over the past tens of millions of years.

    The recovered cores will be studied onboard, allowing scientists to address issues such as oceanographic history, extreme climates, sub-seafloor life, plate tectonics and earthquake-generating zones.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-07-scientists-secrets-lost-continent-zealandia.html

  29. oldbrew says:

    Drilling rig arrives at Lancashire fracking site
    Written by Alan Shields – 28/07/2017

    Francis Egan, chief executive of Cuadrilla, said: “We are very pleased to have taken delivery of the drilling rig to our shale gas exploration site.

    “The drilling of the first horizontal exploration wells into UK shale rock will be an important milestone in unlocking a vital new source of natural gas for the country.”

    http://www.energyvoice.com/oilandgas/145917/drilling-rig-arrives-lancashire-fracking-site/

  30. Paul Vaughan says:

    “[…] crust much thicker than that found on the ocean floor.”

    “”If we could pull the plug on the oceans, it would be clear to everybody that we have mountain chains and a big, high-standing continent,” he said at the time.”

    http://www.ctvnews.ca/lifestyle/scientists-set-to-unlock-secrets-of-lost-continent-zealandia-1.3522893

    “”As Australia moved north and the Tasman Sea developed, global circulation patterns changed and water depths over Zealandia fluctuated,” he said.”

    “This is around the time that the Pacific “Ring of Fire”, a hotspot for volcanoes and earthquakes, came into existence.”

    – –

    green UHI forecast for Liuzhou Forest City

    http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/take-a-look-at-the-pollution-fighting-forest-city-being-built-in-smog-choked-china-1.3521723

  31. oldbrew says:

    Windfarm plan bites the dust…

    Plans were refused by Cornwall Council for an 11-wind turbine scheme on farmland at Week St Mary near Bude in 2014, and following an inquiry, the Secretary of State for the Department for Communities and Local Government, Sajid Javid, has upheld the original decision.

    Had the Big Field wind farm scheme gone ahead, it would have produced renewable energy to power 22,000 homes.

    However, in his report, Javid said the project would be an “incongruous presence of significant scale” and that the “alien presence would harm the Area of Natural Beauty itself and the Heritage Coast”.

    http://www.businesscornwall.co.uk/latest-news/2017/07/wind-farm-appeal-rejected/

  32. Paul Vaughan says:

    “All this time, a second type of fungus has been hiding in plain view.

    “There’s been over 140 years of microscopy,” says Spribille. “The idea that there’s something so fundamental that people have been missing is stunning.” “

    It’s an explorer’s job to discover.
    The expectation should be to discover.

    A vital sense of exploratory discipline is missing.

    Suggestion for capable cultural leaders:

    To make up for the fundamental discovery deficit, launch an extremely intense exploration and discovery race aiming for orders of magnitude faster learning.

    It’s natural to imagine that our survival will crucially depend on becoming orders of magnitude faster at learning.

    Correcting the major western fault:
    1. Set higher standards beginning with superior math education.
    2. Bypass debate (non-essential) and go directly to fundamental discovery (vital).

  33. Fast says:

    OB:

    check out Ian Wilson’s latest post on Astro-Climate Connection.

    http://astroclimateconnection.blogspot.ca/2017/07/pro-tip-tin-foil-hat-alarmists-tilt.html

    [reply] thanks

  34. Paul Vaughan says:

    Let’s begin our review of what’s encoded in pyramid design:

    S = 1/[2(T/C)φ^(2e+2))]+1/50
    J = (φ√5/2-Φ/φ) / (T/C)φ^(2e) – 1/50 = {[√2SIN(2π/5)]^2-[2COS(2π/5)]^2} / {(T/C)φ^(2e)} – 1/50

  35. Paul Vaughan says:

    V = (5/3)E – (√5/3)/(T/C)φ^(2e) + 1/75

    See if you can take responsibility for deriving that one independently.
    The algebra rearranges beautifully.

  36. oldbrew says:

    Of Flash Frozen Mammoths and Cosmic Catastrophes

    Pierre Lescaudron
    Sott.net
    Fri, 28 Jul 2017

    For years I’ve been fascinated by what could be considered as one of the greatest mysteries of our planet: the demise of the woolly mammoths. Try to imagine the barely imaginable: millions of giant mammoths inexplicably flash-frozen overnight.

    This is a fascinating event for several reasons. First, flash-freezing is a very peculiar process that does not really occur on our planet. Also, given the death circumstances, the magnitude and power involved to virtually wipe out the whole mammoth genus is truly astounding.

