Suggestions-40

Please post ideas for new threads, tips on relevant and interesting threads elsewhere, and notes about pretty much anything you like here.

The scissors will be wielded to commercial spam, lewd suggestions, and anything else I don’t like. 😎

Comments
  1. oldbrew says:

    Link back to Suggestions 39

    [for viewing only please]

    = = =

  2. oldbrew says:

    Money down the drain…

    Thousands of ships fitted with ‘cheat devices’ to divert poisonous pollution into sea

    More than $12bn (£9.7bn) has been spent on the devices, known as open-loop scrubbers, which extract sulphur from the exhaust fumes of ships that run on heavy fuel oil.

    This means the vessels meet standards demanded by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) that kick in on 1 January.

    However, the sulphur emitted by the ships is simply re-routed from the exhaust and expelled into the water around the ships, which not only greatly increases the volume of pollutants being pumped into the sea, but also increases carbon dioxide emissions.

    https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/shipping-pollution-sea-open-loop-scrubber-carbon-dioxide-environment-a9123181.html

  3. oldbrew says:

    ANOTHER CLIMATE SCIENTIST WITH IMPECCABLE CREDENTIALS BREAKS RANKS: “OUR MODELS ARE MICKEY-MOUSE MOCKERIES OF THE REAL WORLD”
    SEPTEMBER 26, 2019

    Dr. Mototaka Nakamura received a Doctorate of Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and for nearly 25 years specialized in abnormal weather and climate change at prestigious institutions that included MIT, Georgia Institute of Technology, NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, JAMSTEC and Duke University.

    In his book The Global Warming Hypothesis is an Unproven Hypothesis, Dr. Nakamura explains why the data foundation underpinning global warming science is “untrustworthy” and cannot be relied on.

    https://electroverse.net/another-climate-scientist-with-impeccable-credentials-breaks-ranks/

  4. Wilson says:

    Here is a walk down memory lane – looking at the data that inspired me to write my ill-fated 2014 PRP paper. Copernicus Publications pulled the Journal in 2014 but they still accepted and published my paper in PRP Vol 2. It appeared online for a short while and then disappeared. Apparently, it is OK for a publisher to accept a paper online and publish it and then remove it from publication without giving any rational reason for their actions.

    Wilson, I.R.G. Are the Strongest Lunar Perigean Spring Tides Commensurate with the Transit Cycle of Venus?, Pattern Recogn. Phys., 2, 75-93

    Received: 25/Jul/2014 – Revised: 10/Sep/2014 – Accepted: 18/Sep/2014 – Published: 28/Nov/2014

    https://astroclimateconnection.blogspot.com/2019/10/are-strongest-lunar-perigean-spring.html

  5. oldbrew says:

    IW – re transit cycle comment, is there any connection to the Metonic cycle?

  6. oldbrew says:

    Climate alarmists buy off CalTech, NASA with monstrous $750 million payoff
    By James Taylor | October 3rd, 2019

    The California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and NASA showed they are bought and sold by alarmist Daddy Warbucks money, as Caltech announced it is accepting a monstrous $750 million donation that will fund alarmist programs. Caltech announced it will use the money to establish a sustainability center, fund alarmist climate change programs, and funnel money to NASA for similar programs.

    https://www.cfact.org/2019/10/03/climate-alarmists-buy-off-caltech-nasa-with-monstrous-750-million-payoff/
    – – –
    He who pays the piper calls the tune.

  7. Paul Vaughan says:

    Hi mAIayan Peak Search and Rescue

    Stay blessed polar rose 4 the stablest pole arose.

    Seidelmann, Conway, and even Bhargava followed Ramanujan’s AImost-integer piece of universally well-primed aggregation criteria to the best Mayan day counts.

    73_2=1001001
    _ = base

    Recall by the method of loci peacefully revelationary counterbalance, as AIlyin’ revolution rounds up impAIin drones triggered buy Eur. AIlion puppet-mastered art.

