Please post ideas for new threads, tips on relevant and interesting threads elsewhere, and notes about pretty much anything you like here.

The scissors will be wielded to commercial spam, lewd suggestions, and anything else I don’t like. 😎

  1. oldbrew says:

    Link back to Suggestions 43

    [for viewing only please]

    = = =

  2. oldbrew says:

    Discussing ‘The Great Salinity Anomaly’…

    As reported by Today, the Beaufort Gyre now holds as much freshwater as all of the Great Lakes combined, and its continuing clockwise swirl is preventing this enormous volume of ice and cold-freshwater from flushing into the North Atlantic Ocean. Scientists say the gyre will inevitably weaken and reverse direction, and when it does it could expel a massive amount of icy fresh water into the North Atlantic.

    Summary at 4 mins…

  3. oldbrew says:

    SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

    Housing prices decline within mile of solar energy arrays
    by Todd McLeish, University of Rhode Island

    A study of the impact of utility scale solar power installations on nearby housing prices by University of Rhode Island economists found that house prices within a mile of a Rhode Island or Massachusetts solar array declined by an average of 1.7%. Homes within a tenth of a mile of the installations declined by 7%.

  4. oldbrew says:

    Be careful what you wish for 😆

    Cambridge academics face flying restrictions as university goes carbon neutral
    October 01 2020
    – – –
    Carbophobia strikes back

  5. oldbrew says:

    Problems in climate science from the viewpoint of an historical geologist.
    Dr Howard Thomas Brady
    ACDE Seminar -October 6th, 2020

    The climate system is vast with the interaction of forces we do not fully understand. Linking recent and future global warming to increasing carbon dioxide levels is problematic. Historical data exposes serious flaws in the IPCC reports with respect to, for example: the predictions of future sea levels; the relationship between carbon dioxide levels and temperature; the frequency and severity of storms. Applying the word ‘unprecedented’ to certain events shows an ignorance of the Earth’s geological and environmental history. Climate change cannot be assumed to be geocentric without influence from cosmic and solar weather. Climate models are on steroids with respect to their estimate of what is called the Equilibrium Climate Sensitivity Index; that is, the estimate of future temperatures if carbon dioxide levels double. We cannot forget this statement:- ‘we are dealing with a coupled chaotic nonlinear system and therefore the prediction of future climate states is not possible..’ IPCC Report 2001 (

    Link to paper

    H/T Jo Nova
    Banned by ANU! So join Geologist Howard Brady on Zoom Tuesday 2pm*

    (*Local time in Oz)

  6. oldbrew says:

    Galactic beat frequencies detected?

    OCTOBER 6, 2020 REPORT
    Quasi-periodic oscillation detected in the galaxy NGC 4945

    As noted by in the study, the light curve from RXTE observations in the 2–10 keV band shows a prominent LFQPO with a period of approximately six weeks. The newly detected oscillations are also seen near this period in other three sub-bands.

    The astronomers noted that possible explanations for the observed QPO in NGC 4945, as well as in other active galaxies, include Keplerian orbital motion of matter in the disk, spin of the central compact object, general relativistic effects, or beat frequencies between two of the previous mechanisms. They added that the available data does not allow to choose the most plausible hypothesis. [bold added]

  7. Paul Vaughan says:

    Left Fields High Fenway Spark

    Te[a]ch no. CR at IC “a11y” curry US what IT‘s cal.led:

    West stern “governance” CANCELLED my west turn govern ants.

    Sci11UNs! Psy(go vert non C[ENSO]Rshh)ops.

  8. oldbrew says:

    OCTOBER 9, 2020

    Climate patterns linked in Amazon, North and South America, study shows
    by Bob Whitby, University of Arkansas

    Tree growth is a well-established climate proxy. By comparing growth rings in Cedrela odorata trees found in the Rio Paru watershed of the eastern Amazon River with hundreds of similar chronologies in North and South America, scientists have shown an inverse relationship in tree growth, and therefore precipitation patterns, between the areas. Drought in the Amazon is correlated with wetness in the southwestern United States, Mexico and Patagonia, and vice versa.

    The process is driven by the El Niño phenomenon, which influences surface-level winds along the equator, researchers said.
    [inc. short video]

  9. oldbrew says:

    Cosmic ray neutron count has been mostly positive (above the zero % line) since 2005.

  10. oldbrew says:

    11th October
    COP26: Theresa May asked to take helm of Glasgow’s 2021 climate summit

    BORIS Johnson has asked Theresa May to take charge of the COP26 climate summit planned for Glasgow in 2021.

    May has not turned down the post, according to The Sunday Times, but she has been put off by the prospect of having to work closely with Dominic Cummings.

    The former prime minister has reportedly discussed climate change with Johnson because she had introduced the target for the UK to be “net zero” in carbon emissions by 2050.

  11. oldbrew says:

    UN Disasters Report Is A Huge Blunder And Embarrassment
    GWPF, Date: 12/10/20

    ‘A new United Nations report on The Human Cost of Disasters has been described as “an embarrassment” and “a catalogue of errors” after it emerged its headline claim of a “staggering rise in climate-related disasters” was refuted by its own data.’
    – – –

  12. oldbrew says:

    Projected increase in lightning strikes in the United States due to global warming

    Striking when hot, and more when hotter

    Lightning occurs more frequently when it is hotter than when it is colder, but how much more lightning should we expect as global temperatures increase? Currently there are around 25 million lightning strikes per year. Romps et al. constructed a proxy based on the energy available to make air rise in the atmosphere and on precipitation rates to model the frequency of lightning strikes across the continental United States. They predict that the number of lightning strikes will increase by about 12% for every degree of rise in global average air temperature.
    – – –
    OCTOBER 15, 2020

    We are starting to crack the mystery of how lightning and thunderstorms work

    We don’t understand lightning well. If, for example, you were to film a lightning strike and play it back in super slow motion, you’d notice that the strike proceeds in steps. It pauses for a while at intervals before moving on, says Dr. Alejandro Luque at the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalucía in Granada, Spain. But we don’t know why this happens. He says there are a few papers on this but essentially no accepted theories.
    – – –
    Locating a target on the ground?

  13. oldbrew says:

    8 October 2020
    ENSO Alert System Status: La Niña Advisory

    Synopsis: La Niña is likely to continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2020-21 (~85% chance) and into spring 2021 (~60% chance during February-April).

  14. oldbrew says:

    SEPTEMBER 29, 2020
    Second alignment plane of solar system discovered
    — National Astronomical Observatory of Japan

    Arika Higuchi, an assistant professor at the University of Occupational and Environmental Health in Japan and previously a member of the NAOJ RISE Project, studied the effects of the galactic gravity on long-period comets through analytical investigation of the equations governing orbital motion.

    She showed that when the galactic gravity is taken into account, the aphelia of long-period comets tend to collect around two planes. First the well-known ecliptic, but also a second “empty ecliptic.” The ecliptic is inclined with respect to the disk of the Milky Way by about 60 degrees. The empty ecliptic is also inclined by 60 degrees, but in the opposite direction. Higuchi calls this the “empty ecliptic” based on mathematical nomenclature and because initially it contains no objects, only later being populated with scattered comets. [bold added]
    – – –
    *when the galactic gravity is taken into account*

    Also: However, Higuchi cautions, “The sharp peaks are not exactly at the ecliptic or empty ecliptic planes, but near them.”

    ‘Not exactly at…but near’ — what about the Lagrange points?

    Jupiter trojans:
    The Jupiter trojans, commonly called Trojan asteroids or simply Trojans, are a large group of asteroids that share the planet Jupiter’s orbit around the Sun. Relative to Jupiter, each Trojan librates around one of Jupiter’s stable Lagrange points: either L4, lying 60° ahead of the planet in its orbit, or L5, 60° behind. Jupiter trojans are distributed in two elongated, curved regions around these Lagrangian points [bold added]

    (L3-L4-L5 triangle is also equilateral, in the diagram at least)
    = = =
    As seen from the Sun, the L4 and L5 points lie at 60 degrees ahead of and behind Earth, close to its orbit.

  15. oldbrew says:

    Too big to jail…

    UK regulators fine Goldman Sachs over Malaysian fraud after £2.2bn enforcement
    By Press Association 2020

    The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) fined Goldman Sachs International (GSI) £96.6 million.

    It was part of a larger co-ordinated resolution with Goldman Sachs Group over the 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), which will cost the bank 2.9 billion US dollars (£2.2 billion).
    . . .
    In July, Malaysia’s government said it had reached a 3.9 billion US dollars (£3 billion) settlement with Goldman Sachs in exchange for dropping criminal charges against the bank over bond sales that raised money for the fund.

    In court on Thursday, Goldman Sachs’ general counsel, Karen Seymour, said that agents and employees of Goldman Sachs Malaysia had violated the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act by “corruptly promising and paying bribes to foreign officials in order to obtain and retain business for Goldman Sachs”. [bold added]
    – – –
    Mark Carney – GS
    Rishi Sunak – GS
    etc. etc.

    26 Goldman Sachs Alumni Who Run the World (GS)
    Updated Jun 25, 2019

    “The first thing you need to know about Goldman Sachs,” Rolling Stone’s Matt Taibbi wrote in July 2009, “is that it’s everywhere.” Whether that makes the bank a “vampire squid,” in Taibbi’s now-famous phrasing, is debatable, but Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s (GS) ubiquity is hard to deny. [bold added]

  16. oldbrew says:

    A closer look at Kepler’s third law
    Posted: March 25, 2016

    So: volume variation / (circumference x area) variation = a constant (because r³ = r² x r).

    Added a link to a paper by Miles Mathis on the third law which points to a similar conclusion:

    Mathis: But to really understand the Third Law simply and intuitively, I find it best to ditch all that entirely and start over from scratch. We then get the cube straight from the volume equation.

    Link —

  17. oldbrew says:

    — OCTOBER 28, 2020

    NASA’s Juno spacecraft has detected brief, powerful flashes of ultraviolet light in the upper atmosphere of Jupiter. They are believed to be the Jovian counterparts of sprites and elves on Earth — electric phenomena in the atmosphere that can sometimes be seen high above powerful lightning discharges.

  18. oldbrew says:

    Coronavirus: PM considering England lockdown next week
    Published 4 minutes ago

  19. oldbrew says:

    NASA: Halloween Blue Moon

    For the first time since 2001, the Moon will be full on Halloween (October 31). And because this is the second Full Moon in October, it’s also considered a Blue Moon. (It won’t literally be blue, though.)

