Suggestions-34

Please post ideas for new threads, tips on relevant and interesting threads elsewhere, and notes about pretty much anything you like here.

The scissors will be wielded to commercial spam, lewd suggestions, and anything else I don’t like. 😎

Comments
  1. oldbrew says:

    Link back to Suggestions 33

    [for viewing only please]

  2. oldbrew says:

    How Earth slows the solar wind to a gentle breeze

    NASA satellite data reveals electron-scale energy transformation at the leading edge of Earth’s magnetic field
    Date: May 31, 2018

    Summary:
    A new study describes the first observations of the process of electron heating in Earth’s bow shock. The researchers found that when the electrons in the solar wind encounter the bow shock, they momentarily accelerate to such a high speed that the electron stream becomes unstable and breaks down. This breakdown process robs the electrons of their high speed and converts the energy to heat.

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180531131134.htm

  3. oldbrew says:

    One foot of sea level rise in 200 years – not exactly a disaster…

    Reconstructing longest American water level, instrumented flood record, in Boston Harbor
    Date: June 1, 2018
    Source: University of Massachusetts at Amherst

    Summary:
    Using newly-discovered archival measurements to construct an instrumental record of water levels and storm tides in Boston since 1825, researchers report that local averaged relative sea level rose by nearly a foot (0.28 meters) over the past 200 years, with the greatest increase occurring since 1920. The work also highlights tides and their significant effect on flooding in the city.

    Extract:
    “The astronomical influences on tides can be a bit confusing, but our research shows that slow changes in the moon’s orbit around the earth relative to the earth’s orbit around the sun results in high tides increasing and decreasing over an 18.6-year cycle.”

    This means extreme high tides may be as much as four inches greater at the high point in this cycle compared to its low point, he adds.

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180601134756.htm
    – – –
    See also: The Effect of the 18.6-Year Lunar Nodal Cycle on Regional Sea-Level Rise Estimates

    A known decadal-scale variation is the 18.6-year nodal cycle. Here, we show how failing to account for the nodal cycle resulted in an overestimation of Dutch sea-level rise. The nodal cycle is present across the globe with a varying phase and a median amplitude of 2.2 cm.

    http://jcronline.org/doi/abs/10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-11-00169.1
    – – –
    The lunar nodal cycle and its effects on climate
    https://ktwop.com/2013/07/27/the-lunar-nodal-cycle-and-its-effects-on-climate/

  4. oldbrew says:

    The usual hand-wringing about the climate here, but ignoring the waffle we find….

    DW.com: Methane hydrate buried below permafrost and the ocean floor could meet the world’s energy needs for 100 years

    http://www.dw.com/en/fire-and-ice-the-untapped-fossil-fuel-that-could-save-or-ruin-our-climate/a-43246890

    Japan,US,Russia,Canada and others are interested. If costs can match (e.g.) sea drilling it could be viable.

  5. Paul Vaughan says:

    Stabilizing Peace by Piece:
    Chilling Some Thing Deep in the Western Swamp

    “The sun beat down upon my face
    Ain’t no denying
    With no provision but an open face
    The story was quite clear

    Leave the path that led me to that place
    To sit with elders of a gentle race this world has seldom seen
    Pilot of the storm who leaves no trace like sorts inside a dream
    Not a word I heard could I relate
    They talk in song from tongues of lilting grace of days for which they sit and wait
    When all will be revealed” — Led Zeppelin “Kashmir”

    Never mind revolution where revelation will suffice.

    Nearly every face booked itself for cold multivariate methods tapping the shallow Western OCEAN surf face, rooting out the climatically revolting swamp thing.

    Lukewarm isn’t cold enough to balance heated threats to stability. Deeply faulted seizure of western states by a climatically heated revolutionary faith naturally met counterbalancing stabilization by just ice.

    Whether superficially lukewarm and stagnant or boiling transparently at devilish depth, revolutionary swamp water that couldn’t be drained from faulted stately assumptions was frozen solid by the stablest polar eyes to ensure peace, piece by Pareto Principled piece.

  6. oldbrew says:

    Why some scientists say physics has gone off the rails

    Has the love of “elegant” equations overtaken the desire to describe the real world?
    by Dan Falk / Jun.02.2018

    “All of the theoretical work that’s been done since the 1970s has not produced a single successful prediction,” says Neil Turok, director of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada. “That’s a very shocking state of affairs.”
    . . .
    In a new book entitled “Lost in Math: How Beauty Leads Physics Astray,” [physicist Sabine] Hossenfelder argues that many physicists working today have been led astray by mathematics — seduced by equations that might be “beautiful” or “elegant” but which lack obvious connection to the real world.

    “I can’t believe what this once-venerable profession has become,” she writes. “Theoretical physicists used to explain what was observed. Now they try to explain why they can’t explain what was not observed. And they’re not even good at that.”

    http://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/why-some-scientists-say-physics-has-gone-rails-ncna879346

    List of unsolved problems in physics
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unsolved_problems_in_physics
    – – –
    More of the same in the report. Were they waiting for Hawking to leave the stage?

  7. p.g.sharrow says:

    GOD is not a Mathematician, GOD works in applied science, An Engineer.
    The universe works because it has to. There is no alternative.
    It is all in the music of the spheres. Atoms sing their song, if you listen. GOD’s symphony of creation…pg.

  8. oldbrew says:

    Re: Major study on climate change canceled due to too much ice
    June 1, 2018 by Robert
    http://www.iceagenow.info/major-study-on-climate-change-canceled-due-to-too-much-ice/
    – – –
    Jim Watt
    June 2, 2018 at 7:06 am | Reply
    This is a reposting of a 2017 incident….
    http://news.umanitoba.ca/large-canadian-arctic-climate-change-study-cancelled-due-to-climate-change/

  9. A C Osborn says:

    The GWPF has a 2 articles on the new Welsh Nuclear Plant Deal.
    it appears that the Taxpayers will contribute £9Bn towards the cost, but our brilliant government have negotiated a strke price of “only” £77.50 per megawatt hour.
    Another fantastic deal brokered by a very desperate goverment.

  10. oldbrew says:

    Collective gravity, not Planet Nine, may explain the orbits of ‘detached objects’
    June 4, 2018, University of Colorado at Boulder

    Bumper car-like interactions at the edges of our solar system—and not a mysterious ninth planet—may explain the dynamics of strange bodies called “detached objects,” according to a new study.

    CU Boulder Assistant Professor Ann-Marie Madigan and a team of researchers have offered up a new theory for the existence of planetary oddities like Sedna. This minor planet orbits Earth’s sun at a distance of 8 billion miles but appears separated from the rest of the solar system.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2018-06-gravity-planet-orbits-detached.html

    There are no clear boundaries between the scattered and detached regions.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scattered_disc#Detached_objects

  11. oldbrew says:

    Archaeologists Find A Wealth Of New Geoglyphs Near The Famed Nazca Lines In Peru

    http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/archaeologists-find-a-wealth-of-new-geoglyphs-near-the-famed-nazca-lines-in-peru/

  12. oldbrew says:

    Mastering the workings of the universe is still a good way off…

    Data discrepancies may affect understanding of the universe
    June 6, 2018, University of Texas at Dallas

    “The inconsistencies we have found need to be resolved as we move toward more precise and accurate cosmology,” Ishak-Boushaki said. “The implications of these discrepancies are that either some of our current data sets have systematic errors that need to be identified and removed, or that the underlying cosmological model we are using is incomplete or has problems.”

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2018-06-discrepancies-affect-universe.html

  13. oldbrew says:

    Interesting, but the climate change bit looks a trifle optimistic. It seems solar-induced fluorescence (the “glow”) is standard everywhere.

    UNH researchers shine a light on more accurate way to estimate climate change
    UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

    It doesn’t matter if it’s a forest, a soybean field, or a prairie, all plants take up carbon dioxide during photosynthesis – the process where they use sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into food. During this changeover, the plants emit an energy “glow” that is not visible to the human eye, but can be detected by satellites in space. Now, researchers at the University of New Hampshire have taken that one step further. By using satellite data from different major land-based ecosystems around the globe, they have found that the photosynthesis glow is the same across all vegetation, no matter the location. This first-of-its-kind global analysis could have significance in providing more accurate data for scientists working to model carbon cycle and eventually help better project climate change.

    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/uonh-urs060518.php

  14. A C Osborn says:

    I was shocked by this Tweet by Ned.

    Ned Nikolov, Ph.D. @NikolovScience
    Replying to @tjtjgeol and 49 others

    Actually, our analysis of NASA planetary data showed that the presence water is a RESULT of the atmospheric thermal effect (ATE), not a cause for it. On a planetary scale, water has NO effect on the global temperature. That’s a new insight coming from a new data analysis!”

    How can Water (in the Oceans), which stores so much energy from the Sun, have No effect on the global temperature?
    It is obvious from comparing the Tropics to High Dry Deserts that water has a major affect on how much the Temperature fluctuates on a day night basis.
    So if you have a waterless world that has a different atmosphere to ours will it have the same swings as ours?
    Note I am not talking long term “average” here.

  15. Paul Vaughan says:

    global average surface temperature
    global average surface temperature
    global average surface temperature
    global average surface temperature

    Understatement: Ned gets misunderstood, misinterpreted, and misrepresented.

