Please post ideas for new threads, tips on relevant and interesting threads elsewhere, and notes about pretty much anything you like here.

The scissors will be wielded to commercial spam, lewd suggestions, and anything else I don’t like. 😎

  1. oldbrew says:

    Link back to Suggestions 29

    [for viewing only please]

  2. oldbrew says:

    Overlooked treasure—the first evidence of exoplanets
    November 2, 2017

    Farihi became enamored with the idea that someone had taken a spectrum with the first evidence of exoplanets in 1917, and that a record must exist of that observation. “I got my teeth in the question and I wouldn’t let go,” he said.
    . . .
    “It’s personal interaction with data that can really spur us to get invested in the questions that we’re asking,” Farihi said.

    Read more at:

  3. oldbrew says:

    Image: Solar surface from hot to hottest
    November 2, 2017

    Different wavelengths of extreme ultraviolet light

  4. oldbrew says:

    No magnetism without electricity…

    Mystery of raging black hole beams penetrated
    Date: October 30, 2017
    Source: University of Southampton

    Summary: They are nature’s very own Death Star beams – ultra-powerful jets of energy that shoot out from the vicinity of black holes like deadly rays from the Star Wars super-weapon.

    “Gravity and magnetic fields play the key roles here, and this is the mechanism we are trying to unravel.”
    – – –
    University of Southampton
    Uploaded on Oct 30, 2017

    Animation showing astrophysical jets being emitted from the binary system V404 Cygni, consisting of a black hole and a star closely orbiting each other. Matter sucked from the star forms an accretion disc around the black hole, from which the jets – ultra-powerful beams of energy – are shot out into space. A team of scientists led by Dr Poshak Gandhi, of the University of Southampton, has moved a step closer to understanding these mysterious cosmic phenomena by measuring how quickly they ‘switch on’ and start shining brightly once they are launched.

    The research was published in Nature Astronomy on October 30, 2017. Animation: G Pérez Díaz (IAC)

  5. p.g.sharrow says:

    Those jets are mater/energy “leaks” out of the “Blackhole”. These are caused by the intense mass/inertia confusion in the Aether that results from the stirring caused by the spinning magnetic/EMF fields at the poles. see for a hint of the possibilities. Mass/inertia are external to mater not internal.
    Gravity can be modified with Electro-static fields…pg

  6. oldbrew says:

    ‘ultra-powerful jets of energy that shoot out from the vicinity of black holes’
    ‘these mysterious cosmic phenomena … start shining brightly once they are launched’

    Are those the same black holes from which ‘nothing can escape, not even light’?
    Does not compute ☹

    Then there’s ‘Hawking radiation’?

  7. p.g.sharrow says:

    “Hawking Radiation” … He, He………………….SWAG 😉

    Black hole escape velocity/gravity is not uniform so they “leak” at the poles to create the “search light” effect. the equivalent of a Tornado or Hurricane that pumps energy and mater “UP” …pg

  8. oldbrew says:

    In case anyone’s forgotten…

    Dr. Patrick Moore was right: @Greenpeace IS full of sh*t
    Anthony Watts / March 3, 2017

    I’ve never had a headline like this, but Greenpeace deserves it for their mind-bending defense in a defamation lawsuit: basically their defense is “we publish hyperbole, therefore it isn’t actionable because it isn’t factual”. GMAFB!

    Who knew? 😂
    = = =
    Tony Heller exposes climate data fiddling once again…

    Unambiguous Fraud In The National Climate Assessment
    Posted on November 7, 2017

  9. oldbrew says:

    Weather forecaster reckons parts of Northern Scotland should see auroral activity tonight.

    UPDATE: Proved correct.

  10. oldbrew says:

    The mysterious Fibonacci anyon…

    ‘Fibonacci quasiparticle’ could form basis of future quantum computers
    December 15, 2014

    Vaezi explains that the Fibonacci anyon is related to the famous Fibonacci sequence (where a number in the sequence is the sum of the previous two numbers) as well as the golden ratio, 1.617… (which is approximately the ratio of any number in the Fibonacci sequence to the previous number). These mathematical patterns arise in the Fibonacci anyon because of its quantum properties, particularly those related to the so-called fusion rules that govern particle spins.

    “The Fibonacci anyon is a non-Abelian anyon whose quantum dimension is the golden ratio (1.617…), and is the simplest anyon capable of performing universal quantum computation,” Vaezi explained. “Using the fusion rule of Fibonacci anyons, it can be shown that the degeneracy of the ground state in the presence of n well-separated Fibonacci anyons on a sphere is the nth number in the Fibonacci sequence.”

    So what makes the Fibonacci anyon so attractive for TQC? The answer lies in its braiding statistics, or the way that these quasiparticles move around each other, creating braids and knots of tracks. Three or four Fibonacci anyons may correspond to a single qubit, and their braiding statistics corresponds to single-qubit gates. Building multiple-qubit gates requires braiding multiple qubits, often in intricate ways.

    Read more at:

    TQC = Topological quantum computing

  11. oldbrew says:

    The Risk Corner: From Wakefield to Portier – Protecting the Scientific Method
    November 6, 2017 | David Zaruk

    The scientific method is under attack today on at least five fronts, damaging the reputation and trust in scientific evidence and scientists themselves. The strength of the “method” has been its self-correcting approach (continuous advancement through tools like peer review, critical analyses of methodologies, falsification attempts and paradigm validation through problem solving). Today we are seeing threats undermining not just the achievements of science and technology, but also the very worth of science to society.

    How (and should) the scientific method be protected?

  12. oldbrew says:

  13. oldbrew says:

    NTZ – New Paper: Most Modern Warming, Including For Recent Decades, Is Due To Solar Forcing, Not CO2

    But naughty NASA nobbled some of the data. So we get this…

    No link to reality :/

  14. oldbrew says:

    Bill Nye, The Not-So-Science Guy, Gets Slammed – ‘Stop pretending you’re a scientist’

  15. oldbrew says:

    Cloud shadow mystery … solved?
    By Deborah Byrd in EARTH | TODAY’S IMAGE | November 12, 2017

  16. oldbrew says:

    “It is a universal law, which in principle holds for any kind of wave”

    The path length of light in opaque media
    November 10, 2017

    A seemingly paradoxical prediction in physics has now been confirmed in an experiment: No matter whether an object is opaque or transparent, the average length of the light’s paths through the object is always the same.

    What happens when light passes through a glass of milk? It enters the liquid, is scattered unpredictably at countless tiny particles and exits the glass again. This effect makes milk appear white. The specific paths that the incident light beam takes depend, however, on the opacity of the liquid: A transparent substance will allow the light to travel through on a straight line, in a turbid substance the light will be scattered numerous times, travelling on more complicated zig-zag trajectories. But astonishingly, the average total distance covered by the light inside the substance is always the same.
    . . .
    “It is a universal law, which in principle holds for any kind of wave,” says Stefan Rotter. “The same rules that apply to light in an opaque liquid also hold for sound waves, scattered at tiny objects in air or even gravity waves, travelling through a galaxy. The basic physics is always the same.”

    Read more at:

  17. A C Osborn says:

    Oldbrew, did they put little tags on the individual light waves, so they new which were which and how long they took?

    Do you remember the conundrum of the hotter systems cool quicker, well I have been observing another one for quite a while.
    Part of my Car’s windscreen is illuminated by an LED street light and part isn’t, the part that IS illuminated mists up and frosts over before the part that is in shadow.
    I wonder why that is?