    On average, the Moon is full on Halloween every 19 years, a period known as the Metonic cycle, used for centuries to construct luni-solar calendars and to calculate the date of Easter. Between 1900 and 2100, the Moon is full on Halloween (in at least one time zone) in the following years:

    1906, 1925, 1944, 1955, 1974, 1993,
    2001, 2020, 2039, 2058, 2077, 2096

    Furthermore, these are all Blue Moons. In fact, every Halloween Full Moon is also a Blue Moon. [bold added]
    – – –
    Interestingly, NASA says ‘Between 1900 and 2100’ and quotes 12 years in that period. As the Metonic cycle ‘slips’ by just over 2 hours every 19 years, it takes 12 of them to shift it by (more than) a whole day. However, it would take 12*19 = 228 years to do that, and 1906-2096 is only 190 years (10 Metonic). The discrepancy is partly due to 1955 following 1944, and 2001 following 1993, in the list (1955-1944 = 11, 2001-1993 = 8, 11+8 = 19). The other ‘missing’ 19 years is of course due to the number of cycles being one less than the number of dates listed.

  20. oldbrew says:

    Two circumbinary brown dwarfs at V470 Cam

    Twenty new eclipse times for the post-common envelope binary V470 Cam have been obtained; with these and 380 useable eclipse times in the literature, two circumbinary brown dwarfs having orbital periods of 7.87 ± 0.08 and 13.27 ± 0.16 years were found to give an excellent fit to cyclic residuals resulting from a quadratic ephemeris fit. Irrespective of the excellent fit, it would be premature to claim that the V470 Cam binary is accompanied by two orbiting brown dwarfs; at the very least more eclipse times are needed to confirm the result
    – – – data (links in report) suggest an orbit ratio of 59:35 [60:36 = 5:3].

  21. oldbrew says:

    The forcing uncertainties and lack of observational measurements in the top-to-bottom global ocean preclude an assessment that modern warmth is due to anthropogenic activities.
    By Kenneth Richard on 5. November 2020

    Key points from a new paper (Gebbie, 2021):

    • 93% of the changes to the Earth’s energy budget, manifested as warming of the Earth system, are expressed in the global ocean. Just 1% of global warming is atmospheric.

    • Even with the advent of “quasi-global” temperature sampling of the ocean since 2005 (ARGO), these floats “do not measure below 2,000-m depth.” This means that temperature changes in “approximately half the ocean’s volume” are still not being measured today.

    • To detect the effects of anthropogenic forcing, it would require energy budget imbalance measurement precision of 0.1 W/m² at the top of the atmosphere (TOA). Uncertainty in the forcing changes affecting climate are ±4 W/m², meaning that uncertainty is about 80 times greater than an anthropogenic signal detection.

    • Past changes in global ocean heat content, such as the last deglaciation, have been 20 times larger than modern changes.

    • Ocean heat storage during the Medieval Warm Period (Medieval Climate Anomaly, or MCA) was much greater than modern. Modern global ocean heat uptake is “just one-third” of what is required to reach the levels attained during Medieval times.

  22. oldbrew says:

    Richard Pilger, a prosecutor at the Department of Justice (DOJ) who played a role in the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) targeting of conservative groups, resigned his post Monday evening rather than investigate potential voter fraud in the 2020 presidential election.

    Earlier Monday, U.S. Attorney General William Barr issued a memo directing prosecutors to investigate potential voter fraud. He said that prosecutors should not, however, focus on “specious, speculative, fanciful or far-fetched claims.”
    . . .
    “Having familiarized myself with the new policy and its ramifications,” he wrote, “I must regretfully resign from my role as director of the Election Crimes Branch.”
    – – –
    But he somehow moved sideways to another job, dodging the pressure.

    The heat is on.

  23. Ken Gregory says:

    I submit the proposed guest article for your consideration titled “Climate Sensitivity Considering Urban and Natural Warming” in Word and PDF formats for your website. The article summarizes the longer paper linked at the beginning of the article.

  24. oldbrew says:


    Studying the JET STREAM has long been an indicator of the weather to come, and to study the jet stream attention must turn to the SUN.

    When solar activity is HIGH, the jet stream is tight and stable and follows somewhat of a straight path. But when solar activity is LOW, that meandering band of air flowing 6 miles above our heads becomes weak and wavy, it effectively buckles which diverts frigid Polar air to atypically low latitudes and replaces it with warmer tropical air.

    The jet stream reverts from a Zonal Flow to a Meridional Flow and, depending on which side of the jet stream you’re on, you’re either in for a spell of unseasonably cold or hot weather and/or a period of unusually dry or wet conditions.

    This forcing FULLY explains why some far-northern latitudes (such as parts of Siberia) have been experiencing pockets of anomalous heat of late, while the lower-latitudes have been dealing with “blobs” of record cold.

    It’s a phenomenon long-predicted by those studying the Sun, and one forecast to intensify as the Grand Solar Minimum continues its deepening.

  25. oldbrew says:

    Ambitious but controversial: Japan’s new hydrogen project
    2 Nov. 2020

    The Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain is an experiment to see whether Japan can establish a durable supply of liquid hydrogen from Australia, to be burned to generate electricity.

    The hydrogen will be produced and liquefied in the Australian state of Victoria, where it will be extracted from a type of coal known as lignite.
    – – –
    Not green then, unless they add expensive ‘carbon capture’ that nobody seems to want to pay for.

  26. oldbrew says:

    Planets with many neighbors may be the best places to look for life

    Single exoplanets with wild orbits hint at a chaotic past
    Nov. 16, 2020

    Systems with as many planets as ours are exceedingly rare, though. Only one known system comes close: the TRAPPIST-1 system, with seven roughly Earth-sized worlds (SN: 2/22/17). Astronomers have found no solar systems so far, other than ours, with eight or more planets. Extrapolating out to the number of stars expected to have planets in the galaxy, Jørgensen estimates that about 1 percent of planetary systems have as many planets as we do.

  27. oldbrew says:

    Why Worry about Warming? Cold Is the Killer
    by Viv Forbes – November 16, 2020

    After today’s bountiful warmth comes the cold, dry, hungry phase of Earth’s climate.

    Fruitful warmth is no threat. Bitter cold is the real menace.

  28. oldbrew says:

    Meet the hell planet with a magma ocean and rocky rain
    November 11, 2020

    Exoplanet K2-141b is fiery hot world that circles so close to its star that one side of the planet features a deep ocean of molten lava. Meanwhile, the other side is freezing cold.
    – – –
    In a new study announced on November 3, 2020, an international team of researchers described a planet unlike any in our solar system.
    . . .
    On November 3, scientists at McGill University, York University and the Indian Institute of Science Education announced that one such planet under study – called K2-141b – is even more exotic. It’s a world that is scorching hot on one side and freezing on the other, with a magma ocean about 62 miles (100 km) deep, “rain” composed of rock that evaporates and then precipitates in a regular cycle similar to the water cycle on Earth, and supersonic winds over 3,100 miles per hour (5,000 km/hr). Wild! The findings are based on data from from NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope and Spitzer Space Telescope.
    [bold added]
    – – –
    Remarkably, the vaporised atmosphere mimics Earth’s – only with rocks instead of water.

    The extreme heat leads to them undergoing precipitation – as if they were particles of water.

    Just like the water cycle on Earth where it evaporates, rises into the atmosphere, condenses, and falls back as rain, so too does the sodium, silicon monoxide and silicon dioxide on K2-141b.

  29. oldbrew says:

    Scary video of man dodging falling concrete block here…see ‘A car was destroyed when an concrete slab fell on it from a Vladivostok tower block’.

    Vladivostok snowstorm: Emergency declared amid chaos and power cuts
    BBC — 15 hours ago

    The chief of the regional meteorological service, Boris Kubay, said the situation has been “aggravated by a strong gale wind that breaks everything”.

    He said a clash between two storms, one carrying hot air and another carrying cold, caused freezing rain on Thursday.

    The meteorologist said wires and trees were encrusted in ice up to 1.2cm (0.4in) thick, an occurrence not seen in 30 years.

  30. oldbrew says:


    Dutch journalist gatecrashes EU defence video conference
    Published 5 hours ago

  31. oldbrew says:

    UK to make climate risk reports mandatory for large companies
    Mon 9 Nov 2020

    Rishi Sunak says disclosures will be mandatory within five years as part of net-zero plans

    The Treasury said the new disclosure rules and regulations would cover a significant portion of the economy, including listed commercial companies, UK-registered large private companies, banks, building societies, insurance companies, UK-authorised asset managers, life insurers, pension schemes regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and occupational pension schemes.
    – – –
    Cue another outpouring of corporate mumbo-jumbo, posing as ‘tackling climate change’ 🙄

  32. oldbrew says:

    Study: Response of climate to solar forcing recorded in a 6000-year d18O time-series of Chinese peat cellulose (1999)

    There is an obvious warm period represented by the high d18O from around ad 1100 to 1200 which may correspond to the Medieval Warm Epoch of Europe (Lamb, 1966). At that time, the northern boundary of the cultivation of citrus tree (Citrus reticulata Blanco) and Boehmeria nivea (a perennial herb), both subtropical and thermophilous plants, moved gradually into the northern part of China, and it has been estimated that the annual mean temperature was 0.9–1.0°C higher than at present (Zhang, 1994).‘ [bold added]

    – – –
    From the Abstract:
    The record shows a striking correspondence of climate events to nearly all of the apparent solar activity changes characterized by the atmospheric radiocarbon in tree-rings over the past 6000 years.

  33. oldbrew says:

    Electric Porsche averages 15 mph due to charging issues…

    Guardian: ‘Why did it take nine hours to go 130 miles in our new electric Porsche?’

    A Kent couple love their new car – but their experience suggests there are problems with the charging network

    The pair are not the first owners who love their electric cars to complain that the UK’s charging network is poorly maintained, complicated and hugely difficult to navigate via its various apps and payment systems.

    The latest electric cars require fast 50kW-100kW chargers to refill on the go but they are hard to find and are often out of action.

  34. pochas94 says:

    For those who find this hydrogen foolishness amusing, here are a couple of videos that should keep you entertained.

  35. oldbrew says:

    Disruption after ‘thundersnow’ hits Scotland
    Published 14 minutes ago

    Police Scotland has reassured residents in Edinburgh after hundreds of people reported being woken by the sound of explosions.

    However, police said that what people were actually hearing was the phenomenon known as “thundersnow”.

    Two “extraordinarily loud” thunder claps were heard over the capital just before 05:00.
    . . .
    It comes after temperatures plummeted to -9.6C in Altnaharra in the Highlands.
    (inc. Met Office video about thundersnow)

  36. oldbrew says:

    Latest CO2 nonsense: prisons are bad for the climate…

    DECEMBER 4, 2020
    Mass incarceration results in significant increases in industrial emissions, study finds

    Between 1980 and 2004, 936 prisons were built in the U.S., compared with the 711 prisons built in the 168 years prior. McGee says the construction of new prisons, as well as the renovation of existing prisons, require substantial amounts of fossil fuels. Cement, for example, is one of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide in the built environment.