  16. oldbrew says:

    “The universe is incredibly simple” says renowned physicist at annual lecture
    05 June 2018

    He also described how his theories conflicted with Stephen Hawking’s, leading to a bet between the two, which he said he is currently on the way to winning.

    The full lecture can be watched in the video here…

    http://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/186589/the-universe-incredibly-simple-says-renowned/

  17. oldbrew says:

    Magnetic fields could hold the key to star formation
    June 8, 2018, University of Central Lancashire

    This ground-breaking discovery suggests that the Pillars have evolved due to the strength of the magnetic field and that the Pillars are held up thanks to magnetic support, suggesting that stars could be formed by the collapse of clumps of gas being slowed down by magnetic fields, and resulting in a pillar-like formation.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2018-06-magnetic-fields-key-star-formation.html
    – – –
    No magnetism without electricity, but they don’t like to mention that 😐

  18. oldbrew says:

    NASA Satellites Make Magnetic Discovery in Turbulent Space Near Earth
    By Samantha Mathewson, Space.com Contributor | June 10, 2018

    The new 3D observations captured by MMS show that magnetic reconnection behaves differently in the magnetosheath, according to the study, published May 9 in the journal Nature.

    “Compared to standard reconnection that occurs over tens of thousands of miles, this new magnetic reconnection spans only a couple of miles within turbulent plasma,” NASA officials said in the video. Thus, these smaller reactions accelerate particles 40 times faster than standard reconnection observed in the magnetosphere.

    “The more we understand how those particles are accelerated, the better we can protect our spacecraft and astronauts as we explore deeper into the solar system,” NASA officials added.

    http://www.livescience.com/62780-nasa-satellites-magnetic-discovery-turbulent-space.html
    – – –
    They keep saying magnetic field lines do this or that, and we keep commenting that magnetic field lines don’t physically exist. They are a concept only, and this is well known.

    What are Magnetic Field Lines?
    Magnetic field lines or lines of force are the imaginary lines introduced by Michael Faraday (1791-1867) to visualize magnetic field. Lines of force are graphical representation of a field. The lines of force are the path along which an isolated unit North Pole would move along in the field.
    [bold added]

    http://byjus.com/physics/magnetic-field/

  19. oldbrew says:

    Star system with three Earth-sized planets discovered

    Scientists have discovered two new planetary systems, one of which hosts three Earth-sized planets.
    By: PTI | London | Published: June 11, 2018

    The first exoplanetary system is located in the star K2-239, characterised as a red dwarf type M3V from observations made with the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC), at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory (Garafia, La Palma).

    It is located in the constellation of the Sextant at 50 parsecs from the Sun (at about 160 light years). It has a compact system of at least three rocky planets of similar size to the Earth (1.1, 1.0 and 1.1 Earth radii) that orbit the star every 5.2, 7.8 and 10.1 days, respectively. The other red dwarf star, called K2-240, has two super-Earth-like planets about twice the size of our planet. [bold added]

    http://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/science/star-system-with-three-earth-sized-planets-discovered/1201494/
    – – –
    Ratio of ‘5.2, 7.8’ days is 2:3

  20. oldbrew says:

    Report: The effects of solar wind bombardment can be very dramatic

    Re: moon rock
    “Up to now it was assumed that the kinetic energy of the fast particles is primarily responsible for atomization of the rock surface,” says Paul Szabo, a Ph.D. student in Friedrich Aumayr’s team and first author of the current publication.

    “But this is only half the truth: we were able to show that the high electrical charge of the particles plays a decisive role. It is the reason that the particles on the surface can do much more damage than previously thought.”

    Szabo explains, saying that when solar wind particles are multiply charged, they end up lacking several electrons. They can then carry a large amount of energy which is released in a flash on impact. [bold added]

    Read more: http://www.digitaljournal.com/tech-and-science/science/the-effects-of-solar-wind-bombardment-can-be-very-dramatic/article/524502

  21. oldbrew says:

    Weather warning as Storm Hector set to batter Greater Manchester with 60mph winds and heavy rain

    The Met Office said the north of the region including Wigan, Bolton and Rochdale is likely to be the worst hit

    The weather warning is in place from 3am on Thursday morning until 3pm the same day, which could cause disruption to morning rush hour and the school run.

    Forecaster say those planning to travel tomorrow morning should be aware there could be disruption to road, rail and air transport.

    http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/uk-weather-forecast-met-office-14779208

  22. oldbrew says:

    The Mayor of London has confirmed London’s Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will expand to cover the area within the North and South Circular roads from 2021.

    This will see strict emissions limits impact drivers of cars, vans, buses, coaches, and lorries, in an area that is 18 times larger than the current ULEZ. It is estimated that 100,000 cars, 35,000 vans, and 3,000 lorries might be affected by the expanded zone and tougher standards each day.
    . . .
    Drivers within the expanded zone using vehicles that don’t meet emissions restrictions will pay a daily charge of £12.50.

    http://www.nextgreencar.com/news/8416/london-to-expand-ultra-low-emission-zone/

  23. oldbrew says:

    A possible explanation for varying measurements of Venus’s rotation rate
    June 20, 2018

    The researchers report that the simulation did show a wave formed in the cloud tops, similar to that seen on the actual planet. But they also found that the braking effect caused by the atmosphere running into the mountains actually slowed the spin of the planet—the amount depended on the time of day. They found that on average, though, the effect was enough to cause up to two minutes of variation in planet spin speed—not enough to account for the observed seven minutes of variability, but enough to suggest other physical features could be playing a similar role.

    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-06-explanation-varying-venus-rotation.html

  24. oldbrew says:

    Thursday 21 June 2018
    Orkneys, Scotland: Arguments rage over wind project

    Feelings were running high at the meeting – which had a turnout described by community council secretary Angus Murray as “the biggest attendance I’ve ever seen at any community council ever”.
    . . .
    The planned turbines are all approved for siting within a supposed 2km buffer zone of houses, with most of them within 1.5km – one mile – and one as close as 1km. Many commented on the impact this will have on people living there and some asked why the scheme could not be moved further out into the moor. The answer was because most of that ground has European designation as a Special Protected Area. “But you can build close to houses?” said one person. “We’re not specially protected?”

    Read more at: http://www.stornowaygazette.co.uk/news/arguments-rage-over-wind-project-1-4757780

  25. oldbrew says:

    Obsolete wind turbines showering their localities with debris…

    Germany’s “Ticking Time Bombs”…Technical Experts Say Wind Turbines Posing “Significant Danger” To Environment!
    By P Gosselin on 22. June 2018

    http://notrickszone.com/2018/06/22/germanys-ticking-time-bombs-technical-experts-say-wind-turbines-posing-significant-danger-to-environment/

    No legal requirement to keep them properly maintained and safe.

  26. oldbrew says:

    Brazil’s power grid puts reserves on the bench for World Cup
    More power plants than normal are put on alert and prepared to boost production to meet supply

    Demand then surges during halftime as people open the fridge to get snacks or turn on the microwave or oven, before falling sharply again as play resumes.
    . . .
    Swings in demand can reach up to 11,000MW as games finishing in the evening coincide with public lighting being switched on.

    Álvaro Fleury Veloso da Silveira, IT director at ONS, said: “Such events cause system behavior that is totally different from normal days but we are used to it.”

    http://www.energylivenews.com/2018/06/18/brazils-power-grid-puts-reserves-on-the-bench-for-world-cup/

    Then there are the coffee drinkers…

  27. oldbrew says:

    Tim Cullen researches a climate mystery from prehistoric times.

    Late Paleocene Thermal Maximum
    Posted on June 22, 2018

    “I’m grateful to Louis Hissink for introducing me to another wonderful can of worms that’s called [amongst other things] the Late Paleocene Thermal Maximum when temperatures are said to have been warmer by about 8 °C for [roughly] 200,000 years about 55.5 million years ago.”

    http://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/06/22/late-paleocene-thermal-maximum/

    Talk of a “massive carbon injection into the atmosphere” turns out to be more than a bit problemmatical.

  28. oldbrew says:

    Article: Can climate feel the pressure?