    But maybe the most fascinating aspect of this event is that it occurred just 13,000 years ago when the human race was already widely established on planet Earth.

    http://www.sott.net/article/357709-Of-Flash-Frozen-Mammoths-and-Cosmic-Catastrophes

  37. oldbrew says:

    Are Ice Age Glacials Caused By Orbital Inclination?
    Posted on 30 July 2017 by E.M.Smith

    Is it orbital inclination (or tilt of the Earth’s orbit compared to Jupiter’s orbit), not eccentricity, that give ice age glacials a 100,000 year cycle?

    https://chiefio.wordpress.com/2017/07/30/ice_age_orbital_inclination/

    Paper: Spectrum of 100-kyr glacial cycle: Orbital inclination, not eccentricity
    Richard A. Muller* and Gordon J. MacDonald†

    http://www.pnas.org/content/94/16/8329.full

    ‘In this paper we note five sets of observations which conflict with the suggestion that insolation variations associated with eccentricity are responsible for the dominant 100,000-year cycle.’

  38. tallbloke says:

    Paul V: V = (5/3)E – (√5/3)/(T/C)φ^(2e) + 1/75
    See if you can take responsibility for deriving that one independently.
    The algebra rearranges beautifully.

    Give us a clue about what the 1/75 means or how it relates please.

  39. oldbrew says:

    Ocean circulation, coupled with trade wind changes, efficiently limits shifting of tropical rainfall patterns
    July 31, 2017

    Marshall notes that the ability of the wind-driven ocean circulation to damp ITCZ [ Intertropical Convergence Zone] shifts represents a previously unappreciated constraint on the atmosphere’s energy budget: “We showed that the ITCZ cannot move very far away from the equator, even in very ‘extreme’ climates,” indicating that the position of the ITCZ may be much less sensitive to inter-hemispheric heating contrasts than previously thought.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-07-ocean-circulation-coupled-efficiently-limits.html

  40. Paul Vaughan says:

    “Give us a clue about what the 1/75 means or how it relates please.”

    We covered that 1.5 years ago. You know I’ll keep sharing as/when time permits, but the old notes are already there for review if anyone is keen to work independently. Just plug the new insights into the old ones and solve. It’s simpler than we thought 1.5 years ago.

  41. Paul Vaughan says:

    I continue to find it both suspicious and amusing when people recycle links to that Muller article as if (selective memory) Jose’s superior insight never existed.

    The only thing that remains to be seen is whether the west will take responsibility (in accordance with the Pareto Principle) for cleaning up it’s own major fault to simply support stability.

  42. Paul Vaughan says:

    Clarification: Where I wrote “Jose’s” I meant “Jose Rial’s” (not be confused with some other Jose some might be quick to incorrectly assume).

  43. Sphene says:

    Paul said on July 29, 2017 at 7:38 pm

    “V = (5/3)E – (√5/3)/(T/C)φ^(2e) + 1/75
    See if you can take responsibility for deriving that one independently.
    The algebra rearranges beautifully.”

    Is this the Solar Hale Cycle formula
    3V – 5E + 2J = [(φ/Φ )/(J+S)],
    solved for V using
    J = (φ√5/2-Φ/φ) / (T/C)φ^(2e) – 1/50 ?

  44. tom0mason says:

    As it appears to be impossible to post on https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2017/07/09/pressure-warming-effect-featured-on-wnd-study-blows-greenhouse-theory-out-of-the-water/ , I will try it here…

    The clouds show how the air mass expands as it rises. If it expands on the way up, surely it must be compressed at the lower levels? It is all that continual air mass movement, natures attempt at normalizing the temperatures across the globe, that drives the system. Simple mechanical air mass movement cools the atmospheric system, each air cell is not that dissimilar to air in a vortex cooling tube folded back on itself. Or am I caught by Maxwellian demons?

    [Mod] I quoted it and answered on the thread. Not sure why you’re unable to post to it. Try again.

  45. Paul Vaughan says:

    Sphene, I found time to elaborate a little bit over here:
    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2017/07/09/the-real-cause-of-climate-change-over-the-last-millennium/
    I’ll keep writing about the explorations as/when time permits. Nature sets the pace and format.

  46. Sphene says:

    Paul, Your insights have been very helpful in understanding how everything fits together. That astronomers have assumed it is mainly random, a quirk from the formation of the solar system, is discouraging. The work by the Talkshop contributors here is a most welcome alternative to that mindset.

  47. oldbrew says:

    New eruption at Indonesia volcano spreads ash for miles
    August 2, 2017

    Mount Sinabung on the Indonesian island of Sumatra blasted volcanic ash as high as 4.2 kilometers (2.6 miles) on Wednesday, one of its biggest eruptions in the past several months of high activity.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-eruption-indonesia-volcano-ash-miles.html

  48. tallbloke says:

    Sphene: I realised the mainstream theory of why the solar system orbital distances are what they are (“It’s collisions innit!”), was a load of horse feathers a few years ago when I got the general insight that it’s the synodic conjunction periods that set the orbits via resonance. When I worked through the system from the outside to the centre using that time dimension instead of orbital distances, I discovered the connectedness hidden in the, solar cycles, orbital periods and conjunction periods, and the thing that connected them all was the Fibonacci series. That’s what started us down the ‘why phi?’ path to understanding.