  18. oldbrew says:

    ACO – the report says:

    ‘Test tubes were filled with water, which was then obfuscated with nanoparticles. As more nanoparticles are added, the light is scattered more strongly and the liquid appears more turbid.

    “When light is sent through the liquid, the way it is scattered changes continuously, because the nanoparticles keep moving in the liquid,” says Stefan Rotter. “This leads to a characteristic sparkling effect on the tubes’ outer surface. When this effect is measured and analysed carefully, it can be used to deduce the path length of the light wave inside the liquid.”
    – – –
    Can’t explain the LED conundrum. LED lighting is cooler than other kinds but that doesn’t solve it.

  19. p.g.sharrow says:

    @ACO&oldbrew; I would like to take a stab at that.

    Energy moves atomically, atom to atom by Radiation as energy jumps in packets or photons. Any particular type of atom has an energy level and frequency that is needed before the discharge will take place. LED light has a very narrow band width so it will add enough energy to the impinged atoms of the windshield to encourage them to discharge their energy a bit faster.

    Kind of like sand blasting material from a surface. Photonic sand blasting of energy….pg

  20. oldbrew says:

    pg – that’s the leading theory so far 😇

  21. oldbrew says:

    A lot of sea salt hits the UK.

  22. A C Osborn says:

    pg, sounds logical as Spock would say.

  23. oldbrew says:

    NASA detects solar flare pulses at Sun and Earth
    November 16, 2017

    Hayes and her colleagues used a model to determine just how much the electron density changed during the flare. In response to incoming radiation, they found the density increased as much as 100 times in just 20 minutes during the pulses—an exciting observation for the scientists who didn’t expect oscillating signals in a flare would have such a noticeable effect in the ionosphere. With further study, the team hopes to understand how the ionosphere responds to X-ray oscillations at different timescales, and whether other solar flares induce this response.

    “This is an exciting result, showing Earth’s atmosphere is more closely linked to solar X-ray variability than previously thought,” Hayes said. “Now we plan to further explore this dynamic relationship between the Sun and Earth’s atmosphere.” [bold added]

    Read more at:

  24. oldbrew says:

    D.Mail: The mystery of the solar minimum deepens as astronomers find it has remained ‘surprisingly constant’ for more than 60 years

    — Sun experiences periods of maximum and minimum activity roughly every 11 years
    — Researchers discovered that solar minimum has looked the same for 60 years
    — Data going back to 1957 revealed microwave emissions were constant

    Read more:

  25. oldbrew says:

    Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria: how natural were these ‘natural disasters’?

    Theory and models indicate that an increase in some measures of hurricane might be expected as the climate warms. But despite over 100 years of reasonably reliable hurricane data in the Atlantic Basin, it has not been possible to identify robust long-term trends in either hurricane frequency or strength.

    There goes Al Gore’s hurricane hype.
    = = =
    Avalanches of Global Warming Alarmism
    On Wednesday, November 15, 2017

    Dr. Tim Ball and Tom Harris, ©2017

    The UN expects us to believe that extreme weather, shrinking sea ice, and sea level rise will soon become much worse if we do not quickly phase out our use of fossil fuels that provide over 80% of the world’s energy.

    There is essentially nothing to support these alarms, of course. We simply do not have adequate observational data required to know or understand what has happened over the past century and a half. Meaningful forecasts of future climate conditions are therefore impossible.

  26. craigm350 says:

    Upsurge in big earthquakes predicted for 2018 as Earth rotation slows
    Saturday 18 November 2017

    The link between Earth’s rotation and seismic activity was highlighted last month in a paper by Roger Bilham of the University of Colorado in Boulder and Rebecca Bendick of the University of Montana in Missoula presented at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America.

    “The correlation between Earth’s rotation and earthquake activity is strong and suggests there is going to be an increase in numbers of intense earthquakes next year,” Bilham told the Observer last week.

    In their study, Bilham and Bendick looked at earthquakes of magnitude 7 and greater that had occurred since 1900. “Major earthquakes have been well recorded for more than a century and that gives us a good record to study,” said Bilham.

    They found five periods when there had been significantly higher numbers of large earthquakes compared with other times. “In these periods, there were between 25 to 30 intense earthquakes a year,” said Bilham. “The rest of the time the average figure was around 15 major earthquakes a year.”

    This looks to be the study;

    [reply] thanks

  27. oldbrew says:

    Keystone XL pipeline gets Nebraska’s approval, clearing a key hurdle in 9-year effort and allowing Trump to claim a win

    But…The commission’s decision to back an alternative route could complicate TransCanada’s plans, forcing the pipeline company to arrange easements from different landowners. In its submissions, TransCanada had portrayed the alternative route as unworkable. Further litigation is likely.
    = = =
    Latest attempt to knock the pause on the head…

    Added Arctic data shows global warming didn’t pause
    Improved datasets show that Arctic warmed six times faster than the global average during ‘global warming hiatus’

    Date: November 20, 2017
    Source: University of Alaska Fairbanks

    Summary: Missing Arctic temperature data, not Mother Nature, created the seeming slowdown of global warming from 1998 to 2012, according to a new study.

  28. p.g.sharrow says:

    a standard ploy of the Ecoloons is to force an alternate less effective. more expensive solution so it can be revisited at a later time. They don’t really care about actually solving a problem just controlling the process of decision. They have nothing at stake on the outcome. Everyone else has to come to them as everyone else has to solve the problem. They win by being in control as a road block to human advancement by gumming up the works.
    and they always seem to get big amounts paid to them in the settlement…pg

  29. oldbrew says:

    Green utopia or not…

    November 12, 2017 • Belgium
    Wind power backup and storage batteries explode into flames and send a toxic cloud over the city of Brussels

    A wind power storage battery has exploded into flames at a power station located near the city of Brussels. The fire resulted in a cloud of toxic fumes that flew over the city and force thousands of people to stay at home. The battery was part of the first real live testing of power batteries being used to store wind power in Belgium. After less than one month, the test miserably failed with the battery being destroyed by fire and residents hiding in their houses to escape the polluted cloud. Here is the story.

    The battery was in a container…

  30. oldbrew says:

    Ned Nikolov on ‘heat trapping’ – or not – gases…

    Arguments raging over there. Not forgetting this we hope…

    The Sun at 5800K and a hot campfire at perhaps 800 K give off radiation at a rate proportional to the 4th power of the temperature.

  31. oldbrew says:

    Tourism booming in the Arctic Circle…

    Snowman World Glass Resort

    Snowman World Glass Resort is a brand new accommodation option at the Arctic Circle, available from December 2017. The Glass Resort is situated right next door to Santa’s office at Santa Claus Village.

  32. oldbrew says:

    Could this groundbreaking all-in-one solar energy device bring cheap hydrogen cars to the masses?
    The device can produce clean hydrogen fuel using solar power and store energy both cheaply and efficiently.

    By Aristos Georgiou
    November 21, 2017


  33. oldbrew says:

    NASA discovery of water on Mars was actually sand

    “Liquid water has been found on Mars,” declared NASA in 2015 – but new research suggests what they saw was actually sand or dust.

  34. A C Osborn says:

    Rog, have you seen the article in the Express online about the 1971 memorandum on joining the common market?
    The comments are showing some very angry people, why was it not used by the various Brexit teams?