    “Round and round
    what goes around come SAR round
    eye new right from the beginning
    EU’d Putin Arrow th.ru my Heart”
    — Ratt

    3_2=11
    5_2=101
    15_2=1111

    Placid East Turns Hot Stew Dense of Hollywood Art

    Place ID bets We’ll C sum well-weighted magic e-leaven powers R addin’ palindromes 4 better truth’n’fiction mix on the scenic route to peace-by-piece revelation with no revolution:

    9801=14641-2662-2662+484=11^4-2*11^3-2*11^3+2^2*11^2=99^2=(9*11)^2

    C-lipping R drunk kin fly’s USe of well-pumped wings just to keep the dirt down We “R Addin’ a C-age” — Smashin’ Pump Kin’s Bull IT With Bet Turf Fly Wins

    208=4*52
    260=5*52=5/4*208
    232=4*58
    290=5*58=5/4*232
    290=2*(72+73)

    Makes perfect parallel scents iff Eur. knot-a-bot.

    15=(290-260)/2

    73=290/5+15
    72.5=(72+73)/2=290/4
    72=290/2-290/5-15

    5256=73*72=(290/5+15)*(290/2-290/5-15)

    “Let’s get high awhile… looked right through… to real eyes IT AI …eye could not run away …let the spell last 4 ever …well summer …passed to fall …played inside the months of moon …winter nights we sang in tune …but TRI to understand…” — “Magic Man” Heart

    396=2*146+208/2=9/10*(232+208)=352+44=360+36=18*22=4*√9801=4*9*11=√(11*9)*4*√(9*11)

    99_2=1100011

    Stably Facing the Deep Pest States

    R adanac-age C zing such high mAIayan day counts 4 decades 2 centuries face sing R deep pest provocation We C just a Euler-league test of supremely symbolic restraint.

    The darkest agents provocateurs e-tempt vile ants to yank Eur. stay blessed Q-card so EU instantly lose IT, crystAI-clarifying necessity’s role in mothering only the stablest.

    We’ll C if R guards can adeptly revolve peace around minimally revelationary piece, 4 “In God We Trust…”

    With stay blessed restraint, stablest pole arrows revolved around piece together revealing peaceful polar rose. IT’s AImost -integer revelationary peace by well-restrained piece.

    208.00006866455=2*((4*9*11)^4-e^π√(4*9+11*2))
    The message was well-repeated. Just No.1 got it.

    Only Sun: a MAA Sing Try Angle

    “Ramanujan had invented ingenious methods about quadratic forms long before math was ready for them. And in 199373 years after Ramanujan’s death – […] an AImost too-good-to-be-true result […] by revisiting Ramanujan’s notes and perfecting his methods.”

    164=(396+260)/4=396-232=208-44
    81=9*(11-2)
    29=9*11*232/396/2=290/2/5=58/2=(22+36)/2=(72+73)/5=44-15=2*9+11

    Seidelman published 72 years after Ramanajuan ironed the high mAIayan curtain 4 the stay blessed polar rosin’ history.

    Matrix Accupuncture: Makes Know Sense to Crystal Lies

    5256=(290/4)^2-(1/2)^2=(290/4+1/2)*(290/4-1/2)

    Transparency beats (8=2^3) periodically circling reciprocAI frequencies of Glass Go.

    396=44+352=4*(11+88)=4*(81+18)=4*(73+26)=4*9801/9/11
    352=11*2^5=4/5*(232+208)=44*8
    584=2*396-208=232+352=73*8
    232=29*8

    Well-Hidden New Meric MethODs

    “People will obviously ask questions related to climate change, but we simply can’t answer that at this point.”

    15=5/8*(232-208)=(290-260)/2=(72+73)-(72+73-15)
    290=260+5/4*(232-208)=2*(72+73)=5*(73-15)
    260=290-5/4*(232-208)=2*(72+73-15)
    232=8/5*(72+73)=4*(73-15)
    208=8*26=(44-36)*(44-18)=8*(72+73-15)/5=(73-72+15)/2*(73+72-15)/5=13*(73-72+15)=13/22*352
    146=396/2-208/4=2*73=164-18=396-232-18=290-2*72=260-2*(72-15)
    73=290/2-72=260/2-72+15=5/8*208-72+15=5/8*232-72=396/4-208/8
    72=290/2-73=260/2-73+15=5/8*208-73+15=5/8*232-73
    352=22*(73-72+15)=22/13*208