    Paul’s expert contribution has now taken us to the forefront of accurately derived knowledge of the system. One day in the (I hope) not too distant future, current mainstream perturbation theories will be seen for the ragtag bag of epicycles they are…

    You can capture many of the relevant threads by using ‘why phi?’ as a search term.
    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/?s=why+phi, and, as you already know, following Paul V’s comments on the suggestions pages.

    Looking at the song title intro to Paul’s last comment, it may soon be time for a summary post, where we can pull together what we’ve discovered so far.

  49. Sphene says:

    “Traditionally mixotrophs are considered as curiosities or irrelevant.”

    “Marine researchers have been mislabelling 50% of these organisms as “animals” when they are actually eating and photosynthesizing within the one cell.”

    “Suzana Leles, PhD student and first author of the research said ‘A biogeographical analysis of approximately 100,000 records showed that different types of these mixotrophs dominate different parts of our oceans during different seasons.'”

    “‘This has the potential to overturn a centuries worth of understanding of marine ecology..'”

    https://m.phys.org/news/2017-08-microscopic-body-snatchers-infest-oceans.html

  50. Sphene says:

    “The geneticist adds, ‘When I give talks, this is what surprises colleagues the most, that the environmental effect is on par with the genetic effect, and that it is not systemic but highly specific to important bones involved in fish feeding.'”

    “Alberston says this behavior makes sense because ‘Nature is all about efficiency. Fine-tuning an adaptive response to a particular niche increases the chances of survival.'”

    https://m.phys.org/news/2017-08-evolutionary-biologists-non-genetic-source-species.html

  51. oldbrew says:

    Shake it up: Human-induced and natural earthquakes in central US are ‘inherently similar’
    August 2, 2017

    Within the central and eastern U.S., the number of earthquakes has increased dramatically over the past few years. Wastewater disposal in deep wells, often associated with oil and natural gas extraction, is the primary cause of the recent increase in the central U.S., according to the U.S. Geological Survey.
    . . .
    Between 1980 and 2000, Oklahoma averaged about two earthquakes greater than or equal to magnitude 2.7 per year, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. That number jumped to about 2,500 in 2014 and 4,000 in 2015, then dropped to 2,500 in 2016, according to USGS. On Sept. 3, 2016, a magnitude-5.8 earthquake struck Oklahoma, the state’s largest earthquake to date.

    According to USGS, many earthquakes in Oklahoma and other parts of the central U.S. have been triggered by wastewater fluid injection associated with oil and gas operations. In some cases, wastewater disposal in deep wells is associated with hydraulic fracturing sites. However, studies suggest that the fracking process itself is rarely the direct cause of these earthquakes.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-human-induced-natural-earthquakes-central-inherently.html
    – – –
    Might there also be a link between (potential) earthquake fault zones and the best areas for oil and gas extraction?

  52. oldbrew says:

    Decision pending on site for major European lithium ion battery factory
    03/08/2017

    Lithium-ion batteries can help stabilize intermittent flows of wind and solar power on electricity networks. They’re also projected to power millions of plug-in cars expected to roll off German production lines beginning early next decade. The launch of this high profile venture indicates an acceleration in these areas for Germany.

    http://www.powerengineeringint.com/articles/2017/08/decision-pending-on-site-for-major-european-lithium-ion-battery-factory.html
    – – –
    Somewhere near the windy north coast of Germany perhaps?

  53. oldbrew says:

    BBC: A simple device to cut the weight of washing machines could save fuel, cut carbon emissions, and reduce back injuries, according to researchers.

    A typical budget washing machine is weighted by 25kg of concrete to stop it moving while on a spin cycle.

    The new invention is a sealable plastic container that is filled with water – but only once the machine is in place.
    . . .
    “Everyone thinks the idea must have been thought of before. No one can really believe it. But I promise you it definitely works.”

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-40821915

  54. oldbrew says:

    GREEN POLICIES COST MORE THAN THE GAS DOES
    Date: 04/08/17

    British Gas believes that the cost of complying with green legislation will soon cost more than the gas it supplies to customers
    . . .
    Yesterday it published figures claiming the cost of government policies on electricity bills would hit £165 per household next year, up from £81 in 2014. It said wholesale electricity costs had fallen from £170 to £134 over the same period.

    http://www.thegwpf.com/green-policies-cost-more-than-the-gas-does/

  55. oldbrew says:

    The source of up to half of the Earth’s internal heat is completely unknown—here’s how to hunt for it
    August 4, 2017 by Jocelyn Monroe And Michael Leyton, The Conversation

    It may not be obvious while lying in the sun on a hot summer’s day, but a considerable amount of heat is also coming from below you – emanating from deep within the Earth. This heat is equivalent to more than three times the total power consumption of the entire world and drives important geological processes, such as the movement of tectonic plates and the flow of magma near the surface of the Earth. But despite this, where exactly up to half of this heat actually comes from is a mystery.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-source-earth-internal-unknownhere.html

  56. oldbrew says:

    Is aircraft hailstone damage getting worse?