    “This is housing infrastructure that otherwise wouldn’t have been built,” McGee said, adding that most incarcerated people are forcibly removed from inner-city neighborhoods and transported to massive warehouse-like structures in rural areas.

  37. johnm33 says:

    It may be common knowledge here but it came as a surprise to me that all the moons are ‘tidally/gravitationally locked’ as shown here they rotate around ‘their’ planets as if on a record/disc. Something[?] about this suggests to me it’s a vital clue as to why phi?

  38. oldbrew says:

    johnm33 – tidal locking isn’t any mystery.

    We may have a modified form of it between Earth and Venus.

  39. oldbrew says:

    22-Year magnetic solar cycle [Hale cycle] responsible for significant underestimation of the Sun’s role in global warming but ignored in climate science (2020)
    Martijn van Mensvoort

    Key Points:
    • 22-year Hale cycle solar minima show for the period 1890-1985 a high solar sensitivity (1,143 ◦C per W/m2)
    • 22-year Hale cycle temperature profile amplitude (0,215 ◦C) is higher than for the 11-year Schwabe cycle (0,122 ◦C)
    • Influence of the sun on climate becomes underestimated when the 22-year Hale cycle is ignored in climate science
    Assessing the signals of the Hale solar cycle in temperature proxy records from Northern Fennoscandia (Nov. 2020)


    Eight proxy records of Northern Fennoscandia temperature (NFT) were analyzed.

    Evidence of a link between NFT and a 22-year solar cycle was found during CE 1700–2000.

    This connection probably extends to synoptic and even hemispheric scales.
    [abstract only, paywall]

  40. oldbrew says:

    DECEMBER 10, 2020
    Hubble pins down weird exoplanet with far-flung orbit that behaves like the long-sought ‘Planet Nine’
    by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

    A planet in an unlikely orbit around a double star 336 light-years away may offer a clue to a mystery much closer to home: A hypothesized, distant body in our solar system dubbed “Planet Nine.”

    This is the first time that astronomers have been able to measure the motion of a massive Jupiter-like planet that is orbiting very far away from its host stars and visible debris disk. This disk is similar to our Kuiper Belt of small, icy bodies beyond Neptune. In our own solar system, the suspected Planet Nine would also lie far outside of the Kuiper Belt on a similarly strange orbit. Though the search for a Planet Nine continues, this exoplanet discovery is evidence that such oddball orbits are possible.
    . . .
    The exoplanet resides extremely far from its host pair of bright, young stars—more than 730 times the distance of Earth from the Sun, or nearly 6.8 billion miles. This wide separation made it enormously challenging to determine the 15,000-year-long orbit in such a relatively short time span of Hubble observations.


  41. tallbloke says:

    Chaeromon: interesting. A one way trip for space adventurers though.

  42. oldbrew says:

    Flakey climate research takes some punches…

    Slower decay of landfalling Hurricanes in a warmer world — really?
    Posted on November 17, 2020 by curryja
    by Frank Bosse

  43. oldbrew says:

    Geologists Find Evidence for Giant Underwater Volcano in Alaska’s Aleutian Chain
    Dec 3, 2020 by News Staff

    The Islands of Four Mountains, a small group of volcanic islands in the central Aleutians, could actually be part of a single, undiscovered giant volcano in the same category as Yellowstone, according to new research.

  44. oldbrew says:

    Texas A&M Expert: New Clues Revealed About Clovis People

    A study by professor Michael Waters shows that tools made by some of North America’s earliest inhabitants were made only during a 300-year period.
    . . .
    “We still do not know how or why Clovis technology emerged and why it disappeared so quickly,” Waters said.

    “It is intriguing to note that Clovis people first appears 300 years before the demise of the last of the megafauna that once roamed North America during a time of great climatic and environmental change,” he said. “The disappearance of Clovis from the archaeological record at 12,750 years ago is coincident with the extinction of mammoth and mastodon, the last of the megafauna. Perhaps Clovis weaponry was developed to hunt the last of these large beasts.” [bold added]

  45. oldbrew says:

    Changes in Earth’s Orbit Likely Kickstarted One of the Hottest Periods in History
    August 29, 2019

    At various points, millions or billions of years ago, Earth was much more toasty than it is now.

    One of the most notable hot flashes came 56 million years ago, during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, or PETM. It was a relatively brief period of rapid, abnormal warming. During that time, temperatures that were already far above normal spiked by around nine degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Celsius) over a period of just a few thousand years. Tropical conditions prevailed far beyond the equator, and ice caps were entirely absent from the poles.
    . . .
    The crux of the issue is the fact that Earth’s orbit isn’t the perfect, stable circle we usually imagine. Our path around the sun actually looks like a very slightly squashed circle, or ellipse. Astronomers call this eccentricity, and it varies predictably over time, becoming more or less squashed in a regular cycle. But the degree of eccentricity has noticeable, if subtle, effects on the climate, says University of Hawaii oceanographer and study co-author Richard Zeebe.

    “If we look at the past 100 million years, we see distinct relationships between changes in eccentricity and climate,” he says. [bold added]
    – – –
    Drifts into warmist waffle at the end. But lack of ice caps has happened before, naturally.

  46. oldbrew says:

    Nov. 24, 2020
    NASA: Greening of the Earth Mitigates Surface Warming

    A new study reports that increased vegetation growth during the recent decades, known as the “Greening Earth”, has a strong cooling effect on the land due to increased efficiency of heat and water vapor transfer to the atmosphere.
    – – –
    Wasn’t water vapour supposed to be a ‘greenhouse’ gas?

  47. oldbrew says:

    Caribbean island residents told to evacuate as dormant volcanoes come back to life
    — 5 hours ago

    Residents on several eastern Caribbean islands have been advised to evacuate their homes after volcanoes that have remained quiet for decades rumbled into life.

    Officials issued alerts on the island chain of St Vincent and the Grenadines, home to more than 100,000 people, as scientists rushed to study the renewed activity.

    The government raised the alert level to orange for the volcano La Soufriere indicating it could erupt within 24 hours, and recommended people living nearby should leave their homes immediately.

    La Soufriere began spewing ash along with gas and steam, in addition to the formation of a new volcanic dome caused by lava reaching the Earth’s surface, the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency said.

    An eruption by La Soufriere in 1902 killed more than 1,000 people.
    – – –
    1902 was also the start of solar cycle 14, another low one (lower than SC 24).

  48. oldbrew says:

    Commenter on BBC Twitter: “That must be an old video. Every child knows snow is a thing of the past.”

  49. oldbrew says:

    JANUARY 4, 2021
    The uncertainties in measuring cosmic expansion
    by Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

    Values deduced from the two primary methodologies—the properties of galaxies and the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR)—disagree with each other at roughly the ten percent level, yet each one is precise at the level of a few percent.
    . . .
    The problem is not so much the value itself—the age of the universe will not change by much either way—rather, it is that something unexplained is clearly going on connected with the fact that the CMBR data arise from a vastly different epoch of cosmic time than do the galaxy data. Perhaps new physics is needed.
    [bold added]
    – – –
    Is the CMBR really the CMBR, or something else?

    (‘What force…’ comment added by me).

    Gravity and ‘repulsive force’ don’t go together too well.

  50. oldbrew says:

    Quite a long post, but worth a go if you have a few minutes to spare…

    Discussing Flaws With Anthropogenic (Man-Made) Climate Change – 2021
    DECEMBER 30, 2020 ~ XENOHART

  51. oldbrew says:

    They shouldn’t have needed the public enquiry, but got the right answer in the end…

    Lowther Hills wind farm project rejected by government
    Published 3 hours ago

    A wind farm project described as “visually dominant and incongruous” by a council has been rejected by the Scottish government.

    Developers scaled back the Lowther Hills scheme near Wanlockhead from 42 to 30 turbines.

    However, Dumfries and Galloway Council still opposed the proposals which were taken to a public inquiry.

    Ministers have now concluded their impact on the landscape would be “unacceptable” and refused the plans.

    A public inquiry was held into the project in late 2019 to look at whether it should proceed.
    – – –
    Enough is enough. There are already numerous wind farms in the local area.

  52. dscott8186 says:

    Join the Rebellion

    In light of Parler’s banning, please post a blog roll of alternative sites to google (like duckduckgo), facebook, twitter and youtube. There must be a price for their fascist behavior.

    At this point, it is only a matter of time before WordPress comes after you, prepare by exploring the alternatives and spread the word.

  53. oldbrew says:

    Attention cobalt miners for EV companies…

    🔼 🔼 🔼 (issued in 2016)

  54. oldbrew says:

    Leeds council is away with the climate fairies…

    Connecting Leeds Transport Strategy sets out vision for city without the need for a car

    Leeds could become a city without the need for a car if an ambitious vision for transforming its approach to transport wins support from residents and businesses.
    – – –
    Supermarket car parks will be redundant and taxis will make a fortune 🤣

  55. oldbrew says:

    The return of solar minimum, over a year since the official end of solar cycle 24…

    Sunspot number: 0
    Updated 15 Jan 2021

    Spotless Days
    Current Stretch: 12 days
    2021 total: 12 days (80%)
    2020 total: 208 days (57%)
    2019 total: 281 days (77%)
    2018 total: 221 days (61%)

  56. oldbrew says:

    Anyone can work this out…

    Calls for urgent review of smart motorways as coroner rules they present ‘risk of future deaths’
    18 January 2021

    A coroner has called for an urgent review into the safety of smart motorways after finding that scrapping hard shoulders “presents an ongoing risk of future deaths”.
    – – –
    If the hard shoulder ‘lane’ remains open when a vehicle has stopped in it, and no warnings are displayed, the risk is obvious.

  57. oldbrew says:

    Keystone XL pipeline in the US bites the dust. A win for empty virtue signalling.

    Blocking Keystone XL may ironically lead to an increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Government analysis shows pipelines emit fewer GHGs when they make their deliveries compared to other modes of transportation.

    Denying construction of Keystone XL means much of that crude oil will travel by train or truck instead, producing greater GHG emissions, more air pollution and more traffic congestion.

  58. oldbrew says:

    Open Access
    Published: 11 September 2019
    Switch Between El Nino and La Nina is Caused by Subsurface Ocean Waves Likely Driven by Lunar Tidal Forcing

    Jialin Lin & Taotao Qian

    Lunar tidal gravitational force calculated from NASA Apollo Landing Mirror Experiment and Earth’s angular momentum budget consistently show two sharp peaks at 6 years and 9 years, respectively (Supplementary Fig. 13). The western Pacific subsurface temperature at the thermocline depth also demonstrates sharp 6-year and 9-year peaks (Supplementary Fig. 14), suggesting a strong link between the lunar tidal force and the Earth’s ocean subsurface temperature. The 6-year peak of lunar tidal force matches very well with the 6-year component of ENSO.