    …paleoclimate models often cannot match proxy estimates of temperature and precipitation unless unrealistic CO2 concentrations are prescribed.
    . . .
    Poulsen et al report model results that identify O2 [oxygen] as an important climate driver through its contribution to total atmospheric pressure.
    . . .
    During the late Carboniferous and Permian (315 to 255 million years ago), Earth experienced the largest and longest glacial period of the Phanerozoic, coincident with high O2 (as much as 35%) and low CO2 (~350 ppm) (see the figure).

    http://www.academia.edu/12937378/Can_climate_feel_the_pressure
    Download link to short article: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Daniel_Peppe/publication/278029188_Can_climate_feel_the_pressure/links/557a4c8708aeacff2003d2cc.pdf?disableCoverPage=true

    Interesting, but then they try to shoehorn this into greenhouse gas theory, ignoring the fact that CO2 change follows temperature change 😦

  29. A C Osborn says:

    On the tweets Roger has asked where he can get Ceres data from.
    I know this forum does not like WUWT and especially Mr Eschenbach, but he has written a couple of good articles based on the Ceres data, which he sometimes links to.
    https://wattsupwiththat.com/2018/05/09/clouds-and-el-nino/
    https://wattsupwiththat.com/2018/05/05/symmetry-and-balance/
    https://wattsupwiththat.com/2018/03/24/where-the-warmth-is/
    https://wattsupwiththat.com/2018/02/15/watching-thunderstorms-chase-the-hot-spots/

  30. oldbrew says:

    The Recent Atlantic Cold Anomaly: Causes, Consequences, and Related Phenomena
    Annual Review of Marine Science

    Vol. 10:475-501 (Volume publication date January 2018)
    First published as a Review in Advance on September 15, 2017
    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-121916-063102

    Abstract
    Cold ocean temperature anomalies have been observed in the mid- to high-latitude North Atlantic on interannual to centennial timescales. Most notably, a large region of persistently low surface temperatures accompanied by a sharp reduction in ocean heat content was evident in the subpolar gyre from the winter of 2013–2014 to 2016, and the presence of this feature at a time of pervasive warming elsewhere has stimulated considerable debate. Here, we review the role of air-sea interaction and ocean processes in generating this cold anomaly and place it in a longer-term context. We also discuss the potential impacts of surface temperature anomalies for the atmosphere, including the North Atlantic Oscillation and European heat waves; contrast the behavior of the Atlantic with the extreme warm surface event that occurred in the North Pacific over a similar timescale; and consider the possibility that these events represent a response to a change in atmospheric planetary wave forcing. [bold added]

    http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-marine-121916-063102

  31. craigm350 says:

    Since we are in a heatwave and Heathrow has been in the news again… and as a full moon is upon us tomorrow it reminded me of something the late (and sorely missed) Tim Channon wrote during a previous heatwave ago;

    I’ll add a curiosity, it is also a full moon. There is a known temperature linkage in atmospheric data but I’ve yet to find it in surface data.

    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2015/07/01/heat-wave-day-2-heathrow-airport-about-36c/#comment-103093

  32. oldbrew says:

    Why is London’s Central line so hot? Science has the answer

    The London Underground is hot. But nowhere is hotter than the Central line, which is routinely so hot that it exceeds the EU limit at which it is legal to transport cows, sheep and pigs
    . . .
    Cooling the Central line in particular presents an almost impossible puzzle for TfL to solve. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, when many of London’s tube tunnels were carved out of its subterranean clay, engineers didn’t leave a lot of extra space. In fact, they left none. That makes installing air-con units on trains that run through deep level tunnels impossible. The tunnels are too small to allow the heat to escape, effectively turning the Tube into a giant underground oven. Gaze absent-mindedly out of the window on the Central line and you’ll see cables and panelling whizzing past just inches from the train itself. Above them, London’s cloying clay keeps all that heat locked in.

    And that clay has been heating up. When much of central London’s Tube network opened in the early 1900s, temperatures in tunnels and at stations were recorded at around 14C. But with nearly 80 per cent of energy dissipated by trains, people and related infrastructure seeping out into London’s clay, it’s been slowly heating up. So much so that the ambient temperature of the clay is now between 20C and 25C. Unlike the Victoria and Jubilee lines, London’s oldest tube lines, and the Central line in particular, suffer from having very few ventilation shafts. And with the Central line cutting a path through some of London’s most densely-populated and expensive post codes, there are few options for introducing shafts now.
    . . .
    So while other parts of the London Underground benefit either from investment in cooling technology or the luxury of not being surrounded by rapidly-heating clay with nowhere for hot air to escape, the Central Line keeps on cooking. It’s the perfect, sweaty storm and one that TfL is nowhere close to solving.

    http://www.wired.co.uk/article/central-line-temperature-london-weather-heatwave

  33. oldbrew says:

    GLOBAL SEA ICE REBOUNDS – ONE MILLION SQUARE KILOMETRE HIGHER THAN LAST YEAR
    Date: 27/06/18 Sunshine Hours

    Global Sea Ice extent 1,000,000 km² higher than last year on this day.
    http://www.thegwpf.com/global-sea-ice-rebounds-one-million-square-kilometer-higher-than-last-year/
    – – –
    Arctic Ocean almost totally ice-covered – Map
    June 27, 2018 by Robert

    On the 26th of June! Where’s that (so-called) global warming?
    http://www.iceagenow.info/arctic-ocean-almost-totally-ice-covered-map/
    – – –
    «We have a difficult ice situation around the oil platform»

    At this time of year, there has never before been such a complicated ice condition around Russia’s offshore Arctic oil platform «Prirazlomnaya».
    By Atle Staalesen
    June 26, 2018

    «It started in March-April and continues until this day,» says Gazprom Neft, the operator of the «Prirazlomnaya». The platform is based in the Pechora Sea and is Russia’s only oil-producing installation in Arctic waters.

    The company, a subsidiary of natural gas company Gazprom, is now hiring a another icebreaker for clearing the waters around the platform. The 120-meter long «Vladivostok» is owned by state sea port company Rosmorport’s, built in 2014 and has a capacity of 17,5 MW.
    . . .
    State nuclear icebreaker company Rosatomflot last week informed that independent shipping in the area is «paralysed» and that LNG carriers and tankers are stuck. «We are back to the standards of the 1980s and 1990s,» said company representative Andrey Smirnov.

    http://thebarentsobserver.com/en/industry-and-energy/2018/06/we-have-difficult-ice-situation-around-oil-platform

  34. oldbrew says:

    New insights bolster Einstein’s idea about how heat moves through solids
    June 28, 2018, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    A discovery by scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a century-old theory by Albert Einstein that explains how heat moves through everything from travel mugs to engine parts.

    The transfer of heat is fundamental to all materials. This new research, published in the journal Science, explored thermal insulators, which are materials that block transmission of heat.

    “We saw evidence for what Einstein first proposed in 1911—that heat energy hops randomly from atom to atom in thermal insulators,” said Lucas Lindsay, materials theorist at ORNL. “The hopping is in addition to the normal heat flow through the collective vibration of atoms.”
    . . .
    “Our predictions were two times lower than we observed from our experiments. We were initially baffled,” Lindsay said. “This led to the observation that another heat transfer mechanism must be at play.”

    Knowing that the second heat transfer channel of random energy hopping exists will inform researchers on how to choose materials for heat management applications. This finding, if applied, could drastically reduce energy costs, carbon emissions and waste heat.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2018-06-insights-bolster-einstein-idea-solids.html

  35. oldbrew says:

    Why Cosmology’s Expanding Universe Controversy Is An Even Bigger Problem Than You Realize

    The Universe is expanding, but different techniques can’t agree on how fast. No matter what, something major has got to give.
    – – –
    While it’s incredibly impressive that two completely independent methods yield answers that are close to within less than 10%, the fact that they don’t agree with each other is troubling.

    If the distance ladder group is in error, and the expansion rate is truly on the low end and near 67 km/s/Mpc, the Universe could fall into line. But if the cosmic microwave background group is mistaken, and the expansion rate is closer to 73 km/s/Mpc, we just may have a crisis in modern cosmology.

    The Universe cannot have the dark matter density and initial fluctuations that such a value would imply. Until this puzzle is resolved, we must be open to the possibility that a cosmic revolution may be on the horizon.

    Source: ‘http://medium.com/starts-with-a-bang/why-cosmologys-expanding-universe-controversy-is-an-even-bigger-problem-than-you-realize-eb09258879e1’

  36. oldbrew says:

    Another publicity seeking AG tries to bypass democracy in the courts. The last attempt crashed and burned only a week or so ago…
    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2018/06/26/judge-throws-out-climate-change-lawsuit-against-big-oil/

    State Attorney General Sues Fossil Fuel Companies

    PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — Rhode Island Attorney General Peter Kilmartin filed a lawsuit Monday against 21 fossil fuel companies demanding damages associated with sea level rise and water cycles.

    In the complaint filed in Providence County Superior Court, Kilmartin said the companies are knowingly contributing to climate change and the “catastrophic consequences” to the state, its residents and the ecosystem.

    ExxonMobil, BP and Shell are among the defendants.

    http://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/rhode-island/articles/2018-07-02/state-attorney-general-sues-fossil-fuel-companies
    – – –
    How much does Rhode Island spend on ‘fossil fuels’ per year for its buildings, vehicles, machinery, electricity, heating etc.? What a farce.

  37. oldbrew says:

    Another toy for renewables obsessives to play with…

    Surplus energy rides the ‘gravity train’
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/technology-44549962/surplus-energy-rides-the-gravity-train
    (inc. short video – may be UK only)

    Or there’s this…

  38. oldbrew says:

    Molecular oxygen in comet’s atmosphere not created on its surface
    July 3, 2018 by Hayley Dunning, Imperial College London

    The Rosetta science team originally reported that the oxygen was most likely from the comet’s main body, or nucleus. This meant it was ‘primordial’ – that it was already present when the comet itself formed at the beginning of the Solar System 4.6 billion years ago.
    . . .
    Lead author Mr Kevin Heritier, from the Department of Physics at Imperial, said: “The first detection of molecular oxygen in 67P’s coma was both very surprising and exciting”.
    . . .
    The new analysis is consistent with team’s original conclusion, that molecular oxygen is most likely primordial. Other theories have been proposed, and can’t yet be ruled out, but the primordial theory currently fits the data best.

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2018-07-molecular-oxygen-comet-atmosphere-surface.html

  39. oldbrew says:

    Italy Wikipedia shuts down in protest at EU copyright law
    3 July 2018

    The editors wrote that “Wikipedia itself would be at risk of closing”.