  57. oldbrew says:

    The source of up to half of the Earth’s internal heat is completely unknown – here’s how to hunt for it
    August 4, 2017

    It may not be obvious while lying in the sun on a hot summer’s day, but a considerable amount of heat is also coming from below you – emanating from deep within the Earth. This heat is equivalent to more than three times the total power consumption of the entire world and drives important geological processes, such as the movement of tectonic plates and the flow of magma near the surface of the Earth. But despite this, where exactly up to half of this heat actually comes from is a mystery.
    . . .
    The amount of heating from radioactivity, estimated based on measurements of the composition of rock samples, is highly uncertain – accounting for anywhere from 25-90% of the total heat flow.

    http://theconversation.com/the-source-of-up-to-half-of-the-earths-internal-heat-is-completely-unknown-heres-how-to-hunt-for-it-81524

    There’s also the longstanding mystery of what source of heat powers the convection (transfer of heat by movement of fluids) in the outer core that generates the Earth’s geomagnetic field.

  58. oldbrew says:

    Nature Unbound IV – The 2400 year Bray cycle. Part C
    Posted on August 7, 2017
    by Javier

    Conclusions

    5) The solar activity Bray cycle appears to act on climate both through changes in the stratospheric pressure system that are transmitted downwards to the troposphere causing an atmospheric reorganization, and through changes in the amount of energy warming the oceans.

    6) Proxy evidence, instrumental era measurements, and reanalysis support the idea that lows in the Bray cycle and prolonged below average solar activity cause a contraction of the Hadley cells, and an expansion of the polar cells, steepening the Equator-to-Pole temperature gradient, decreasing global temperatures and changing wind and precipitation patterns.

    7) In the North Atlantic region, in addition, the Arctic and North Atlantic oscillations enter a persistent negative phase during the lows of the Bray cycle, causing an intensification of winter climatic effects and making this region particularly sensitive to low solar activity. This explains why the Little Ice Age, while global, was particularly strong over Europe and North America.

    http://judithcurry.com/2017/08/07/nature-unbound-iv-the-2400-bray-cycle-part-c/
    – – –
    See also: Can origin of the 2400-year cycle of solar activity be caused by solar inertial motion?
    I. Charvátová

    http://www.ann-geophys.net/18/399/2000/angeo-18-399-2000.pdf

    and: Responses of the basic cycles of 178.7 and 2402 yr in
    solar–terrestrial phenomena during the Holocene
    I. Charvátová and P. Hejda

    http://www.pattern-recogn-phys.net/2/21/2014/prp-2-21-2014.pdf
    – – –
    WUWT post: http://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/08/08/the-effects-of-the-bray-climate-and-solar-cycle/

  59. oldbrew says:

    Unprecedented Antarctic expedition maps sea ice to solve climate change mystery
    August 8, 2017

    In most places on Earth, sea ice is shrinking. In the Antarctic, it appears to be expanding. This expedition sought to figure out why.
    . . .
    Researchers now know that in many areas, sea ice is thicker than previously thought. There is also much more regional variability than anyone knew.
    [bold added]

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-unprecedented-antarctic-sea-ice-climate.html

  60. oldbrew says:

    ‘The connection between solar variability and climate change is so obvious, it is hard to explain why so many scientists deny it.’

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/08/08/the-effects-of-the-bray-climate-and-solar-cycle/

  61. oldbrew says:

    Sea level is a surprisingly variable parameter
    August 10, 2017

    http://phys.org/news/2017-08-sea-surprisingly-variable-parameter.html

  62. oldbrew says:

    New Orleans Official Blamed Flooding On ‘Climate Change,’ But Broken Pumps Were To Blame

    Throughout the week, media reports have shown that New Orleans’s antiquated water pumping system failed to keep flooding at bay, and the problem hasn’t been resolved.

    http://climatechangedispatch.com/new-orleans-official-blamed-flooding-on-climate-change-but-broken-pumps-were-to-blame/

  63. p.g.sharrow says:

    Yes, I saw that Idiot. The real cause is corruption. Money collected for maintenance and upgrade of the drains and pumps has been siphoned off for political plum projects.This is nothing new, just business as usual in New Orleans…pg

  64. oldbrew says:

    Shocked I tell you…

    BBC Accused Of ‘Climate Denial’ For Allowing A Global Warming Skeptic On Air

    Former Vice President Al Gore and physicist Brian Cox were among the sharpest critics of BBC Radio 4’s inviting Lord Nigel Lawson to debate global warming science Thursday morning.”It’s shocking how the BBC is engaged in climate denial, isn’t it?” Gore told LBC radio Thursday. “I had a personal experience with it this morning. It’s really shocking.”
    . . .
    Lawson said people should be more concerned about national security threats, like North Korea and terrorism, than with global warming…“The world is not short of problems, and to devote resources and energy to non-problems is really ridiculous.”

    http://dailycaller.com/2017/08/10/bbc-accused-of-climate-denial-for-allowing-a-global-warming-skeptic-on-air/
    – – –
    They don’t like anyone bursting their warmist bubbles.