    See also Figure 4: Schematic depiction of the physical mechanisms leading to the switch between El Nino and La Nina.
    – – –
    This would fit in with de Rop’s calculations, i.e. one anomalistic year ‘lost’ every 1799, so one ‘6-year’ cycle = 1799/300 anom. yrs. (1800/300 = 6).
    – – –
    Update: the ‘6-year period’ is when the number of lunar nodal and apsidal cycles sums to 1, hence a repeating period.

  59. poly says:

    mmmmm, looks like Ian Wilson was on the right track with his ENSO lunar forcing work . . .

  60. Paul Vaughan says:

    poly: mmm = misunderstanding, misinterpretation, and misrepresentation

    Don’t forget the thermal tides (e.g. interhemispheric & equator-pole heat engines).

    Thinking in anomalies (from annual cycle) rather than absolutes may account for some of the widespread ignorance. You can’t even get QBO (an obvious signal in ENSO) without thermal.

    Piers Corbyn was the one that straightened us out on that way back in 2009. Paul Pukite was another who understood nonlinear aliasing.

    Back in the day Bill Illis used to keep us informed about the waves discussed in JL&TQ2019. Recall his counsel: ENSO is zero-sum.

    Observations clearly indicate that the dominant multidecadal & centennial meridional flows on Earth are a function of thermal tides, not gravitational tides. The heat engines (and consequent mixing) are not driven by gravity.

    The percentage of people thinking clearly about this in online climate discussion might be less than 1%. Newcomers are immersed in anomalies. They are not taught heat engine fundamentals (for example as covered in Sidorenkov’s classic book).

    ENSO & other interannual variations, solar wind (remember geomagnetic is BV^2), & volcanicity share intermittently strongly synchronized statistical properties.

    All the water (and other materials) being tossed around and between material phases changes the chord being played on these different physical instruments. I think of the fluids and material phases as part of the Earth-Moon unit because Earth-Moon (not a point mass nor even 2 point masses) is embedded as a unit in the solar system.

    Some of the speculation about solar wind appears backwards. If I had several hundred thousand dollars I would undertake a formidable project. I have prototype tools for superior diagnostic exploration of synchronization. I froze the development of the project 7 or 8 years ago. Such a project takes more resources than I have.

    I spent 10 minutes looking at JL&TQ2019 highlights.
    Then within 5 minutes I noticed:


    5.99685290323073 = (18.6129690579708)*(8.84735335058712) / (18.6129690579708 + 8.84735335058712)
    9.07111296530374 = (9.30648452898541)*(8.84735335058712)/((9.30648452898541+8.84735335058712)/2)
    18.6129690579708 = slip(9.07111296530374,5.99685290323073)

    R(p,1/2,7) = 24.067904774739 = ⌊(e^√7π)^(1/12)⌉^12 – e^√7π for p=2,3,4,6,12

    207.99910260293 ~= 208
    415.99820520586 = slip(slip(24.067904774739,19.8650360864628),19.8650360864628)


    3.61018405510939 = (9.07111296530374)*(5.99685290323073) / (9.07111296530374 + 5.99685290323073)

    3.61803370893204 = (1663.99282082344)*(3.61018405510939) / (1663.99282082344 – 3.61018405510939)
    3.6180339887499 = φ√5
    -0.000007733975 = % error

    208.886702738154 = (49000)*(208) / (49000 – 208)
    208.886643858908 (JS slip cycle)
    0.000028187176 = % error

    A lot of stuff in the solar system attaches too neatly to 70^2 = 1^2 + 2^2 + 3^2 + … + 22^2 + 23^2 + 24^2 to be by chance (see recent 1470, 2400, & Scafetta threads).

  61. Paul Vaughan says:

    mods: calculations, filter

  62. oldbrew says:

    Stand by for periodical cicadas.

    17-year cicadas are due to surface this year. Expect billions.

    Not only are the periodical cicada lifecycles curious for their prime numbers 13 or 17, but also their evolution is intricately tied to one- and four-year changes in their lifecycles.[20][22] One-year changes are less common than four-year changes and are probably tied to variation in local climatic conditions. Four-year early and late emergences are common and involve a much larger proportion of the population than one-year changes.

    13*17 years = 221 years = ~10 solar Hale cycles.

    Wikipedia points out the 221 year intervals:
    ‘The 17-year periodical cicadas are distributed across the Eastern, upper Midwestern, and Great Plains states within the U.S., while the 13-year cicadas occur in the Southern and Mississippi Valley states, but some may overlap slightly. For example, broods IV (17-year cycle) and XIX (13-year cycle) overlap in western Missouri and eastern Oklahoma.[40][41] Their emergences should again coincide in 2219, 2440, 2661, etc., as they did in 1998.’ [bold added]

    Note the *etc.*

    From 1998: 13- and 17-year cicadas coincided for first time since 1777—and–year-cicadas-coincided-for-first/article_90a50a68-7cf3-11e0-8ecd-001a4bcf6878.html

  63. oldbrew says:

    JANUARY 28, 2021
    First evidence that water can be created on the lunar surface by Earth’s magnetosphere

    By comparing a time series of water surface maps before, during and after the magnetosphere transit, the researchers argue that lunar water could be replenished by flows of magnetospheric ions, also known as “Earth wind.” The presence of these Earth-derived ions near the moon was confirmed by the Kaguya satellite, while THEMIS-ARTEMIS satellite observations were used to profile the distinctive features of ions in the solar wind versus those within the magnetosphere Earth wind.

  64. oldbrew says:

    The electric aircraft not arriving any time soon…

    Opportunities and challenges for electric propulsion of airliners
    by Diego Lentini; Hernán E. Tacca
    International Journal of Sustainable Aviation (IJSA), Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020

    Abstract: The growth of air traffic implies an increase of emissions (greenhouse and ozone depleting gases) from the global air fleet. Innovative solutions are therefore urgently required. Among them, electric aviation is the object of much current interest. The present paper discusses the accompanying opportunities as well as challenges, with a focus on costs and operability. In order to take full advantage of electric propulsion, dedicated airframes are indicated, featuring boundary layer ingestion, distributed propulsion and other elements. Different options for electric propulsion are reviewed, and their pros and cons highlighted. In particular, all electric aircraft suffer from severe range limitations, turbo electric aircrafts become appealing only if fed with liquid hydrogen (with the accompanying problems), while hybrid-electric aircrafts can lead to a somewhat reduced wing area (then weight). Other economical and operational issues are also considered, including cost per kWh (however shown to be a misleading indicator) and that per unit payload mass, maintenance, sources of electric energy for recharge.

    Online publication date:: Mon, 25-Jan-2021
    – – –
    Summary (quote): all electric aircraft suffer from severe range limitations

  65. NeilC says:

    I thought you may be interested in NO CLIMATE CHANGE IN GLASGOW FOR COP26

  66. oldbrew says:

    Overheating planet latest…

  67. oldbrew says:

    The green flash…

    ‘When a layer of extra-warm air sits atop a layer of colder air, the sun can be split in two, producing a green flash.’

  68. oldbrew says:

    Veolia is set to begin trials on a new carbon capture technology designed for energy recovery facilities (ERF).
    . . .
    The captured carbon could then be used in greenhouses to boost plant growth…


  69. oldbrew says:

    Thunder down under…or not.

    Nasa probes ‘meteorite crash’ in Australian playground… but it turns out to be school project
    1 day ago

    An Australian primary school was asked to submit a report to Nasa’s Kennedy Space Centre after pictures of a “meteorite crash” in the playground were shared around the world.

    Hundreds of amateur meteorologists [sic] turned their attention to Malanda State School in Queensland after images of the charred rock were shared on the Facebook page Australia Crash Investigation Unit.

    One person claimed they saw the “meteorite” coming down from Newcastle in New South Wales.

    Others were more suspicious, noting that if the rock had fallen from space it would have left a bigger impact.

  70. oldbrew says:

    FEBRUARY 9, 2021
    New factor in the carbon cycle of the Southern Ocean identified

    Earlier research suggested that greater phytoplankton growth in the Southern Ocean was a key contributor to the onset of the ice ages over the past 2.58 million years. More phytoplankton was able to bind more CO2, which was removed from the atmosphere. As a result, average global temperatures further declined. “So it’s critical that we understand exactly what processes regulate phytoplankton growth in the Southern Ocean,” Dr. Browning points out.

    Indeed, along with iron, manganese is another essential micronutrient required by every photosynthetic organism, from algae to oak trees. In most of the ocean, however, enough manganese is available to phytoplankton that it does not limit its growth.

    Measurements in remote regions of the Southern Ocean, on the other hand, have shown much lower manganese concentrations.

  71. oldbrew says:

    FEBRUARY 10, 2021
    Astronomers confirm orbit of most distant object ever observed in our solar system

    Farfarout’s average distance from the Sun is 132 astronomical units (au); 1 au is the distance between the Earth and Sun. For comparison, Pluto is only 39 au from the Sun. The newly discovered object has a very elongated orbit that takes it out to 175 au at its most distant, and inside the orbit of Neptune, to around 27 au, when it is close to the Sun.

    Farfarout’s journey around the Sun takes about a thousand years, crossing the massive planet Neptune’s orbit every time. This means Farfarout has likely experienced strong gravitational interactions with Neptune over the age of the solar system, and is the reason why it has such a large and elongated orbit.

    “A single orbit of Farfarout around the Sun takes a millennium,” said Tholen. “Because of this long orbital, it moves very slowly across the sky, requiring several years of observations to precisely determine its trajectory.”
    – – –
    So its average distance from the Sun would be beyond the heliopause.

  72. oldbrew says:

    FEBRUARY 5, 2021
    New research shows geothermal heating may have limited longevity

    They have found that geothermal energy, after working well initially, weakens until after a generation or maybe a half-century, it becomes generally ineffective. This decline is due to shifts in the temperature gradient, a key element to geothermal heating.
    – – –
    Ground source heat pumps…hmmm.

  73. oldbrew says:

  74. oldbrew says:

    Smart motorway deaths: police could find Highways England ‘criminally responsible’

    Police demand coroner’s evidence to establish if crime has been committed for removing hard shoulder and if further investigation is needed

    14 February 2021

    South Yorkshire Police is to examine files about Jason Mercer and Alexandru Murgeanu being killed on the M1 to “determine if a crime has been committed” and decide whether a “further criminal investigation” should be launched.

