## Suggestions-29

The scissors will be wielded to commercial spam, lewd suggestions, and anything else I don’t like. 😎

1. oldbrew says:

2. oldbrew says:

Sprite and rare secondary gigantic jet event over western Oklahoma – August 14 2017

What is the feature at arrow? Update: This has been identified as a secondary gigantic jet in this instance. This may be one of the first captured from the ground. They have been seen from satellites.

This event is still being analyzed.

3. Paul Vaughan says:

http://conceptualmath.org/challenge/bases.html

Compare and contrast representations of Lucas numbers in base φ:

3 = 100.01
4 = 101.01

7 = 10000.0001
11 = 10101.0101

3 = 100.01
7 = 10000.0001

4 = 101.01
11 = 10101.0101

visually obvious symmetry in base φ (not so obvious in base 10):
1 on each end
or
alternating 1s & 0s

Suggestion from the website:
=
We can represent sin(x) and cos(x) using Eulers formulas. We can extend this idea to make the Lucas series fill complex space:

Sin(x) = (e^ix + e^-ix )/2
Cos(x) = (e^ix – e^-ix)/2i
Lucas(x) = phi^ix + phi^-ix

This model might add a variant for representing complex numbers using the golden number as a base.
=

4. Paul Vaughan says:

A net search for 2.618033989 turned up links pointing to quantum geometry paradox.
There are lots of quotable quotes scattered all throughout this gem of a mind-opener:

https://www.wired.com/2013/12/amplituhedron-jewel-quantum-physics/

5. oldbrew says:

NASA examines Hurricane Lidia’s eye on the Baja
September 1, 2017

The AIRS instrument that flies aboard NASA’s Aqua satellite analyzed Tropical Storm Lidia in infrared light on Aug. 31 at 4:59 a.m. EDT (0859 UTC). Powerful thunderstorms (purple) were around the center of circulation. Credit: NASA JPL/Ed Olsen

6. oldbrew says:

7. oldbrew says:

Observations Refute Greenhouse Effect of Certain Atmospheric Gases
Posted on September 1, 2017

https://cbdakota.wordpress.com/2017/09/01/observations-refute-greenhouse-effect-of-certain-atmospheric-gases/

This graph is one of a short series:

8. oldbrew says:

Close encounters of the stellar kind
August 31, 2017

While the 16 are considered reasonably near, a particularly close encounter of one star, Gliese 710, in 1.3 million years’ time, stands out. It is predicted to pass within just 2.3 trillion km or about 16 000 Earth–sun distances, well within the Oort Cloud.
. . .
Furthermore, although Gliese 710 has a mass of 60% that of our sun, it travels much slower than most stars: nearly 50 000 km/h at closest approach, compared with the average 100 000 km/h.
The speed of its passage means it will have plenty of time to exert its gravitational influence on bodies in the Oort Cloud, potentially sending showers of comets into the solar system.
Despite its slower pace, it will still appear as the brightest, fastest object in the night sky at closest approach.

9. oldbrew says:

Infrared camera image of the sun at solar eclipse.

10. oldbrew says:

Hurricane Harvey and Climate Change
Extreme weather events attribution science yields murky results
Ronald Bailey|Aug. 29, 2017

http://reason.com/blog/2017/08/29/hurricane-harvey-and-climate-change

11. oldbrew says:

Carolina Bays – Evaluation of an impact hypothesis

The origin of the Carolina Bays remains a mystery more than eighty years after their discovery. This paper explores the hypothesis that the Carolina Bays were formed as the result of secondary impacts when a meteorite struck an ice sheet during the Pleistocene. The model describes the elliptical bays as conic sections from tilted conical craters formed by oblique impacts.

ABSTRACT
Geometrical analysis of the Carolina Bays using Google Earth in combination with LiDAR data makes it possible to postulate that the bays formed as the result of impacts, rather than from eolian and lacustrine processes. The Carolina Bays are elliptical conic sections with width-to-length ratios averaging 0.58 that are radially oriented toward the Great Lakes region. The radial distribution of ejecta is one characteristic of impacts, and the width-to-length ratios of the ellipses correspond to cones inclined at approximately 35°, which is consistent with ballistic trajectories from the point of convergence. These observations, and the fact that these geomorphological features occur only on unconsolidated soil close to the water table, make it plausible to propose that the Carolina Bays are the remodeled remains of oblique conical craters formed on ground liquefied by the seismic shock waves of secondary impacts of glacier ice boulders ejected by an extraterrestrial impact on the Laurentide Ice Sheet.

Mathematical analysis using ballistic equations and scaling laws relating yield energy to crater size provide clues about the magnitude of the extraterrestrial event. An experimental model elucidates the remodeling mechanisms and provides an explanation for the morphology and the diverse dates of the bays.

http://www.scientificpsychic.com/etc/carolina-bays/carolina-bays.html

Carolina Bays

– – –
Another discussion: Carolina Bays created by electrostatic discharge?

http://www.evolutionaryleaps.com/2012/05/carolina-bays-created-by-electrostatic-discharge/

12. oldbrew says:

Hurricane Irma of ‘unprecedented intensity’ in the Atlantic
September 6, 2017
http://phys.org/news/2017-09-hurricane-irma-unprecedented-intensity-atlantic.html
– – –

13. oldbrew says:

Experimenting with images here…provisional title: Why Phi? – Hurricane Irma

Overlay…

Line CB and the horizontal line from the centre to the far right are the same length.

Phi + Phi² = Phi³
(n + n² = n³ can only be true if n = Phi = 1.618~)

14. oldbrew says:

Bid to rescue Ben Nevis weather data

Scientists are seeking the public’s assistance in rescuing a unique set of weather records gathered at the summit of the UK’s highest mountain.

From 1883 to 1904, meteorologists were stationed atop Ben Nevis, logging temperature, precipitation, wind and other data around the clock.

Their measurements are held in five big volumes that now need to be digitised to be useful to modern researchers.

The public can help with the conversion at the http://www.weatherrescue.org website.

It will involve copying tables into a database. Experts say the Ben Nevis records contain some fascinating reports on major storms from the period.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-41166778

15. oldbrew says:

Gemini spiral galaxy + overlay (notation inverted)
[cf. oldbrew says: September 6, 2017 at 10:11 pm]

16. oldbrew says:

UPDATE: Mexico hit by ‘strongest earthquake in a century’ as magnitude 8.2 tremor triggers tsunami waves – latest news
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/09/08/mexico-earthquake-magnitude-8-tremor-rattles-buildings-capital/
– – –
Active region on sun continues to emit solar flares
September 7, 2017

http://phys.org/news/2017-09-region-sun-emit-solar-flares.html

SPACE WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER
G3 (STRONG) GEOMAGNETIC STORM WARNING EXTENDED UNTIL 08/1500 UTC
published: Friday, September 08, 2017 06:17 UTC

The G3 (Strong) geomagnetic storm warning has been extended through 1500 UTC (11:00 Eastern) on 08 September due to continued CME effects.