    “If the proposal is approved, it may be impossible to share a newspaper article on social networks or find it on a search engine,” it said.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44696302

  40. oldbrew says:

    Wiltshire pair ‘poisoned by nerve agent’
    3 minutes ago

    A man and woman found unconscious in Wiltshire were poisoned with Novichok, the same nerve agent as ex-Russian spy Sergei Skripal, police say.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-44719639
    – – –
    Somewhat strange.

  41. oldbrew says:

    A Distant Star System Is Firing Radiation At Our Planet

    Cosmic rays are known to hit our planet from beyond the Solar System, but their electrical charge means they fly off course when they hit a magnetic field, making tracking their origins difficult. NuSTAR, however, was able to pinpoint some of the radiation coming from this system to our own.

    Eta Carinae consists of two huge stars, 90 and 30 times the mass of the Sun. And every 5.5 years they pass extremely close to each other, just 225 million kilometers (140 million miles) apart – comparable to the distance from Mars to the Sun.

    http://www.iflscience.com/space/a-distant-star-system-is-firing-radiation-at-our-planet/
    – – –
    But strictly speaking…
    cosmic rays are not actually radiation along the electromagnetic spectrum but the name ‘rays’ stuck and is still being used today

    http://www.scribd.com/document/349849935/cosmicradiationsynthesispaper

  42. A C Osborn says:

    oldbrew says: July 4, 2018 at 10:18 pm
    Wiltshire pair ‘poisoned by nerve agent’
    I didn’t believe it the first time around and I don’t believe it now.
    Weapons Grade Nerve Agents kill in seconds, there is no possibility of survival after hours of exposure.

  43. oldbrew says:

    UK home solar power faces cloudy outlook as subsidies are axed
    Lower costs and battery technology offer hope – but industry says it needs support

    Only 14MW of domestic solar is forecast to be fitted this year, down from a peak of 606MW in 2011, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

    http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jun/27/uk-home-solar-power-subsidies-costs-battery-technology
    – – –
    Just too expensive.

  44. oldbrew says:

    EU Parliament rejects controversial copyright law
    July 5, 2018
    http://phys.org/news/2018-07-eu-parliament-controversial-copyright-law.html

    Wikipedia survives.

  45. oldbrew says:

    Scotland’s hottest day record ‘not accepted’ by Met Office
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-44725830

    See: Scotland Sets New Temperature Record–In Middle Of Car Park!
    JULY 5, 2018

    https://notalotofpeopleknowthat.wordpress.com/2018/07/05/scotland-sets-new-temperature-record-in-middle-of-car-park

  46. A C Osborn says:

    Looking at the Twitter responses their is a lot of mention of the new Sovereign party and yet there is absolutely no mention of it anywhere else.
    It needs publicity and surely this is the right time to do it.

  47. A C Osborn says:

    there, not their LOL.

  48. Chaeremon says:

    @oldbrew: Fruits of Fibonacci and Why Phi 🙂

    1] generalise to [a + sqrt(b)]/c; for Venus+Luna that is a=9, b=116, c=1.
    2] look up continued fraction convergents to sqrt(116) : …,4,9,13,61,74,209,701,910,… that is OEIS A041211; of help: Continued Fraction Calculator (online, Dr. Ron Knott).
    3] convergents for the Venus+Luna (a=9, b=116, c=1) case are: …, 79/4, 178/9, 257/13, 1206/61, 1463/74, 4132/209, … ; the denominator is # Venus, the numerator is # Luna.
    4] combine convergents to e.g. 152 Venus (Great Venus Transit Cycle) = 3005 lunations; so by empirical evidence this holds good for 243 yrs.
    5] # LAC (27½) and # LNC (13) are practically perfect 😎

  49. Ian Wilson says:

    oldbrew,

    You might be interested in this paper about long-term cycles in the South American Monsoon (SAM).

    Main results for the periodicities in SAM (which is sensitive to northern hemisphere temperatures):

    The spectral analysis of the δ 18O values of stalagmites ALHO6 and CUR4 (Fig. 2), performed with the REDFIT method, reveals a significant periodicity at 208 years and marginally significant periodicities at 83, 31, 18–16, 11, 9 and 7–3 years (Fig. 2, Supplementary Fig. S7). The periodicities of 208, 83 and 11 years in the spectral analysis are close to the solar cycles of de Vries-Suess28, Gleissberg29, and the Schwabe30 sunspot cycle, respectively. The wavelet analysis of the ALHO6+ CUR4 record (Fig. 2b) indicates that the main 208-year cycle is very robust and persists over the entire 1500 years. This same periodicity (210 years) is also highlighted in an independent spectral analysis performed by using the Lomb periodogram method (Supplementary Fig. S8). The 83-year cycle is stronger between ~750–1000 AD and ~1200–1500 AD, while the 11-year cycle appears more randomly distributed over the record. The periodicities of 31 and 18–16 years do not emerge as significant in the wavelet analysis, but can be related to the influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) in the region31. The periodicities of 7–3 years are most likely related to ENSO variability31. In addition, the cross-wavelet analysis between ALHO6 and total solar irradiance32 shows a clear correlation at a periodicity of approximately 208 years.

    Centennial-scale solar forcing of the South American Monsoon System recorded in stalagmites
    21st April 2016 http://www.nature.com/sciencereports

    Valdir F. Novello1, Mathias Vuille2, Francisco W. Cruz1, Nicolás M. Stríkis1,3, Marcos Saito de Paula1, R. Lawrence Edwards4, Hai Cheng5,4, Ivo Karmann1, Plínio F. Jaqueto6, Ricardo I. F. Trindade6, Gelvam A. Hartmann7 & Jean S. Moquet1

    ABSTRACT

    The South American Monsoon System (SAMS) is generally considered to be highly sensitive to Northern Hemisphere (NH) temperature variations on multi-centennial timescales. The direct influence of solar forcing on moisture convergence in global monsoon systems on the other hand, while well explored in modeling studies, has hitherto not been documented in proxy data from the SAMS region. Hence little is known about the sensitivity of the SAMS to solar forcing over the past millennium and how it might compete or constructively interfere with NH temperature variations that occurred primarily in response to volcanic forcing. Here we present a new annually-resolved oxygen isotope record from a 1500-year long stalagmite recording past changes in precipitation in the hitherto unsampled core region of the SAMS. This record details how solar variability consistently modulated the strength of the SAMS on centennial time scales during the past 1500 years. Solar forcing, besides the previously recognized influence from NH temperature changes and associated Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) shifts, appears as a major driver affecting SAMS intensity at centennial time scales.

  50. Ian Wilson says:

    oldbrew,

    My slightly changed post:

    You might be interested in this paper about long-term cycles in the South American Monsoon (SAM).

    Main results for the periodicities in SAM (which is sensitive to northern hemisphere temperatures):

    The spectral analysis of the δ 18O values of stalagmites ALHO6 and CUR4 (Fig. 2), performed with the REDFIT method, reveals a significant periodicity at 208 years and marginally significant periodicities at 83, 31, 18–16, 11, 9 and 7–3 years (Fig. 2, Supplementary Fig. S7). The periodicities of 208, 83 and 11 years in the spectral analysis are close to the solar cycles of de Vries-Suess28, Gleissberg29, and the Schwabe30 sunspot cycle, respectively. The wavelet analysis of the ALHO6+ CUR4 record (Fig. 2b) indicates that the main 208-year cycle is very robust and persists over the entire 1500 years. This same periodicity (210 years) is also highlighted in an independent spectral analysis performed by using the Lomb periodogram method (Supplementary Fig. S8). The 83-year cycle is stronger between ~750–1000 AD and ~1200–1500 AD, while the 11-year cycle appears more randomly distributed over the record. The periodicities of 31 and 18–16 years do not emerge as significant in the wavelet analysis, but can be related to the influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) in the region31. The periodicities of 7–3 years are most likely related to ENSO variability31. In addition, the cross-wavelet analysis between ALHO6 and total solar irradiance32 shows a clear correlation at a periodicity of approximately 208 years.

    Centennial-scale solar forcing of the South American Monsoon System recorded in stalagmites
    21st April 2016 http://www.nature.com/sciencereports

    Valdir F. Novello1, Mathias Vuille2, Francisco W. Cruz1, Nicolás M. Stríkis1,3, Marcos Saito de Paula1, R. Lawrence Edwards4, Hai Cheng5,4, Ivo Karmann1, Plínio F. Jaqueto6, Ricardo I. F. Trindade6, Gelvam A. Hartmann7 & Jean S. Moquet1

    ABSTRACT

    The South American Monsoon System (SAMS) is generally considered to be highly sensitive to Northern Hemisphere (NH) temperature variations on multi-centennial timescales. The direct influence of solar forcing on moisture convergence in global monsoon systems on the other hand, while well explored in modeling studies, has hitherto not been documented in proxy data from the SAMS region. Hence little is known about the sensitivity of the SAMS to solar forcing over the past millennium and how it might compete or constructively interfere with NH temperature variations that occurred primarily in response to volcanic forcing. Here we present a new annually-resolved oxygen isotope record from a 1500-year long stalagmite recording past changes in precipitation in the hitherto unsampled core region of the SAMS. This record details how solar variability consistently modulated the strength of the SAMS on centennial time scales during the past 1500 years. Solar forcing, besides the previously recognized influence from NH temperature changes and associated Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) shifts, appears as a major driver affecting SAMS intensity at centennial time scales.