    David Urpeth, the Sheffield coroner, ruled last month that a lack of hard shoulder on the M1 contributed to the deaths of Mr Mercer, 44, and Mr Murgeanu, 22, in June 2019.

  75. oldbrew says:

    Trace Gas Orbiter Detects Hydrogen Chloride Gas in Atmosphere of Mars
    Feb 17, 2021

    This graphic describes a possible new chemistry cycle on Mars following the discovery of hydrogen chloride in the Martian atmosphere. Salts in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) are widespread on the surface of Mars. Winds lift this salty dust into the atmosphere. Sunlight warms the dusty atmosphere causing water vapor released from ice caps to rise. The salty dust reacts with atmospheric water to release chlorine (Cl), which itself then reacts with molecules containing hydrogen (H) to create hydrogen chloride (HCl). A similar process takes place on Earth: sea salt is blown into the air, and if it mixes with water vapor, chlorine becomes available for chemical reactions that form HCl. Further reactions could see the chlorine or hydrogen chloride-rich dust return to the surface of Mars perhaps as perchlorates, a class of salt made of oxygen and chlorine. HCl is observed to quickly appear and disappear from the atmosphere so it must be created and destroyed rapidly, with some fraction returned to the surface. The TGO observations suggest this might be an annual process driven by the changing seasons, specifically the warming of the southern hemisphere ice cap during southern summer, which releases water vapor into the atmosphere. The extra warmth also generates strong winds as air moves from warm to cool regions. In turn, the winds lift more dust, triggering regional and global dust storms. Image credit: ESA.

  76. oldbrew says:

    Signs of a hidden Planet Nine in the solar system may not hold up

    A remote planet isn’t ruled out, but evidence for one may be an illusion

    “On Twitter, people have been very into saying that this kills Planet Nine,” Napier says. “I want to be very careful to mention that this does not kill Planet Nine. But it’s not good for Planet Nine.”

  77. oldbrew says:

    FEBRUARY 24, 2021
    Asteroid dust found in crater closes case of dinosaur extinction

    The telltale sign of asteroid dust is the element iridium—which is rare in the Earth’s crust, but present at elevated levels in certain types of asteroids. An iridium spike in the geologic layer found all over the world is how the asteroid hypothesis was born. In the new study, researchers found a similar spike in a section of rock pulled from the crater. In the crater, the sediment layer deposited in the days to years after the strike is so thick that scientists were able to precisely date the dust to a mere two decades after impact.
    . . .
    Researchers estimate that the dust kicked up by the impact circulated in the atmosphere for no more than a couple of decades—which, Gulick points out, helps time how long extinction took.

    “If you’re actually going to put a clock on extinction 66 million years ago, you could easily make an argument that it all happened within a couple of decades, which is basically how long it takes for everything to starve to death,” he said.

  78. oldbrew says:

  79. oldbrew says:

    WSJ: Wind Power Was Thriving in Texas. Then Came the Freeze.
    March 4, 2021

    Wind farms have boomed in the Lone Star State, but one week of extreme wholesale power prices left many operators in financial distress
    . . .
    Wind farms that owe their counterparties more than they can pay may be forced to seek bankruptcy protection or work out an arrangement.

    Alternatively, the Wall Street banks could go after the only asset available for repayment: the wind farm itself. The gallows-humor joke in the wind industry this week was that Wall Street could soon become the biggest wind player in Texas.

    Power prices skyrocketed in the state after the Texas Public Utility Commission, a three-member panel appointed by Texas Gov. Greg Abbott, set them at $9,000 per megawatt hour to try to spur power plants to make more electricity.

    The move didn’t result in generators producing more, however, as dozens of power plants and wind farms were down due to the freeze and a corresponding shortage of natural gas.

  80. oldbrew says:

    MARCH 4, 2021
    Field study shows icing can cost wind turbines up to 80% of power production
    – – –
    Or 100% when switched off to avoid possible damage to their moving parts.

  81. oldbrew says:

    MARCH 5, 2021
    The story of polar aurora just got much bigger: Unknown magnetospheric mechanisms revealed

    A critical ingredient for auroras exists much higher in space than previously thought, according to new research in the journal Scientific Reports. The dazzling light displays in the polar night skies require an electric accelerator to propel charged particles down through the atmosphere. Scientists at Nagoya University and colleagues in Japan, Taiwan and the U.S. have found that it exists beyond 30,000 kilometers above the Earth’s surface—offering insight not just about Earth, but other planets as well.
    – – –
    Miles Mathis offers his ready-made solution (4 pages)…

    The Bigger Polar Aurora Story. I explain the production of electrons at higher altitudes.
    March 6, 2021

    Yesterday, March 5, PhysOrg published a press release from Nagoya University entitled “The story of
    polar aurora just got much bigger: Unknown magnetospheric mechanisms revealed”, admitting
    that aurora production begins above 30,000km. This more than doubles most previous assumptions,
    and it is a problem because the aurorae themselves generally appear at about 150km, in the lower
    thermosphere. The new number puts this production in the outer Van Allen belt—which makes sense
    in one way—but it doesn’t fit previous models at all.

    Neither the old nor the new data actually fit any possible mainstream models, and that is because those
    models are not based on charge recycling by the Earth, like mine are.

    Click to access aurora2.pdf

  82. oldbrew says:

    Microsoft-led team retracts quantum ‘breakthrough’

    BBC News, San Francisco
    Published 1 day ago

    A Microsoft-led team has withdrawn a controversial research paper into quantum computing, published in 2018.

    The research claimed to have found evidence of an elusive subatomic particle Microsoft suggested could help the development of more powerful computers.

    But it now says mistakes were made.

    The journal Nature has published a retraction. And the paper’s authors have apologised for “insufficient scientific rigour”.
    . . .
    “We can therefore no longer claim the observation of a quantised Majorana conductance and wish to retract this,” they wrote in Nature.
    – – –
    The Majorana Fermion
    by Miles Mathis

    In April of 2012, a team at Delft University claimed to discover evidence of Majorana fermions. I will show that they could not have discovered Majorana fermions, since there are no Majorana fermions. There can’t be, because there are no fermions. The current categories are made up from math, and have no physical reality.

    Click to access major.pdf

  83. oldbrew says:

    MARCH 12, 2021
    Zealandia Switch may be the missing link in understanding ice age climates
    – – –
    Interesting, but usual CO2 waffle at the end.

  84. oldbrew says:

    MARCH 11, 2021
    The solar wind, explained

  85. oldbrew says:

    The enigma of Oligocene climate and global surface temperature evolution
    PNAS October 13, 2020

    During the Eocene, high-latitude regions were much warmer than today and substantial polar ice sheets were lacking. Indeed, the initiation of significant polar ice sheets near the end of the Eocene has been closely linked to global cooling. Here, we examine the relationship between global temperatures and continental-scale polar ice sheets following the establishment of ice sheets on Antarctica ∼34 million years ago, using records of surface temperatures from around the world. We find that high-latitude temperatures were almost as warm after the initiation of Antarctic glaciation as before, challenging our basic understanding of how climate works, and of the development of climate and ice volume through time. [bold added]

  86. oldbrew says:

    MARCH 23, 2021
    Last Ice Age: Precipitation caused maximum advance of Alpine Glaciers

    Geologists from the University of Innsbruck unexpectedly found mineral deposits in former ice caves in the Austrian Alps dating back to the peak of the last ice age. These special calcite crystals demonstrate that intensive snowfall during the second half of the year triggered a massive glacier advance leading to the climax of the last ice age.
    . . .
    Since the North Atlantic—today a major source of precipitation—was ice-covered in winter at the time, the team assumes a strong southerly flow from the Mediterranean that brought the moisture to the Alps, driven by pronounced southerly föhn conditions. “We consider massive snowfall due to this strong southerly flow as the cause of the growth of glaciers in the Alpine region at the peak of the Last Glacial Maximum. And our data allow us to even pin down the season: autumn and early winter,” concludes Christoph Spötl.

  87. craigm350 says:

    Tim Cullen’s Malagabay looks like it’s been nuked by WordPress for wrongthink.

  88. oldbrew says:

    Craig – maybe he can appeal his suspension and get going again? 🤔
    – – –
    Sharon Stone BRUTALIZES ‘Cancel Culture’: ‘Stupidest Thing I’ve Ever Seen’

  89. oldbrew says:

    APRIL 2, 2021
    Scientists studying solar try solving a dusty problem
    by National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    Robots might work in some areas. Autonomous robots equipped with rotating brushes have been put to work in the Middle East to whisk away dust from solar panels.

    “If you brush the dust off these panels at a sufficient rate, it does keep them pretty clean and you don’t get the cementation forming,” Simpson said. “That requires you to clean them off every day or every other day or so.”

    No single solution exists to clean solar panels. In areas of high humidity, Simpson said, fungus has been known to grow.

  90. oldbrew says:

    Blackrock Investment Guru Busts The ESG Investing Myth
    Apr 03, 2021

    “If you sell your stock in a company that has a high emissions footprint, it doesn’t matter. The company still exists, the only difference is that you don’t own them. The company is going to keep on going the way they were and there are 20 hedge funds who will buy that stock overnight. The market is the market.’’
    – – –
    What is ESG investing?

    ESG investing is investing in companies that score highly on environmental and societal responsibility scales as determined by third-party, independent companies and research groups.

  91. oldbrew says:

    Emissions-free energy system saves heat from the summer sun for winter
    24 Feb 2021

    A research group from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, has made great, rapid strides towards the development of a specially designed molecule which can store solar energy for later use. These advances have been presented in four scientific articles this year, with the most recent being published in the highly ranked journal Energy & Environmental Science.

    Around a year ago, the research team presented a molecule that was capable of storing solar energy. The molecule, made from carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen, has the unique property that when it is hit by sunlight, it is transformed into an energy-rich isomer – a molecule which consists of the same atoms, but bound together in a different way.

    This isomer can then be stored for use when that energy is later needed – for example, at night or in winter. It is in a liquid form and is adapted for use in a solar energy system, which the researchers have named MOST (Molecular Solar Thermal Energy Storage). In just the last year, the research team have made great advances in the development of MOST.

  92. oldbrew says:

    ‘Fight’ global warming and reduce heat in homes…spot the problem there…

  93. oldbrew says:

    APRIL 5, 2021
    Study reveals uncertainty in how much carbon the ocean absorbs over time
    by Jennifer Chu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Researchers found that the “gold standard” equation used to calculate the pump’s strength has a larger margin of error than previously thought, and that predictions of how much atmospheric carbon the ocean will pump down to various depths could be off by 10 to 15 parts per million.