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/news/g3-strong-geomagnetic-storm-warning-extended-until-081500-utc

17. johnm33 says:

If as the ancients claim the earth stopped spinning [3 times?] what physical effects would that have, on 1 the oceans, 2 surface features, 3 atmospherics 4 geology? I’m mainly curious about the expression of kinetic energy as heat on the various elements/ minerals, and what would happen on start up?

18. craigm350 says:

Looks at a possible lunar forcing for the 2016 QBO anomaly

http://contextearth.com/2017/09/07/the-qbo-anomaly-of-2016-revisited/

19. oldbrew says:

Spectacular Aurora views down east coast [see link below for pics]
8 September 2017 Scotland

Scotland is the best place in the UK to observe the Northern Lights but it is usually much further north.

The beautiful light shows are caused by the interaction of the solar wind – a stream of charged particles escaping the Sun – and Earth’s magnetic field and atmosphere.

Sky lit up after ‘strongest flare’

The Earth’s magnetic field traps some of the particles and sends them on a collision course with molecules in the atmosphere.

As a result of these repeated, tiny crashes, energy is released in the form of light.

MASSIVE SUNSPOTS & STRONG SOLAR ERUPTION SURPRISES SCIENTISTS
Date: 09/09/17 Alexa Halford, Brett Carter and Julie Currie, The Conversation

Despite where we are in the sun’s cycle, activity on the sun has dramatically picked up over the past few days. We don’t yet fully understand everything that is happening.

http://www.thegwpf.com/massive-sunspots-strong-solar-eruption-surprises-scientists/

20. craigm350 says:

Ben Davidson (Suspicious0bservers) has been tracking storms and solar eruptions for a while;

21. oldbrew says:

Tony Heller – New Video : Hurricane Superstition Reaches Category Five
Posted on September 9, 2017

https://realclimatescience.com/2017/09/new-video-hurricane-superstition-reaches-category-five/
– – –
Worldwide, tropical cyclone activity peaks in late summer, when the difference between temperatures aloft and sea surface temperatures is the greatest. However, each particular basin has its own seasonal patterns. On a worldwide scale, May is the least active month, while September is the most active.[1] In the Northern Atlantic Ocean, a distinct hurricane season occurs from June 1 to November 30, sharply peaking from late August through September;[1] the season’s climatological peak of activity occurs around September 10 each season. [bold added]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_hurricane_season

And here we are.

22. oldbrew says:

China looks at ending sales of gasoline cars
September 10, 2017

The reports of Xin’s comments in the eastern city of Tianjin gave no other details about electric car policy but cited him as saying Beijing plans to “elevate new energy vehicles to a new strategic level.”

http://phys.org/news/2017-09-china-sales-gasoline-cars.html

23. oldbrew says:

Climate Changed Hurricane Indistinguishable From Normal Hurricane at Landfall
Posted on 10 Sep 17 by JAIME JESSOP

http://cliscep.com/2017/09/10/climate-changed-hurricane-indistinguishable-from-normal-hurricane-at-landfall/

Hurricane Inflation
Posted on September 10, 2017 by tonyheller

24. oldbrew says:

Scientists observe largest solar flare in 12 years
September 11, 2017

25. oldbrew says:

26. oldbrew says:

‘..around the time Zealandia started sinking for a second time, the atmosphere had a similar level of carbon dioxide but the Earth was much, much warmer. A better understanding of the relationship between carbon dioxide concentrations and world temperatures can help fine-tune our models going forward. “I like to think of it as looking back to the future,” Pekar says.
. . .
“When the community does climate modeling for the Eocene Epoch [56 to 33.9 million years ago], this is the area that causes consternation, and we’re not sure why,” Dickens said.’

http://www.newsweek.com/zealandia-lost-continent-drilling-expedition-640248

27. Saighdear says:

GERMANY CLOSES CO2 underground Storage – last of 3 (?) Tests by Potsdam Inst. – NOBODY wants to live above a CO2 bubble, they say – but it was a success ….. as I understood it all today

28. oldbrew says:

When to Trust the Experts (Climate and Otherwise)
Posted September 11th, 2017 @ 11:24am in #climate change

‘…why would Michael Mann even have “proprietary” data? Isn’t everyone looking at the same stuff?’

http://blog.dilbert.com/post/165227772726/when-to-trust-the-experts-climate-and-otherwise

29. Saighdear says:

When Weather isn’t Climate or which ever way you like it: Also from Germany –
1. around L Constance: APPLE growers complaining about early FROST(?) if I understood properly – affecting their crop – major losses – will Government come to their aid. Apparently in Region of Baden Wurtemberg they’ll get NOTHING whils’t neighbours in Bavaria, across the fence, they will. QUESTION: Why haven’t we heard anything about that in the Media ? Thought this Warming malarchy stopped frosts – Mannnnn! – we are supposed to be able to grow MED. fruit n flowers much further North Scotland shire, even!
2. Storm Aileen Great Storm Flood to come on N Coast and Islands ( eg Helgoland) + Wind damage INLAND …..

30. oldmanK says:

Saighdear says: September 13, 2017 at 5:34 pm ” we are supposed to be able to grow MED. fruit n flowers much further North Scotland shire, even!”

English vineyards destroyed by frost : https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/may/02/english-vineyards-frost-champagne-bordeaux-burgundy

Mine, in the Med, planted 35 years ago and mature, destroyed by drought of 2016/2017. Very little to salvage.

So what is ‘same and normal as before’?? Depends from the point of view.

31. oldbrew says:

Drax plans world’s largest battery storage facility
09/14/2017

http://www.powerengineeringint.com/articles/2017/09/drax-plans-world-s-largest-battery-storage-facility.html

Or does it?

A spokeswoman for the group told the Financial Times that both the gas and battery storage capacity figures in the planning application were a maximum size and the projects could turn out to be smaller.

32. oldbrew says:

New earthquake forecasting system gave reliable forecasts of Italian aftershocks
September 14, 2017

Scientists have long sought forecasting methods for earthquakes, for obvious reasons—unfortunately, to date, little progress has been made despite hundreds of years of effort. Science has advanced one area of forecasting, however: aftershocks that occur after a major quake.