    [reply] thanks – link to paper:
    http://www.nature.com/articles/srep24762

  51. p.g.sharrow says:

    @oldbrew; Gorebal Warming has hit the Arctic;
    https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/late-snowpack-signals-a-lost-summer-for-greenlands-shorebirds/
    “colder wetter winters means heaver and later snows in the Arctic”
    as the crank turns…pg

  52. Brett Keane says:

    pg, I feared this, and also for the Godwits etc. in their long flight back to Australasia. Normally non-stop, but I guess they survived real Ice Ages…… There shall be grinding of teeth and wailing when few make it. The birds will learn, but the greenies, i dunno?

  53. oldbrew says:

    Plasma jets inside the sun foretell unequal activity of its two hemispheres
    July 13, 2018, Center of Excellence in Space Sciences India

    Figure 2: This figure shows how the hemispherical asymmetry in solar torsional oscillations (red curve) precedes the asymmetry in the sunspot activity (green curve) by about a year. Statistical tests yield a significant delayed correlation between these quantities hinting at the possibility of forecasting unequal activity in the Sun’s northern and southern hemispheres. Credit: Center of Excellence in Space Sciences India

    Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2018-07-plasma-jets-sun-unequal-hemispheres.html

  54. oldbrew says:

    Upsurge in sleeping problems due to UK’s longest heatwave in 40 years
    http://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jul/13/upsurge-in-sleeping-problems-due-to-uks-longest-heatwave-in-40-years

    Note to The Guardian: this means something similar happened 40 years ago, well before the invention of media-fuelled global warming paranoia.

  55. oldbrew says:

    Archaeologists and astronomers solve the mystery of Chile’s Stonehenge
    A solar phenomenon found above mysterious pillars, or saywas, was likely designed to broadcast the ‘sacred power’ of the Inca

    Finally, on the autumn equinox in 2017, they waited for sunrise at a site called Vaquillas. Cruz performed a small ceremony with coca leaves. As if on cue, the sun rose directly atop the line of the saywas. “It was a very emotional and beautiful moment,” said Sanhueza. Three months later, on the winter solstice, they observed the same phenomenon at a separate site.

    http://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/16/chile-atacama-desert-saywas-inca-solar-discovery

  56. oldbrew says:

    TONY ABBOTT IS WINNING THE CLIMATE BATTLE DOWN UNDER
    Date: 17/07/18 The Australian

    Tony Abbott recently claimed it was about time Australia pulled out of the Paris Climate Agreement. Support for Mr Abbott’s position is growing with a three-point rise to 48 per cent of voters claiming to be in favour of withdrawal if it led to lower power prices.

    http://www.thegwpf.com/tony-abbott-is-winning-the-climate-battle-down-under/
    – – –
    Funny how the popularity of empty virtue signalling declines when it starts costing too much 😐

  57. oldbrew says:

    This pair of equal-sized binary asteroids orbits the Sun 5 times for every 2 Jupiter orbits (> 99.8% true). It also completes 4 orbits per Metonic cycle (> 99.7% true).
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metonic_cycle

    Report: An “Asteroid” Discovered Last Year Just Turned Out to Be Something Way Cooler
    Double the fun!

    MICHELLE STARR 13 JUL 2018

    An asteroid discovered orbiting the Sun in December last year has revealed a fun surprise: it’s not one asteroid, but two, locked in their own binary orbit around a mutual centre of gravity.
    . . .
    The two asteroids perform one full orbit of each other every 20 to 24 hours or so.

    http://www.sciencealert.com/asteroid-2017-ye5-is-actually-two-asteroids-mutual-orbit-binary-equal-size

    Wikipedia: 2017 YE5 was discovered with observations provided by Cadi Ayyad University’s Morocco Oukaimeden Sky Survey Telescope.[3] It is a near earth (Apollo) asteroid that passed within 16 lunar distances on 21 June 2018.[1] On 21 June by Goldstone and on 25 June by Arecibo Observatory and the Green Bank Observatory, it was observed to be a near-equal mass binary.[2] Each member of the binary is about 0.9 km in diameter; the orbital period is 4.74 yr (1730 days).

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2017_YE5

  58. oldbrew says:

    European Union signs its biggest ever trade deal after striking agreement with Japan
    The deal sends a blunt signal to Donald Trump as to the benefits of removing trade barriers, rather than declaring trade wars.
    15:09, UK, Tuesday 17 July 2018

    At the moment, EU companies pay €1bn (£890m) of duty on products they export to Japan. Almost all of these tariffs will now be removed and 95% of tariffs the other way will also be wiped out.

    These companies – including UK firms until Brexit – export nearly €60bn (£53bn) of goods and €28bn (£25m) of services to Japan.

    http://news.sky.com/story/european-union-signs-its-biggest-ever-trade-deal-after-striking-agreement-with-japan-11439525

  59. ch sant says:

    From oldbrew’s link: “Archaeologists and astronomers solve the mystery of Chile’s Stonehenge”.

    The picture in the link says a lot more. What is the meaning of the child in the ceremony? And the flint knives? When ignorance replaces science the end result is spilt blood.

    The stone pile marker was known by pre Inca as ‘the tethering post of the sun’. Was there a time when the sun was on the loose? And what would that result in to require drastic measures?

  60. oldmanK says:

    Google is playing tricks. chsant above is oldmanK.

  61. oldbrew says:

    From paper referred to by Ian Wilson (above):

    Is intriguing that this strong solar signal at the 208-year time scale was not identified in previous publications presenting other monsoon records from South America, with exception of a record from northeast Brazil

    http://www.nature.com/articles/srep24762

    We know where this ~208 year de Vries cycle period comes from, or at least partly comes from.
    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2015/04/17/why-phi-jupiter-saturn-and-the-de-vries-cycle/

  62. oldbrew says:

    Study finds climate determines shapes of river basins
    Results may help identify ancient climates on Earth or other planets.

    Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office
    July 17, 2018

    In previous work** published in 2012, Rothman and his colleagues identified a surprisingly universal connection between groundwater and the way in which rivers split, or branch. The team formulated a mathematical model to discover that, in regions where erosion is caused mainly by the seepage of groundwater, rivers branch at a common angle of 72 degrees. In follow-up work, they found that this common branching angle held up in humid environments, but in dryer regions, rivers tended to split at narrower angles of around 45 degrees.
    . . .
    “Our paper establishes a new, large-scale connection between hydrogeology and geomorphology,” Rothman says. “It also represents an unusual application of the physics of pattern formation. … All this turns out to be connected with fractal geometry. Thus in some sense we are finding a surprising connection between climate and the fractal geometry of river networks.”
    [bold added]

    http://news.mit.edu/2018/climate-determines-shapes-river-basins-0718
    – – –
    72 = 360/5
    45 = 360/8

    5 and 8 are a consecutive pair of Fibonacci numbers.
    Quote: ‘a surprising connection between climate and the fractal geometry of river networks’
    – – –
    ** Researchers find a common angle and tipping point of branching valley networks.
    http://news.mit.edu/2012/river-networks-mathematics-1205

  63. oldbrew says:

    Update – Jo Nova has a post on this:
    Lightning strikes occur in time with the spinning Sun in 150 year old Japanese farm records
    http://joannenova.com.au/2018/07/lightning-strikes-occur-in-time-with-the-spinning-sun-in-150-year-old-japanese-farm-records/
    – – –
    Solar 27-day rotational period detected in wide-area lightning activity in Japan
    Published: 24 April 2017

    Abstract. A signal of the 27-day solar rotational period is often
    observed in cloud and lightning activities over the globe.
    Here we provide evidence of the 27-day periodicity of lightning
    activity in Japan using daily observational records of
    lightning for AD 1989–2015. The 27-day period is detected
    with 4.2 standard deviations, but only in wide-area lightning
    activity covering more than a 105 km². The 27-day signal is
    more prominent around the maxima of solar decadal cycles.

    http://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/145815359.pdf
    – – –
    PUBLIC RELEASE: 17-JUL-2018
    How does the sun’s rotational cycle influence lightning activity on earth?
    Researchers use records from the 1700s to find the answer

    A collaborative research team in Japan has taken the first steps to understanding how the sun’s rotational cycle influences lightning activity. They found answers in an unusual source–diaries dating back to the 1700s.
    . . .
    They found peaks of lightning and thunder activity every 24 to 31 days, the same time window it takes the sunspots to rotate completely. It’s a strong signal, especially when the yearly-average number of sunspots is high.

    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/rooi-hdt071718.php

  64. p.g.sharrow says:

    for those that might some insight on George Soros:

    I found this article a valuable read on Soros the man, fairly even handed but long winded on the 87 year old financier or maybe manipulator is a better word…pg

  65. oldmanK says:

    The henge in the video is interesting in that the number of posts that appear is different than at Stonehenge. No indication of orientation??

  66. oldbrew says:

    oldmanK – the link says:
    Murphy – who runs the website Mythical Ireland – decided to fly his drone southwards of the prehistoric monument Newgrange, never actually dreaming he’d encounter an unknown site of the same ilk. Until he did.

