Suggestions-47

Please post ideas for new threads, tips on relevant and interesting threads elsewhere, and notes about pretty much anything you like here.

The scissors will be wielded to commercial spam, lewd suggestions, and anything else I don’t like. 😎

Comments
  1. oldbrew says:

    Link back to Suggestions 46

    [for viewing only please]

    = = =

  2. oldbrew says:

    Army Climate Plan Relies On Technology That Doesn’t Even Exist
    OCT 13, 2022

    “I don’t know how we’re going to do battlefield charging yet. Nobody knows that”.

    https://climatechangedispatch.com/army-climate-plan-relies-on-technology-that-doesnt-even-exist/

    If the enemy hits your charging station…win the battle or ‘save the climate’?

  3. oldbrew says:

    BYU profs create new micro nuclear reactor to produce nuclear energy more safely
    October 04, 2022

    In Memmott’s new reactor, during and after the nuclear reaction occurs, all the radioactive byproducts are dissolved into molten salt. Nuclear elements can emit heat or radioactivity for hundreds of thousands of years while they slowly cool, which is why nuclear waste is so dangerous (and why in the past, finding a place to dispose of it has been so difficult). However, salt has an extremely high melting temperature — 550°C — and it doesn’t take long for the temperature of these elements in the salt to fall beneath the melting point. Once the salt crystalizes, the radiated heat will be absorbed into the salt (which doesn’t remelt), negating the danger of a nuclear meltdown at a power plant.

    Another benefit of the molten salt nuclear reactor design is that it has the potential to eliminate dangerous nuclear waste.
    . . .
    A typical nuclear power plant is built with a little over one square mile to operate to reduce radiation risk, with the core itself being 30 ft x 30 ft. Memmott’s molten salt nuclear reactor is 4 ft x 7ft, and because there is no risk of a meltdown there is no need for a similar large zone surrounding it. This small reactor can produce enough energy to power 1000 American homes. The research team said everything needed to run this reactor is designed to fit onto a 40-foot truck bed; meaning this reactor can make power accessible to even very remote places.

    https://news.byu.edu/byu-profs-create-safer-system-to-produce-nuclear-energy

  4. oldbrew says:

    Milestone – More than 30 000 near-Earth asteroids of all sizes discovered
    Friday, October 14, 2022

    https://watchers.news/2022/10/14/milestone-more-than-30-000-near-earth-asteroids-of-all-sizes-discovered/

  5. oldbrew says:

    New book by former IPCC and Met Office climate professor. Not alarmist enough for Scientific American…

    THE UNCERTAINTY PARADOX

    Book title — The Primacy of Doubt: From Quantum Physics to Climate Change, How the Science of Uncertainty Can Help Us Understand Our Chaotic World
    by Tim Palmer

    Palmer is also a major contributor to improving climate models and is among the researchers who won the 2007 Nobel Prize for authoring the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reports.

    https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/uncertainty-can-speed-up-climate-action/

    Judith Curry reviews it…
    Something here for both the maximalists and minimalists to find unsatisfactory.

    https://judithcurry.com/2022/10/18/the-primacy-of-doubt/

  6. oldbrew says:

    Another six-exoplanet system found.

    [Submitted on 17 Oct 2022]
    TOI-1136 is a Young, Coplanar, Aligned Planetary System in a Pristine Resonant Chain

    ‘With period ratios near 3:2, 2:1, 3:2, 7:5, and 3:2, TOI-1136 is the first known resonant chain involving a second-order MMR (7:5) between two first-order MMR. The formation of the delicate 7:5 resonance places strong constraints on the system’s migration history.
    . . .
    TOI-1136’s deep resonance suggests that it has not undergone much resonant repulsion during its 700-Myr lifetime.’ [bold added]

    https://arxiv.org/abs/2210.09283
    – – –
    Theory of resonant repulsion…
    https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2041-8205/756/1/L11

  7. oldbrew says:

    Secrets of Namibia’s fairy circles demystified: Plants self-organize
    Researchers show that plant water stress not termites causes mysterious circles

    Date: October 20, 2022
    Source: University of Göttingen

    Summary:
    Scientists have puzzled over the origin of Namibia’s fairy circles for nearly half a century. It boiled down to two main theories: either termites were responsible, or plants were somehow self-organizing. Now, researchers benefiting from two exceptionally good rainfall seasons in the Namib Desert, show that the grasses within the fairy circles died immediately after rainfall, but termite activity did not cause the bare patches. Instead, continuous soil-moisture measurements demonstrate that the grasses around the circles strongly depleted the water within the circles and thereby likely induced the death of the grasses inside the circles.

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/10/221020122948.htm

    But why circles?…

    “About 80-140 kilometres from the coast in the Namib, there are millions of fairy circles — circular gaps in the grassland, each a few meters wide, together forming a distinctive pattern across the whole landscape and visible for miles around.”
    . . .
    “By forming strongly patterned landscapes of evenly spaced fairy circles, the grasses act as ecosystem engineers and benefit directly from the water resource provided by the vegetation gaps. In fact, we know related self-organized vegetation structures from various other harsh drylands in the world, and in all those cases the plants have no other chance to survive except by growing exactly in such geometrical formations.”
    – – –
    From their earlier research (2017)…

    New theory may explain mystery of Fairy Circles of Namibia 

  8. oldmanK says:

    An older theory is more the likely explanation.

    As the ground dries, salts migrate to remaining moisture pools thus leaving concentrations of salt that inhibit plant growth. Form: circular.

  9. oldbrew says:

    Insects contribute to atmospheric electricity
    Date: October 24, 2022

    Summary:
    By measuring the electrical fields near swarming honeybees, researchers have discovered that insects can produce as much atmospheric electric charge as a thunderstorm cloud. This type of electricity helps shape weather events, aids insects in finding food, and lifts spiders up in the air to migrate over large distances. The research demonstrates that living things can have an impact on atmospheric electricity.