33. oldbrew says:

UK temps trending below the 1961-1990 average for the last month and a half.

– – –
LA NIÑA MAY DEVELOP BY FALL OR WINTER, NOAA SAYS
Date: 15/09/17

http://www.thegwpf.com/la-nina-may-develop-by-fall-or-winter-noaa-says/

– – –
As La Nina Looms, Warmists Skid Into Panic Mode…Global Warming Pause Set To Surpass Two Decades!
By P Gosselin on 15. September 2017

34. oldbrew says:

Biologist reaches into electric eel tank, comes out with equation to measure shocks
September 14, 2017

35. oldbrew says:

Turning on the aurora switch with HAARP
Posted September 15, 2017

UAF researcher will use the HAARP facility to attempt to do from below what the sun does from above to create a display of aurora.

“Energetic electrons ionize and excite gases in the upper atmosphere,” he said. “They release photons when they de-excite again. Here, we’re doing the process from below with HF radio waves.”

http://juneauempire.com/outdoors/2017-09-15/turning-aurora-switch-haarp

36. oldbrew says:

J. H. Conway and N. J. A. Sloane, Notes on the Para-Fibonacci and related sequences
http://oeis.org/A019586/a019586.pdf

Tricky stuff.

Conway triangle

37. oldbrew says:

Academics call for a rethink on smart meters
19/09/2017

Researchers claim current meters cannot help homeowners use energy more efficiently

There goes another £11 billion

38. craigm350 says:

A deadly M7.1 earthquake has hit mexico, killing 129 at the time of writing;

https://earthquake-report.com/2017/09/19/very-strong-earthquake-central-mexico-september-19-2017/

39. oldbrew says:

The rise of electric cars could leave us with a big battery waste problem

– – –
Toyota’s solid state battery could be an industry breakthrough

http://www.wired.co.uk/article/toyota-solid-state-battery

40. oldbrew says:

UAlberta physicists upend what is known about northern lights

New model shows mechanism thought to be behind certain classes of northern lights may not even exist.

By University of Alberta – September 19, 2017

“These findings fly in the face of what is now commonly accepted in the world of space science,” said Rankin. “Our research shows that conditions necessary for the ionospheric feedback instability to occur are very unlikely, meaning it cannot be the cause of something as regular as the Aurora Borealis.”

41. oldbrew says:

More FUD from a failing warmist rag (below). Graham Stringer is one of very few MPs who have a serious interest in what the climate debate is really about.

The Independent: MP appointed to Parliament’s science committee is part of climate change denial think tank

On accusations he is a climate sceptic, the MP said: “I am sceptical about everything – that is what scientists are. But there has been an enormous amount of shoddy work masquerading as science with regards to climate change.”

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/graham-stringer-mp-climate-change-science-and-technology-committee-global-warming-policy-foundation-a7946966.html
– – –
Being a ‘climate sceptic’ beats being a propagandist for Al Gore and the like, every time.

42. oldbrew says:

Climate extortion tactics in California…

AS TWO CITIES FILE LAWSUITS, U.S. SUPREME COURT WILL HAVE TO RULE ABOUT CLAIMS (AND COUNTER-CLAIMS) BY CLIMATE SCIENTISTS
Date: 21/09/17 The Wall Street Journal

Two Northern California cities filed separate lawsuits against five major oil companies Wednesday, asking state courts to force the companies to fund infrastructure the cities say is needed because of climate change.

They will claim sea level rise is caused by oil companies 😂

43. oldbrew says:

Hubble discovers a unique type of object in the Solar System
20 September 2017
http://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1715/

Abstract: A binary main-belt comet
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v549/n7672/full/nature23892.html

44. oldbrew says:

Baffled scientist news…

The Greatest Cosmic Puzzle: Astronomers Find Stars That Appear Older Than The Universe

The oldest stars we’ve found in the Universe are nearly pristine, where almost 100% of what makes them up is the hydrogen and helium left over from the Big Bang. They come in at over 13 billion years old, with the oldest at 14.5 billion. And this is a big problem, because the Universe itself is only 13.8 billion years old.

http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/09/07/the-greatest-cosmic-puzzle-astronomers-find-stars-that-appear-older-than-the-universe/

Does not compute 😆

45. oldbrew says:

Winter cold extremes linked to high-altitude polar vortex weakening
September 22, 2017

“Our latest findings not only confirm the link between a weak polar vortex and severe winter weather, but also calculated how much of the observed cooling in regions like Russia and Scandinavia is linked to the weakening vortex. It turns out to be most”

If there’s a theory in there somewhere it’s a bit obscure.

46. oldbrew says:

Diesel cars may produce more (not less) CO2 than petrol models

http://www.nextgreencar.com/news/8181/diesel-cars-may-produce-more-not-less-co2-than-petrol-models/

Not sure of the logic there but it is a site promoting electric cars.

63-page report: ‘Diesel – the true (dirty) story’ https://www.transportenvironment.org/sites/te/files/publications/T%26E%20DIESEL%20REPORT%20FINAL%202017.pdf

47. oldbrew says:

Flashback to 2011…

Climate models get energy balance wrong, make too hot forecasts of global warming

HUNTSVILLE, Ala. (July 26, 2011) — Data from NASA’s Terra satellite shows that when the climate warms, Earth’s atmosphere is apparently more efficient at releasing energy to space than models used to forecast climate change have been programmed to “believe.”

The result is climate forecasts that are warming substantially faster than the atmosphere, says Dr. Roy Spencer, a principal research scientist in the Earth System Science Center at The University of Alabama in Huntsville.
. . .
“At the peak, satellites show energy being lost while climate models show energy still being gained,” Spencer said.

– – –
Has anything changed in climate modelling as a result?

48. oldbrew says:

MAN unveils new 26 MW diesel engine

According to the company, the engine is a good fit for baseload as well as peak-shaving applications, and for decentralized power generation in remote locations and islands where there is no gas supply.
. . .
Gas-fired and dual-fuel versions of the engine are currently under development, MAN said, as is integrated selective catalytic reduction (SCR) which the company said will further reduce the engine’s NOx emissions by up to 80 per cent.

http://www.powerengineeringint.com/articles/2017/09/man-unveils-new-26-mw-diesel-engine.html

49. oldbrew says:

The graphs that show why Bali’s Mt Agung volcano could erupt at any minute, as 75,000 flee
26 SEPTEMBER 2017 • 10:11AM

Vehicles laden with food, masks and bedding have been dispatched to help more than 75,000 people who have fled a volcano on the tourist island of Bali, as rising magma and increased tremors fuel fears of an imminent eruption.