    DCoys Awaiting No.1

    “Eye was a will O last night in a dream
    Eye bent down over a clear running stream
    Eyes Ang. EU the song that √(Φ-φ) heard up above
    There’s No. thing left to do but go….”
    “Craze e on EU” Heart

    2.71827962694045=log_φφ (2Φ√√(3*5*7*11*13))
    2.71828182845905=e
    -0.0000809893432246772=%error

    With no margin 4 error EU’ll due better than craze e.

    3.14159519794814=(log_(log_φφ (2Φ√√(3*5*7*11*13))) ((18*22)^4-104)) / √58
    3.14159265358979=π
    0.0000809894416024847=%error

    With zero air roar calculation We can ease ill E stable lies peace buy stable piece 4 just revelation ‘n’ O revolution.

    EU don’t need every last member expressing their deep pest love.
    2:1 will suffice 4 minimally understanding

    “Eur. lyin’ solo…. silly fools made 4 the western pools
    Smile: Like the Sun…. know right ‘n’ O wrong, sellin’ a song
    and if the real thing don’t do the trick….
    ….OOOOO Bhara’coup duh
    — Heart “Barracuda”

    Dynamic Stability UKnow eπφ need to weight 4 No.1.

    3.14159265358979=(log_e ((2*146+208/2)^4-2/5*260)) / √(290/5)
    3.14159265358979=π
    0=%error JEV e pi phi knead

    Mayan Os arose LONG BE 4 Ramanujan, Seidelmann, Conway, and Bhargava.

    2.71828182845905=((352+44)^4-(396-2*146))^(1/π/√(73-15))
    2.71828182845905=e
    0=%error JEV epiphini

    Peace-by-piece revelation 4 no revolution.

  8. oldbrew says:

    INDIA HAS 150 MILLION DRIVERS BUT ONLY 8,000 WANT ELECTRIC CARS
    Date: 06/10/19 Bloomberg

    The Kona sells for about $35,000 while the average Indian earns about $2,000 a year. No wonder barely more than 8,000 EVs were sold in India in the past six years.

    https://www.thegwpf.com/india-has-150-million-drivers-but-only-8000-indians-want-electric-cars/

    Electric tuk-tuks seem to be popular…
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_rickshaw

  9. oldbrew says:

    OCTOBER 7, 2019
    Saturn surpasses Jupiter after the discovery of 20 new moons—and you can help name them
    by NASA

    https://phys.org/news/2019-10-saturn-surpasses-kupiter-discovery-moonsand.html

    Video: name that Moon…

  10. oldbrew says:

    OCTOBER 9, 2019
    Humans will not ‘migrate’ to other planets, Nobel winner says

    Nobel prize winner Michel Mayor says the idea of humans living on another planet is ‘completely crazy’

    Humans will never migrate to a planet outside of Earth’s solar system because it would take far too long to get there, Swiss Nobel laureate Michel Mayor said Wednesday.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-10-humans-migrate-planets-nobel-winner.html

    Bad news for the sci-fi industry 😢

  11. oldbrew says:

    Source: NO EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR THE SIGNIFICANT ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE
    — J. KAUPPINEN AND P. MALMI [2019]
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1907.00165.pdf
    = = =
    From Ned Nikolov on Twitter:
    This is how a properly scaled temperature graph for Greenland looks like according to several vetted sources. Greenland has been cooling for 3,000 years! The warm spike of the past 130 years is part of high-frequency fluctuations, which have occurred many times in the past. [bold added]

  12. oldbrew says:

    OCTOBER 11, 2019
    NASA launches satellite to explore where air meets space

    The ionosphere is the charged part of the upper atmosphere extending several hundred miles (kilometers) up. It’s in constant flux as space weather bombards it from above and Earth weather from below, sometimes disrupting radio communications.

    “This protected layer, it’s the top of our atmosphere. It’s our frontier with space,” said NASA’s heliophysics division director, Nicola Fox.