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/10/221024131048.htm

    ‘lifts spiders up in the air to migrate over large distances’ — levitation? Not quite…

    Spiders Can Fly Hundreds of Miles Using Electricity
    JULY 5, 2018

    Scientists are finally starting to understand the centuries-old mystery of “ballooning.”
    . . .
    This idea—flight by electrostatic repulsion—was first proposed in the early 1800s, around the time of Darwin’s voyage. Peter Gorham, a physicist, resurrected the idea in 2013, and showed that it was mathematically plausible. And now, Morley and Robert have tested it with actual spiders.

    https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/07/the-electric-flight-of-spiders/564437/

  10. oldbrew says:

    Researchers Discover Substitutes For Rare Earth Materials In Magnets
    Published 9 hours ago

    Researchers at the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with colleagues in Austria, report that tetrataenite, a “cosmic magnet” that takes millions of years to develop naturally in meteorites, can potentially be used instead of rare earth materials in magnets.
    . . .
    “What was so astonishing was that no special treatment was needed. We just melted the alloy, poured it into a mold, and we had tetrataenite,” says Greer. “The previous view in the field was that you couldn’t get tetrataenite unless you did something extreme, because otherwise, you’d have to wait millions of years for it to form. This result represents a total change in how we think about this material.”

    Although the research is promising, more work is needed to decide whether it will be suitable for high performance magnets. The team is hoping to collaborate with major magnet manufacturers to determine this.

    https://cleantechnica.com/2022/10/29/researchers-discover-substitutes-for-rare-earth-materials-in-magnets/

  11. oldbrew says:

    China Building World’s Largest Offshore Wind Farm — 43.3 Gigawatts
    Published 5 days ago

    According to Wikipedia, the Formosa Strait is 180 kilometers wide. The city of Chaozhou says its new wind farm will extend 185 kilometers offshore. You don’t have to be a mathematician to figure out there is a problem with this scenario.

    https://cleantechnica.com/2022/10/25/china-building-worlds-largest-offshore-wind-farm-43-3-gigawatts/

  12. oldbrew says:

    Report: Elon Musk Orders Massive Cuts to Twitter’s Notoriously Left-Wing Employee Population
    30/10/22

    https://www.breitbart.com/tech/2022/10/30/report-elon-musk-orders-massive-cuts-to-twitters-notoriously-left-wing-employee-population/

    Some ‘fact checkers’ may be getting nervous?

  13. oldbrew says:

    Taurid meteor burning up over Denmark on Oct. 31st, details here…
    https://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=01&month=11&year=2022

  14. oldbrew says:

    Temperatures in Europe rise at twice the global average — UN
    3 hours ago

    The continent has seen temperatures rise at a rate more than double that of the rest of the world over the past thirty years. At the same time, European countries had significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions.

    https://www.dw.com/en/temperatures-in-europe-rise-at-twice-the-global-average-un/a-63627483
    – – –
    That didn’t work then 🥱

  15. oldbrew says:

    Nothing here for COP27 climate obsessives to feed on …

    Defying Media Doomsters, 2022 Hurricane Season Ending With A Whimper

    https://climatechangedispatch.com/defying-media-doomsters-2022-hurricane-season-ending-with-a-whimper/

  16. oldbrew says:

    Staggering sea-level rise in the Mediterranean Sea revealed by new study
    Posted: 31 October 2022

    Scientists from the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) have discovered a substantial rise in sea-levels in the Mediterranean Sea, using a vital new method to measure changes in sea-level.
    . . .
    Previous changes in sea-level rise in the Mediterranean Sea have been highly unpredictable due to limited observational data but using this latest method, scientists analysed sea-level data from tide gauges and satellites to reveal an enormous increase as a result of ocean warming and land ice-melt.

    https://noc.ac.uk/news/staggering-sea-level-rise-mediterranean-sea-revealed-new-study

    ‘staggering’ ‘enormous’ ‘vital new method’ – hmmm…

  17. Paul Vaughan says:

    at center for deliberately average expression
    new (2022) Scafetta article may deserve more than a suggestions-47 note

    Click to access 2208.09293.pdf

  18. Paul Vaughan says:

    Prime Sort of Indicator

    Numbers that are not the sum of a square and a semiprime.
    https://oeis.org/A100570

    *	√φ = 	1.27201965	⌊ ⌉	+last	odd&>	+last	avg	⌊ ⌉	avg	⌊ ⌉	diff	prime index
    1	0	0	0									
    2	1	1.27201965	1	1	0	1.27201965	0.5	1	0.636009825	1	0	2
    3	2	2.544039299	3	4	0	3.816058949	2	2	1.908029474	2	0	3
    4	3	3.816058949	4	7	1	6.360098248	3.5	4	3.180049124	3	1	
    5	12	15.26423579	15	19	0	19.08029474	9.5	10	9.540147371	10	0	5
    6	17	21.62433404	22	37	1	36.88856984	18.5	19	18.44428492	18	1	
    7	28	35.61655019	36	58	0	57.24088423	29	29	28.62044211	29	0	7
    8	32	40.70462878	41	77	1	76.32117897	38.5	39	38.16058949	38	1	
    9	72	91.58541477	92	133	1	132.2900435	66.5	67	66.14502177	66	1	
    10	108	137.3781221	137	229	1	228.9635369	114.5	115	114.4817685	114	1	
    11	117	148.826299	149	286	0	286.2044211	143	143	143.1022106	143	0	11
    12	297	377.7898359	378	527	1	526.6161349	263.5	264	263.3080674	263	1	
    13	657	835.7169097	836	1214	0	1213.506746	607	607	606.7533728	607	0	13
    

    Characteristic function of nonprimes: 0 if n is prime, else 1.
    https://oeis.org/A005171

    Characteristic function of composite numbers: 1 if n is composite else 0.
    https://oeis.org/A066247

    misunderstanding indeed
    no. comment

  19. oldbrew says:

    The Guardian gives up on 2022 hurricane alarmism…

    Weather tracker: hurricane activity in Atlantic dips below predicted level
    4 Nov 2022

    Hurricane Fiona and Hurricane Ian were the only storms to strengthen enough to become major events
    . . .
    The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicted 14 to 21 named storms for the 2022 season, with six to 10 becoming hurricanes, three to six of which would be major category events. But as the 2022 season enters its final month, it has so far fallen short of these expectations.

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/nov/04/weather-tracker-hurricane-activity-in-atlantic-dips-below-predicted-level

    Fallen well short, barring a late flurry which is low probability.

  20. oldbrew says:

    Two critical and 36 others injured after blaze on 20th floor of NYC high-rise apartment block caused by e-scooter battery
    5 November 2022

    ‘Fire officials warned that rooms can catch on fire within seconds from blazes erupting from lithium-ion batteries
    . . .
    Last month, FDNY officials said an 8-year-old girl was killed in an apartment building in Queens from such a fire.