    Given that the world is currently emitting carbon dioxide into the atmosphere at an annual rate of about 2.5 parts per million, the team estimates that the new uncertainty translates to about a five-year error in climate target projections.
    – – –
    How much of the 2.5 parts per million is due to natural variation?

  94. oldbrew says:

    Calls to ban SUVs as carbon-intensive cars clog city streets

    The New Weather Institute says SUV advertising should be banned, in much the same way tobacco advertising has been outlawed in the interest of public health
    . . .
    The stereotype of the ‘Chelsea tractor’ is true – and these vehicles are a primary contributor to urban air pollution, traffic deaths and climate change.

    That’s the conclusion reached in a new report.
    – – –
    Too late – ‘they now corner more than 40% of the market’ and ‘three-quarters of all SUVs sold to the UK public in 2019-2020 were registered to addresses in urban areas.’

    Popular on the school run…

  95. Bazmd says:

    Cosmic ray neutron count hasn’t reached a new record for SC24-25 solar minimum. Solar Cycle 23-24 is still the “space age” record.

    That’s only for cosmic ray detection on planet earth. And if Cosmic rays are constant and are unaffected by planetary bodies.

  96. Chaeremon says:

    It appears the Geothermal gradient [@wiki] has been left untouched in climateastrology doomsaying; here in Teutonistan the gov’s DWD appears to have swept it under the carpet [h/t EIKE commenters].

  97. johnm33 says:

    Oct. 27 above, I’ve been wondering if incoming, from the south according to M.Mathis,[Aurora] has set off some hydridic reactions and consequent telluric currents deep down and hence the uptick in volcanic/geothermal activity? Coincident with the recent J.S. conjunction and more to do with the solar systems/Earths alignment to whatever ‘field’ sets the phi relationships than the sun directly.

  98. g2-3297bf0807f3ec600de3e9163016e8d4 says:

    I get excited by mentions of ‘stratosphere’ and ‘aerosols’.

  99. oldbrew says:

    University engineers create ‘whitest ever’ paint in bid to curb global warming
    Friday 16 April 2021

    Take that, climate 🤣

  100. Stuart Brown says:

    OB – what do you reckon, do you think the ‘whitest ever’ paint would reflect as much as a mirror? Mirror tiled roofs could be a thing…

    Anyway, what’s a ‘university engineer’? I was only an engineer after I left university!

  101. oldbrew says:

    Time for human-caused CO2 to start up a whopping El Nino perhaps? As per modern cli-sci fizzix 🙄

  102. oldbrew says:

    Chinese no-frills ‘shopping cart’ EV for $4,400…

    “It sold 270,000 units in just 270 days, and it ranked at the top of China’s EV sales for seven consecutive months”
    . . .
    The car can plug into a household outlet, negating the need for separate charging equipment.


  103. oldbrew says:

    APRIL 29, 2021
    Flies grow bigger up north: Insect size a promising new proxy for palaeoclimate

    “The average midge becomes one millimeter longer per every five degrees of latitude,” Baranov says. “That was very exciting for me to learn. Because it means there seems to be a very strong signal, at least in this group.”

    The results show the potential of using invertebrate fossils for quantitative analyses to reconstruct palaeotemperatures over millions of years, Baranov says.

  104. oldbrew says:

    Per mile road pricing is ‘most effective’ way to plug the Treasury’s £40bn tax hole when drivers switch to electric vehicles, says report submitted to MPs
    29 April 2021

    The report was produced by not-for-profit group Greener Transport Solutions, which provides recommendations to central and local Government.

    Report —

  105. oldbrew says:

    Storms and the Depletion of Ammonia in Jupiter: I. Microphysics of “Mushballs”

    First published: 05 August 2020

    Plain Language Summary

    The Juno mission has revealed that Jupiter’s atmosphere is much more complex and intriguing than previously anticipated. Most of Jupiter’s atmosphere was shown to be depleted in ammonia. While ammonia was expected to be well mixed, large scale variability of ammonia was detected at least 100 km below the cloud level where condensation occurs. We propose a mechanism to explain this depletion and variability. We show that in Jupiter, at very low temperatures (of order −90° C), water ice and ammonia vapor combine to form a liquid and we hypothesize that this subsequently triggers unexpected meteorology. During Jupiter’s violent storms, hailstones form from this liquid, similar to the process in terrestrial storms where hail forms in the presence of supercooled liquid water. Growth of the hailstones creates a slush‐like substance surrounded by a layer of ice, and these “mushballs” fall, evaporate, and continue sinking further in the planet’s deep atmosphere, creating both ammonia depletion and variability, potentially explaining the Juno observations.

  106. oldbrew says:

    Team cracks century-old mystery over the health struggles of explorer Ernest Shackleton

    The severe nutrient deficiency beriberi is found to be the primary cause of Shackleton’s bouts of breathlessness and weakness


    In a paper published online in the Journal of Medical Biography, the team moved beyond past theories of congenital heart defect and scurvy advanced by physicians and historians to conclude that the British explorer suffered from beriberi, a serious and potentially life-threatening condition caused by a deficiency of the nutrient thiamine.

  107. oldbrew says:


    This could be a good year for NLCs. To form, the clouds require cold temperatures in the mesosphere. Really cold. “At the moment, 2021 is one of the coldest years since AIM was launched 14 years ago,” says Cora Randall of the University of Colorado’s Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics. Note the red line in this plot created by Randall’s colleague Lynn Harvey:

  108. oldbrew says:

    Odd fossil found in Mississippi gravel is ‘a needle in a haystack’ from the Ice Age
    APRIL 30, 2021

    An odd rock found in central Mississippi is rewriting the state’s Ice Age history — and even calling into question some long-held scientific assumptions.

    It’s a piece of petrified wood, but that’s not what has geologists excited.

    Closer inspection has revealed the fossil is much, much older than the soil that surrounded it, state geologists say, perhaps by millions of years.
    . . .
    There were no glaciers that came as far south as Mississippi.

    Instead, the Mississippi River served as a giant drainage ditch as far back as 700,000 years ago for glaciers throughout the Pleistocene Age, experts say. The river was 200 feet higher than it is now and ran up to 15 miles east of its current location, based on the placements of gravel deposits.

    These deposits — some of which are 100-feet thick — were literally the bottom of the Mississippi River during the Ice Age.

    During the era, the river was the volatile centerpiece of a treacherous landscape, Starnes says.

    “This included catastrophic ice-dam breaks and ice-burgs flowing down to the Gulf of Mexico,” he says. “Megafloods from glacial meltwaters and ice-dam breaks entering the Mississippi River Valley were commonplace, as it drained a sheet of ice over a mile thick into the Gulf of Mexico. The river carried with it a flood of materials bulldozed by ice.”
    [inc. short video by the scientists]
    – – –
    The rock/boulder was much too heavy to float, they say – see video.

  109. johnm33 says: Spin state and moment of inertia of Venus
    Interesting but way beyond my abilities when it come to tying the variability into the general why phi dynamic.

  110. oldbrew says:

    johnm33 says: May 9, 2021 at 10:08 am
    – – –
    The spin/rotation rate of Venus is close to 12 per 13 Venus orbits, a 99.83% match. The ratio of 8 Earth orbits to 13 Venus orbits is a 99.97% match. and a ratio of 3 Venus rotations to 2 Earth orbits (or 12:8) is a 99.8% match.

  111. oldbrew says:

    MAY 11, 2021
    Scientists catch exciting magnetic waves in action in the Sun’s photosphere

    Researchers have confirmed the existence of magnetic plasma waves, known as Alfvén waves, in the Sun’s photosphere. The study, published in Nature Astronomy, provides new insights into these fascinating waves that were first discovered by the Nobel Prize winning scientist Hannes Alfvén in 1947.

    Alfvén wave —

  112. oldbrew says:

    Curtains for Glasgow COP?

    Boris Johnson’s advisers consider to hold COP26 online
    Date: 13/05/21 Global Warming Policy Forum

    When the GWPF earlier this week called on Boris Johnson to turn the UN climate summit in Glasgow in November (COP26) into an online event, we didn’t expect that his advisers would respond that quickly, now considering the same idea.
    – – –
    They must know Covid won’t be under control worldwide by November.

  113. oldbrew says:

    Ignore hype over hydrogen heating, government told
    Published 9 hours ago

    Environmentalists are warning the government to ignore what they call “hype” over the use of hydrogen to provide heat.

    New natural gas boilers will be phased out next decade because their emissions add to climate change.

    Oil and gas firms are pushing for so-called “blue” hydrogen to be used to provide heat instead.

    But environmentalists say electric heat pumps are a much better option for most homes.
    – – –
    ‘…because their emissions add to climate change’ = the usual unsupported assertion.

  114. oldbrew says:

    Rainy and cool May so far
    Posted on 14 May, 2021 by Met Office Press Office

    A sodden start to May has already sent large parts of the UK to within touching distance of their average rainfall for the month, with Wales having seen at least 25% more rain than would be expected over the course of the whole month.

    The UK has been gripped by the influence of persistent low pressure systems since the start of the month, with Wales and northern parts of England bearing the brunt of persistent, heavy rainfall and sometimes stormy conditions.
    – – –
    Jet stream goes south again…

    = = =
    Meanwhile in Moscow – same latitude as Glasgow, Scotland – temps are much higher…

  115. oldbrew says:

    Seasonally Resolved Holocene Sea Ice Variability Inferred From South Pole Ice Core Chemistry (2021)

    Plain Language Summary

    Sea ice variability has a dramatic effect on regional and global climate. Because sea ice extent has such a large summer to winter difference, seasonally specific records of past sea ice conditions are necessary to properly interpret sea ice/climate relationships. Here, we present a sea salt record from the South Pole Ice Core, which represents Southern Hemisphere sea ice changes during the last 11,400 years. We use an atmospheric chemistry model to show that wintertime sea salt in the South Pole Ice Core comes mostly from salty snow originating from sea ice. Wintertime sea ice variations are responsible for most of the long‐term variability in the South Pole sea salt record. Ice core data across Antarctica show increasing sea salt concentrations since 11,400 years ago, representing cooling and sea ice expansion, particularly between 8,000 and 10,000 years ago. Between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago, a drop in sea salt indicates an abrupt reduction in sea ice cover in the South Atlantic. Interestingly, paleoclimate data suggest that sea ice was more extensive in the North Atlantic at this time, indicating a linked and opposing sea ice signal in the North and South Atlantic most likely due to changing ocean circulation.
    – – –
    ‘Sea ice variability has a dramatic effect on regional and global climate.’

    Maybe, but first something has to cause the sea ice variations.