    The Boyne river runs west-east for a short distance due south of the Newgrange site. The link shows this photo. Not sure what/where the feature on the far left is on Google maps – possibly the lake AM refers to?

    May be some clues here – more photos and narrative from Anthony Murphy:
    http://mythicalireland.com/MI/blog/ancient-sites/the-new-henge-of-newgrange-a-once-in-a-lifetime-discovery/

    Talkshop blog post: https://t.co/rRGLSyPeaN

  67. oldbrew says:

    NEWS 19 JULY 2018
    Dutch publishing giant cuts off researchers in Germany and Sweden
    Negotiations with Elsevier have stalled over open-access deals.

    Elsevier last week stopped thousands of scientists in Germany from reading its recent journal articles, as a row escalates over the cost of a nationwide open-access agreement.

    The move comes just two weeks after researchers in Sweden lost access to the most recent Elsevier research papers, when negotiations on its contract broke down over the same issue.

    http://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05754-1

  68. A C Osborn says:

    On Roger’s twitter blog

    Roger Helmer says
    @RogerHelmerMEP
    Remain spent 40% more than Leave — and more than double when we include the government’s pro-Remain leaflet.”

    How can you factor in the cost of
    The IMF
    The CBI
    The Bank of England
    Obama
    The BBC
    Most Newspapers
    And al the others who fear mongered.

  69. oldbrew says:

    ACO – …and all the others who fear mongered

    Such as the EU.

  70. oldbrew says:

    “Waves and Tides” – Carbon Sense, July 2018.
    Produced with assistance from our editors, illustrator and web master.
    Please spread some Carbon Sense.

    Watching Weather Waves,
    but Missing Climate Tides.
    By Viv Forbes, 17 July 2018

    “Carbon Dioxide
    Causes Global Warming
    Like Wet Roads
    Cause Rain.”

    To view or print the whole newsletter plus images click:
    http://carbon-sense.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/waves-and-tides.pdf

  71. oldbrew says:

    As of July 2018 the strength of the polar fields hints at a cycle 25 with a magnitude slightly stronger than that of cycle 24.

    http://www.solen.info/solar/polarfields/polar.html

  72. oldbrew says:

    “There’s No Collusion”: Geology’s Timekeepers Are Feuding
    “It’s a bit like Monty Python.”

    “What the f*** is the Meghalayan?” asked Ben van der Pluijm, a geologist.

    Whatever the Meghalayan is, we live in it now.

    http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/07/anthropocene-holocene-geology-drama/565628/
    – – –
    Warmists getting their noses put out of joint again.

  73. oldbrew says:

    German energy policy isn’t working. It seems scrapping nuclear and coal doesn’t fit too well with being a major industrial economy. Who knew?
    – – –
    20 Jul 2018, 01:18 pm | Luke Sherman, Julian Wettengel
    2030 climate goal “very, very challenging” – Merkel / EU sues Germany

    Tags: Climate & CO2 Government
    Clean Energy Wire

    The government recently officially confirmed that Germany’s 2020 emissions reduction target has already slipped out of reach.

    http://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/2030-climate-goal-very-very-challenging-merkel-eu-sues-germany

  74. oldbrew says:

    Sudden cold weather may increase stroke mortality

    Date: July 19, 2018
    Source: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

    Summary:
    Study conducted in Southern Hemisphere’s subtropical zone detects correlation between drop in temperature and rise in deaths from stroke, especially among women and older people.

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/07/180719112202.htm

  75. oldbrew says:

    UK to scrap Feed-in Tariff scheme in April 2019

    There will be no grace period for those projects in oversubscribed deployment caps queuing beyond 31st March 2018

    BEIS says at the time the programme was introduced, it was estimated to add £440 million per year to consumers’ energy bills in 2020.

    However, it suggests these projections are no longer correct – the latest estimate is £1,600 million per year at the end of the decade.

    Impact assessment analysis found the closure of FiTs would save between £1.3 billion and £1.9 billion.

    http://www.energylivenews.com/2018/07/20/uk-to-scrap-feed-in-tariff-scheme-in-april-2019/

  76. Q. Daniels says:

    I have a paper on how to violate the Second Law of Thermodynamics:

    “Implementing Demons and Ratchets”

    http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/19/1/34

  77. oldbrew says:

    SC 23 and 24 – not hard to spot the difference…

  78. oldbrew says:

    PUBLIC RELEASE: 20-JUL-2018
    Study: Wave energy converters are not geared towards the increase in energy over the last century

    Taking the average 20 years’ useful service life of wave energy converters as a reference, they divided the last century into five periods and adapted the converters for the level of energy corresponding to each of these periods. “We found that between the first time period and the last the level of marine energy saw an increase of more than 40%, and the biggest increase took place in the last 20 years (18 %),” highlighted the researcher. “We did not get involved in analysing what was responsible for this increase, but the main hypothesis would be climate change.”

    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uotb-wec072018.php

    Solar input affecting wave energy?

    Report: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/07/180720112831.htm

  79. oldbrew says:

    The mega-machines helping China link the world
    BBC News
    20 July 2018

    China is creating a network of ambitious land- and sea-based transport links to connect its booming economy with those of Europe and Africa. And it’s wasting no time – designing incredible bespoke construction machines to get the job done fast.

    President Xi Jinping’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), launched in 2013, aims to connect two-thirds of the world’s population across 70 countries through a network of land links (the “belt”) and sea routes (the “road”).

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-41206772

  80. oldbrew says:

    A negative greenhouse effect?
    – – –
    CHAPTER 3: CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK
    3.1 A thought experiment on negative greenhouse effect

    The term negative GHE might seem to sound odd, as we think of GHGs to act like a blanket for the planet, shielding terrestrial radiation from being emitted to space. “Anti-shielding” does not make sense. The following thought experiment demonstrates that GHGs can actually help the planet to lose energy, that would not be emitted without them:

    Say, there were no GHGs in the Earth’s atmosphere. Clouds shall be neglected as well, to make things easier. The planet gains energy over the tropics (positive budget) and loses this extra energy over the poles (negative budget). The energy transport in between is carried out by the atmosphere. The ocean, of course, also contributes to this meridional transport of energy, but this is not of importance here.

    The energy gained over the tropics, which is then transported to the poles, must enter the ground in the polar regions before it can be emitted to space. This is because no GHGs and no clouds, also no aerosol, shall be contained in this hypothetical atmosphere. The atmosphere cannot emit energy directly to space, as it lacks longwave emitters. Consequently, any “imported” energy that shall leave the Earthatmosphere system in the polar regions, must be transported via sensible heat flux into the ground. From there it can then be emitted to space.

    Now, GHGs shall be introduced. Sure, they have a “shielding” effect over the tropics by causing long-wave downwelling radiation to heat the surface. The same happens, to some smaller extent though, in the polar regions. In addition to that, GHGs give the atmosphere the ability to emit energy directly into space, without the need to transport it through the surface first. This increases the ability of the planet to get rid of energy at the poles, which has been collected over the tropics. In essence, this helps the atmosphere to perform its “task” of meridional energy transport; GHGs help to balance the radiative imbalance between the tropics and the poles.

    The conditions in central Antarctica, being a high-altitude plateau and having a continental climate, are such, that the “shielding” effect of GHGs is excelled by the “helping in losing energy” effect. This, one can name negative greenhouse effect.

    http://epic.awi.de/38614/1/BzPM_0692_2015.pdf

  81. oldbrew says:

    PUBLIC RELEASE: 25-JUL-2018
    Yellowstone super-volcano has a different history than previously thought

    Yellowstone super-volcano eruptions were produced by gigantic ancient oceanic plate

    “In this research, there was no evidence of heat coming directly up from the Earth’s core to power the surface volcano at Yellowstone,” Zhou said. “Instead, the underground images we captured suggest that Yellowstone volcanoes were produced by a gigantic ancient oceanic plate that dove under the Western United States about 30 million years ago. This ancient oceanic plate broke into pieces, resulting in perturbations of unusual rocks in the mantle which led to volcanic eruptions in the past 16 million years.”

    https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/vt-ysh072518.php
    – – –
    Pieces of mantle found rising under north and south ends of Cascadia fault
    July 25, 2018, University of Oregon

    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-07-pieces-mantle-north-south-cascadia.html

  82. oldbrew says:

    Metcheck says:

    The next couple of days will see some very hot conditions developing across southern and eastern parts of England and Wales as hot air from the south wafts up ahead of a cold front approaching from the west. Temperatures will reach the mid-thirties in places before potentially nasty thunderstorms break out in places tonight and tomorrow ahead of somewhat fresher air moving in for the weekend.

    Back to today and many parts of the country will see another fine day with plenty of strong July sunshine on offer for much of the day. The sunshine will help temperatures soar, especially across the south-eastern quarter of the country where maximums in the region of 32°C to 35°C are expected and with light winds it will feel very hot indeed.

    https://www.metcheck.com/WEATHER/article.asp?ID=28841&Article=Heatwave+Peaks%2E%2E%2EFor+Now

  83. oldbrew says:

    All the solar system planets are on the same side of the Sun at the moment, hence why it is nowhere near the solar system barycentre (red crosshairs).
    A significant Earth-Mars conjunction is imminent.
    https://phys.org/news/2018-07-mars-closest-approach-earth-years.html

  84. oldbrew says:

    Heavy haulage using gas…

    Volvo Trucks’ VNL 300 now available with Cummins ISX12N “Near Zero” natural gas engine
    23 July 2018

    The new Volvo VNL 300 daycab is now available with the latest version of the Cummins ISX12N “Near Zero” natural gas engine (earlier post), providing an alternative fuel solution for pick-up and delivery and regional-haul operations.