  35. A C Osborn says:

    Have you seen the latest challenge to the “Standard Model”, it shows that the Universe does not need Dark Matter or Dark Energy to work.

    [reply] thanks ACO – science fiction getting found out again?

  36. A C Osborn says:

    Re my previous post the Memorandum on the EEC is document FCO 30/1048 which was released from secrecy in 2012 and immediately hidden again despite being quoted in the Daily Telegraph in 2012.
    So why has every government since 1971 lied and maintained the lie about our joining EEC?

    Please read

    epsecially the comments.

  37. oldbrew says:

    Princeton researchers spot website visits being watched
    November 22, 2017

    The study authors explored “session-replay scripts,” third-party scripts on websites.

    Wake-up call: Your every keystroke in such circumstances could be recorded.

    Researchers at Princeton University have found that 482 globally popular websites are keylogging data and sending it to third-party servers. These are 482 of the world’s top 50,000 sites, based on Alexa’s ranking.
    . . .
    They said the scripts “are intended for the recording and playback of individual browsing sessions, as if someone is looking over your shoulder.”
    . . .
    “Checking the ‘do not track’ option built into some browsers also failed to stop the logging”
    – – –
    Data release: list of websites that have third-party “session replay” scripts

    Includes and WordPress :/
    Having the scripts doesn’t necessarily mean they use them all the time on everyone.
    Some are listed with ‘evidence of session recording’ in the ‘info’ column.

  38. oldbrew says:

  39. oldbrew says:

    BBC: A new timelapse video created by Nasa captures 20 years of life on land and sea, in what scientists are calling the “most complete global picture of life on Earth to date”.
    Video by Paul Blake [2 mins.]
    24 Nov 2017

  40. oldbrew says:

    Date: 27/11/17 Sky News

    Even before the first bodies had been removed from Grenfell Tower, senior figures in the fire safety sector began revealing a number of uncomfortable truths: they knew plastic insulation was storing up problems; they had suspected a disaster would happen; and many of them had been telling the Government for years that the building regulation and control system was not fit for purpose.

    And some went further; claiming that elements of the plastics industry were not only helping to write the rules that require more insulation to be fitted to buildings, but were also trying to silence people who questioned whether plastic insulation was safe.

    Time after time we were told the plastic insulation industry was highly litigious, that speaking out about its fire safety was impossible, and that while the story should be told, no-one would go on camera. Eventually we found a former government scientist who agreed to talk, on condition of anonymity, about the pressures he faced. He said threats to sue him had made him unwell.

  41. oldbrew says:

    Cactus Patterns Buckle Up
    April 26, 2004• Phys. Rev. Focus 13, 18

    Computer simulations demonstrate that the forces in a growing plant can lead to spiral patterns with special mathematical relationships.

    The intricate spiral patterns displayed in cacti, pinecones, sunflowers, and other plants often encode the famous Fibonacci sequence of numbers: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, … , in which each element is the sum of the two preceding numbers. Now a mathematical model published in the 23 April PRL suggests that these spiral patterns, and the Fibonacci relationships among the spirals, arise out of simple mechanical forces acting on a growing plant.

    The round head of a cactus is covered with small bumps, each containing one pointy spike, or “sticker.” For some cacti, you can start at the center and “connect the dots” from each sticker to a nearest neighbor to create a spiral pattern containing 3, 5, or 8 branches. These are three consecutive numbers from the Fibonacci sequence. Other cacti, sunflowers, and pinecones display this or other triples of Fibonacci numbers.

    One theory for these patterns is that they are driven by mechanics.

    Continued here:

    Search: ‘Shipman and Newell Fibonacci’ here…

  42. oldbrew says:

    Topological Behavior in Nature

    Two studies indicate that some natural phenomena, such as ocean waves and bacteria, can behave like electrons in exotic materials called topological insulators. In materials with topological invariance, electrons are afforded the “protection” to travel around an insulator’s edges, unaffected by scattering and other perturbations. Reporting in Science, Delplace et al. suggest similar topological behavior for so-called Yanai and Kelvin waves—equatorial ocean waves that play a major role in regulating the climate system. The researchers’ calculations indicate that these waves can be regarded as unidirectional topological modes enabled by the breaking of time-reversal symmetry caused by Earth’s rotation. Topological protection may explain why these waves are not significantly disrupted by storms, wind changes, or passage through islands. In a study appearing in Physical Review X, Shankar et al. investigated flocks of particles moving on a curved surface—a model that could apply, for instance, to cells roaming the folds of the gut. In such a system, the team similarly finds unidirectional topological modes that could provide channels for transport of biochemical signals in the flock, robust against perturbations and heterogeneities. (See the Synopsis “Even Flocks are Topological” in Physics.) [bold added]

  43. oldbrew says:

  44. oldbrew says:

    Methane everywhere – so it can’t be a ‘fossil’ fuel.

    ‘Our study had an added bonus compared to the neon study – methane is everywhere in our solar system. The gas giants Uranus and Neptune are full of it’

  45. johnm33 says:

    I’ve been working my way through the Phi posts when i reached this one where you tackle precession; reading through some historical stuff it came up that Sirius for want of a better term, moves with precession, various theories try to account for this, the mainstream seams to ignore it, anyhow when i came across this website it occurred to me that since there’s no convincing evidence for us being in a binary system perhaps we follow a trajectory around the surface of one of the twisted pair as in type1,b, here with one extra curve to orbit the galaxy. [or is it the galactic center thats really spinning?]
    If the maths works it would make some sense, does it? do we
    complete one orbit every 26,000+/- years
    come close to its paired coil every 40 odd K
    approach the inside/outside of the pair every 100 odd K

  46. oldbrew says:

    johnm33 says: I’ve been working my way through the Phi posts

    Heroic 😉

    do we complete one orbit every 26,000+/- years

    One orbit of what? Not the galactic centre, that takes the solar system over 200 million years.
    The time taken for the tropical year to re-align with the sidereal year (i.e. TY total + 1 = SY total) is currently about 25,770 years but is not a fixed value, e.g. it is in slow decline in recent times.

    As you say the BRI theory lacks an obvious candidate for a binary star.

  47. johnm33 says:

    “One orbit of what?” A Birkland current? So the sun would follow a spiral trajectory, around one of a twisted pair, as they circle the galactic centre, and if that’s the case then the sun would[?] have a greater amount of angular momentum, and if Sirius indeed remains fixed+/- despite precession then it may be that it is in the same trajectory/current behind us. The ‘normalisation’ of the AM provoking the thought.
    The Egyptians and the planners of Washington dc certainly picked out Sirius for special treatment. There’s a little more here on Sirius if this is an electrical/magnetic artifact or perhaps eddies in the aether we don’t need the companion.

  48. oldbrew says:

    johnm33 – it’s certainly the case that the variability of the precession period needs an explanation. It can’t decline forever, obviously.