    Bishop Hill‏ commented on Twitter:
    ‘So it seems that having argued that sceptics must never appear opposite scientists, greens are now annoyed that nobody challenges sceptics.’

  65. oldbrew says:

    New mission going to the space station to explore mysteries of ‘cosmic rain’
    August 11, 2017

    “High-energy cosmic rays carry a great deal of information about our interstellar neighborhood and our galaxy, but we haven’t been able to read these messages very clearly,” said co-investigator John Mitchell at Goddard. “ISS-CREAM represents one significant step in this direction.”

    http://phys.org/news/2017-08-mission-space-station-explore-mysteries.html

  66. oldbrew says:

    Another green dream bites the dust…or is dead in the water…

    Algal biofuel production is neither environmentally nor commercially sustainable

    The Conversation
    Kevin Flynn, Chair Professor, Swansea University
    The Conversation August 2017

    The dream has been broken not by failings in engineering, but by the inefficiency of biochemistry. Simulations of microalgal biofuel production show that to approach the 10% of EU transport fuels expected to be supplied by biofuels, ponds three times the area of Belgium would be needed. And for the algae in these ponds to produce biofuel, it would require fertiliser equivalent to 50% of the current total annual EU crop plant needs.

    http://uk.news.yahoo.com/algal-biofuel-production-neither-environmentally-085654266.html

  67. oldbrew says:

    Mild hybrids: new 48-volt electrical systems are coming to cars to power better tech. – and improve fuel efficiency.

    What’s a mild hybrid?
    http://auto.howstuffworks.com/fuel-efficiency/hybrid-technology/mild-hybrid1.htm

    – – –
    Automakers are turning to 48-volt mild hybrid systems to help meet stricter fuel economy and emissions targets as the cost of adapting diesel engines to meet tougher regulations is rising.
    http://www.autonews.com/article/20170605/OEM04/170609914/audis-next-a8-will-get-48-volt-mild-hybrid

    – – –
    Continental’s 48-volt ‘mild hybrid’ revolution
    http://www.caradvice.com.au/564190/worlds-first-48-volt-mild-hybrid-system-in-production/

    – – –
    Versatile and efficient: mild-hybrid technology — Audi MediaCenter
    http://www.audi-mediacenter.com/en/techday-on-combustion-engine-technology-8738/versatile-and-efficient-mild-hybrid-technology-8761

    – – –
    Volkswagen to introduce 48-volt ‘mild-hybrid’ technology
    http://www.ctvnews.ca/autos/volkswagen-to-introduce-48-volt-mild-hybrid-technology-1.3487539

  68. oldbrew says:

    Estonia ‘e-residency’ offers Brexit Brits EU loophole
    August 13, 2017

    As Brits brace for the upheaval that Brexit could bring, some are turning to Estonia’s e-residency digital ID programme to keep doing business across the European Union.

    Using its knack for digital innovation to capitalise on the global explosion in e-commerce, the small cyber-savvy Baltic eurozone state became the first country to offer e-residency identification cards to people worldwide in 2014.

    Touted as a “trans-national government-issued digital identity”, e-residency allows users to open a business in the EU and then run it remotely with the ability to declare taxes and sign documents digitally.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-estonia-e-residency-brexit-brits-eu.html

  69. oldbrew says:

    Scientists find Earth’s largest volcanic region two kilometres below Antarctic ice sheet

    Sebastian Murphy-Bates
    Daily Mail
    Sun, 13 Aug 2017

    After collating the results, the team reported 91 previously unknown volcanoes, adding to 47 others discovered over the previous century by explorers.

    These newly discovered volcanoes range from 100 to 3,850 metres high.

    All are covered in ice, sometimes in layers that are more than 4km thick.

    Dr Bingham was shocked to find the active peaks concentrated in the west Antarctic rift system, which stretches 3,500km from Antarctica’s Ross ice shelf to the Antarctic peninsula.

    http://www.sott.net/article/359153-Scientists-find-Earths-largest-volcanic-region-two-kilometres-below-Antarctic-ice-sheet

  70. oldbrew says:

    Tidally locked exoplanets may be more common than previously thought
    August 14, 2017

    Barnes writes: “These results suggest that the process of tidal locking is a major factor in the evolution of most of the potentially habitable exoplanets to be discovered in the near future.”