    Authorities had recovered five e-bikes from the building and said a person was repairing the bikes when the fire broke out.

    Chief Fire Marshall Dan Flynn told reporters there have been 200 lithium-ion battery fires in New York City this year, and six people have died as a result.’

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-11393923/Two-people-seriously-injured-fire-breaks-NYC-apartment.html

  21. Tony Thomas says:

    https://quadrant.org.au/opinion/doomed-planet/2022/11/climategate-the-film-boffins-turning-tricks/
    If I had my life to live over again, I wouldn’t change a thing, except I’d skip The Trick, a movie about the Climategate scandal that makes heroes of the villains.[1] The BBC aired it last year, and it’s finally accessible on Britbox via my Apple TV. It’s a thriller and the hero is Dr Phil Jones, who, in 2009 when the scandal broke, was a “world renowned” top scientist on a mission to save the planet from the perils of CO2…

  22. oldbrew says:

    France will face electricity shortages even in ‘normal winter’, says boss of country’s power grid
    14 November 2022
    Energy shortages raise questions over plans to import power to avert blackouts
    . . .
    Almost half of France’s nuclear power stations, which are owned and run by EDF, are currently offline, either for maintenance or as a result of corrosion problems.

    The widespread shutdowns add to the strain on the energy system caused by gas shortages.

    France typically exports electricity to other countries but is less able to do so given its nuclear problems, creating the risk that Britain will struggle to buy what it needs at peak times this winter. National Grid has warned there could be blackouts in the UK if it cannot import electricity when needed. [bold added]

    https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2022/11/14/france-will-face-electricity-shortages-even-normal-winter-says/

  23. oldbrew says:

    NEWS RELEASE 14-NOV-2022
    Desert dust collected from glacier ice helps document climate change
    Ice holds secrets to understanding atmospheric weather patterns

    COLUMBUS, Ohio – Researchers from The Ohio State University are using dust trapped in glacier ice in Tibet to document past changes in Earth’s intricate climate system – and maybe one day help predict future changes.

    Their findings suggest that the dust composition in samples collected from different areas and depths of the same glacier can vary greatly, a discovery that hints that a complete dust record could offer up more secrets than scientists realize.
    . . .
    “What we wanted to prove with these preliminary samples is that there is actual variability in their geochemistry and mineralogy,” she said. “We found that it’s not all the same dust coming from the same desert, and even in the same glacier, you don’t always have the same material.”

    https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/971259
    – – –
    As they say, ‘maybe one day’.

  24. oldbrew says:

    Zenobē kicks off first commercial-scale grid stability battery projects in Scotland
    November 16, 2022

    https://www.energylivenews.com/2022/11/16/giant-batteries-to-be-built-in-scotland/
    – – –
    Grid stability from things that only store, not generate, electricity is – let’s say – an interesting concept.

  25. oldbrew says:

    Tonga volcano temperature drop starting?
    By Joe Bastardi | November 17th, 2022

    The massive January 15 eruption of the Tonga volcano pumped immense amounts of water vapor and ash into the air. The excess water vapor is actually being acknowledged as a reason for warming.

    “Record-breaking Hunga Tonga volcanic plume might have warmed Earth’s climate”

    This is supposedly the biggest blast of ash since Krakatoa.

    Global temperatures fell after Krakatoa and Pinatubo in 1991.

    The launching of water vapor in the air had to have some effect on warming temperatures. But ash has to have the opposite effect as it leads to deceased incoming radiation. But that in turn can lead to warming! How so? Well, the decrease in radiation over the tropics slows down the easterlies, encouraging an El Niño response. Models are trying to hint at that next year. It’s a drop then a rise as we saw in the 90’s.

    But let’s look at the other source of warming, the oceanic response to the volcano.

    https://www.cfact.org/2022/11/17/tonga-volcano-temperature-drop-starting/

  26. oldbrew says:

    Sounds interesting — planet alignments, gravity vortex…

    New Theory of Effusive and Explosive Volcanic Eruptions
    Alexander N. Safronov
    Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences/Pyzhevskii per. 3, Moscow, Russia.
    DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2022.132007 PDF HTML XML 92 Downloads 426 Views
    Abstract

    In this study, we presented new theory of effusive and explosive of volcanic eruptions. New explanation of eruption mechanisms was done by using the Elemental Buoyancy Theory and new K-Th-U structure of Earth, developed early by author. During investigation of effusive eruptions, it was given clear answer on the question why the light chemical elements, mainly silicon and sulfur compound, currently dominate in the volcanic ashes, gases, and in the magma lavas. At investigation of explosive mechanism, we analyzed 38 strong eruptions with Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) more than 4+. It was shown that there is a link between the planet configurations and volcanic eruptions. It can be found that volcano eruptions occurred at the different types of planet alignments. The phenomenon does depend neither on planet mass nor on the relative positions of planets. Also the phenomenon does not depend on the distance between planets, but often eruptions were observed when the distances between planets are multiple units. Also in work, it was demonstrated that the planet alignment affects not only natural processes on the Earth, but also impact the Sun activity. Based on the comparison phenomenon on the Earth and Sun, we get new mechanism to rapidly rising up pressure under the lithospheric planes by gravity vortexes. This gravity vortex was called as terrestrial magmatic protuberances.

    https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=115540

  27. oldbrew says:

    Reading the ridges: Are climate and the seafloor connected?
    April 19, 2016

    Abyssal hills ripple away from mid-ocean ridges for hundreds of kilometers until they disappear beneath deep-sea sediments, making them the most common landform on the planet. Geologists have long attributed the hills’ existence and appearance to faulting of fresh rock as it cooled and stretched. But when scientists looked closely at the topography of the seafloor, or bathymetry, they noticed that the spacing and elevation of ridges and valleys appeared to correlate with past changes in global sea level.
    . . .
    One place such a signal has already been detected is at the Southern East Pacific Rise off the west coast of South America, where the Pacific and Nazca plates pull apart at almost 15 centimeters per year, making it the fastest spreading center on the planet. There, Maya Tolstoy of LDEO has found evidence for abyssal hills spaced 100,000 years apart. According to Olive’s model, that is not a frequency that faulting at fast spreading centers should produce. It is, however, the frequency with which Earth marched in and out of ice ages, causing the most dramatic changes in sea level.