  49. oldbrew says:

    Abyssal ocean overturning shaped by seafloor distribution

    The abyssal ocean is broadly characterized by northward flow of the densest waters and southward flow of less-dense waters above them. Understanding what controls the strength and structure of these interhemispheric flows—referred to as the abyssal overturning circulation—is key to quantifying the ocean’s ability to store carbon and heat on timescales exceeding a century. Here we show that, north of 32° S, the depth distribution of the seafloor compels dense southern-origin waters to flow northward below a depth of about 4 kilometres and to return southward predominantly at depths greater than 2.5 kilometres. Unless ventilated from the north, the overlying mid-depths (1 to 2.5 kilometres deep) host comparatively weak mean meridional flow. Backed by analysis of historical radiocarbon measurements, the findings imply that the geometry of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic basins places a major external constraint on the overturning structure.
    – – –
    Deep in The Ocean, There’s a ‘Shadow Zone’ Where The Water Is 2,000 Years Old
    An airless, mysterious abyss.

    The oldest water in the ocean didn’t reach its advanced years by accident.

    Deep in the North Pacific, a vast stretch of submerged ocean is trapped in a kind of stasis between powerful currents and the sea floor, and for the ancient waters caught in this airless ‘shadow zone’, it’s almost like time stands still.
    . . .
    What this means is that for an isolated section of the North Pacific running approximately 6,000 kilometres (3,728 miles) west to east by about 2,000 kilometres (1,243 miles) north to south, deep waters run in a loop, hardly ever getting a chance to reach the surface.

  50. oldbrew says:

    Time between world-changing volcanic super-eruptions less than previously thought
    November 29, 2017

    Jonathan Rougier, Professor of Statistical Science, said: “The previous estimate, made in 2004, was that super-eruptions occurred on average every 45 – 714 thousand years, comfortably longer than our civilization.

    “But in our paper just published, we re-estimate this range as 5.2 – 48 thousand years, with a best guess value of 17 thousand years.”

    According to geological records, the two most recent super-eruptions were between 20 and 30 thousand years ago.

    Professor Rougier added: “On balance, we have been slightly lucky not to experience any super-eruptions since then.

    “But it is important to appreciate that the absence of super-eruptions in the last 20 thousand years does not imply that one is overdue. Nature is not that regular.

    “What we can say is that volcanoes are more threatening to our civilization than previously thought.”

    Read more at:

  51. oldbrew says:

    Climate Connection: Unraveling the Surprising Ecology of Dust

    As droughts intensify and development expands, the amount of dust blowing around the earth is increasing, affecting everything from mountain snowmelt to the spread of disease. Scientists are just beginning to understand the complex dynamics of dust in a warming world.

    In 2000, California and Arizona reported a total 2,757 cases of Valley fever. That number rose to 22,164 in 2011 following several extremely dusty years. The two states reported 11,459 Valley fever cases last year, with 57 fatalities occurring in Arizona. This sharp rise is due not only to increased wind and drought, but to increasing development, including the construction of utility-scale solar energy projects. [bold added]

  52. oldbrew says:

    Russian Arctic coal boom

    November 29, 2017
    It is one of the remotest places on earth. Nobody makes it to Taymyr without the right papers, contacts and security clearance. The vast lands of the peninsula are inhabited by only a few thousand people and infrastructure is almost nonexistent.

    This is where VostokCoal is developing its huge project. Over the next few years, the company intends to extract hundreds of millions of tons of coal, build new roads and infrastructure, and turn the small and desolate town of Dikson into the «capital of the Arctic».

  53. oldbrew says:

    World record rainbow – 9 hours [pic below].

    Alexander’s dark band

    The minimum deviation angle for the primary bow is 137.5° [= the golden angle]

    Why Phi? – the rainbow angle

  54. oldbrew says:

    Theoretical analysis uncovers new mechanisms in plasma turbulence
    December 1, 2017

    “Naturally occurring plasmas in space and astrophysical environments are threaded by magnetic fields and exist in a turbulent state,” Loureiro says. “That is, their structure is highly disordered at all scales: If you zoom in to look more and more closely at the wisps and eddies that make up these materials, you’ll see similar signs of disordered structure at every size level.” And while turbulence is a common and widely studied phenomenon that occurs in all kinds of fluids, the turbulence that happens in plasmas is more difficult to predict because of the added factors of electrical currents and magnetic fields.
    . . .
    Loureiro and Boldyrev found that magnetic reconnection must play a crucial role in the dynamics of plasma turbulence, an insight that they say fundamentally changes the understanding of the dynamics and properties of space and astrophysical plasmas and “is indeed a conceptual shift in how one thinks about turbulence,” Loureiro says.

  55. oldbrew says:

    Carbon trading: The Brexit cliff edge starts on New Year’s Day
    Tuesday, 21 November 2017
    By Richard Tol

    Brexit begins in six weeks. I do not refer to the many companies that have started implementing their contingency plans, or the friends and colleagues who have packed their bags and left. This is about the first legal implication of Brexit, the first drop from the cliff edge. It takes place on January 1st, 2018, when the UK government loses its right to issue carbon dioxide emission permits. On New Year’s Day, the first £400 million tumbles down the cliff.
    . . .
    On New Year’s Day, Brexit will start in earnest, in this small policy area. The UK government will grant 61 million permits to hundreds of companies and claim they are valid. The European Commission will say they are not. Confusion will reign. Unless the government reveals how it wants to regulate carbon dioxide emissions after Brexit, almost £400 million will fall over the cliff edge.

  56. oldbrew says:

    World Temperatures Plunge – Volcano to be Icing on the Cake
    Saturday, December 2, 2017

    I just want to get this in before the warmies blame all the cold on the volcano. It’s just like the people blaming the death of the dinosaurs on a meteorite, or whatever. The dinos were dying of cold a long time before any event. It’s plate tectonics, and it causes huge temperature cycles of a few hundred million years. Right now we are headed towards the minimum, very slowly.

    Next week I’ll add the world temperature chart, and the ice volume chart. Maybe they won’t be what I expect. That would be a bummer. 🙂

    If you actually follow physics, you would notice that world temperatures are only affected by tropical volcanoes. The Iceland volcanoes only kill Europe, and Mt. St. Helens didn’t do anything. There was also a huge South American volcano – nada. That’s because the world only gets net solar heat at the equator. The poles shed all their solar heat at the end of the day. Rock and ice don’t hold much heat. And clear air convection is a powerful thing. (Warmies deny it)

    So, a tropical volcano spreads the particulates all over the equatorial belt. The net heat build-up is drastically reduced, and we freeze. This volcano hasn’t gone ballistic yet, but it could. It could also just die down again.

  57. oldbrew says:

    EU aims to curb energy consumption by 40 per cent

    The Commission presented the wide-ranging package yesterday (30 November), which includes a binding target to reduce energy consumption by 40 per cent by the end of next decade across the EU
    . . .
    Each EU country will have to set its own corresponding national energy-efficiency targets that are needed to reach the overall goal of 40 per cent reduction in energy consumption. Even though it is due to leave the EU in 2019, the UK has been set a target.

    The package also includes a separate target that a minimum of 35 per cent of all energy consumed in the EU must come from renewable sources by 2030.

  58. oldbrew says:

    Hydrothermal vent experiments bring Enceladus to Earth
    December 1, 2017

    Laboratory experiments on Earth can now simulate the conditions under which life might emerge on Saturn’s moon Enceladus, as well as other icy alien worlds, according to new research published in the September 2017 issue of the journal Astrobiology.
    . . .
    To simulate the chemical reactions that might occur between water and rock on worlds such as Europa and Enceladus, different groups of researchers are using so-called “hydrothermal reactors.” These involve two pressurized tanks, one containing simulated hydrothermal fluid, the other simulated ocean water. In these experiments, the liquids flow past a bed containing a variety of minerals, such as synthetic volcanic rock. Scientists can then analyze the chemicals in these fluids to look for signs of specific reactions.