  116. oldbrew says:

    Climate alarmist Sky News craves warmer weather 😂

    UK weather: When will it finally get better? Forecasters reveal ‘early signs’ of warmer conditions on the way

    ‘As the UK has gradually moved out of lockdown, most of the country’s enjoyment of new-found freedoms has been quite literally dampened by weeks of miserable conditions.

    After a dry but colder-than-average April, the first half of May saw 77% of the average total rainfall for the entire month, with temperatures of around three degrees below normal.

    So as people across Britain continue to shiver at windswept tourist attractions and in rain-soaked beer gardens – before finally being allowed inside as of Monday – when can we reasonably expect a semblance of summer weather to arrive?’
    – – –
    Jetstream has gone south so we’re getting weather that would normally be further north.

    A year ago Sky was banging the usual climate change drum for extreme weather, more heat, blah blah…

  117. Aequitas says:

  118. oldbrew says:

    Wacky world of electric cars…

    The $87 Billion Chinese Car Maker That Hasn’t Sold A Single Car
    May 20, 2021

    Yet despite the absence of any working EV models, and despite the loss, Evergrande Auto’s market cap gained about a thousand percent in 2020 to hit $87 billion in April. Now, the company is saying it will begin trial production of EVs at the end of this year and start deliveries in 2022.

  119. oldbrew says:

    A message for the school strikers: Get serious, and tell your teachers to switch off the air con…

    Saint Greta’s comeuppance

    How about this? Tell your teachers to switch off the aircon, walk or ride to school, switch off your devices and read a book, make a sandwich instead of buying manufactured fast food.

    No, none of this will happen, because, the piece says, ‘you’re selfish, badly educated, virtue-signaling little turds inspired by the adults around you who crave a feeling of having a noble cause while they indulge themselves in Western luxury and unprecedented quality of life’.

    The piece ends by saying ‘wake up, grow up, and shut up until you’re sure of the facts before protesting.’”

  120. g2-3297bf0807f3ec600de3e9163016e8d4 says:

    We really need Arnie to fly into the Sun and terminate the nasty fluxes..

    Otherwise this weak solar cycle might spoil the narrative..

  121. oldbrew says:

    JUNE 11, 2021
    North Atlantic currents may not be linked to Meridional Overturning Circulation
    by National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

    A new international study has cast doubts on the view that variations in the density of some of the deepest currents of the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean are caused by winter surface conditions and represent changes in the strength of the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC).
    . . .
    Climate projections all predict a slowing of the MOC as a result of greenhouse gas emissions, with potentially damaging impact on coastal communities and land.

    ‘as a result of greenhouse gas emissions’
    Since when did the atmosphere drive the oceans, or the tail wag the dog?
    – – –
    Open Access
    Published: 24 May 2021
    Subpolar North Atlantic western boundary density anomalies and the Meridional Overturning Circulation

    Contrary to previous modeling studies, we find no discernable relationship between western boundary changes and subpolar overturning variability over the observational time scales. Our results require a reconsideration of the notion of deep western boundary changes representing overturning characteristics, with implications for constraining the source of overturning variability within and downstream of the subpolar region.

  122. oldbrew says:

    ‘Giant arc’ stretching 3.3 billion light-years across the cosmos shouldn’t exist
    By Adam Mann – Live Science Contributor 2 days ago

    How big is too big?

    A newly discovered crescent of galaxies spanning 3.3 billion light-years is among the largest known structures in the universe and challenges some of astronomers’ most basic assumptions about the cosmos.
    . . .
    “There have been a number of large-scale structures discovered over the years,” Clowes told Live Science. “They’re so large, you wonder if they’re compatible with the cosmological principle.”
    – – –
    Cosmological principle

    In modern physical cosmology, the cosmological principle is the notion that the spatial distribution of matter in the universe is homogeneous and isotropic when viewed on a large enough scale, since the forces are expected to act uniformly throughout the universe, and should, therefore, produce no observable irregularities in the large-scale structuring over the course of evolution of the matter field that was initially laid down by the Big Bang.

  123. oldbrew says:

    The Earth has a pulse — a 27.5-million-year cycle of geological activity
    Date: June 18, 2021
    Source: New York University

    Geologic activity on Earth appears to follow a 27.5-million-year cycle, giving the planet a ‘pulse,’ according to a new study.

    ‘The researchers posit that these pulses may be a function of cycles of activity in the Earth’s interior — geophysical processes related to the dynamics of plate tectonics and climate. However, similar cycles in the Earth’s orbit in space might also be pacing these events.

    “Whatever the origins of these cyclical episodes, our findings support the case for a largely periodic, coordinated, and intermittently catastrophic geologic record, which is a departure from the views held by many geologists,” explained Rampino.’

  124. oldbrew says:


    “It is pretty strange to observe noctilucent clouds from these latitudes,” says Gil.

    Indeed it is. Valencia is at +39N, a latitude where NLCs are almost never seen. For most of their history (NLCs were discovered in the 19th century), the clouds have been found mainly near the Arctic Circle. Now they are spreading. The record low latitude, to date, was set in June 2019 when the clouds appeared near Los Angeles (+34 N). Gil’s sighting shows that they are in the 30s again.

    This just in: Cameras at the Calar Alto Observatory in Spain recorded the clouds at an even lower latitude (+37.5N):

  125. oldbrew says:

    Rotation everywhere…

    JUNE 15, 2021
    Largest structures in the universe show clear light-shifted signal of rotation

    By mapping the motion of galaxies in huge filaments that connect the cosmic web, astronomers at the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), in collaboration with scientists in China and Estonia, have found that these long tendrils of galaxies spin on the scale of hundreds of millions of light years. A rotation on such enormous scales has never been seen before. The results published in Nature Astronomy signify that angular momentum can be generated on unprecedented scales.

  126. oldbrew says:

    This large object, possibly bigger than any previously observed comet, may never have entered the solar system before. Nobody knows for sure but Tony Dunn says it has been here. Its orbit period could be anything up to a few million years. Gizmodo reports 400,000 – 1 million years as an estimate.

  127. Chaeremon says:

    Have meteorological disturbances and/or solar storm above the clouds confused some 5000 homing pigeons? And what about the current solar minimum…

  128. oldbrew says:

    Firefighter Insider says:
    Lithium-ion batteries should never be charged without someone in attendance. It is a rare occurrence but if the battery fails during charging – it is possible that problems may develop. Early intervention can prevent overheating and fire.

    Good luck with the overnight charging, Tesla owners 😮

  129. oldbrew says:

    JUNE 22, 2021
    More intense and frequent thunderstorms linked to global climate variability
    by Texas A&M University

    Large thunderstorms in the Southern Great Plains of the U.S. are some of the strongest on Earth. In recent years, these storms have increased in frequency and intensity, and new research shows that these shifts are linked to climate variability.
    . . .
    Study: Abrupt Southern Great Plains thunderstorm shifts linked to glacial climate variability

    Storm regimes shift from weakly to strongly organized on millennial timescales and are coincident with well-known abrupt climate shifts during the last glacial period. Modern-day synoptic analysis suggests that thunderstorm organization in the Southern Great Plains is strongly coupled to changes in large-scale wind and moisture patterns.

  130. oldbrew says:

    A new type of optical illusion tricks the brain into seeing dazzling rays

    Creators call the illusion the “scintillating starburst.”

  131. oldbrew says:

    Madden-Julian oscillation winds excite an intraseasonal see-saw of ocean mass that affects Earth’s polar motion

    Article – Open Access
    Published: 05 July 2021

    Fig. 5: Schematic diagram of Indo–Pacific see-saw-induced polar motion.

    Caption: Schematic illustration of a positive cycle of the see-saw in the oceanic mass in the Indo–Pacific basin due to boreal winter MJO winds over the Maritime Continent and its subsequent manifestation in the wobbling of the Earth at intraseasonal timescales. The green color represents landmasses. The color bar signifies intraseasonal equivalent water depth anomaly. The white color arrows over the Maritime Continent depict zonal wind patterns due to MJO. The increasing southward arrow length of the wind vector signifies a negative vertical component of the wind stress curl and consequently a positive source term for barotropic dynamics. The anticlockwise barotropic circulation around the Australian continent is denoted by the curly yellow arrows. The three axes of the solid Earth are represented by the red (x-axis), blue (y-axis), and black (z-axis) arrows. The wobbling of the z-axis is represented by the brown arrow. The black dashed line represents the Equator. The wind and the circulation reverse direction during the negative cycle of the see-saw.

  132. oldbrew says:

    Ignoring the silly climate propaganda, there’s an interesting article about internet power use here…

    An elegant new algorithm developed by Danish researchers can significantly reduce the resource consumption of the world’s computer servers.
    . . .
    Studies have demonstrated that global data centers consume more than 400 terawatt-hours of electricity annually. This accounts for approximately two percent of the world’s total greenhouse gas emissions and currently equals all emissions from global air traffic. Data center electricity consumption is expected to double by 2025.

  133. oldbrew says:


    Flying in the ointment
    Green Eye, Issue 1551

    ‘FOKKER’ writes: Bristol airport claims it has made a bold commitment to protecting the environment – even while pressing on with plans to hugely increase the number of flights it handles.
    The airport has announced that by the end of this year it will be the UK’s first carbon-neutral airport. It has committed to a “net zero airfield, net zero buildings and to operating a net zero fleet of vehicles”.

    Slip through the net
    Very impressive – but the airport fails to include in this commitment the small matters of either the aircraft which fly in and out or the vehicles which take passengers to and from it. As Carla Denyer, a Green Party member of Bristol city council, said: “To brand yourself as a ‘net zero airport’ without including flights, car parking or journeys to and from the airport is highly misleading.”

    Not at all, say the airport’s operators, who appear skilled in the art of greenwash: “We offset all passenger road journeys to and from the airport – this was a European first. Offsets will be purchased retrospectively based on an annual passenger survey showing the different modes of travel used by passengers.”

    More here:
    – – –
    Pointless pretentious posturing.

  134. oldbrew says:

    Almost no chance of El Niño any time soon…

    July 2021 ENSO update: La Niña Watch
    Author: Tom Di Liberto
    July 8, 2021

    As things stand with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), neutral conditions are currently present in the tropical Pacific and favored to last through the North American summer and into the fall. But forecasters at NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center have issued a La Niña Watch, which means they see La Niña likely emerging (~55%) during the September-November period and lasting through winter.

  135. oldbrew says:

    Climate ambulance chasers pile into European flash flooding disasters.

    Scientists have condemned politicians for failing to protect their citizens from extreme weather events such as the floods in northern Europe and the US heat dome.
    – – –
    Politicians can control the weather, or prevent any consequences? Idiotic.

  136. Hi, an idea for a post (or a complaint to OFGEM against skynews)

    I wondered where the global temperature ticker came from and what was behind it.