    https://www.earthmagazine.org/article/reading-ridges-are-climate-and-seafloor-connected
    . . .
    Undersea volcanoes may be impacting long-term climate change
    Posted on January 24, 2016 by curryja

    Finally, a new study from Lamont-Doherty demonstrates a very clear relationship between variable tidal loading of the deep sea floor with mid-ocean ridge eruptions at the present time: these occur primarily during neap tides (when loading is reduced) and in the first six months of each year, suggesting a response to orbital eccentricity. Eruption of sea-floor volcanoes will contribute to atmospheric CO2 levels and act, according to the author of this [study] “as a climate valve“.

    https://judithcurry.com/2016/01/24/undersea-volcanoes-may-be-impacting-long-term-climate-change/

  28. oldbrew says:

    Project Retrograde — imagine Earth rotated in the opposite direction

    The rotation of Earth shapes our climate system in various ways: It controls the major wind directions, lets the weather systems swirl, and, together with the topography, it creates strong ocean currents. Many other features of the climate system, like the monsoon systems and the meridional overturning circulation in the ocean arise from complex interactions within the climate system, and their exact dependency on the topography is hard to pinpoint.
    . . .
    Earth’s rotation influences the climate in two ways. One is the direction of the apparent path of the Sun around the Earth, the other is the Coriolis effect, which deflects motions in a rotating system.

    https://www.dkrz.de/en/projects-and-partners/projects/focus/retrograde-earth
    – – –
    ‘the other is the Coriolis effect, which deflects motions in a rotating system.’

    In physics, the Coriolis force is an inertial or fictitious force that acts on objects in motion within a frame of reference that rotates with respect to an inertial frame.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriolis_force

  29. oldbrew says:

    ARTICLE | NOVEMBER 18, 2022
    Observed electric charge of insect swarms and their contribution to atmospheric electricity

    Concluding remarks and limitations of the study

    The presented evidence that swarming, migrating insects transport charge in the lower atmosphere indicates that large collections of charged insects will contribute to a hitherto unrecognized source of electrical variability in the atmosphere. This recognition potentially carries various physically- and biologically relevant implications. For instance, entomogenic space charge is not considered in current climate models aimed at capturing the complex interplay between radiation and particulate matter, such as the atmospheric transport of dust. As atmospheric space charge enhances the aggregation and movement of aerial particles (Toth et al., 2020), it is conceivable that insect-derived space charges will also contribute to spatial changes in aerial particles. For example, it could be speculated that insect-driven charged particle collection and transport could contribute to long-range transport of desert dust, providing alternative explanations for the transport of large particles, which cannot be explained by physical processes alone (Toth et al., 2020; Does Van der et al., 2018). Further, insects are not the only source of biogenic charge in the atmosphere, as birds and microorganisms also carry charge and abound in the lower atmosphere (Badger et al., 2015; de Groot et al., 2021). The observed presence and magnitude of biogenic space charge invites further interdisciplinary research into the dynamic electrical interactions between physical and biological entities in the atmosphere.

    https://www.cell.com/iscience/fulltext/S2589-0042(22)01513-9

  30. oldbrew says:

    ‘Extreme cold records continue to tumble at the South Pole. Three recent days – November 16th, 17th and 18th – have recorded a daily record, with the 18th plunging to –45.2°C, compared with –44.7°C on the same day in 1987. The records follow the six-month winter of 2020-21, which was the coldest since records began in 1957. Inexplicably, all these facts and trends have escaped reporting in the mainstream media.’

    https://dailysceptic.org/2022/11/20/south-pole-hits-record-cold-november-temperatures/

  31. oldbrew says:

    Germany Nixes Domestic Meat Due To Global Warming
    NOV 20, 2022

    Pork is expected to experience the worst shortages. The issues in meat supply are due to Berlin insisting on reducing the numbers of livestock by 50% to reduce global warming emissions. Experts are warning this policy will result in mass shutdown of meat-producing companies, and that will produce a 40% rise in the price of meat.

    https://www.thefinancialtrends.com/2022/11/20/germany-nixes-domestic-meat-due-to-global-warming/

  32. oldbrew says:

    ‘Planet on fire’ news…

    Snow falling in three states just days before start of summer
    November 23, 2022

    An unseasonable cold snap across south eastern Australia has caused record snow falls in several states despite summer being just around the corner.
    . . .
    Ski resorts in NSW, Victoria and Tasmania reported their heaviest fall since the end of the snow season in October.

    On Wednesday morning, Perisher in alpine NSW, recorded a staggering 25cms of snow had fallen on the slopes overnight.

    The latest powder dump takes the total to an eye-popping 42cm of snow over the past week, with summer just a week away.

    https://www.news.com.au/technology/environment/snow-falling-in-three-states-just-days-before-start-of-summer/news-story/e29095656e96e09a3481e5db8e7956ff

  33. oldbrew says:

    Mauna Loa: World’s largest active volcano erupts in Hawaii
    Published 9 hours ago

    The world’s largest active volcano, Hawaii’s Mauna Loa, has erupted for the first time in almost 40 years.

    The lava flow is mostly contained within the summit, but residents have been placed on alert and were earlier warned about the risk of falling ash.

    The US Geological Service (USGS) has said the situation could change rapidly.

    The volcano’s alert level has also been upgraded from an “advisory” to a “warning” – the highest classification.

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-63783633

  34. oldbrew says:

    Insolation changes caused by combination of amplitude and frequency modulation of the obliquity (1999)
    Han-Shou Liu
    Geodynamics Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

    Abstract. A forcing function is derived from the insolation signal with a bipolar pulse
    modulation train that is a function of Earth’s obliquity. From this obliquity-forced
    insolation, there is a calculated variation of about _+9% in the energy flux at the top of the atmosphere. Pulsations in the incoming solar radiation, induced by the amplitude frequency coupling effect of the obliquity, correlate well with continental biogenic silica data and the marine oxygen isotope record. The theory lends a new perspective to the physical mechanism involving climate change studies. Particularly, it provides a physical explanation of the 100-kyr cycle in glaciation, which is distinct from the commonly considered variations in orbital eccentricity.
    . . .
    We propose to investigate how the climate system would respond to the amplitude-frequency resonance effect of the orbital parameters. In general, consideration of resonance in physics has proved to be enormously fruitful [Liu and O’Keefe, 1965; Laslett and Sessler, 1966; Jeffreys, 1966; Monteoliva et al., 1994; Gammaitoni, 1995; Bulsara and Gammaitoni, 1996]. We argue here that it may provoke fundamental questions with regard to orbital forcing, insolation, and climate. [bold added]

    https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/1999JB900246

  35. oldbrew says:

    Earth’s orbital eccentricity and the rhythm of the Pleistocene ice ages: the concealed pacemaker (2004)
    J.A.Rial

    This paper describes how standard methods of electronic demodulation are used to guide the demodulation of selected paleoclimate time series to extract the fundamental frequency modulator of the climate, which appears to be, as suspected, the 413-ky component of eccentricity-induced insolation. [bold added]

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0921818103001863
    – – –
    From our orbital resonance post…
    ‘One of the longest known climatic periods is the ~413,000 year cycle in the eccentricity of Earth’s orbit.’
    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2021/10/30/orbital-resonance-and-the-celestial-origins-of-earths-climatic-changes-why-phi/

  36. oldbrew says:

    Electric car demand falls for first time since pandemic as electricity prices soar

    Interest wanes amid falling petrol prices fall and surging energy bills

    The drop off in interest comes as National Grid was forced to fire up Britain’s coal power stations on Monday in order to stave off fears of a blackout, highlighting the tightness in the energy market that is driving electricity prices higher.

    https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2022/12/13/electric-car-demand-falls-first-time-since-pandemic-electricity/
    – – –
    So there’s barely enough power now, without millions of EVs draining the system.

  37. Chaeremon says:

    since I was censored on Wattsup once too often, I write here @Stephen Wilde: demonstrate the lab experiment on heat exchange for continuous operation and show the papers on the corresponding thermodynamics. I can’t find either. Academics have probably determined the fusion fraction from the measurement of the hydrogen bombs of that time by subtracting their academicized fission fraction.

  38. oldbrew says:

    Uniting the Sun’s Hale magnetic cycle and “extended solar cycle” paradigms
    Oct. 2022
    Scott W. McIntosh1*, Philip H. Scherrer2, Leif Svalgaard2 and Robert J. Leamon3,4

    5 Conclusion
    The meticulous daily synoptic scale observations of the WSO have captured two complete 22-year Hale cycles. These observations have permitted a mapping of the Sun’s photospheric toroidal magnetic field component over that timeframe. Key features of the WSO observations compare directly to the data-inspired schematic of the ESC that was conceived to illustrate how the activity bands of the ESC can interact to shape the latitudinal progression of sunspot cycles and their amplitude. The WSO observations should unambiguously unify the Hale magnetic cycle and the ESC as being, physically, one and the same and indistinguishable. These low spatial resolution ground-based observations are corroborated by higher resolution space-based magnetographic observations from SOHO and SDO where all three identify zero-crossing events we associate as Hale Cycle terminators.

    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspas.2022.923049/full

  39. oldbrew says:

    Ready for liftoff…

    Forget the Moon, NASA’s next big mission is a lot closer to home
    Dec. 15, 2022

    The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite will observe nearly all water on Earth’s surface, helping people on the coasts and inland better prepare for the effects of climate change.
    . . .
    “This is important because as the climate warms, oceans are rising,” Karen St. Germain, director of NASA’s Earth Science Division, told reporters. “Our coastlines are changing, and we’re seeing large fluctuations in inland water bodies — lakes, reservoirs and rivers.”

    SWOT, she continued, will bring a “revolutionary advance” in our understanding of the water cycle — how water moves from the oceans to land through the atmosphere and then back to the ocean.

    https://www.zdnet.com/article/forget-the-moon-nasas-next-big-mission-is-a-lot-closer-to-home/
    – – –
    Can it get climate models to work, or at least work better?

  40. oldbrew says:

    As a Result of an Impressive Cold Blob Anomaly in the North Atlantic, Glaciers in Parts of Greenland, Iceland, and Norway are now Slowing Down From Melting
    By Renato R. Colucci
    Published: 18/12/2022

    The reason for concern is that the ocean temperatures to the southeast of Greenland have been gradually colder in the past several years, despite record-warm global temperatures. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have provided temperature maps showing continuously decreasing temperatures in and around a region known as the Irminger Sea, located just north of the Arctic Circle.

    This observation is coupled with recent research suggesting that there has been a slowing down of the AMOC in the ocean. This vast and apparent anomaly is called the cold blob. In the image above, you can see the sea surface temperature trend from 1993 to 2018. Whilst the Atlantic and the Mediterranean are warming; the Irminger Sea is cooling.

    https://www.severe-weather.eu/global-weather/impressive-cold-blob-north-atlantic-global-warming-glaciers-greenland-iceland-norway-rrc/

    NB the image represents the trend

  41. oldbrew says:

    Germany’s first public wireless EV charging road
    16 December 2022

    In collaboration with EnBW, a provider of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in Germany, Electreon will be deploying 1 km of Electric Road System (ERS) along a stretch of road, as well as two static charging stations. The two locations are determined based on the bus route and where the bus stops during its operational schedule.

    The inductive charging technology involves copper coils being embedded in the road surface. As soon as the vehicle drives over the coils, the receiver coils fitted on the underbody are activated and draw the electrical energy into the vehicle’s battery via a magnetic field. This enables the vehicle to cover long distances without the need to stand idle while being recharged—especially advantageous for heavy goods vehicles.
    . . .
    As part of the agreement for this latest project in Balingen, Electreon will receive up to €3.2 million to deploy the dynamic and static wireless charging infrastructure.

    https://www.greencarcongress.com/2022/12/20221216-electreon.html

  42. catweazle666 says:

    Interesting, oldbrew…
    Giant electromagnets buried in the road surface.
    I can see all there being all sorts of fun with that.

  43. oldbrew says:

    From the Guardian’s weather obsession page…

    Weather tracker: temperatures set to plunge across US states

    Arctic airmass heading south, reaching Texas and even Florida, with some areas facing temperatures of up to 45 degrees below normal
    . . .
    Through the week, this airmass will slowly spread southward across central states, with temperatures ranging from 10-30 degrees below average.
    . . .
    Over the Christmas holidays, the airmass will retreat from central states but linger across the east, with temperatures ranging from -10C to -20C.