    Fox said there’s too much going on in this region to be caused by just the sun. Hurricanes, tornadoes and other extreme weather conditions on Earth are also adding energy, she noted.

    The more scientists know, the better spacecraft and astronauts can be protected in orbit through improved forecasting.

    The refrigerator-size Icon satellite will study the airglow formed from gases in the ionosphere and also measure the charged environment right around the 360-mile-high (580-kilometer-high) spacecraft.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-10-nasa-satellite-explore-air-space.html

  13. oldbrew says:

    Blackout problems for Californians

    America’s most “environmentally conscious” state got a harsh lesson in electrical engineering when many of the tens of thousands of people hit by this week’s blackout learned the hard way that solar installations don’t keep the lights on during a power outage.

    https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Unprecedented-Blackouts-And-6-Gasoline-Californias-Energy-Crisis.html

    ELECTRIC-CAR OWNERS HARD HIT BY MASSIVE CALIFORNIA POWER SHUTDOWN
    Date: 12/10/19

    Nearly a million Californians are now without power as the electric company deliberately shut it off this week, fearing high winds would spark wildfire.
    . . .
    Weeks can be a long wait if you’re looking at a Model 3 in your garage with a drained battery, no electrical power to charge it, and the closest grocery store with power 80 miles away.

    https://www.thegwpf.com/electric-car-owners-hard-hit-by-massive-california-power-shutdown/

    Maybe a friend or neighbour with a ‘gas’ powered vehicle can help 😐

  14. oldbrew says:

    NO EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR THE SIGNIFICANT
    ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE
    J. KAUPPINEN AND P. MALMI [June 2019]

    In Figure 2 we see the observed global temperature anomaly (red) and global low cloud cover changes (blue). These experimental observations indicate that 1 % increase of the low cloud cover fraction decreases the temperature by 0.11°C. This number is in very good agreement with the theory given in the papers [3,2, 4].

    Using this result we are able to present the natural temperature anomaly by multiplying the changes of the low cloud cover by −0.11°C/%. This natural contribution (blue) is shown in Figure 3 superimposed on the observed temperature anomaly (red). As we can see there is no room for the contribution of greenhouse gases i.e. anthropogenic forcing within this experimental accuracy.

    Even though the monthly temperature anomaly is very noisy it is easy to notice a couple of decreasing periods in the increasing trend of the temperature. This behavior cannot be explained by the monotonically increasing concentration of CO2 and it seems to be far beyond the accuracy of the climate models. [bold added]

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1907.00165.pdf

  15. oldbrew says:

    You can blame almost anything on Brexit…

    Brexit uncertainty ‘is delaying hundreds of innovative energy projects’
    https://www.energylivenews.com/2019/10/15/brexit-uncertainty-is-delaying-hundreds-of-innovative-energy-projects/

  16. Ian Wilson says:

    Modified post to get arround bug.

    oldbrew,

    You asked about the connection between the 243-year Transit of Venus cycle and the 19-year Metonic cycle. Here is my musing on this topic. Remember to think of the lunar alignments as sliding resonances.

    The Metonic cycle of 235 Synodic months marks the return of the same phase of the Moon to the same point in the Tropical (seasonal) year.

    19 tropical years = 6,939.6016043 days
    235 synodic months (lunar phase) = 6,939.6883805 days
    254 sidereal months (lunar orbits) = 6,939.702148 days
    255 draconic months (lunar nodes) = 6,939.116355 days.

    It is made up of a sequence of close alignments once every:

    4 + 4 + 3 + 4 + 4 years = 19 years [Note the actual spacing is 19/5 years = 3.8 years]

    The three- and four-year spacings are significant since:

    A. 13 x 19 tropical years = 247 years = 243 + 4 years

    or talking in terms of three- and four-year spacings

    (13 x 3 years) + (52 x 4 years) = 247 years = 243 + 4 years

    Hence,

    (13 x 3 years) + (51 x 4 years) = 243 years

    B. There is a precise long-term alignment between the Perigean New/Full Moon Cycle and the seasons every 59.75 tropical years. These alignments occur every:

    59.75 years
    119.5 years
    179.25 years
    239.0 years = 243 – 4 years

    Thus, precise alignment of the Perigean New/Full cycle with the seasons and the precise alignment of the lunar phase cycle with the season both have alignments that are:

    +/- 4 years of 243 years – which the current length of the Transit cycle of Venus.