    Here is a still from the program taken today:

    Here is a screen shot from today. (a 30 sec video is available if you want)

    I noticed the ‘ticker’ Global warming since 1880. I tracked their source:
    Which is the source for this ticker. I looked into how it worked since the apparent number of digits was both impressive and daft.

    It comes from a javascript function called: calculateTempRise(t)

    It is shown below from the file config.js

    var basisDate = new Date(“12/15/2020 00:00 AM”);

    // functions to return calculated values
    // where t = number of seconds since basis date

    function calculateTempRise(t) {
    return (1.2163 + (0.00000000075481*t)); //<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

    function calculateNonCO2_RF(t) {
    return (0.85 + (t*0.0017*12/(86400*365)));

    function calculateCarbonEmissions(t) {
    return ((t*365*44/12 + 2394.0*config.billion));

    As you will see it is a simple 'multiply the time in seconds by a small number and add 1.2163

    y = mx + c format.

    Looking through the links on the main page above I found a link to:
    Which describes how uncertainties are handled and how they can get to one incrementing number without error bars etc.

    Obviously "A real-time Global Warming Index" paper just said trust us it fits with the rest of the simulations so ours must be correct!!

    An excerpt: "The 5–95% confidence interval in the GWI is estimated on the basis of observational (100 possible variations), forcing (200 possible variations), response model uncertainty (20 possible variations) and uncertainty due to internal variability (50 possible variations, using internal variability from the CMIP5 pre-industrial control ensemble). Drifting control runs are rejected above a certain threshold (±0.15 °C/century). "

    The last sentence above is a cracker! if the drift is too high we ignore it!!!!!

    My main concern is that this temperature ticker will spread around the web and given a pseudo authority, when it has nothing to back it up.

    Over to you.

    Steve Richards

    [reply] Noted, thanks

  137. oldbrew says:

    AUGUST 5, 2021
    Lunar samples solve mystery of the moon’s supposed magnetic shield

    A lack of magnetic shielding also means that ancient lunar soils may hold records of past solar wind emissions. Analyzing cores of soil samples could therefore provide scientists with a better understanding of the evolution of the sun.

  138. ullix says:

    Battery announcements are usually hyped up beyond credibility. Here is one which is rather moderate, and therefor far more credible to me:
    It is about Sodium-ion Batteries. Capacity slightly below current LiIon, next gen slightly above. But much better properties: no fire danger, working in the cold, and much cheaper (3x) due to low cost materials, available in abundance.

    Much discussed in German tech magazines:

  139. oldbrew says:

    Wind firms bemoan lack of wind…

    Lighter winds slow progress at offshore firms Orsted, RWE
    Reuters | August 12, 2021

    Germany’s RWE also cited much lower wind volumes in Northern and Central Europe compared with the very high level last year, reporting a 22% decline in core profits at its offshore unit to 459 million euros ($539 million) in the first half.
    – – –
    Only 459 million euros profit – what a drag.

  140. oldbrew says:

    Tropical Storm Henri will make landfall in the northeastern United States

    Inland flooding is likely from Henri.
    8/20/2021, 5:16 PM
    – – –
    Joe Bastardi thinks it could get ugly…

    Henri is the storm we have feared for decades
    By Joe Bastardi | August 20th, 2021

    The situation with Henri is growing dire. I strongly believe this will be stronger than the National Hurricane Center has at landfall. Their track has come to ours and ours is likely going to shift to the west this afternoon.
    . . .
    As per our morning discussion, this will join the who’s who of the greatest storms in this area and for some will become the new benchmark.

  141. oldbrew says:


    The excitation demonstrated a quasi 20-year amplitude modulation.
    . . .
    In this framework all the variations, including climatic modes, like El Nino, 35-year meteorological period, related with the beating between lunar (355 days) and solar year, 412-day period of the
    ’Big Moon’ should not be ignored.

    Paper —

    ‘quasi 20-year’ — Jupiter-Saturn conjunction = 19.865 years.

    ‘lunar (355 days)’ — 32 Chandler wobbles = 39 lunar years (13 tropical months each) is a very good match.
    Multiply by 11 for 21 Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions = 2 de Vries cycles.
    – – –
    Talkshop links to Sidorenkov (some re. Chandler wobble), including collaboration with Ian Wilson, here:

  142. oldbrew says:

    Another pasting for ‘puerile’ Extinction Rebellion.

    Put another way, if protesters want to divest from fossil fuels immediately, are they also happy to shut every petrol station, turn off their gas heating, and take us back to the Middle Ages, overnight?

    Of course, some protesters might say yes. But then let them clearly explain what this would mean for the economy and for our quality of life. I would also be curious to know how they would get home, without using public transport.
    – – –
    But the writer still thinks politicians can manage the climate. Wise up, dude.

  143. Dennis G says:

    Gradual onset of the Maunder Minimum revealed by high-precision carbon-14 analyses

    The Sun exhibits centennial-scale activity variations and sometimes encounters grand solar minimum when solar activity becomes extremely weak and sunspots disappear for several decades. Such an extreme weakening of solar activity could cause severe climate, causing massive reductions in crop yields in some regions. During the past decade, the Sun’s activity has tended to decline, raising concerns that the Sun might be heading for the next grand minimum. However, we still have an underdeveloped understanding of solar dynamo mechanisms and hence precise prediction of near-future solar activity is not attained. Here we show that the 11-year solar cycles were significantly lengthened before the onset of the Maunder Minimum (1645–1715 CE) based on unprecedentedly high-precision data of carbon-14 content in tree rings. It implies that flow speed in the convection zone is an essential parameter to determine long-term solar activity variations. We find that a 16 year-long cycle had occurred three solar cycles before the onset of prolonged sunspot disappearance, suggesting a longer-than-expected preparatory period for the grand minimum. As the Sun has shown a tendency of cycle lengthening since Solar Cycle 23 (1996–2008 CE), the behavior of Solar Cycle 25 can be critically important to the later solar activity.

  144. oldbrew says:

    Hurricane Ida slams into Louisiana coastline, heads for New Orleans, 16 years after Katrina hit

    Hurricane Ida is the fifth-strongest [see below] hurricane to hit the US mainland

    The category four storm, packing winds of 230 kilometres per hour, knocked out power to all of New Orleans, blew roofs off buildings and reversed the flow of the Mississippi River.

    Ida is ranked joint 9th with six others for max wind speed at Wikipedia [meaning ‘maximum sustained wind speed upon striking land’].

  145. Scott says:

    Ever I am impressed at the way renewables are powering Brittania..

  146. Paul Vaughan says:

    73500 More:
    Key11UNwharf hindsight$UNclear communication a decade ago.

    Seaso11air SSTorm planUN internet-tie COP-so11oops.

    “Rev view” observe ace UN (DO$missed “buy 6000 theorist$”).

    2400 COP11airUNclassIC“$not f(IT)” fear-NASA.
    ImageUN old guise ABunch playin’ ON-electric banjo$: “Master of Puppet” tune-sov. Metallica.


  147. oldbrew says:

    SEPTEMBER 20, 2021
    Strong sunlight powers passive cooling device

    A simple cooling system driven by the capture of passive solar energy could provide low-cost food refrigeration and living space cooling for impoverished communities with no access to the electricity grid. The system, which has no electrical components, exploits the powerful cooling effect that occurs when certain salts are dissolved in water. After each cooling cycle, the system uses solar energy to evaporate the water and regenerate the salt, ready for reuse.
    . . .
    The team designed a two-step cooling and regeneration system, with the cooling step based upon the fact that dissolving certain common salts in water absorbs energy, which rapidly cools the water. After comparing a range of salts, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) proved to be the standout performer, with a cooling power more than four times greater than its closest competitor, ammonium chloride (NH4Cl). The ammonium nitrate salt’s exceptional cooling power can be attributed to its high solubility. “NH4NO3’s solubility reached 208 grams per 100 grams of water, whereas the other salts were generally below 100 grams,” Wenbin says. “This salt’s other advantage is that it is very cheap and already widely used as fertilizer,” he adds.

  148. ullix says:

    Ammonium Nitrate? Great, put a big chemical bomb into every household. Gives a firework of fun!

  149. Chaeremon says:

    The Birth of the Universe: Theories and Hypothesis – A Russian Perspective

  150. Ed Fox says:

    Submission for publication
    Why ECS Must Be Zero

    What is never considered in the calculation of ECS is the first increase in CO2 from 0ppm.

    Starting from 0ppm, you have an infinite number of doublings to reach 10ppm or any other value, which reduces the value of ECS to zero at the limit.

    This of course explains why no one has been able to nail down a value for ECS after many decades of trying. ECS is an iterative formula specifying the value of each iteration without having defined the zero condition.

    As such, ECS has no solution because the zero condition, the initial doubling from zero is not defined.

    If the ECS from 1 to 2ppm is the same as the ECS from 400 to 800ppm then the ECS from 0.01 to 0.02ppm must also be the same.

    And the Ecs from 0.001 to 0.002ppm, and from 0.0001 to 0.0002ppm, and from 0.00001 to 0.00002ppm on to infinity.

    In other words, there have already been any infinite number of doublings in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.

    As such, any value for ECS greater than zero will result in an infinite surface temperature. And any negative value for ECS will result in a temperature of absolute zero.

    As such, the only possible value for ECS is zero.

  151. Ed Fox says:

    Submission for Publication – revised
    Why ECS Must Be Zero

    by E G Fox

    What is not considered in the calculation of ECS (equilibrium climate sensitivity) is the first increase in CO2 from 0ppm.

    Starting from 0ppm, you have an infinite number of doublings to reach 10ppm or any other value, which reduces the value of ECS to zero at the limit.

    This of course explains why no one has been able to nail down a value for ECS after many decades of trying. ECS is an iterative formula specifying the value of each iteration without having defined the zero condition.

    As such, ECS has no solution because the zero condition, the initial doubling from zero is not defined.

    If the ECS from 1 to 2ppm is the same as the ECS from 400 to 800ppm then the ECS from 0.01 to 0.02ppm must also be the same.

    And the ECS from 0.001 to 0.002ppm, and from 0.0001 to 0.0002ppm, and from 0.00001 to 0.00002ppm on to infinity.

    In other words, there have already been an infinite number of doublings in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.

    As such, any value for ECS greater than zero will result in an infinite surface temperature. And any negative value for ECS will result in a temperature less than absolute zero.

    As such, the only possible value for ECS is zero.

  152. Ed Fox says:

    Roger above submission withdrawn. There is an error on rhe positive side. The negative side (decreasing CO) still is valid. It is a form of Zeno’s paradox.

  153. oldbrew says:

    Please note: we’ve moved to Suggestions 45 now.

    No more comments here. Thanks.

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