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/dec/19/weather-tracker-temperatures-set-to-plunge-across-us-states
    – – –
    Is that from the *rapidly warming* Arctic the media keep going on about?

  44. oldbrew says:

    Only three new EVs cost less than £30k

    Whilst the cheapest petrol sits at £13k, pricing many out of the electric revolution
    . . .
    Even if you wanted to buy one of these, the chances are slim – the report claims – with Mini soon to discontinue* its Electric and MG no longer taking orders, with a 14-month waiting list.

    The end of government grants for EV buyers has also seen the amount of people that can afford to go electric drop even further.

    https://www.energylivenews.com/2022/12/21/only-three-new-evs-cost-less-than-30k/
    [* for a newer more expensive model]
    – – –
    Everything’s expensive in ‘the electric revolution’. Another climate policy fail.

  45. oldbrew says:

    Two ‘habitable’ Earth-like worlds found orbiting star not far from Solar System
    Mon, 19 December 2022

    GJ 1002b, the inner of the two, takes little more than 10 days to complete an orbit around the star, while GJ 1002c needs a little over 21 days.

    Co-author Vera Maria Passegger said: “GJ 1002 is a red dwarf star, with barely one-eighth the mass of the Sun. It is quite a cool, faint star. This means that its habitable zone is very close to the star.”

    https://uk.news.yahoo.com/two-habitable-earth-like-worlds-found-orbiting-star-not-far-from-solar-system-152946920.html

  46. oldbrew says:

    Holtec joins the UK’s SMR nuclear race…

    https://holtecinternational.com/2022/12/19/holtec-britain-applies-to-join-uk-government-process-for-generic-design-assessment-of-us-origin-smr-160-nuclear-reactor-in-the-united-kingdom/

    But NuScale says it’s ready now…

    NuScale President of VOYGR services and delivery Tom Mundy told NCE that the company’s SMR technology has been developed – and the next step is to deploy it on sites.

    https://www.newcivilengineer.com/latest/smr-tech-ready-to-move-forward-in-the-uk-22-12-2022/

  47. oldbrew says:

    From the ENSO blog at Climate.gov:

    What are teleconnections? Connecting Earth’s climate patterns via global information superhighways
    BY BREANNA ZAVADOFF AND MARYBETH ARCODIA
    PUBLISHED DECEMBER 22, 2022

    When looking at the forecast on your favorite weather app, it may be hard to imagine that forecast could be connected to atmospheric and ocean conditions all the way across the globe. Fortunately for us, these connections can allow us to make predictions weeks to months in advance. How is this possible?

    Buckle up! It’s time to go for a ride on our planet’s information superhighway.

    https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/what-are-teleconnections-connecting-earths-climate-patterns-global-information

    Last Stop!

    In the atmospheric science community, Rossby waves are considered to be some of the most fundamental and important components of our weather and climate systems. Guided along by the jet stream, these Rossby waves serve as the foundation for teleconnection patterns, which provide a pathway for information (like temperature and pressure) to be transferred to and affect weather patterns in places thousands of miles away. Rossby waves are the vehicles that travel along our global information superhighway that keep our climate system fully connected and in constant communication. Thank you for traveling with us, we hope you enjoyed the ride!

    Lead editors: Tom DiLiberto and Nat Johnson.

  48. oldbrew says:

    NEWS RELEASE 27-DEC-2022
    Bering Land Bridge formed surprisingly late during last ice age

    Princeton scientists found that the Bering Land Bridge was flooded until 35,700 years ago, with its full emergence occurring only shortly before the migration of humans into the Americas.
    . . .
    The findings also indicate that there may be a less direct relationship between climate and global ice volume than scientists had thought, casting into doubt some explanations for the chain of events that causes ice age cycles.
    [bold added]

    https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/975362
    – – –
    The findings imply a complicated relationship between climate and global ice volume and suggest new avenues for investigating the mechanisms underlying glacial cycles.

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/12/221226151545.htm

  49. oldbrew says:

    Precise solar observations fed millions in ancient Mexico
    Aztec farming calendar accurately tracked seasons, leap years

    Date: December 12, 2022
    Source: University of California – Riverside
    Summary:
    Without clocks or modern tools, ancient Mexicans watched the sun to maintain a farming calendar that precisely tracked seasons and even adjusted for leap years.
    . . .
    “Our hypothesis is that they used the whole Valley of Mexico. Their working instrument was the Basin itself. When the sun rose at a landmark point behind the Sierras, they knew it was time to start planting,” Ezcurra said.

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/12/221212180529.htm

  50. oldmanK says:

    “Aztec farming calendar accurately tracked seasons, leap years”

    It was done in the Med likely earlier, with specific structures built for the purpose. Accounting for the leap year was not necessary because yearly adjustment was made on the equinox day, on every equinox, due to orbital time change in seasons.

    How can I tell? Because the system can be reverse engineered back in time, over a period of near 2500 years, to the early structures to discern how it worked the first time.

  51. oldbrew says:

    COSMIC RAYS SINK TO A 6-YEAR LOW: Cosmic rays reaching Earth just hit a six-year low. Neutron counters in Oulu, Finland, registered the sudden decrease on Dec. 26th when a coronal mass ejection (CME) hit Earth’s magnetic field:

    https://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=31&month=12&year=2022

  52. oldbrew says:

    2022: The Year ESG Fell To Earth
    Posted on Sun 01/01/2023 by PA Pundits – International

    By Rupert Darwall ~

    By restricting investment in production of oil and gas by Western producers, ESG increases the market power of non-Western producers, thereby enabling Putin’s weaponization of energy supplies. Net zero—the holy grail of ESG—has turned out to be Russia’s most potent ally.
    . . .
    Although the disintegration of ESG as an investment strategy became unmistakable in 2022, its existence as a political doctrine will continue until it is challenged and defeated politically. This is already happening in Red states such as Florida, Texas, West Virginia, and Utah. It also requires concerted leadership at a national level to get central bankers and financial regulators to quit playing covert climate policy and to shame banks such as HSBC into switching their support from Russia in the energy wars by dropping their anti–oil and gas financing policies. Defeating ESG is not a case of “who cares wins” but “who fights wins.”

    https://papundits.wordpress.com/2023/01/01/2022-the-year-esg-fell-to-earth/

  53. oldbrew says:

    Do wind turbines have their own ’emissions’?