  17. oldbrew says:

    Thanks Ian W. May have something else on the Metonic cycle soon.

  18. Ian Wilson says:

    oldbrew,

    Here is a graph that may help explain the close alignments of 243-year +/- 4 year Venus Transit cycle with:

    A. the Lunar Synodic (phase) cycle and the Tropical Year such that;

    13 x 19 years = 247 years = 243 + 4 years

    B. the 31/62-year Perigean New/Full Moon cycle with the Tropical Years such that;

    5 x 59.75 years = 239 years = 243 – 4 years

    [N.B. the 31/64-year Perigean New/Full Moon tidal cycle results from the long-term synchronization between the lunar Synodic month; the period of precession of lunar line-of-apse, with respect to the stars (= 8.850580(5) tropical years), and the tropical year.]

  19. Ian Wilson says:

    oldbrew,

    Here is a little speculation about the cause of Ice-Ages on the Earth that comes from the paper that produced the graph in my previous post.

    “Finally, there is one speculative extrapolation that could encourage others to further investigate this close synchronization on much longer time scales. If these future investigations show that the long-term residual drift rate of -7 hours over 3000 years is valid over much longer time scales then this close synchronization may highlight a mechanism that might be responsible for the Earth’s 100,000-year Ice-Age cycle. This comes from the fact that the strongest perigean spring tides would be in close synchronization with (i.e. ±halfadayeithersideof)thedateoftheEarth’sSolstice (on or about December 21st) for a period (24/7) × 3000 years ≈10,300 years.

    In addition, this close synchronization would be re-established itself after the 31/62 peak tidal pattern drifted back through the tropical calendar by~9.7days(i.e. the average vertical spacing between sequences in figs 12a & b) such that after ((9.7 × 24) / 7) × 3000 years ≈ 99,800 years. Hence, the close synchronization discovered in this study lasts for ~10,000 years, with each period of close synchronization being separated from its predecessor by ~100,000 years. This is very reminiscent of the interglacial/glacial period that is characteristic of the Earth’s recent Ice-Age cycles.”

    Ref: Wilson, I.R.G., Are the Strongest Lunar Perigean Spring Tides Commensurate with the Transit Cycle of Venus?, Pattern Recogn. Phys., 2(2), 75–93, 2014

  20. oldbrew says:

    Ian – re.: 13 x 19 years = 247 years = 243 + 4 years

    Of course the ~243 years = 8 x 19 Venus-Earth conjunctions.

  21. oldbrew says:

    Gregory et al 2019: Unsound claims about bias in climate feedback and climate sensitivity estimation
    A guest post by Nic Lewis

    ‘The recently published open-access paper “How accurately can the climate sensitivity to CO2 be estimated from historical climate change?” by Gregory et al.[i] makes a number of assertions, many uncontentious but others in my view unjustified, misleading or definitely incorrect. Perhaps most importantly, they say in the Abstract that “The real-world variations mean that historical EffCS [effective climate sensitivity] underestimates CO2 EffCS by 30% when considering the entire historical period.” But they do not indicate that this finding relates only to effective climate sensitivity in GCMs, and then only to when they are driven by one particular observational sea surface temperature dataset.

    However, in this article I will focus on one particular statistical issue, where the claim made in the paper can readily be proven wrong without needing to delve into the details of GCM simulations.’

    https://climateaudit.org/2019/10/17/gregory-et-al-2019-unsound-claims-about-bias-in-climate-feedback-and-climate-sensitivity-estimation/
    – – –
    Climate sensitivity is a fake metric IMO. But Lewis is doing a good job exposing half-baked biased ‘research’ as pseudoscience.

  22. oldmanK says:

    oldbrew

    Ian Wilson’s fig 2 above is ‘disturbing’. Note that 243+243= 486 which is half an Eddy cycle. Events in the Holocene occurred at near that interval.