    With available engine ratings of 350 horsepower with 1,450 lb-ft (1,966 N·m) torque up to 400 horsepower with 1,450 lb-ft torque, the ISX12N natural gas-powered engine is approved for gross combination weights of up to 80,000 lbs, making it well suited for heavy-duty regional-haul truck and tractor applications, port drayage, vocational, refuse and conventional straight truck applications.

    The natural gas power plant can be operated on compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or renewable natural gas. The ISX12N engine is OBD (On-Board Diagnostic) compliant and US EPA and CARB certified.

    http://www.greencarcongress.com/2018/07/20180723-volvo.html

    ‘Renewable natural gas’?
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_natural_gas

  85. oldbrew says:

    The structure of the Milky Way
    July 27, 2018, Max Planck Society

    …despite the rotation, the spiral arms do not unwind, but have maintained their shape for billions of years.

    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-07-milky.html

  86. oldbrew says:

    The Scottish homeowners whose Green Deal has turned sour
    Money Box [BBC Radio 4]

    Customers have been left stressed and in debt after signing up to an energy-saving deal they believed would save them money, but instead have found their electricity bills have gone up. More than twenty households on Glenfruin Road in Blantyre, near Glasgow, were persuaded to have solar panels fitted on their roof by a company called HELMS, as part of a government scheme called the Green Deal. The costs would be partially covered by a loan from a government-sponsored body called the Green Deal Finance Company and from money they’d get from generating their own electricity. What they didn’t realise was that they’d signed over the rights to that money and would not receive a penny. Tony Bonsignore investigates.

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0bcdd4d

  87. oldmanK says:

    Quote “…despite the rotation, the spiral arms do not unwind, but have maintained their shape for billions of years. “.

    It is more like paths accelerating towards the centre. In fact some paths merge into one. Like a vortex separator.

  88. oldbrew says:

    Late-season surge in Noctilucent Clouds produces stunning displays

    spaceweather.com
    Sat, 28 Jul 2018

    Noctilucent clouds form when summertime wisps of water vapor rise to the top of the atmosphere and wrap themselves around specks of meteor smoke. Mesospheric winds assemble the resulting ice crystals into NLCs. In 2017 a heat wave in the mesosphere melted those crystals, causing a brief “noctilucent blackout.” Could something similar, but opposite, be happening now? Perhaps a cold spell in the mesosphere is extending the season. Another possibility is the solar cycle. Previous studies have shown that NLCs sometimes intensify during solar minimum. Solar minimum conditions are in effect now as the sun has been without spots for 30 of the past 31 days.

    http://www.spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=28&month=07&year=2018

  89. oldbrew says:

    A fruity red with good balance, long, dry finish and cesium-137 overtones

    The Fukishima nuclear meltdown has left traces of radioactive material in California’s wines.

    That’s according to new research from the University of Bordeaux in France, which studied the levels of the highly soluble isotope cesium-137 present in the atmosphere at various points in time by measuring its concentration in wines of different vintages.
    . . .
    Bottles of red wine showed higher concentrations than those of lighter varieties such as rose.

    But don’t go rushing back to the supermarket just yet – although the cesium-137 activity in a typical bottle of Cabernet Sauvignon was seen to double, the scientists behind the study said it would cause no harm to health and said nuclear weapons testing means low levels of cesium-137 have been found in all wines made since 1952.

    https://www.energylivenews.com/2018/07/20/a-fruity-red-with-good-balance-long-dry-finish-and-cesium-137-overtones/

  90. oldbrew says:

    Scottish tsunami theory…

    Mass Burials Found On Two Scottish Islands Could Be Explained By Controversial New Theory

    The next steps are to search for any marine microorganisms that might be lurking in the burials, suggesting the people died from drowning.

    http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/mass-burials-found-on-two-scottish-islands-could-be-explained-by-controversial-new-theory/

    Evidence for three North Sea tsunamis at the Shetland Islands between 8000 and 1500 years ago (2004 paper)

    (3) In two lake basins in Garth in South Nesting, a
    tsunami deposit occurs in stratigraphic superposition
    to the Storegga tsunami deposits. The deposit
    dates to about 5500 calyr BP. According to the
    constructed sea level curve runup for this event is
    probably more than 10 m.

    https://folk.uib.no/ngljm/PDF_files/Bondevik%20et%20al%202005,%20Tsunamis%20Shetland,%20QSR.pdf

  91. oldmanK says:

    oldbrew; tks; two interesting papers. No surprise the dates. No local tsunami either, but global. Ring of brodgar similar; overwhelmed by waves and buried. Other places too – same dates.

  92. oldmanK says:

    Re post above: oldbrew’s two linked papers have dates based on C14 with too large a spread. A much narrower spread can be found here:
    https://melitamegalithic.wordpress.com/2018/07/24/searching-evidence-update/

    Question: why is the Eddy cycle so ‘corresponding’ ? What is its source?

  93. oldbrew says:

    oldmanK – re Eddy cycle

    The rocky planets line up quite well with Earth at 980 years.
    1593 Venus = 979.993 sidereal years
    4069 Mercury = 979.985 s.y.
    521 Mars = 979.905 s.y.

    It appears they would also align with Neptune around 980 years but there’s no clear theory.

    2476 Venus-Mercury (4069 – 1593) = 980.0008 years.

  94. Chaeremon says:

    GRT’s gravity field does not bend e/m beams near the sun, but the sun’s plasma limb does deflect (i.e. 1.75 arc secs) according to the sun’s gravity:

  95. oldbrew says:

    Northwest Passage Conditions Similar To 1845
    Posted on August 2, 2018 by tonyheller

    The 1845 Franklin expedition through the Northwest Passage ended with everybody dead, after getting trapped by ice at several locations.

    https://realclimatescience.com/2018/08/northwest-passage-conditions-similar-to-1845/
    – – –
    But most of today’s media are sure there’s ‘rapidly melting’ Arctic sea ice. It’s been so rapid for so long that things are the same as 170+ years ago? Somebody’s got to be joking.

  96. oldbrew says:

    Solar cycle 24 update.

  97. Eilert says:

    For those who trying to expose the Global Warming Scam, here is a excellent expose of the scam:

  98. oldbrew says:

    Still at the testing stage but…

    New car heating technology gives zero emissions
    August 3, 2018

    Zemission has developed a zero-emission catalytic burner for heating in electric and hybrid vehicles. The device will promote the uptake of plug-in electric vehicles (EVs) by increasing their driving range.

    The increasing popularity of EVs and plug-in hybrid EVs (PHEVs) is creating a growing need for auxiliary cabin heaters as the waste heat from internal combustion engines normally used to warm passengers is either not available or insufficient. This need is particularly acute in cold climates as studies show that the battery of EVs in normal cold climate temperatures of -7° C suffer a decrease in range of up to 60 percent.

    https://techxplore.com/news/2018-08-car-technology-emissions.html

  99. oldbrew says:

    Here we go again…

    The Arctic carbon cycle is speeding up, study reports
    August 6, 2018 by Esprit Smith, NASA

    The team combined data from more than 40 years of carbon dioxide surface measurements from NOAA’s Barrow, Alaska Observatory with a standard ecosystem carbon balance model to determine the rate at which carbon is moving in and out of Alaska’s North Slope. Models alone previously indicated an increase in the speed of the carbon cycle, but the addition of long-term satellite, airborne and surface data to the equation shows that those models were underestimating just how significant the increase was.

    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-arctic-carbon.html
    – – –
    But ‘more than 40 years of carbon dioxide surface measurements’ isn’t long enough to cover the underlying oceanic/climate cycles. If it was much more than 40y they would have said 50, or 60 etc.

  100. oldbrew says:

    Dark matter theory draws yet another blank…

    Another blow for the dark matter interpretation of the galactic centre excess
    August 6, 2018, Delta Institute for Theoretical Physics

    The findings support the millisecond pulsar interpretation of the excess emission, since neither a dark matter signal nor other astrophysical interpretations are expected to show such a correlation.

    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-dark-galactic-centre-excess.html
    – – –
    The universe’s rate of expansion is in dispute – and we may need new physics to solve it
    August 6, 2018

    This expansion of the universe, with nearby galaxies moving away more slowly than distant galaxies, is what one expects for a uniformly expanding cosmos with dark energy (an invisible force that causes the universe’s expansion to accelerate ) and dark matter (an unknown and invisible form of matter that is five times more common than normal matter). This is what one would also observe of blueberries in an expanding muffin.

    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-08-universe-expansion-dispute-physics.html

    But they also tell us Andromeda galaxy will collide with our Milky Way galaxy, and that such events are common…

    The Andromeda Galaxy is approaching the Milky Way at about 110 kilometres per second (68 mi/s) as indicated by blueshift. Such collisions are relatively common, considering galaxies’ long lifespans. Andromeda, for example, is believed to have collided with at least one other galaxy in the past, and several dwarf galaxies such as Sgr dSph are currently colliding with the Milky Way and being merged into it.