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-tidally-exoplanets-common-previously-thought.html

  71. Paul Vaughan says:

    Mars’ orbital period lies within the bounds of a trivial inequality based on Jupiter’s orbital period, φ, & √5. I found a rare opportunity to outline a generalized method for nailing Mars’ orbital period more precisely. It’s based simply on JEV (Jupiter Earth Venus) and JS (Jupiter Saturn) long cycles, including the well-known “60 year” cycle. A follow-up comment will outline some of the frequency algebra.
    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2017/08/01/suns-core-rotates-four-times-faster-than-its-surface/comment-page-1/#comment-129567

  72. oldbrew says:

    Climate change crackpots corner…

    No Joke! Sailing trek to North Pole to ‘highlight effects of climate change’ — CANCELLED due to ‘solid pack ice’

    UK Times: “Scientists said satellite images suggested the North Pole would remain inaccessible except by an icebreaker…Scientists warned, though, that despite the rapid melting of the ice there was unlikely to be access to the North Pole via open water for some years. Professor Mark Serreze, director of America’s National Snow and Ice Data Centre, said the North Pole was still surrounded by nearly 800 miles of solid pack ice as of last week.” [bold added]

    http://www.climatedepot.com/2017/08/14/no-joke-sailing-trek-to-north-pole-to-highlight-effects-of-climate-change-cancelled-due-to-solid-pack-ice/

    Not-so-rapid melting it seems.
    – – –
    HADOW: It is a strange challenge and ambition indeed – working very hard to put together a project that you don’t actually want to succeed.
    http://wvpublic.org/post/sailing-north-pole-thanks-global-warming

    Wish granted? They’ve set off anyway…

    http://dumbside.wordpress.com/2017/08/15/final-posts-as-we-set-sail-follow-arcticmission-to-keep-up-to-date-protect90north-filming-travel/

    British explorer Pen Hadow and his crew have set sail from Alaska, in an attempt to become the first people ever to sail to the North Pole.
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-us-canada-40935252/pen-hadow-sets-sail-for-north-pole-as-arctic-ice-melts

  73. oldbrew says:

    WUWT takes a pop at Nikolov and Zeller.

  74. oldbrew says:

    Tracking a solar eruption through the solar system
    August 15, 2017

    Ten spacecraft, from ESA’s Venus Express to NASA’s Voyager-2, felt the effect of a solar eruption as it washed through the solar system while three other satellites watched, providing a unique perspective on this space weather event.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-tracking-solar-eruption.html

  75. tallbloke says:

    The Author has also been published by the Independent and talks about ‘global warming’, sea level rise etc.

  76. oldbrew says:

    What do we know about Arctic sea ice trends?
    Posted on August 16, 2017
    by Dr. Ronan Connolly & Dr. Michael Connolly

    Summary

    — After re-calibrating the pre-satellite data, it now transpires that Arctic sea ice has alternated between periods of sea ice retreat and growth. The satellite record coincidentally began at the end of one of the sea ice growth periods. This has led to people mistakenly thinking the post-1978 sea ice retreat is unusual.

    — The results from new sea ice proxies taken from ocean sediment cores suggest that Arctic sea ice extent has varied substantially over the last 10,000 years. They also suggest that Arctic sea ice extent was actually less before the Bronze Age than it is today.

    — The current Global Climate Models are unable to reproduce the observed Arctic sea ice changes since 1901, and they seem to drastically underestimate the natural sea ice variability

    http://judithcurry.com/2017/08/16/what-do-we-know-about-arctic-sea-ice-trends/

  77. oldbrew says:

    How Solar Eclipses and Tides Proved the Earth Is Slowing Down
    By Paul Sutter, Astrophysicist | August 16

    http://www.space.com/37812-connection-between-tides-and-eclipses.html

  78. oldbrew says:

    The Miocene Mysteries
    Posted on August 18, 2017

    Tim Cullen writes:
    The story begins with Ewald Ernst’s report of a Roman aqueduct that was discovered buried under seven metres of sand and gravel in a lignite strip mine outside Cologne, Germany.
    . . .
    This Roman aqueduct buried under Miocene stratigraphy indicates the mainstream definition of Geologic Time is completely incorrect and that major Geological Events have actually occurred within the time frame of Human History.

    http://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/08/18/the-miocene-mysteries/

  79. oldbrew says:

    Fort Collins scientists struggle to air alternative view on climate change

    Two Fort Collins scientists want to change how the world views the connection between human activity and global warming.