    A quick/hurried post this, still have to look into its meaning (if my grey matter allows).

  23. oldbrew says:

    Scientists discover fractal patterns in a quantum material
    October 17, 2019 by Jennifer Chu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    “The domain pattern was hard to decipher at first, but after analyzing the statistics of domain distribution, we realized it had a fractal behavior,” says Riccardo Comin, assistant professor of physics at MIT. “It was completely unexpected—it was serendipity.”

    https://m.phys.org/news/2019-10-scientists-fractal-patterns-quantum-material.html

    Study: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41567-018-0328-0

    Mandelbrot set – fractal theory.
    http://mathworld.wolfram.com/MandelbrotSet.html

  24. oldmanK says:

    Came across this this morning: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1VPfZ_XzisU

    Looks like Peter Warlow in “The Reversing Earth” might be correct after all.
    And Herodotus – “In this time they said that the sun had moved four times from his accustomed place of rising, and where he now sets he had thence twice had his rising, and in the place from whence he now rises he had twice had his setting;”

  25. A C Osborn says:

    Oldbrew & Rog.
    This is fascinating real Science at work.

  26. oldbrew says:

    OCTOBER 18, 2019
    Atmospheric pressure impacts greenhouse gas emissions from leaky oil and gas wells

    Fluctuations in atmospheric pressure can heavily influence how much natural gas leaks from wells below the ground surface at oil and gas sites, according to new University of British Columbia research. However, current monitoring strategies do not take this phenomenon into account, and therefore may be under- or over-estimating the true magnitude of gas emissions.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-10-atmospheric-pressure-impacts-greenhouse-gas.html
    – – –
    Published: 01 October 2019
    Barometric-pumping controls fugitive gas emissions from a vadose zone natural gas release

    Conclusions

    The frequency, amplitude and duration of barometric-pressure cycles directly controlled the magnitude and spatiotemporal variability of CH4 effluxes from a natural-gas release into a deep unsaturated zone. During periods of increasing barometric pressure, CH4 effluxes declined, at times below the detection limit. However, when barometric pressure decreased, CH4 effluxes rapidly increased, at times greater than 20-fold in less than 24 hours.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-50426-3

  27. Ian Wilson says:

    Modified to get around WordPress bug.

    Here is an interesting 2015 paper that claims that there is a connection between the lunisolar (atmospheric) tidal modulation of the Equatorial Electric-Jet (EEJ) and Sudden Stratospheric
    Warming (SSW) events.

    T. A. Siddiqui, H. Lühr, C. Stolle, and J. Park, Relation between stratospheric sudden warming and the lunar effect on the equatorial electrojet based on Huancayo recordings. Annales Geophysicae 33 (2015), pp. 235-243.

    Abstract. It has been known for many decades that the lunar tidal influence in the equatorial electro-jet (EEJ) is noticeably enhanced during Northern Hemisphere winters. Recent literature has discussed the role of stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) events behind the enhancement of lunar tides and the findings suggest a positive correlation between the lunar tidal amplitude and lower stratospheric parameters (zonal mean air temperature and zonal mean zonal wind) during SSW events. The positive correlation raises the question of whether an inverse approach could also be developed which makes it possible to deduce the occurrence of SSW events before their direct observations (before 1952) from the amplitude of the lunar tides. This study presents an analysis technique based on the phase of the semi-monthly lunar tide to determine the lunar tidal modulation of the EEJ. A statistical approach using the superposed epoch analysis is also carried out to formulate a relation between the EEJ tidal amplitude and lower stratospheric parameters. Using these results, we have estimated a threshold value for the tidal wave power that could be used to identify years with SSW events from magnetic field observations.

  28. Ian Wilson says:

    Here is an earlier (2014) paper establishing the lunisolar modulation of the EEJ.

    Gasperini, F., and J. M. Forbes (2014), Lunar-solar interactions in the equatorial electrojet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 3026–3031, doi:10.1002/2014GL059294.