Mount Agung, about 75 kilometres (47 miles) from the Indonesian tourist hub of Kuta, has been rumbling since August, threatening to erupt for the first time since 1963.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/09/26/balis-mt-agung-volcano-could-erupt-minute-75000-flee/

50. oldbrew says:

Is Dyson about to launch an electric car? Company set to unveil early stages of vehicle after recruiting talent from the motoring industry

Inventor Sir James Dyson is set to reveal plans to build electric cars in Britain

Nothing like this…

51. oldbrew says:

India to electrify every home by December 2018 using solar PV, battery storage and LEDs

Solar power packs of 200-300W will be added with battery banks to un-electrified homes – including in remote and hard to access regions – along with five LED lights, a DC fan and a DC power plug. This will also come with repair and maintenance for five years.

http://www.energy-storage.news/news/india-to-electrify-every-home-by-december-2018-using-solar-pv-battery-stora

Not so good in the monsoon season.

52. oldbrew says:

Dreaming of…could…might…hope…wish…

IBT: Water evaporation could have huge potential as a new renewable energy source

Harnessing the power of evaporation could provide as much as 70% of the energy the US is currently producing.

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/water-evaporation-could-have-huge-potential-new-renewable-energy-source-1640929

53. oldbrew says:

New research + short video

Deep waters spiral upward around Antarctica
September 27, 2017

“Scientifically, this is significant, because for a long time we have thought of the upwelling as being primarily driven by the winds, which are pretty much uniform around the Southern Ocean,” says Morrison. “But here we have shown that the structure of the upwelling is really controlled by the under-sea topography and the eddy field.”

http://m.phys.org/news/2017-09-deep-spiral-upward-antarctica.html

54. craigm350 says:

site stats: 5,029,819 visits

Congratulations guys 😊

55. oldbrew says:

More blizzards in North America during weak solar phases
http://kaltesonne.de/mehr-blizzards-in-nordamerika-wahrend-solarer-schwachephasen/

[quotes from the study are in English]

Annual average of US blizzards has doubled since 1995 (compared to 1960-1994). Correlates with ‘the pause’?

56. oldbrew says:

ENSO tidal forcing validated by LOD data
Posted on September 27, 2017

This is a straightforward validation of the forcing used on the lunar-driven ENSO model.
. . .
Both the wavelet and the power spectrum (below) show the 6-year Fourier component that appears in the ENSO model as a mixed tidal forcing.

http://contextearth.com/2017/09/27/enso-tidal-forcing-validated-by-lod-data/
– – –
6 years (or 1799y/300) is the beat period of the lunar nodal and apsidal cycles.

https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2016/01/05/de-rops-long-term-lunar-cycle/

57. oldbrew says:

Tsunami enabled hundreds of aquatic species to raft across Pacific
September 28, 2017

The increase in marine plastics and other more durable debris also made survival easier, according to the researchers. Much of the debris the scientists found rafted ashore was made of fiberglass or other plastic materials that do not decompose and could easily survive six or more years at sea. These materials started becoming common in the mid-20th century, and their dominance is only expected to rise.
. . .
“This has turned out to be one of the biggest, unplanned, natural experiments in marine biology, perhaps in history,” said co-author John Chapman of Oregon State University.

However, scientists largely agree that prevention is the most effective way to combat invasive species. Since preventing tsunamis is not an option, Ruiz suggested the main focus should be managing plastic.

http://m.phys.org/news/2017-09-tsunami-enabled-hundreds-aquatic-species.html

58. oldbrew says:

Aggregated energy balances showing proportion of renewables in supply and demand (in the UK)

BEIS has considered that publishing this information will provide users with additional insights into renewable energy trends in the UK.
. . .
… the proportion of demand met from renewables varies from a low of 2 per cent (for transport, mainly from biofuels) to a high of 15 per cent for other final users’, which is largely the service and commercial sectors that consume relatively large quantities of electricity.
. . .
Electricity: BEIS estimate 26.5 per cent of electricity supply was produced from renewables.
Heat: BEIS estimate that 1.5 per cent of heat sold was generated from renewables.

59. oldbrew says:

– by Michael Bastasch

Energy Secretary Rick Perry is asking the federal agency that oversees the U.S. grid to issue a new rule to restructure electricity markets to fully compensate power plants for the reliability they provide.

Perry sent his policy proposal to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) on Friday. The letter asks FERC to create an electricity pricing regime that allows power plants to recover the costs of providing baseload power. It will likely be seen as a lifeline to coal and nuclear power plants.

60. oldbrew says:

There are only 15 possible pentagonal tiles, research proves
September 29, 2017

http://phys.org/news/2017-09-pentagonal-tiles.html
[see graphic in link – 13 and 14 look very similar?]

Also: Fifteen types of convex pentagons are known to tile the plane monohedrally (i.e. with one type of tile).[1] The most recent one was discovered in 2015. This list has been shown to be complete by Rao (2017)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentagonal_tiling#Monohedral_convex_pentagnal_tilings

61. oldbrew says:

Solar Activity Plays Key Role In North American Blizzard Frequency, Study Finds
By P Gosselin on 30. September 2017

Yet another study has been published showing that regional climate cycles are related to solar activity. The most recent suggest that blizzards in North America are related to solar activity cycles.

More Blizzards in North America During Solar Weak Phases
By Dr. Sebastian Lüning and Prof. Fritz Vahrenholt
(German text translated/edited by P Gosselin)

http://notrickszone.com/2017/09/30/solar-activity-plays-key-role-in-north-american-blizzard-frequency-study-finds/

The number of blizzards has DOUBLED in the past 20 years: Scientists blame global warming and sunspots for rise in storms

From 1960-94, the US had an average of nine blizzards per year
But since 1995, the annual average has risen to 19, recent study found
More blizzards are forming outside normal season of October to March
One explanation is the use of better methods to record severe storms

62. oldbrew says:

High Capacity Asphalt–Lithium Batteries Charge in 5 Minutes
02 October 2017

And the use of the asphalt derivative mitigated the formation of Li dendrites.

http://insights.globalspec.com/article/6681/high-capacity-asphalt-lithium-batteries-charge-in-5-minutes
– – –
Asphalt Key to Faster-Charging Lithium Batteries
10/02/2017

“The capacity of these batteries is enormous but what is equally remarkable is that we can bring them from zero charge to full charge in five minutes, rather than the typical two hours or more needed with other batteries,” Rice chemist James Tour said in a statement.

http://www.rdmag.com/article/2017/10/asphalt-key-faster-charging-lithium-batteries

63. oldbrew says:

UV-irradiated amorphous ice behaves like liquid at low temperatures
Date: September 29, 2017

“The liquid-like ice may help dust accrete to planets because liquid may act as a glue. However, further experiments are needed to understand the material properties of the liquid-like ice” – researcher.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/09/170929152151.htm

But planets are supposed to be born hot and to contain material that retains its internal heat for billions of years?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_heating
– – –
But…
In general, secondary or tidal heating was not considered a significant contributor to overall planetary heating. Recent findings throughout the solar system make us aware that tidal heating caused by the gravitational pull of two bodies is very much a factor.

http://lunarorigin.com/tidal-heating/

64. p.g.sharrow says:

Planets/stellar bodies are born cold and are heated by gravitational packing and atomic processes. Stars older then the “Big Bang theory” suggests. CO2 causes global warming.