    The studies also suggest that M33, the Triangulum Galaxy—the third-largest and third-brightest galaxy of the Local Group—will participate in the collision event too.
    . . .
    In the far future, roughly 150 billion years from now, the remaining galaxies of the Local Group will coalesce into this object, that being the next evolutionary stage of the local group of galaxies.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andromeda%E2%80%93Milky_Way_collision

  101. oldbrew says:

    Not As Scary As It Seems: Planet At Risk Of Heading Towards “Hothouse Earth” State
    By Robert Walker | August 7th 2018

    The article is mainly about things that could happen centuries to thousands of years into the future. It doesn’t really conflict with the IPCC who have already concluded that these tipping points may have significant but probably minor effects before 2100 – because it is a meta study and it is just looking at ideas for future research. There are no dates in it, and there is no new fundamental research.

    https://www.science20.com/robert_walker/not_as_scary_as_it_seems_planet_at_risk_of_heading_towards_hothouse_earth_state-233628

  102. oldbrew says:

    YouTube (= Google) posing as the Ministry of Truth?

    Report: YouTube Is Now Fact-Checking Videos About Climate Change

    YouTube is now trying to combat scientific misinformation on its platform. Wikipedia has been helping it describe topics including global warming, the MMR vaccine, and UFOs.

    Zahra Hirji
    BuzzFeed News Reporter

    Posted on August 7, 2018

    https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/zahrahirji/youtube-climate-change-denial

  103. oldbrew says:

    More bafflement for theoretical science…

    Dark Energy May Be Incompatible With String Theory

    A controversial new paper argues that universes with dark energy profiles like ours do not exist in the “landscape” of universes allowed by string theory.

    https://www.quantamagazine.org/dark-energy-may-be-incompatible-with-string-theory-20180809/

    Obviously ‘universes’ is a theoretical term as we’ve only observed our own, as far as we know.
    – – –
    Another dead end here…

    Dark matter not at the core of neutron stars
    Difference in measured half-life of neutrons probably not due to dark matter.
    CHRIS LEE – 8/9/2018

    https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/08/neutron-stars-are-probably-not-hiding-dark-matter-under-their-skirts/

  104. p.g.sharrow says:

    “Wrase and other string theorists immediately realized, the cosmos must either be profoundly different than previously supposed or string theory must be wrong”
    Do you think! String Theory is a mathematical construct. GOD is not a mathematician!
    First thing these people need to do is study Proton, Hydrogen, Neutron until they really understand them. GOD works in applied science. K.I.S.S. Mater/Energy density.
    Much of the Standard Model complexity is due to improper logic derived from poorly designed experiments and the detectors used.
    Dark Mater, Dark Energy are just names to cover up their poor understanding of the nature of space…pg

  105. Phoenix44 says:

    There was a report some months ago about climate change washing out cricket from flooding, with all sorts of silly claims. So note this from yesterday:

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/cricket/45129338

  106. oldbrew says:

    Obliquity Variations of Habitable Zone Planets Kepler-62f and Kepler-186f
    Yutong Shan1,3 and Gongjie Li1,2

    Published 2018 May 17 • © 2018. The American Astronomical Society.

    Abstract
    Obliquity variability could play an important role in the climate and habitability of a planet. Orbital modulations caused by planetary companions and the planet’s spin axis precession due to the torque from the host star may lead to resonant interactions and cause large-amplitude obliquity variability. Here we consider the spin axis dynamics of Kepler-62f and Kepler-186f, both of which reside in the habitable zone around their host stars. […etc.]

    http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-3881/aabfd1/meta
    – – –
    MORE CLUES THAT EARTH-LIKE EXOPLANETS ARE INDEED EARTH-LIKE Jun 29, 2018

    Mars and Earth interact strongly with each other, as well as with Mercury and Venus. As a result, by themselves, their spin axes would precess with the same rate as the orbital oscillation, which may cause large variations in their axial tilt. Fortunately, the moon keeps Earth’s variations in check. The moon increases our planet’s spin axis precession rate and makes it differ from the orbital oscillation rate. Mars, on the other hand, doesn’t have a large enough satellite to stabilize its axial tilt.

    https://www.astrobio.net/comparativeplanetology/more-clues-that-earth-like-exoplanets-are-indeed-earth-like/

  107. oldbrew says:

    Booker: Why do distorted views on global warming and the Middle East go unchallenged by the BBC?

    https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/08/11/do-distorted-views-global-warming-middle-east-go-unchallenged/
    [paywalled]

    Good question. ‘Groupthink’ springs to mind :/

    But groupthink is probably best left to the weak-minded…

    Lubos Motl writes:
    But even the main claims of papers with thousands of citations ultimately may be wrong, of course. Sadly, I must say that some of this Stanford environment likes to use group think – and arguments about authorities and number of papers – that resembles the “consensus science” about the global warming. Sorry, ladies and gentlemen, but that’s not how science works.

    https://motls.blogspot.com/2018/08/quintessence-is-form-of-dark-energy.html

  108. oldbrew says:

    Comet Swift–Tuttle
    From Wikipedia

    Comet Swift–Tuttle (formally designated 109P/Swift–Tuttle) is a periodic comet with a current (osculating) orbital period of 133 years. It fits the classical definition of a Halley-type comet with a period between 20 and 200 years.
    . . .
    It is the parent body of the Perseid meteor shower, perhaps the best known shower and among the most reliable in performance.

    The comet’s perihelion is just under that of Earth, while its aphelion is just over that of Pluto. An unusual aspect of its orbit is that it is captured into a 1:11 orbital resonance with Jupiter; it completes one orbit for every 11 of Jupiter. In principle this would mean that its proper long-term average period would be 130.48 years. However, in actual fact, it entered this resonance only about 1000 years ago, and will probably exit the resonance in several thousand years. [bold added]

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comet_Swift%E2%80%93Tuttle
    – – –
    According to its actual orbit period on Wikipedia it would complete 17 orbits for every 191 by Jupiter, but 1:11 = 17:187. Also: 11 * 19 Jupiter = 10 Pluto orbits (= 19 CST based on 130.48 years per orbit).
    – – –
    The Perseids are prolific meteor showers associated with the comet Swift–Tuttle.
    . . .
    The shower is visible from mid-July each year, with the peak in activity between 9 and 14 August, depending on the particular location of the stream. During the peak, the rate of meteors reaches 60 or more per hour. They can be seen all across the sky; however, because of the shower’s radiant in the constellation of Perseus, the Perseids are primarily visible in the Northern Hemisphere.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perseids

    Perseid meteor shower peaks tonight
    August 12th, 2018 by Roy W. Spencer, Ph. D.

    Pics here: http://www.drroyspencer.com/2018/08/perseid-meteor-shower-peaks-tonight/

  109. oldbrew says:

    Physicists Say There Could Be a Strange Source of ‘Negative Gravity’ All Around Us
    It moves upwards against gravity.

    FIONA MACDONALD 13 AUG 2018
    The macro world as we know it is governed by Newton’s laws of motion and gravity – what goes up, must come down.

    But a team of physicists from Columbia University have put forward a theoretical paper that turns this idea on its head. They say there might actually be particles with negative mass – which under gravity, move up, instead of down – and they’re all around us.
    . . .
    “We showed that, contrary to common belief, sound waves carry gravitational mass, in a standard Newtonian sense: they are affected by gravity, but they also source gravity,” the team concludes.

    https://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-say-there-could-be-a-strange-source-of-negative-gravity-all-around-us

    Paper: The mass of sound

    It is usually said that sound waves do not transport
    mass. They carry momentum and energy, and lead to
    temporary oscillations of the local mass density of any
    region they happen to pass through, but it is an accepted
    fact that the net mass transported by a sound wave vanishes.
    Here, we want to question this “fact”.

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1807.08771.pdf

  110. oldbrew says:

    The Economist: At last, the 48 show
    Upping the volts will make hybrid cars much cheaper

    Extra voltage lets engineers design cars in novel ways that boost engine output and efficiency. This can be used to make hybrids on the cheap (some people call them “mild hybrids”). These employ a combination of electric motors and combustion engines to cut both fuel consumption and polluting emissions.
    . . .
    Most carmakers and their suppliers are now working on 48-volt systems. Delphi, a Michigan-based group that is one of the world’s largest suppliers of automotive parts, thinks mild hybrids could cut CO2 emissions by 15-20%. Delphi expects that, by 2025, one in every ten cars sold around the world will be a 48-volt mild hybrid. Upping the volts, then, will make motoring much greener.

    https://www.economist.com/science-and-technology/2016/08/11/at-last-the-48-show

    Should also reduce NoX emissions – that’s the ‘polluting’ reference.

  111. oldbrew says:

    Understanding the Architecture of TRAPPIST-1

    A team of researchers has provided new information about putative planets in the outer regions of the TRAPPIST-1 system. Currently, seven transiting planets have been identified in orbit around the ultra cool red dwarf star. The scientists determined the lower bounds on the orbital distance and inclination (within a range of masses) of planets that could be beyond the seven inner planets.

    https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/news/understanding-the-architecture-of-trappist-1/

    Below: b,c,d sizes are a good match to f,g,h with e (the middle planet) in between the two groups.

  112. oldbrew says:

    Please note: we’ve moved to Suggestions 35 now.

    No more comments here. Thanks.
    ===============================

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