    Abstract:

    To first order, the ground magnetic signature of the equatorial electrojet (EEJ) reflects the height integral of J = 𝜎E, where 𝜎 is conductivity and E represents some combination of the global dynamo-generated electric field and the electric field due to local winds. Day-to-day variations in the conductivity are strongly controlled by the solar flux, while E depends on solar and lunar tides, planetary waves, and the disturbance dynamo. In this study, we demonstrate how complexity is introduced into the EEJ due to the interaction between lunar tide variability in the equatorial electric field and solar-driven variability in the E region conductivity. Toward this end, we analyze magnetometer data from the Huancayo observatory both in the time and frequency domain. We present results for the year 1990, and we show that 86% of the variance in the EEJ is due to the lunar-solar interaction.

  29. oldbrew says:

    IW – the electrojet is new to me but will try to look into it further.

    Recent studies have focused on the lunar-solar interaction in the EEJ. It was demonstrated that complexity is introduced into the EEJ due to the interaction between lunar tide variability in the equatorial electric field and solar-driven variability in the E-region conductivity.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equatorial_electrojet

  30. Ian Wilson says:

    oldbrew,

    The Youtube video that you have posted shows the east-to-west movement of the Equatorial Electro-Jet (EEJ) along the equator. The motion of the jet tracks the 24-hour movement of thermal tides in the atmosphere that peak at 12-noon local time (note that at 12 UT the EEJ is directly on the Greenwich Meridian). The EEJ is tracked by monitoring the horizontal component of the Earth’s magnetic field at the Earth’s surface. The actual EEJ is at an altitude of roughly 100 km in the D layer of the Ionosphere.

    The papers that I site, use measurements of the horizontal component of the Earth’s magnetic field at two stations near each other on the Earth’s Equator. They difference teh observations at each of the stations to subtract out the atmospheric thermal (i.e. solar) tidal component of the EEJ leaving the component that is influenced by the lunar atmospheric tides.

  31. oldbrew says:

    IW – peak at 12-noon local time – suggests the solar input, since the Moon doesn’t run on a 24-hour clock?

    I need to look into this more!

  32. Ian Wilson says:

    oldbrew,

    The Sun plays a major role in driving the EEJ in its daily motion from east to west due to its thermal heating of the atmosphere. However, if you subtract this motion out you are left with an east to west a west to east modulation by the lunar tides (which is moving in the opposite direction). It is this modulation that is connected to the SSW (Sudden Stratospheric Warming) events via the Brewer Circulation.

  33. Ian Wilson says:

    oldbrew, Sorry, that should have read:

    The Sun plays a major role in driving the EEJ in its daily motion from east to west due to its thermal heating of the atmosphere. However, if you subtract this motion out you are left with a west to east modulation by the lunar tides (which is moving in the opposite direction). It is this modulation that is connected to the SSW (Sudden Stratospheric Warming) events via the Brewer Circulation.

  34. Ian Wilson says:

    Here are two papers by a former colleague of mine who is now living in British Columbia, Canada. If you forgive the fact that he is a committed global alarmist he is open to discussion of a wide range of possibilities. I have just learned about these two papers today.

    Treloar, N.C. A Proposed Exogenous Cause of the Global Temperature Hiatus. Climate, 2019, 7, 31.

    and

    Treloar, N.C. Deconstructing Global Temperature Anomalies: An Hypothesis, Climate 2017, 5(4), 83

    https://www.mdpi.com/2225-1154/5/4/83

    and https://www.mdpi.com/2225-1154/7/2/31

  35. oldbrew says:

    The second Treloar paper is talking about the well-known 60-year cycle by the look of it – the ‘trigon’ i.e. 3 Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions returning to nearly the same position.

  36. oldbrew says:

    OCTOBER 18, 2019

    Image: Hubble snags starry galaxy
    by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

    Spiral galaxies like NGC 4380 are common in the universe. These colossal collections of stars, often numbering in the hundreds of billions, are shaped like a flat disk, sometimes with a rounded bulge in the center. Graceful spiral arms outlined by dark lanes of dust wind around the bulging core, which glows brightly and has the highest concentration of stars in the galaxy.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-10-image-hubble-snags-starry-galaxy.html

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