    Read more at:

  59. oldbrew says:

    Study finds ‘blast deposits that resulted from several episodes of airbursts and ground/ice impacts within the northern hemisphere during Late Pleistocene time (~46–11 ka B.P.)’
    – – –
    Impact-related microspherules in Late Pleistocene Alaskan and Yukon “muck” deposits signify recurrent episodes of catastrophic emplacement

    Large quantities of impact-related microspherules have been found in fine-grained sediments retained within seven out of nine, radiocarbon-dated, Late Pleistocene mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) and bison (Bison priscus) skull fragments. The well-preserved fossils were recovered from frozen “muck” deposits (organic-rich silt) exposed within the Fairbanks and Klondike mining districts of Alaska, USA, and the Yukon Territory, Canada. In addition, elevated platinum abundances were found in sediment analysed from three out of four fossil skulls. In view of this new evidence, the mucks and their well-preserved but highly disrupted and damaged vertebrate and botanical remains are reinterpreted in part as blast deposits that resulted from several episodes of airbursts and ground/ice impacts within the northern hemisphere during Late Pleistocene time (~46–11 ka B.P.). Such a scenario might be explained by encounters with cometary debris in Earth-crossing orbits (Taurid Complex) that was generated by fragmentation of a large short-period comet within the inner Solar System.
    – – –
    Slight problem re Taurids…’The stream is the debris of a large comet that was captured into the inner solar system twenty thousand or so years ago.’ Not fitting ‘~46–11 ka B.P.’?

    Taurid Complex –

    Also: ‘The term “coherent catastrophism” has been used by astronomers at Armagh and elsewhere to describe the idea that there are strong patterns in the influx of extraterrestrial material to Earth.’
    – – –
    More from the paper:
    Full gastrointestinal tracts (e.g., Selerikan pony) and food material between their teeth (e.g., Berezovka mammoth) indicate that death for many of these mummies was “almost instantaneous”. Furthermore, from their thick fat deposits and recovered gut contents, it appears that many of the animals died at roughly the same times of year during the late summer or autumn seasons. Notably, megafaunal deaths were not concentrated during the lean months of winter when they would have been subject to harsher environmental conditions.
    . . .
    Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images (see Supplementary Information, “Analytical methods”) for some of the 49 muck microspherules selected in our study are shown in Figs 4–7, S1–S3. Their shapes and surface textures are similar to those of microspherules associated with the Chixulub impact at ~66 Ma, the Chesapeake Bay impact at ~35 Ma, the Meteor Crater impact at ~50 ka B.P., the Younger Dryas boundary layer at ~13 ka B.P., the Tunguska airburst in 1908, and the Trinity atomic airburst in 1945.

  60. oldbrew says:

    The Environmental Movement’s Ulterior Motives
    Author Rupert Darwall says a political agenda behind environmental policy threatens America’s freedom

    It’s hard to argue against environmental conservation. That’s why politicians have often used environmental issues to silence opposition, said analyst Rupert Darwall in his new book “Green Tyranny.”

    By tying their goals to environmental legislation, industry and political groups can cloak their ulterior motives in green, he said. For example, they can either promote or harm certain industries by portraying them as either environmentally friendly or harmful.
    – – –
    Like this…

    Samsung fuelling climate change by using ‘dirty, old-fashioned fossil fuels’ to make gadgets, says Greenpeace

    Greenpeace uses diesel-powered boats and kerosene-powered planes to get around the world.

  61. oldbrew says:

    Study opens window on meltwater from icebergs
    December 6, 2017

    The study found that 68 to 78 percent of iceberg melt is released below 20 meters (65 feet) and that 40 to 100 percent of the melt, depending on seasonal conditions and locations, likely remains in a warm layer well below the surface—a finding that differs with common modeling approaches.

  62. oldbrew says:

    Hydrothermal Vent Experiments Bring Enceladus to Earth
    WRITTEN BY Charles Q. Choi

    Laboratory experiments on Earth can now simulate the conditions under which life might emerge on Saturn’s moon Enceladus, as well as other icy alien worlds, according to new research published in the September 2017 issue of the journal Astrobiology.

    Since there is life virtually wherever there is water on Earth, researchers looking for alien life often focus on planets in the habitable zones of stars, which are the regions around stars where it is warm enough for worlds to possess water on their surfaces. However, in the past few decades, scientists have increasingly found evidence for oceans – and, potentially, life – hidden under the icy crusts of places such as Jupiter’s moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto, and Saturn’s moons Enceladus and Titan.

  63. oldbrew says:

    Scientists capture Earth’s ‘hum’ on ocean floor
    December 7, 2017 by Joseph Cariz

    The study determined Earth’s natural vibration peaks at several frequencies between 2.9 and 4.5 millihertz. These vibrations can’t be heard by people because they are approximately 10,000 times smaller than the lower hearing threshold of the human ear, which is 20 hertz.

    The authors also compared the magnitude of their observed hum signal to measurements from a land station in Algeria, and found both signals have a similar amplitude.

    Read more at:

  64. oldbrew says:

    Malicious WUWT troll sees police show up at his door
    Anthony Watts / 8 hours ago December 7, 2017

    Sometimes, you just have to fight back. This is a personal note that goes along with the recent news of the bullying of Dr. Susan Crockford and Dr. Judith Curry.

    Thanks to the Chico Police Department and officer Jim Parrott, I learned today that we were able to shut down a person living in Windsor Ontario who has been serially harassing me and threatening me and my family for over a year. He was doing this because of my views on “climate change” and my website:

    Officer Parrott reached out to the Windsor Police Department (Constable Strong in the WPD Major Crimes Unit) and provided him all the research I’d gathered (including setting up an Internet “honeypot” to trap him) and today we get word back that the suspect has been identified, and has had police officers show up at his front door.
    . . .
    My opinions published here and the opinions of guest authors is entirely our own, and not “for hire” as some weak-minded people assert. One of these days, Dr. Mann is going to find himself on the wrong end of a lawsuit for promoting these falsehoods that incite people like I’ve had to deal with for over a year.

  65. oldbrew says:

    The Remarkable “Curvature Blindness” Illusion
    By Neuroskeptic | December 8, 2017

    A new optical illusion has been discovered, and it’s really quite striking. The strange effect is called the ‘curvature blindness’ illusion, and it’s described in a new paper from psychologist Kohske Takahashi of Chukyo University, Japan.

    Here’s an example of the illusion:

    A series of wavy horizontal lines are shown. All of the lines have exactly the same shape – a sine curve. However, half of the lines appear to have a much more triangular, “zig-zag” shape, when they are superimposed on a grey background. This “zig-zag” appearance is an illusion. (I checked – it really is.)

  66. oldbrew says:

    Tony Heller tells Governor Brown of California: you can’t burn the same forest down every year!

    California wildfires: Governor brands fires ‘new normal’
    10 December 2017

  67. oldbrew says:

    Nasa is holding a major press conference after its planet-hunting telescope made a new breakthrough.

    The Kepler space telescope is operated by Nasa to discover other earths, some of which could support life. And it is has found its latest discovery, one significant enough to bring with it a huge press conference.