Slowly science moves from myth to fact…pg

65. oldbrew says:

House-sized asteroid will come ‘damn close’ to Earth next week as it passes just 27,000 miles away

>> Asteroid 2012 TC4 will pass by on October 12 at about 27,000 miles away
>> Experts tracked the space rock using the Very Large Telescope in Chile
>> It was the first time it has been spotted in five years after disappearing in 2012

NEODyS shows there is no chance of an Earth impact before October 12, 2050.
. . .
2012 TC4 has become the first known asteroid ever to be observed passing less than 1 Lunar distance from Earth twice in a row.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4941414/House-sized-asteroid-come-damn-close-Earth.html
– – –
It is almost exactly twice as far from the Sun at its furthest distance (aphelion) as at its nearest (perihelion), and has an orbit ratio with Earth of 3:5 i.e. 3 orbits every 5 years.

See ‘Orbital characteristics’ : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_TC4

66. Paul Vaughan says:

What happens when you power something golden (like our sun) with Euler’s gem?

…,5,3,2,1,1,Φ,1,3,4,7,11,…

It’s nearly time to explore a suggestion introduced above:

https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2017/08/01/suns-core-rotates-four-times-faster-than-its-surface/comment-page-1/#comment-130812

67. oldbrew says:

Walrus not endangered says US gov.
http://www.thegwpf.com/u-s-government-says-walrus

68. oldbrew says:

New study shows the surprising power of Wikipedia in science
October 4, 2017

http://phys.org/news/2017-10-power-wikipedia-science.html
– – –
We know from Wikipedia references to ‘climate change deniers’ and the like that it can be a biased and unreliable source.

Example: Nigel Lawson
He is still active in political life as President of Conservatives for Britain, a campaign for Britain to leave the European Union, and as chairman of the climate-change denialist[1][2][3] Global Warming Policy Foundation think tank.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigel_Lawson

69. oldbrew says:

Alarm as study reveals world’s tropical forests are huge carbon emission source

Forests globally are so degraded that instead of absorbing emissions they now release more carbon annually than all the traffic in the US, say researchers

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/sep/28/alarm-as-study-reveals-worlds-tropical-forets-are-huge-carbon-emission-source

So it’s not all about industrial emissions with increases in carbon dioxide levels.

70. oldmanK says:

The pendulum is swinging the other way. Back to coal; to logging because trees are emitters of CO2,; back to nuclear – in every form- ; — what else?? Climate?

There is no stability, always swinging to extremes.

Those like me who are long-in-the-tooth, if they still got any, know these oscillations.

71. Jan Braam. says:

8-7-2017
When we’re back, I’m going to start a series of posts rebutting various objections to Ned and Karl’s Pressure Warming Effect theory.

Tallbloke’s “petite ruine” must look like a mansion by now.

72. oldbrew says:

What Earth’s climate system and topological insulators have in common
October 5, 2017

“In each of the two hemispheres, you have the Coriolis force pushing in opposite directions,” Marston said. “That traps the waves at the equator in a way that’s very similar to how the current in a topological insulator is trapped at its edges. While the Earth doesn’t have an ‘edge’ per se, the equator is essentially the edges of the two hemispheres stuck together.”

The mathematics behind the two phenomena, Marston and his colleagues showed, is essentially identical.
. . .
In addition to helping explain the persistence of El Niño cycles, Marston says these same dynamics are likely happening elsewhere in the climate system—in the upper atmosphere, for example. Recognizing the topological nature of these phenomena could help deepen scientists’ understanding of how they work, Marston says.

Study: Topological origin of equatorial waves
Pierre Delplace, J. B. Marston, Antoine Venaille
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1702.07583pdf

‘topological insulators conduct on the outside and insulate on the inside.’

73. p.g.sharrow says:

@Tallbloke; you should read this essay at Chiefio by one of your countrymen…pg
https://chiefio.wordpress.com/2017/10/04/t-may-open-markets-and-price-caps/#comment-87286

74. oldbrew says:

Hurricane Nate: Storm heads to New Orleans

Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards has declared a state of emergency ahead of the hurricane, which is due to make landfall on Saturday night local time.

He said more than 1,000 National Guard troops had been mobilised with a number sent to New Orleans to monitor the drainage pumps there. “Anyone in low-lying areas… we are urging them to prepare now,” he said.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-41536192

75. oldbrew says:

The Greens versus ‘Big Oil’
By Russell Cook
October 6, 2017

If you are an enviro-activist with access to lawyers and mega-money who believes that catastrophic anthropogenic global warming (CAGW) is caused by evil fossil fuel industries who ignore this harm to humanity to protect their profits, you don’t simply whine about this problem, you file giant lawsuits against those industries.
. . .
…it soon becomes evident that it isn’t “Big Oil” that should be investigated over racketeering to keep their industry alive, but a small clique of enviro-activists facing disappearing income flow if the public lost all faith in the idea of catastrophic man-caused global warming because of what skeptic climate scientists have to say.

76. oldbrew says:

Activity:inactivity ratio of Old Faithful geyser is 2:1

6 OCTOBER 2017
Old Faithful’s geological heart revealed

Dense seismograph network shows subsurface geyser plumbing structures
By Paul Gabrielsen

Old Faithful is Yellowstone National Park’s most famous landmark.
. . .
The sensors picked up bursts of intense seismic tremors around Old Faithful, about 60 minutes long, separated by about 30 minutes of quiet. When Farrell presents these patterns, he often asks audiences at what point they think the eruption of Old Faithful takes place. Surprisingly, it’s not at the peak of shaking. It’s at the end, just before everything goes quiet again.

After an eruption, the geyser’s reservoir fills again with hot water, Farrell explains. “As that cavity fills up, you have a lot of hot pressurized bubbles,” he says. “When they come up, they cool off really rapidly and they collapse and implode.” The energy released by those implosions causes the tremors leading up to an eruption.