    However, Ned Nikolov and Karl Zeller say they’ve had a hard time getting the scientific world to hear them out, let alone take them seriously.

    http://www.coloradoan.com/story/news/2017/08/04/fort-collins-scientists-struggle-air-view-climate-change/533181001/

  80. oldbrew says:

    Life in fossil-fuel-free utopia
    AUGUST 18, 2017

    Life without oil, natural gas and coal would most likely be nasty, brutish and short.
    By Paul Driessen

    http://www.iceagenow.info/life-fossil-fuel-free-utopia/

  81. oldbrew says:

    Tricky maths for Fibonacci fans…

    Paper: On the generating matrices of the k-Fibonacci numbers

    Abstract
    In this paper we define some tridiagonal matrices depending of a parameter from which we will find the k-Fibonacci numbers. And from the cofactor matrix of one of these matrices we will prove some formulas for the k-Fibonacci numbers differently to the traditional form. Finally, we will study the eigenvalues of these tridiagonal matrices.

    http://www.scielo.cl/pdf/proy/v32n4/art04.pdf

    Quote: The sequence of minima eigenvalue converges to 1 (to k in general) and the sequence of maxima converges to 5 (to k² + 4 in the general case).

  82. oldbrew says:

    One for the climate doomsters perhaps…

    Icebreaker reached North Pole in record speed

    Thin ice and powerful reactors; Russian icebreaker «50 let pobedy» made it from Murmansk to the top of the world in just 79 hours.
    August 17, 2017

    The Russian nuclear powered icebreaker arrived at the North Pole at 02:33 last night, news agency TASS reports. Only a few years ago, few would believe it would be possible to sail even a powerful nuclear icebreaker through the Arctic sea-ice in such a speed.

    «50 let pobedy» left Atomflot base in Murmansk on August 13 on a voyage celebrating that it is 40 years since the Soviet Union became the first to reach the North Pole with a surface vessel. The nuclear powered icebreaker «Arktika» reached 90 degrees north on August 17, 1977.

    The voyage with «Arktika» took 176 hours, more than twice the time it now took «50 let pobedy» to sail the same route.
    . . .
    When «50 let pobedy» clocked in at the North Pole today, it also marked the 124th times a surface vessel has reached the top of the world. An unknown number of submarines have also crushed through the ice and surfaced at the North Pole.

    http://thebarentsobserver.com/en/arctic/2017/08/icebreaker-reached-north-pole-record-speed

    She was the world’s largest nuclear-powered icebreaker until surpassed by the LK-60Ya-class Arktika (launched 2016).
    . . .
    A group of eclipse chasers have used the vessel to observe the eclipse of August 1, 2008. They departed from Murmansk on July 21, 2008, and reached the North Pole on July 25, 2008, which set a speed record for the ship (the trip lasted four days instead of seven).

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/50_Let_Pobedy

  83. oldbrew says:

    EU ‘increasingly likely’ to implement electric car quota, despite denials

    Quota on the production of electric cars by 2030 would be mandatory, according to sources

    http://www.climatechangenews.com/2017/08/15/eu-said-considering-electric-car-quota-despite-denials/

  84. oldbrew says:

    US Plant Hardiness Zone Maps 1960 and 1990 – spot the difference.
    http://www.iceagenow.com/PlantHardinessMaps.htm

  85. oldbrew says:

    Alternate Lucas numbers always sum to a multiple of 5.
    The multiple itself is always a Fibonacci number.

    Lucas: 1,3,4,7,11,18,29,47 etc.
    1 + 4 = 1 * 5
    3 + 7 = 2 * 5
    4 + 11 = 3 * 5
    7 + 18 = 5 * 5
    11 + 29 = 8 * 5
    18 + 47 = 13 * 5
    etc.

    Fibonacci: 1,2,3,5,8,13 etc.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Square_root_of_5#Relation_to_the_golden_ratio_and_Fibonacci_numbers

  86. oldbrew says:

    Hurricane Harvey menaces Texas, Louisiana
    August 25, 2017

    If forecasts hold, Harvey would be the strongest hurricane to hit the US mainland in 12 years.

    http://phys.org/news/2017-08-hurricane-harvey-menaces-texas-louisiana.html

  87. oldbrew says:

    Causes of differences in model and satellite tropospheric warming rates

    Benjamin D. Santer, John C. Fyfe, Giuliana Pallotta, Gregory M. Flato, Gerald A. Meehl, Matthew H. England, Ed Hawkins, Michael E. Mann, Jeffrey F. Painter, Céline Bonfils, Ivana Cvijanovic, Carl Mears, Frank J. Wentz, Stephen Po-Chedley, Qiang Fu & Cheng-Zhi Zou

    ‘We conclude that model overestimation of tropospheric warming in the early twenty-first century is partly due to systematic deficiencies in some of the post-2000 external forcings used in the model simulations.’

    http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v10/n7/abs/ngeo2973.html
    – – –
    They probably mean systemic, not systematic.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systemic

  88. oldbrew says:

    Hurricane Harvey: long-range forecasts
    Posted on August 27, 2017 by Judith Curry

    Harvey was a very predictable storm, with genesis predicted 12 days in advance of landfall. Hints of Harvey’s formation had signals back to 7/24.
    . . .
    Anyone blaming Harvey on global warming doesn’t have a leg to stand on.

    https://judithcurry.com/2017/08/27/hurricane-harvey-long-range-forecasts/
    – – –
    So what they do is claim the amount of rainfall from Harvey is ‘unprecedented’, blah blah.
    https://judithcurry.com/2017/08/27/hurricane-harvey-long-range-forecasts/#comment-857172

    The fact is the hurricane stalled, hence the concentrated downpours in one area.