    Very little further information was given about the announcement, which will take place on Thursday. But it will almost certainly relate to exoplanets – Earth-sized worlds that orbit around their own stars, and are our best hope of finding alien life.

  68. oldbrew says:

    Fake drama from a hand-wringing climate alarmist…

    Why did climate scientists emit 30,000 tonnes of C02 this weekend?

    In becoming scientists, we didn’t sign up to burn less fossil fuel or to be activists. But in the case of Earth science, we have front row seats to an unfolding catastrophe. Because of this, the public takes our temperature: if the experts don’t seem worried, how bad can it be?

  69. oldbrew says:

    Research shows why meteoroids explode before they reach Earth
    December 11, 2017

    When a meteor comes hurtling toward Earth, the high-pressure air in front of it seeps into its pores and cracks, pushing the body of the meteor apart and causing it to explode.

    “There’s a big gradient between high-pressure air in front of the meteor and the vacuum of air behind it,” said Jay Melosh, a professor of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences at Purdue University and co-author of the paper. “If the air can move through the passages in the meteorite, it can easily get inside and blow off pieces.”

    Researchers knew that meteoroids often blew up before they reach the Earth’s surface, but they didn’t know why. Melosh’s team looked to the 2013 Chelyabinsk event, when a meteoroid exploded over Chelyabinsk, Russia, to explain the phenomenon.

    Read more at:

  70. oldbrew says:

    Champagne and teargas at wind ceremony…

    France’s adoption of wind power comes with its own challenges.

    Labor fears ‘uncertain future’

    At the recent inauguration of the Floatgen turbine at the gritty Brittany port, a champagne bottle smashed against the turbine towering over the dock, with a wish of good wind and fair seas. A crowd of dignitaries snacked on hors d’œuvre and drank bubbly – while a line of riot police faced off against angry workers.

    Workers protested government economic reforms and the transition to alternative energies, leaving a pungent smell of teargas and burning tires hanging in the air.
    MPs to probe offshore wind sector deal

    BEIS select committee launches sector-led inquiry into government’s industrial strategy

  71. oldbrew says:

    Juno probes the depths of Jupiter’s great red spot
    December 12, 2017

    “Juno data indicate that the solar system’s most famous storm is almost one-and-a-half Earths wide, and has roots that penetrate about 200 miles (300 kilometers) into the planet’s atmosphere.”

    Read more at:

  72. oldbrew says:

    Cassini may be dead, but a new era of Saturn science has just begun
    December 12, 2017 by Deborah Netburn, Los Angeles Times

    A new study finds that the electrically charged region of Saturn’s atmosphere, known as the ionosphere, is significantly more complex and variable than scientists thought.

    Cassini’s instruments also found evidence that the ionosphere is strongly affected by shadows cast by the rings. In addition, it might also interact with microscopic ice particles from the rings themselves in a phenomenon known as “ring rain.”
    . . .
    “We were wrong about the ionosphere, but that’s OK,” he said. “Mother Nature is always more imaginative than scientists.”

    Read more at:

    More information: J.-E. Wahlund et al. In situ measurements of Saturn’s ionosphere show that it is dynamic and interacts with the rings, Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aao4134

  73. oldbrew says:

    Van Allen Belt Mystery Solved With Student-Built Satellite

    Ryan F. Mandelbaum
    31 minutes ago

    Scientists have long known the source of the positively-charged protons—they’re the product of cosmic rays colliding with particles in Earth’s atmosphere—but they were unsure if the same source supplied the negatively-charged electrons. A student-built satellite may have answered that question.
    . . .
    Astronomers figured out that “cosmic-ray albedo neutron decay,” or CRAND, was the proton source quickly after the belt’s discovery.
    . . .
    Analysis of the data (available here) revealed that the electron measurements looked just like the trapped particles came from that CRAND process. This would be the “first direct detection of these energetic electrons near the inner edge of Earth’s radiation,” according to a press release.

  74. oldbrew says:

    Date: 14/12/17 The Times

    Ambulance staff have accused anti-fracking protesters of faking injuries and making false allegations of police brutality in publicity stunts aimed at preventing drilling for shale gas.

    Faking ‘climate’ protesters – what a surprise 😉

  75. oldbrew says:

    Exoplanet news…

    Nasa announcement: How to watch the major breakthrough as it is announced live, and when it will happen

    Nasa is about to make a major announcement about a breakthrough in its planet-hunting project.

    The company has set a date [6pm UK time today] for the press conference at which it will reveal all about the mysterious discovery.

    There’s very little information about what’s actually going to be revealed. It will involve exoplanets, something being detected by the Kepler space telescope, and the use of AI – beyond that everything is just guesswork, though you can read a bit more detail on what we do and don’t know here.

    NASA link:

  76. oldbrew says:

    Arctic sea ice affects and is affected by mid-latitude weather


    The models reproduce the “warm Arctic, cold continents” winter temperature anomaly pattern seen in the real world. The continental cooling is found one to two months before low sea ice, but is absent in months following low sea ice. This implies that the cooling is not caused by low sea ice, but instead, is driven by atmospheric circulation changes which precede and contribute to low sea ice.
    – – –
    atmospheric circulation changes = wind?

  77. oldbrew says:

    Daimler delivers its first all-electric trucks in Europe
    December 14, 2017

    German carmaker Daimler on Thursday delivered its first fully electric lorries to companies in Europe, as the global race to mass produce the first generation of “green trucks” heats up.

    Among the first customers for Daimler’s Fuso eCanter light-weight truck was express delivery service DHL, which said it would use its six vehicles to navigate Berlin’s innercity traffic.

    The keys to eight other eCanter trucks were handed over to German logistics and transport firms DB Schenker, Rhenus and Dachser.

    “With the Fuso eCanter our customers now operate not only quietly and without locally emitted CO2, they also save money on operating costs,” said Marc Llistosella, head of Daimler Trucks Asia.

    “This is the future of urban distribution transport.”

    Read more at:
    – – –
    Let’s see how these experiments pan out.

  78. oldbrew says:

    Press release

    Discrepancy between passenger vehicle type-approval test results and in-use fuel consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions at 42 per cent, with first indications of a possible slowdown in the growth of the gap.

    The average gap between official fuel consumption figures and actual fuel use for new cars in the EU has reached 42 per cent, according to the latest update by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) to its on-going research into vehicle fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. [bold added]

    Since 2001, the discrepancy between official measurements of vehicle efficiency and actual performance of new cars in everyday driving has more than quadrupled—a discrepancy that translates into €400 per year in extra fuel costs for the average vehicle. As a result, less than half of the on-paper reductions in CO2 emission values since 2001 have been realized in practice.

    A companion analysis by the ICCT indicates that similar gaps between official and real-world CO2 emissions exist in China, Japan, and the United States. “However, since 2001 Europe has seen the largest increase in the gap,” says Dr. Peter Mock, Managing Director of ICCT Europe.

  79. oldbrew says:

    Barmy biomass…

    Guardian: EU must not burn the world’s forests for ‘renewable’ energy

    A flaw in Europe’s clean energy plan allows fuel from felled trees to qualify as renewable energy when in fact this would accelerate climate change and devastate forests.
    . . .
    A power plant burning wood chips will typically emit one and a half times the carbon dioxide of a plant burning coal and at least three times the carbon dioxide emitted by a power plant burning natural gas.
    . . .
    To supply just an additional 3% of global energy with wood, the world needs to double its commercial wood harvests at great costs to carbon and wildlife.