    Wind farm fears as SNP ministers admit they don’t monitor ‘toxic’ leading edge erosion

    Energy minister Michael Matheson also admitted that no wind farm operators have been fined for failing to maintain their turbines and there is no scheme in place to monitor microplastic pollution
    1 JAN 2023

    There have been concerns for years about the environmental impact from the erosion of microplastics from the colossal turbine blades, which are made with fibreglass and epoxy resin.

    One of the chemicals is called Bisphenol A, which has been linked with fertility problems in humans and wildlife. Campaigners say a single turbine can emit up to 62 kilos of microplastics annually, although this is disputed by the renewables industry.

    https://www.scottishdailyexpress.co.uk/news/scottish-news/wind-farm-fears-snp-ministers-28848177
    – – –
    Shetland News: Letters / Microplastics from wind turbines
    19 October 2021

    A recent (July 2021) Norwegian report entitled ‘Leading edge erosion and pollution from wind turbine blades’ reveals that wind turbine blades suffer erosion due to rain, hail etc.

    That may not be surprising, but what is a surprise is the amount of material they shed, what it is and where it goes. I quote information from that report.

    A turbine with 120M diameter, such as those intended for erection by Viking Energy will shed around 62kg of microplastics per year in the form of epoxy resin. Epoxy resin contains bisphenol A (BPA).

    The World Health Organisation states that drinking water should have a maximum of 0.1 micrograms of BPA per litre to be safe. One kg of BPA is sufficient to render 10 billion litres of water unsafe to drink.

    https://www.shetnews.co.uk/2021/10/19/microplastics-from-wind-turbines/

    Vestas says…
    FACTS:
    Maximum removal per blade, per year: 50 grams, mainly paint.
    Maximum contamination of Bisphenol A per leaf, per year: 0.5 milligrams.

    The fact sheet can be downloaded here (https://norwea.no/s/PlastogBisfenolAfaktaark1.pdf)

    Source: Information and figures are supplied directly from the turbine manufacturer Vestas. Contact NORWEA for more information.
    https://norwea.no/norwea-mener/2021/3/26/faktaark-vindkraft-plast-og-bisfenol-a

  54. catweazle666 says:

    The good old Law of Unintended Consequences strikes again…
    Aside from the pollution problem, the erosion reduces the aerodynamic efficiency of the turbine, reducing output power over time and increasing the possibility of catastrophic blade failure.
    This has been known for some time, there are papers on the subject from 2014.

  55. oldbrew says:

    Questions Remain Over Met Office Claim That 2022 Was the U.K.’s Hottest Year on Record
    BY CHRIS MORRISON 30 DECEMBER 2022

    https://dailysceptic.org/2022/12/30/questions-remain-over-met-office-claim-that-2022-was-the-u-k-s-hottest-year-on-record/
    – – –
    So what if it was? Nothing to do with trace gases in the atmosphere.

    On the day of the temperature record it was 16-17C in northern Scotland and 24C in the west country.

  56. oldbrew says:

    Mystery of ancient dots and stripes on Europe’s caves is solved

    Archaeologists believe wave of discoveries set to tumble forth as code cracked by work of pioneering amateur
    5 January 2023
    . . .
    “Lunar calendars are difficult because there are just under twelve and a half lunar months in a year, so they do not fit neatly into a year. As a result, our own modern calendar has all but lost any link to actual lunar months,” said Prof Freeth.

    The two men had to reconstruct a calendar based on meteorology and other information that paleolithic humans would have had available, which then helped explain the universality of the cave symbols.

    The duo were then able to use the birth cycles of equivalent animals still alive today to figure out that the series of dots accompanying many animal drawings was a record of lunar months for when they were mating.

    https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2023/01/05/mystery-ancient-dots-stripes-europes-caves-solved/

  57. oldbrew says:

    Major scientific breakthroughs have ground to a halt, study finds

    While the early and mid-20th century brought discoveries that changed the world, there have been few equivalent advances in recent decades
    4 January 2023

    They [researchers] also warned that scholars sometimes face a “publish or perish” research culture, in which their success is based on the number of papers that appear in journals rather than the quality, or innovation in research.

    https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2023/01/04/major-scientific-breakthroughs-have-ground-halt-study-finds/
    – – –
    Pursuit of delusions seems popular though 🙄

  58. oldbrew says:

    James Webb Space Telescope spies Milky Way mimics that could challenge theories of galaxy evolution
    6 Jan. 2023

    Galaxies similar to our own Milky Way sprouted up earlier than scientists expected.
    . . .
    JWST’s specialized eyes on the universe recently revealed yet another surprise —multiple galaxies that look like our Milky Way, but from between 8 and 11 billion years in the past when the universe was much younger.

    New research described in a statement from UT Austin(opens in new tab) presents observations from the JWST Cosmic Evolution Early Release Science Survey(opens in new tab) showing galaxies with stellar bars, straight lines of stars stretching from galactic centers to their outer disks, at this time in the young universe. The discovery could “require scientists to refine their theories of galaxy evolution,” according to the statement.

    https://www.space.com/james-webb-space-telescope-milky-way-galaxies-early-universe
    – – –
    ‘Refine their theories’? Might need to do more than that.

  59. catweazle666 says:

    “‘Refine their theories’? Might need to do more than that.”

    Like chuck the whole lot away and start from scratch?

  60. oldbrew says:

    @ catweazle – ‘chuck the whole lot away’

    Was that the theories or the scientists? 😮

  61. oldbrew says:

    As Alpine ski resorts moan about lack of snow and ‘experts’ try to blame human ’emissions’, news from Norway…

    Traffic trauma after heavy snow
    January 4, 2023
    State meteorologists and police had warned against driving all over Southern Norway on Wednesday, because of forecasts for heavy snow. Many defied the warnings, though, leading to traffic trauma and accidents that forced road closures when the snow fell as predicted.

    Among the closures was the main E18 highway between Drammen and Oslo.
    . . .
    More weather and traffic warnings were posted for Friday in both Østlandet (Eastern Norway) and Sørlandet (Southern Norway), with another 25 centimeters of snow expected. Most is due to fall in the county border areas between Sørlandet and Telemark.

    https://www.newsinenglish.no/2023/01/04/traffic-trauma-after-heavy-snow

  62. catweazle666 says:

    @ oldbrew, I think Planck’s principle – science advances one funeral at a time – is likely to sort it out!.