77. oldbrew says:

This is topical because…
‘After they look at the star again in October with Hubble, Kipping says that he and his team will take around six months before they announce the result of their observation. Unless, perhaps, the news gets ahead of them again.’
– – –
Why astronomers reluctantly announced a possible exomoon discovery
After hints leaked out on Twitter, researchers made last-minute decision to reveal what might be the first discovery of a satellite outside our Solar System.

Davide Castelvecchi
28 July 2017

http://www.nature.com/news/why-astronomers-reluctantly-announced-a-possible-exomoon-discovery-1.22377

78. craigm350 says:

Tony Abbott firing:

Australia, for instance, has the world’s largest readily available supplies of coal, gas and uranium, yet thanks to a decade of policy based more on green ideology than common sense, we can’t be sure of keeping the lights on this summer; and, in the policy-induced shift from having the world’s lowest power prices to amongst the highest, our manufacturing industry has lost its one, big comparative economic advantage…

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/blogs/andrew-bolt/abbott-attacks-global-warming-scare/news-story/7f59289de15b4c12cb8b56938c9271e8

79. oldbrew says:

Comet 01-ASAS-SN brightens unexpectedly

Signe Dean
Mon, 09 Oct 2017

When it was first found in July, the comet only clocked in a faint apparent magnitude of +15.3, which would make it barely visible even on a large telescope. (For comparison, the full Moon has an apparent magnitude of -13.)

But since then it’s been massively growing in brightness, unexpectedly jumping to a magnitude of +10 within just a few days and with no explanation.

http://www.sott.net/article/363999-Comet-01-ASAS-SN-brightens-unexpectedly

Also…The Atomic Comet: Neutron Bombs
Posted on October 9, 2017
http://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/10/09/the-atomic-comet-neutron-bombs/

80. oldbrew says:

Dark matter halfway to extinction?

New Scientist: Half the universe’s missing matter has just been finally found

Two separate teams found the missing matter – made of particles called baryons rather than dark matter – linking galaxies together through filaments of hot, diffuse gas.

http://www.newscientist.com/article/2149742-half-the-universes-missing-matter-has-just-been-finally-found/

81. oldmanK says:

Further to my above post, WUWT ‘twitted’ this. https://twitter.com/wattsupwiththat/status/918373979475337217/photo/1

It is good to remember.

82. oldbrew says:

US Gov. – Clean Coal Research
http://energy.gov/fe/science-innovation/clean-coal-research
– – –
Invisible pollution…

Puzzling spike in radioactive particles across Europe, baffles scientists
RT – Tue, 10 Oct 2017

“New analyzes of the source of the radioactive material are likely to indicate a release in the southern Ural,” the Office for Radiation Protection said, “but other regions in Southern Russia can not be excluded.”

It said that because it’s only ruthenium-106 that has been detected, this rules out a nuclear power plant accident.

83. oldbrew says:

Re topographical insulator demo (video) – oldbrew says: October 6, 2017 at 10:00 am

These cycloid lines are made by two lights opposite each other on the edge of a bike wheel.
Imagine the ground is the equator. Conway triangle added by me, just for fun 🙂

The second quality is that the cycloid is the tautochrone (sometimes called: isochrone). This means that a bead along the curve, needs the same time to get down, independent from the starting point. Wonderful! It was Christiaan Huygens who discovered this fact, in 1659.

– – –

The points of the curve that touch the straight line are separated along the line by a distance equal to 2πr, which is the circumference of the circle, indicating one complete revolution of the circle. The curve is periodic, which means that it repeats in an identical pattern for each cycle, or length of the line, that is equal to 2πr.

http://www.britannica.com/topic/cycloid

84. Scute says:

Fancy crowdfunding this important contribution to educating kids about the perils of climate change? Kids’ book written by M. Mann. Seems,
a polar bear might be one of the stars.

85. oldbrew says:

Ancient Islamic Penrose Tiles

As a Penrose tiling spreads across a larger and larger surface, the ratio between the numbers of each type of tile approaches the golden ratio. The golden ratio (or mean) is the irrational number 1.618 . . . .

Penrose tilings also have fivefold rotational symmetry, the same kind of a symmetry that a five-pointed star has. If you rotate the whole pattern by 72 degrees, it looks just the same.

http://www.sciencenews.org/article/ancient-islamic-penrose-tiles-0

86. oldbrew says:

More greenhouse nonsense…

Baltic clams and worms release as much greenhouse gas as 20,000 dairy cows
October 13, 2017

http://phys.org/news/2017-10-baltic-clams-worms-greenhouse-gas.html

Are we quaking in our boots yet 😁

87. oldbrew says:

The hidden mechanics of magnetic field reconnection, a key factor in solar storms and fusion energy reactors
October 12, 2017

In July 2012, a powerful solar storm almost struck Earth. Scientists estimate that had the storm, called a coronal mass ejection (CME), hit the planet, the impact would have crippled power grids worldwide, burning out transformers and instruments.

A NASA probe that happened to lie in the CME’s path detected some of the charged particles it contained. Data the satellite collected showed the storm was twice as powerful as a 1989 event that knocked out Quebec’s entire power grid, disrupted power delivery across the United States and made the northern lights visible as far south as Cuba.

88. oldbrew says:

This is billed as news…

During El Niño, the tropics emit more carbon dioxide
The phenomenon creates warmer, drier conditions in some tropical regions that mimic future climate change
BY CAROLYN GRAMLING , OCTOBER 12, 2017

During the 2015 El Niño, tropical regions in three continents released about 2.5 gigatons more carbon (GtC) to the atmosphere than they did in 2011, a cooler and wetter La Niña year (measurement margin of error shown with plus and minus).

http://www.sciencenews.org/article/during-el-nino-tropics-emit-more-carbon-dioxide

This has been known for decades if not longer – warming water releases CO2 (thermal outgassing), cooling water absorbs it.