    Not so much a flaw, more like making a farce of so-called sustainability. Knock down forests or burn plentiful gas?

  80. oldbrew says:

    Eclipse 2017: Science from the moon’s shadow
    Date: December 11, 2017
    Source: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

    While people across North America took in the Aug. 21 eclipse, hundreds of citizen, student, and professional scientists were collecting scientific data, and their efforts are beginning to return results.
    . . .
    The project incorporated weather balloon flights from a dozen locations to form a picture of how Earth’s lower atmosphere — the part we interact with and which directly affects our weather — reacted to the eclipse. These data revealed that the planetary boundary layer, the lowest part of Earth’s atmosphere, dropped down nearly to its nighttime altitude during the eclipse.
    . . .
    When Herman and his colleagues measured how much light was reflected during the eclipse, they found that it was reduced by 10 percent across the globe. Regular, non-eclipse days typically vary by less than 1 percent, in comparison.

  81. oldbrew says:

    The Binary Pulsar PSR 1913+16

    In 1993, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Russell Hulse and Joseph Taylor of Princeton University for their 1974 discovery of a pulsar, designated PSR1913+16, in a binary system, in orbit with another star around a common center of mass.

    Its eccentricity is 1/Phi

    Mass of companion: 1.387 M☉
    Total mass of the system: 2.828378(7) M☉
    Orbital period: 7.751938773864 hr
    Eccentricity: 0.6171334
    Semi-major axis: 1,950,100 km
    Periastron separation: 746,600 km
    Apastron separation: 3,153,600 km
    Orbital velocity of stars at periastron (relative to center of mass): 450 km/s
    Orbital velocity of stars at apastron (relative to center of mass): 110 km/s

    Apastron:Periastron ratio = 4.224:1 = ~Phi³:1 [Phi³ = 4.236~]

    The two bodies are ~1.4 times the mass of the Sun.
    Rotation takes 59 milliseconds (rotates on its axis 17 times per second).

    The pulsar and its companion both follow elliptical orbits around their common center of mass. Each star moves in its orbit according to Kepler’s Laws; at all times the two stars are found on opposite sides of a line passing through the center of mass. – Cornell

  82. oldbrew says:

    Ten Notable Apocalypses That (Obviously) Didn’t Happen

    Apocalyptic predictions are nothing new—they have been around for millennia

    8. Planets Align, Nothing Happens

    In 1974, John Gribbin and Stephen Plagemann wrote a best-selling book, The Jupiter Effect, warning that in March 1982, an alignment of the major planets on the same side of the Sun would trigger a series of cosmic events – culminating in an earthquake along the San Andreas fault that would wipe out Los Angeles.

    The book had an aura of credibility, since both authors were Cambridge-educated astrophysicists and Gribbin was an editor at the prestigious science magazine Nature. The scientists claimed that the combined gravitational force of the planets (especially dense ones, such as Jupiter and Saturn) would exert tidal forces on the Sun, causing an increase in sunspot activity that would douse the earth with high-speed particles, which, in turn, would cause abrupt changes to our planet’s rotation, leading to earthquakes.

    Several scientists criticized The Jupiter Effect, saying its argument was based on a tissue-thin chain of suppositions. (Seismologist Charles Richter of Caltech called the thesis “pure astrology in disguise.”) Still, the book spooked people worldwide—thanks, in part, to the endorsement of other doomsayers such as Hal Lindsey (author of the best-selling 1970s book, The Late Great Planet Earth) who, in 1980, wrote that earthquakes across the planet would trigger meltdowns at nuclear power plants and would smash dams, causing massive floods.

    As the dreaded date approached, panicked city residents bombarded Los Angeles’ Griffith Observatory with phone calls. Elsewhere, the San Diego Vista Press reported on March 10, 1982: “We’ve literally had people ask, ‘Should I sell my house and move away?’ said Kevin Atkins of Gates Planetarium [in Denver, Colorado]… One small Christian sect in the Philippines is building a maze of padded cubicles and trying out padded suits in readiness for disasters.” Even Beijing’s newspaper, The People’s Daily, sought to assure readers that “there is no regular cause-effect relation at all between this astronomical phenomenon and natural disasters like earthquakes.”

    One year after the non-doomsday event, Gribbin and Plagemann published The Jupiter Effect Reconsidered. It was also a best-seller.

    Read more:

  83. oldbrew says:

    The war on coal in the EU…

    Lignite of the living dead
    08 December 2017

    Confidence in coal-heavy utilities is returning as business restructurings, court rulings and power prices have revived balance sheets after years of huge impairments. For example, at the time of writing, RWE and Uniper have seen their share price increase by 64% and 79% respectively in 2017. However, we find that falling renewable energy costs, air pollution regulations and rising carbon prices will continue to undermine the economics of coal power in the EU, potentially making generation assets unusable by 2030.

    EU to assist coal regions transition as ‘death spiral’ predicted
    By Diarmaid Williams
    International Digital Editor

    Brussels is planning to help EU coal regions diversify into renewables, advanced coal technology and energy efficiency, as part of an initiative launched on Monday.

    The initiative comes a day after a report by Carbon Tracker [link above] predicting the accelerated demise of coal as a power source.

    The Coal Regions in Transition Platform is part of the Commission’s strategy to support the EU’s overall goal to decarbonize its economy by 2050.

    “Electricity from coal is declining. This is an irreversible trend toward clean power … in Europe,” EU climate action and energy commissioner Miguel Arias Canete said Monday.

  84. oldbrew says:

    New Svensmark study

    I asked prominent solar physicist Dr. Leif Svalgaard his opinion on the paper (and sent him the advance full copy). He had this to say:

    Think about this:

    TSI over a solar cycle causes a variation of 0.05-0.10 degrees C. If GCRs as per Svensmark has 5-7 times the effect of TSI, that would translate to a temperature variation of 0.35-0.50 C over a cycle, which is simply not observed, hence the paper can be dismissed out of hand.
    – – –
    The missing link between exploding stars, clouds, and climate on Earth
    A breakthrough in the understanding of how cosmic rays from supernovae can influence Earth’s cloud cover and thereby climate is published today in the journal Nature Communications


  85. oldbrew says:

    Kejriwal government’s anti-smog gun to control air pollution in Delhi; see pics

    = = =
    Scientists discover unexpected side effect to cleaning up urban air
    December 18, 2017, California Institute of Technology

    “Atmospheric autoxidation is increasingly important in urban and suburban North America,” PNAS (2017).

    Read more at:

  86. oldbrew says:

    BBC: New approach promises early warnings of soggy summers

    Researchers in the UK have developed a method of improving the long range accuracy of summer weather in the UK and Europe.

    The scientists found a connection between sea surface temperatures in the North Atlantic in March and April and the subsequent summer’s rain or shine.