    D.Telegraph: Houston submerged by ‘unprecedented’ flooding as hundreds plucked from Texas rooftops after Hurricane Harvey

    Tropical Storm Harvey sent devastating floods pouring into the nation’s fourth-largest city on Sunday as rising water chased thousands of people to rooftops or higher ground and overwhelmed rescuers who could not keep up with the constant calls for help.
    . . .
    Greg Abbott, the Texas governor, said boats and helicopters were deployed throughout Houston and east Texas.

    “We’re measuring rain these days not in inches but in feet,” he said on Fox News Sunday.

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/08/27/epic-catastrophic-flooding-hits-houston-1000-people-rescued/

  89. oldbrew says:

    Galactic dynamo observed?

    “The results of our study support the idea that galaxy magnetic fields are generated by a rotating dynamo effect, similar to the process that produces the Sun’s magnetic field”

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2017-08-vla-reveals-distant-galaxy-magnetic.html

  90. oldbrew says:

    Paper: Climate-driven variability in the occurrence of major floods across North America and Europe

    Highlights

    Trends in major-floods from 1204 sites in North America and Europe are assessed.

    Trends based on counting exceedances of flood thresholds for groups of gauges.

    The number of significant trends was about the number expected due to chance alone.

    Changes in the frequency of major floods are dominated by multidecadal variability.

    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002216941730478X

    From the abstract:
    There were more than three times as many significant relationships between major-flood occurrence and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation than significant long-term trends.

    From the discussion:
    For North America and Europe, the results provide a firmer foundation for the IPCC finding that compelling evidence for increased flooding at a global scale is lacking.
    . . .
    No previously published research is known on the influence of the AMO on major floods; however, work has been published on relationships with mean flows, precipitation and drought.

    – – –
    FLOODING NOT INCREASING IN NORTH AMERICA AND EUROPE, NEW STUDY CONFIRMS
    Date: 30/08/17 G.A. Hodgkins et al., Journal of Hydrology, September 2017
    “The results of this study, for North America and Europe, provide a firmer foundation and support the conclusion of the IPCC that compelling evidence for increased flooding at a global scale is lacking.”

    http://www.thegwpf.com/flooding-not-increasing-in-north-america-and-europe-new-study-confirms/

  91. oldbrew says:

    U.S. SET TO ABOLISH ROLE OF CLIMATE ENVOY
    Date: 30/08/17

    US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has outlined plans to eliminate or outsource at least 30 special envoy roles at the US State Department, including the role of US special envoy for climate change.
    . . .
    The US special envoy for climate change is one of those slated to be eliminated entirely.

    http://www.thegwpf.com/u-s-set-to-abolish-role-of-climate-envoy/

    The sooner the better 🙂
    – – –
    Trump Disbands Federal Climate Change Panel
    AUGUST 29, 2017

    The Trump administration allowed the charter for the advisory panel for the Sustained National Climate Assessment to expire on August 20.
    . . .
    Just last week, he signed an executive order reversing an Obama-era requirement that government agencies take sea-level rise into account when building federal infrastructure.

    http://www.iceagenow.info/trump-disbands-federal-climate-change-panel

  92. oldbrew says:

    The rainbow angle

    Through a drop brightly – light rays…Rays further from the centre are deviated less and less until the deviation reaches a minimum (about 137.5º for deep red light). This is the “angle of minimum deviation” or “rainbow angle”. The deviation increases once more as the entrance ray approaches the drop rim.
    http://www.atoptics.co.uk/rainbows/primrays.htm

    360 / 137.5º = 2.61818 = Phi²

    Wikipedia: Alexander’s band or Alexander’s dark band is an optical phenomenon associated with rainbows which was named after Alexander of Aphrodisias who first described it in 200 AD.[1][2][3] It occurs due to the deviation angles of the primary and secondary rainbows. Both bows exist due to an optical effect called the angle of minimum deviation. The refractive index of water prevents light from being deviated at smaller angles.

    The minimum deviation angle for the primary bow is 137.5°. Light can be deviated up to 180°, causing it to be reflected right back to the observer. Light which is deviated at intermediate angles brightens the inside of the rainbow.

    The minimum deviation angle for the secondary bow is about 230°. The fact that this angle is greater than 180° makes the secondary bow an inside-out version of the primary. Its colors are reversed, and light which is deviated at greater angles brightens the sky outside the bow.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander%27s_band

  93. oldbrew says:

    Please note: we’ve moved to Suggestions 29 now.

    No more comments here. Thanks.
    ===============================

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