89. Paul Vaughan says:

backbone (calcium, gold, uranium) source observation
http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/scientists-witness-huge-cosmic-crash-find-origins-of-gold-1.3633999

90. oldbrew says:

2015 BZ509 is an asteroid in a resonant, co-orbital motion with Jupiter.[2] Its orbit is retrograde, which is opposite to the direction of most other bodies in the Solar System.[3] It was first observed on 16 January 2015
. . .
Perturbations from Jupiter maintain the stability of this orbit over millions of years. Simulations show that it has been in its co-orbital relation with Jupiter for at least a million years and will continue for at least another million years. It is somewhat of a mystery how this asteroid (or comet) got into this orbit

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_BZ509

Re: the stability of this orbit
Aphelion 7.0948 AU
Perihelion 3.1829 AU
Semi-major axis 5.1389 AU
Eccentricity 0.3806

Ap / Peri = 2.229~ (√5 = 2.236~)
Ap / SMA = 1.3806 ~ (√5 / Phi = 1.382~)
SMA / Peri = 1.6145 ~ (Phi = 1.618~)

Ecc = ~8/21 (1/Phi² = 0.382~) or Ap / SMA, minus 1
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orbital_eccentricity#Calculation

Talkshop: Wrong-way asteroid plays ‘chicken’ with Jupiter
https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2017/03/30/wrong-way-asteroid-plays-chicken-with-jupiter/

91. oldbrew says:

Evaluating the Dynamical Stability of Outer Solar System Objects in the Presence of Planet Nine
Published 2017 July 20

Abstract
We evaluate the dynamical stability of a selection of outer solar system objects in the presence of the proposed new solar system member Planet Nine. We use a Monte Carlo suite of numerical N-body integrations to construct a variety of orbital elements of the new planet and evaluate the dynamical stability of eight trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) in the presence of Planet Nine. These simulations show that some combinations of orbital elements (a,e) result in Planet Nine acting as a stabilizing influence on the TNOs, which can otherwise be destabilized by interactions with Neptune. These simulations also suggest that some TNOs transition between several different mean-motion resonances during their lifetimes while still retaining approximate apsidal anti-alignment with Planet Nine. This behavior suggests that remaining in one particular orbit is not a requirement for orbital stability. As one product of our simulations, we present an a posteriori probability distribution for the semimajor axis and eccentricity of the proposed Planet Nine based on TNO stability. This result thus provides additional evidence that supports the existence of this proposed planet. We also predict that TNOs can be grouped into multiple populations of objects that interact with Planet Nine in different ways: one population may contain objects like Sedna and 2012 VP113, which do not migrate significantly in semimajor axis in the presence of Planet Nine and tend to stay in the same resonance; another population may contain objects like 2007 TG422 and 2013 RF98, which may both migrate and transition between different resonances.

http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-3881/aa7aa2/pdf
– – –
In search of the ninth planet
October 17, 2017
http://phys.org/news/2017-10-ninth-planet.html

92. oldbrew says:

Dumb and dumber…

Eyes are on plant in Iceland with carbon removal solution by direct air capture

Reuters and other news sites are reporting that Climeworks, a Swiss company, has embarked on the initiative to extract carbon dioxide from thin air in Iceland. The goal is to transform the gas into rock far below ground, said Reuters.

Climeworks said its direct air capture plants remove CO2 from the atmosphere “to unlock a negative emissions future.”

http://techxplore.com/news/2017-10-eyes-iceland-carbon-solution-air.html

Job creation scheme.

93. Paul Vaughan says:

2015_BZ509 listed — ty ob
__

=
[…] the lofty objective is well within reach for the first time in human history. […]
“Forty years ago, people got laughed at when they searched for exoplanets,” she says, […] “It was considered incredibly fringe because it’s so hard … But there’s this shifting line of what is crazy.”
=
http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/the-search-for-aliens-why-a-planet-hunting-pioneer-is-so-optimistic-1.3639031

94. oldbrew says:

Storm Brian to arrive this weekend
19 October 2017

An intense low-pressure system that is forecast to affect southern Britain on Saturday has been named as Storm Brian by Met Éireann.

http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/news/releases/2017/storm-brian-to-arrive-this-weekend

95. oldbrew says:

D. Mail: The BBC is inundated by nearly 1,000 complaints every working day, it has emerged.

The shocking figures come against the backdrop of a furious battle by the Corporation to keep details under wraps.

They lay bare the level of dissatisfaction over issues such as left-wing bias, offensive content and inaccuracy.

What a shame 😂

96. oldbrew says:

Storm Ophelia – tanker off Irish coast

97. oldbrew says:

The Sewers of San Francisco…

COULD SAN FRANCISCO GET THE OIL INDUSTRY TO PAY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE?
19.10.17

But the city’s early engineers didn’t account for the eight inches of sea level rise the bay has seen over the last century. And they certainly didn’t foresee the additional five feet expected by the end of the next hundred years, which promise to cause major flooding—not to mention a serious poop problem.

Engineering a solution to the rising tides will be enormously expensive. Which is why the city thinks someone else should pay for it. Like, say, Big Petroleum.

http://www.wired.com/story/could-san-francisco-get-the-oil-industry-to-pay-for-climate-change/

Dodgy forecast alert: ‘additional five feet expected by the end of the next hundred years’.

Invent some numbers, then call a lawyer.

98. oldbrew says:

Astrolabe: Shipwreck find ‘earliest navigation tool’

An artefact excavated from a shipwreck off the coast of Oman has been found to be the oldest known example of a type of navigational tool.

Marine archaeologists say the object is an astrolabe, an instrument once used by mariners to measure the altitude of the Sun during their voyages.
. . .
“I believe it’s probably fair to say it dates roughly to between 1495 to 1500. Exactly what year we don’t know – but it is in that narrow period.”

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-41724022

99. oldbrew says:

Classic from the baffled scientists dept….

The universe shouldn’t exist: World’s top scientists struggle to explain why our cosmos didn’t destroy itself as soon as it came into existence

The universe shouldn’t exist, some of the world’s top scientists claim.

Experts say, according to the standard model of physics, the cosmos should have destroyed itself when it formed.

This is because the universe was born with equal amounts of matter and anti-matter, which must have collided and instantly annihilated one another.

But this didn’t happen – and scientists are still baffled as to why.

100. p.g.sharrow says:

Or just may be their theories on the formation of the Universe are WRONG!

No, it can’t be that. The Standard Model is a perfection of logic.

The answer might be that Anti-mater does not really exist in the real Universe. The Big Bang creation theory is incorrect, based on facts that were created due to incorrect assumptions on the nature of the stuff of Space.
There is not nothing in space. Space is jam packed full of something. Charge in chaos, Creation and destruction of mater is a continuous thing with energy the result…pg

101. oldbrew says:

‘the universe was born’ – if so, what caused that to happen, we may ask. And where did the energy come from?