  87. oldbrew says:

    Obliquity and Eccentricity Constraints for Terrestrial Exoplanets
    – – –

    Exoplanet discoveries over recent years have shown that terrestrial planets are exceptionally common. Many of these planets are in compact systems that result in complex orbital dynamics. A key step toward determining the surface conditions of these planets is understanding the latitudinally dependent flux incident at the top of the atmosphere as a function of orbital phase. The two main properties of a planet that influence the time-dependent nature of the flux are the obliquity and orbital eccentricity of the planet. We derive the criterion for which the flux variation due to obliquity is equivalent to the flux variation due to orbital eccentricity. This equivalence is computed for both the maximum and average flux scenarios, the latter of which includes the effects of the diurnal cycle. We apply these calculations to four known multi-planet systems (GJ 163, K2-3, Kepler-186, and Proxima Centauri), where we constrain the eccentricity of terrestrial planets using orbital dynamics considerations and model the effect of obliquity on incident flux. We discuss the implications of these simulations on climate models for terrestrial planets and outline detectable signatures of planetary obliquity.

  88. oldbrew says:

    All aboard – but only for 3 km…

    Byron Bay Railroad signals solar train shuttle service open
    December 20, 2017

    The Byron Bay solar train includes the diesel engine as an emergency backup in the event of a fault in the drive system, said TreeHugger.

    The train uses eArche solar panels and a large solar battery bank.
    . . .
    “The solar conversion concept came later, after the train was already planned.” The community did not want a big diesel engine chugging through the township, said Parkinson.

  89. oldmanK says:

    We passed the last glaciation trip point into the inter-glacial. Now its the long ride down the temp slope to the next. But they first stretch has always been bumpy. See fig 3 from WUWT here:

  90. oldbrew says:

    Ofcom to investigate BBC climate change interview
    18 December 2017

    Ofcom will look into whether Radio 4’s Today programme broke broadcasting rules during an interview with climate change sceptic Lord Lawson in August.

    The BBC has admitted the item broke its guidelines and said Lord Lawson should have been challenged “more robustly”.

    It followed a 2014 interview with Lord Lawson that also breached BBC rules.

    After that appearance, the BBC’s editorial complaints unit upheld complaints from three listeners that Today had given undue weight to his views and had conveyed a misleading impression of the scientific evidence.

    Still raking over the coals months later. Will the BBC challenge alarmists live on air “more robustly”, or at all?

  91. oldbrew says:

    It’s not clear why, but…

    After years of decline, Western Arctic Caribou Herd stabilizes

    Aside from numbers, there are other good signs — an overwinter survival rate of 90 percent, which is “very, very good,” and calves in healthy condition, Parrett said.
    . . .
    From September 2016 to August 2017, the mean miles traveled for collared caribou was 1,822, compared to more than 2,000 miles per animal for a normal year, he said.

  92. p.g.sharrow says:

    The clear part is that last winter was less harsh and more animals survived it. 90% is very high survival rate!

    I would guess that Arctic cold has spilled south resulting in less severe winter conditions on the Arctic Tundra. During IceAge conditions the far north steppes were very productive for herd animals as the north uplands became ice covered.
    The local climate conditions during a IceAge are different then during an inter-glacial.
    We must rethink our vision of IceAge conditions. It takes heavy warm wet snow to create the Ice Mountains, not colder conditions. Warm open seas, for evaporation, not cold ice covered ones.
    Maybe weaker Temperate Hadley Cells and less strength in the Polar Vortex…pg

  93. oldbrew says:

    More loony climate alarm…

    BBC : Higher temperatures linked to EU asylum figures

    And more…

    Humidity may prove breaking point for some areas as temperatures rise, says study
    From US south to China, heat stress could exceed human endurance



  94. oldbrew says:

    Alaska: Less than 80 miles from Prudhoe Bay, home to the giant oil fields that feed the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, lies the site of USGS’ latest oil and gas assessment: the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska and adjacent areas. Managed by the Bureau of Land Management, the NPR-A covers 22.8 million acres, more than the entire state of South Carolina.

    The new USGS assessment estimates 8.7 billion barrels of oil and 25 trillion cubic feet of natural gas resources. This is a more than sixfold increase from the previous USGS estimates in the region, which include parts of the 2005 Central North Slope assessment and the 2010 NPR-A assessment. [bold added]

    Read more at:
    – – –
    Why did Russia sell Alaska to the United States?

  95. oldbrew says:

    You may have heard this one before…

    The Universe Shouldn’t Exist, CERN Scientists Announce
    December 21, 2017

    The environment that produced the particles that make up the universe, as we know them now, should have created equal parts matter and antimatter. Yet, the latter is surprisingly rare. Not only that, a 50-50 split would’ve seen each particle uniting with its polar opposite, creating a burst of unimaginable energy and leaving nothing behind, save a vast howling void of a cosmos. And yet, here we are.

  96. oldbrew says:

    William Briggs demolishes the climate asylum scare [oldbrew says: December 22, 2017 at 2:13 pm].

  97. John H. Harmon says:

    Saw your Government’s BBC “Call the Midwife” Christmas night. The episode dealt with the hardships if Winter 1963. According to the leftists in the entertainment industry 1963 was the coldest winter in 300 years. Can that be true? Humans warmed the Earth starting in 1950 with the magic gas.
    Might be fun to use the “30 year” claim as the foundation for questioning the warmist claims. Particularly to discuss CET data.

  98. oldbrew says:

    GWPF: ‘it is interesting to note that November 2017 is statistically the same as most Novembers of the so-called pause years, i.e. 1997, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2014 and even 2016.’

  99. oldbrew says:

    Frakkety frak…

    Date: 28/12/17 Steel Guru

    UK shale gas companies are expected to launch large-scale fracking of gas in the northern English counties of Yorkshire and Lancashire in 2018 amid protests of environmentalists against the authorities’ decision to grant permission for such activities.

  100. oldbrew says:

    High Order Harmonics in Light Curves of Kepler Planets
    Caden Armstrong, Hanno Rein
    (Submitted on 4 Aug 2015)

    The Kepler mission was launched in 2009 and has discovered thousands of planet candidates. In a recent paper, Esteves et al. (2013) found a periodic signal in the light curves of KOI-13 and HAT-P-7, with a frequency triple the orbital frequency of a transiting planet. We found similar harmonics in many systems with a high occurrence rate. At this time, the origins of the signal are not entirely certain.

    We look carefully at the possibility of errors being introduced through our data processing routines but conclude that the signal is real. The harmonics on multiples of the orbital frequency are a result of non-sinusoidal periodic signals. We speculate on their origin and generally caution that these harmonics could lead to wrong estimates of planet albedos, beaming mass estimates, and ellipsoidal variations.

  101. J Martin says:

    I had a skim through the Binary Research Institute stuff. I am certainly persuaded by it. But my one problem with it is they did not mention obliquity. Because if you take away precession and nutation, then you no longer have a method to change obliquity. Unless there is some way that our solar system in orbiting a companion mass somehow induces cyclic changes in obliquity. And without those changes then the 41k world can’t exist or have existed.

  102. J Martin says:

    Zharkova. Cycles 25 and 26 look interesting. She refers to a a 3 cycle minimum of 25 to 27, but doesn’t show us 27 in the diagram.

  103. J Martin says:

    Zharkova et al. Got a 97% accurate prediction of cycle 24 to give us some faith in her predictions for 25 to 27.

    “The accuracy of these formulae for prediction of the principal components is tested for cycle 24 showing the predicted curve fitting very closely (with an accuracy of about 97.5%)..”

  104. oldbrew says:

    Fractals: the mathematics behind cancer

    Sofia Weiss discusses how tumour development seems to be underpinned by mathematics

  105. oldbrew says:

    Please note: we’ve moved to Suggestions 31 now.

    No more comments here. Thanks.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s