‘In the Beginning there was nothing, which exploded.’
Terry Pratchett

http://quotegeek.com/literature/terry-pratchett/3875/

102. oldbrew says:

Comet mission reveals ‘missing link’ in our understanding of planet formation
October 25, 2017

Comet 67P consists of ‘dust pebbles’ ranging between millimetres and centimetres in size.
Professor Blum explains the implications of the team’s observations “Our results show that only a single model for the formation of larger solid bodies in the young solar system may be considered for Chury. According to this formation model, ‘dust pebbles’ are concentrated so strongly by an instability in the solar nebula that their joint gravitational force ultimately leads to a collapse.”

103. oldbrew says:

Astronomers Spot First-Known Interstellar Comet
By: Kelly Beatty | October 25, 2017

Comet PanSTARRS appears to have entered the solar system from the direction of the constellation Lyra, within a couple of degrees of right ascension 18h 50m, declination +35° 13′. That’s tantalizingly close to Vega — and eerily reminiscent of the plot of the movie Contact — but its exact path doesn’t (yet) appear to link any particular star.

This object entered the solar system moving at 26 km (16 miles) per second. At that speed, in 10 million years it would traverse 8,200,000,000,000,000 km — more than 850 light-years.

http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/astronomers-spot-first-known-interstellar-comet/

Carl Sagan published Contact as a novel in 1985
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contact_(1997_American_film)

104. oldbrew says:

Believe it or not…

Reflecting light off satellite backs up Wheeler’s quantum theory thought experiment
October 26, 2017

The experiment consisted of shooting a laser beam at a beam splitter, which aimed the beam at a satellite traveling in low Earth orbit, which reflected it back to Earth. But as the light traveled back to Earth, the researchers had time to make a choice whether or not to activate a second beam splitter as the light was en route. Thus, they could test whether the light was able to sense what they were doing and respond accordingly. The team reports that the light behaved just as Wheeler had predicted—demonstrating either particle-like or wave-like behavior, depending on the behavior of those studying it. [bold added]

105. oldbrew says:

9NEWS Australia: At least 30,000 lightning strikes in ‘super-cell’ storms
Oct 27, 2017

These storms come just days after the Bureau of Meteorology warned “La Niña” could wash out the east coast’s summer.

A “La Niña” weather pattern typically brings about heavy rainfall and flooding to eastern Australia and can also trigger cyclones.

http://www.9news.com.au/wild-weather/2017/10/26/01/20/intense-storms-to-target-eastern-australia
– – –
From: BoM ENSO Wrap-Up
Current state of the Pacific and Indian oceans
24 October 2017

La Niña events typically bring above average rainfall to eastern Australia during late spring and summer. However, given the competing influence of other climate drivers (weakly warm waters to the north of Australia, and cooler waters in the eastern Indian Ocean), current climate outlooks do not favour widespread rainfall across Australia for November to January. Weak La Niña events in summer can also produce heatwaves in southeast Australia.

http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/

106. oldbrew says:

Catalonia Declares Independence
27 Oct 2017

The Catalan Parliament has voted overwhelmingly in favour of a motion to declare independence from Spain.

http://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/10/27/catalonia-declares-independence/

107. oldbrew says:

Lyell’s Slow-and-Gradual Geology Is No Longer Tenable
by Dr Jerry Bergman
July 7, 2017

The latest study published in the journal titled American Scientist is an article titled “Re-examining Lyell’s Laws” by New York Professor Michael Rampino. The article opines that “Increasing evidence points to the role of periodic catastrophes in the shaping [of] Earth’s history, challenging long-standing dogma within geology.”[i] The long-standing dogma is uniformitarianism, the idea that changes in the earth during geological history have resulted primarily from the action of slow, continuous and uniform processes. Furthermore, present geological changes have been considered the key to past geological changes. This perception contrasts with the theory that changes in the earth’s crust during geological history have resulted chiefly from rapid, violent and non-uniform events, such as floods.

In short, the two views would explain the formation of the Grand Canyon by a little water over a very long period of time (uniformitarianism) or a lot of water in a short period of time (catastrophism).

http://crev.info/2017/07/lyell-geology-untenable/

108. oldbrew says:

Tropopause theorising…

The Atmospheric Lapse Rate and Molar Density
Andy May / 14 hours ago October 28, 2017
By Andy May, Michael Connolly and Ronan Connolly

The lapse rate is simply the change in temperature with height, it is often presented as positive when temperature decreases with height (as in the WMO quote above), but here we will present it as a negative number when temperature decreases with height. In the “standard atmosphere” it is assumed to be -6.5°C per kilometer below the tropopause. NOAA defines the tropopause as an abrupt change in the lapse rate to neutral (zero) or positive (temperature increasing with height). These definitions often don’t work well, so here we will discuss a new method of locating the tropopause using atmospheric molar density.

https://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/10/28/the-atmospheric-lapse-rate-and-molar-density/

109. oldbrew says:

‘Thousands’ driving without crucial diesel filters

All new diesel cars produced after 2009 have diesel particulate filters designed to reduce pollution levels, but they can sometimes get clogged up and break down, costing thousands of pounds to replace.

Because of the cost involved, some motorists are opting instead to have them removed.

It is illegal for drivers to use a car with the DPF removed, but it is not illegal for garages to take them out.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-41761864

110. oldbrew says:

Saturn’s mysterious hexagonal storm gets its moment in the sun: Stunning new Cassini image shows giant jet stream twice the diameter of the Earth

Astronomers have been baffled by 20,000 mile wide storm for 30 years
Twice the diameter of the Earth, it spins around Saturn’s pole at 220 mph
Researchers have used computer modelling to understand what causes it
They found Saturn’s northern jet stream is being buffeted by winds below

111. oldbrew says:

‘Monster’ planet discovery challenges formation theory
October 31, 2017

A giant planet, which should not exist according to planet formation theory, has been discovered around a distant star. The new research is presented in a paper recently accepted for publication in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

The existence of the ‘monster’ planet, NGTS-1b, challenges theories of planet formation which state that a planet of this size could not be formed around such a small star. According to these theories, small stars can readily form rocky planets but do not gather enough material together to form Jupiter-sized planets.
. . .
NGTS-1b is the first planet to be spotted by The Next-Generation Transit Survey (or “NGTS’) which employs an array of 12 telescopes to scour the sky.
. . .
Dr Daniel Bayliss, lead author of the study, also from the University of Warwick, commented “The discovery of NGTS-1b was a complete surprise to us—such massive planets were not thought to exist around such small stars – importantly, our challenge now is to find out how common these types of planets are in the Galaxy, and with the new Next-Generation Transit Survey facility we are well-placed to do just that.”

112. p.g.sharrow says:

One could say. The more we learn, the less we know… 😉 …pg

113. oldbrew says:

Please note: we’ve moved to Suggestions 30 now.