  63. oldbrew says:

    Japanese researchers begin study into electricity generation from snow
    Jan 8, 2023

    In the joint project, local information technology startup Forte Co. and the University of Electro-Communications in Tokyo are looking to power a turbine with energy produced when liquid cooled by stored snow is then vaporized by the heat of the surrounding air.
    . . .
    In Aomori, large volumes of snow are dumped into the sea and elsewhere after being collected by snowplows and trucks. In the previous fiscal year that ended last March, snow removal costs ballooned to a record ¥5.9 billion.

    “Snow has been treated as a nuisance but we can put it to good use,” a city official said.

    https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2023/01/08/national/science-health/aomori-research-snow-energy/

  64. oldbrew says:

    Electric cars now more costly than petrol for long journeys
    10 January 2023

    Energy costs drive up price of charging vehicles by 58pc since May

    https://www.telegraph.co.uk/money/consumer-affairs/electric-cars-now-costly-petrol-long-journeys/
    – – –
    Even though fuel prices are still a lot higher than a year ago.

  65. Hi Rog,

    Leif Svalgaard was very hostile against your ideas. Point is I found years ago he made an essential error…

    Time for…🤔🧐

    Brief explanation

    Astronomers made a colossal fault in the interpretation of the Sun’s polar fields strength: the same as saying Mount Everest is at sea level and sea level is as high as Mount Everest! Can you imagine a map of the Earth where Mount Everest is at sea level and vice versa? Everything would be upside down! This is the same situation like in the middle ages when people thought the Sun revolved around the Earth! Unbelievable, but true.
    The consequences are far reaching. It is quite easy to understand, and you need only 5 minutes to look at it.

    (PDF) The Anti-Phase Solution for the Average Polar Magnetic Field

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/367021425_The_Anti-Phase_Solution_for_the_Average_Polar_Magnetic_Field

    Could you make a thread of it? I am sure the press will have a field day when they find out…

    Best

    Patrick

  66. oldbrew says:

    Seasonal temperatures in West Antarctica during the Holocene
    Published online: 11 January 2023

    Here, we analyse a continuous record of water-isotope ratios from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide ice core to reveal summer and winter temperature changes through the last 11,000 years. Summer temperatures in West Antarctica increased through the early-to-mid Holocene, reached a peak 4,100 years ago and then decreased to the present. [bold added]

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-022-05411-8
    – – –
    Interesting 😎
    . . .

    Article on the above study…

    JANUARY 11, 2023
    Study offers most detailed glimpse yet of planet’s last 11,000 summers and winters
    by University of Colorado at Boulder

    The study also validates one aspect of a long-standing theory about Earth’s climate that has not been previously proven: how seasonal temperatures in polar regions respond to Milankovitch cycles.
    . . .
    “I am particularly excited that our result confirms a fundamental prediction of the theory used to explain Earth’s ice-age climate cycles: that the intensity of sunlight controls summertime temperatures in the polar regions, and thus melt of ice, too,” said Kurt Cuffey, a co-author on the study and professor at the University of California Berkeley.

    https://phys.org/news/2023-01-glimpse-planet-summers-winters.html

  67. oldbrew says:

    JANUARY 13, 2023
    A year on, we now know why the Tongan eruption was so violent. It’s a wake-up call to watch other submarine volcanoes

    The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai eruption has firmly established itself in the record books with the highest ash plume ever measured and a 58km aerosol cloud “overshoot” that touched space beyond the mesosphere. It also triggered the largest number of lightning bolts recorded for any type of natural event.
    . . .
    This event has parallels only to the great 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in Indonesia and has changed our perspective of the potential hazards from shallow submarine volcanoes.

    https://phys.org/news/2023-01-year-tongan-eruption-violent-wake-up.html

  68. oldbrew says:

    Trapping Millions of Tons of CO2 – Researchers Have Discovered an Arctic Carbon Conveyor Belt
    Jan 16, 2023

    “Based on our measurements, we calculated that through this water-mass transport, more than 2,000 metric tons of carbon flow into the Arctic deep sea per day, the equivalent of 8,500 metric tons of atmospheric CO2. Extrapolated to the total annual amount revealed even 13.6 million metric tons of CO2, which is on the same scale as Iceland’s total annual emissions,” explains Dr. Andreas Rogge

    https://scitechdaily.com/trapping-millions-of-tons-of-co2-researchers-have-discovered-an-arctic-carbon-conveyor-belt/
    – – –
    Nature’s carbon cycle at work.

  69. oldbrew says:

    One of the biggest sunspots in years (AR3190) is crossing the solar disk

    https://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=17&month=01&year=2023

  70. oldbrew says:

    JANUARY 17, 2023
    Circadian clock controls sunflower blooms, optimizing for pollinators

    An individual floret blooms over a couple of days: On the first day, it opens the male part of the flower and presents pollen; on the second day, the female stigma unfold to receive pollen. Somehow, florets coordinate so that they open in concentric rings starting from the edge and moving inward on successive days, with a ring of female flowers always outside the earlier-stage, pollen-bearing male flowers.

    Pollinating bees tend to land on the ray petals around a sunflower head and walk toward the center, said senior author Stacey Harmer, professor of plant biology, UC Davis College of Biological Sciences. That means that they will pick up pollen after they have walked over the female florets, then carry it to a different flower head.

    https://phys.org/news/2023-01-circadian-clock-sunflower-blooms-optimizing.html
    – – –

    The golden angle (right, 360°/phi²) gets the tick.
    Source: https://asknature.org/strategy/fibonacci-sequence-optimizes-packing/

  71. oldbrew says:

    Airlines to invoke EU freedoms to challenge green restrictions on short-haul flights
    EURACTIV.com with Reuters
    19 Jan 2023

    The airline industry plans to invoke EU rights to freedom of movement to push back against environmental restrictions on short-haul flights, officials in the sector said, following a partial ban in France approved by Brussels in December.

    Industry groups fear the ban could set a precedent for wider limitations across Europe on short-haul flying – once a symbol of cross-border liberalisation and now increasingly under fire.

    French and European airports and regional airlines are laying out a new strategy to counter the ban on three French short-haul flight routes, which is in place for three years.

    https://www.euractiv.com/section/aviation/news/airlines-to-invoke-eu-freedoms-to-challenge-green-restrictions-on-short-haul-flights/

  72. oldbrew says:

    Half-million km. long bolt of lightning on the Sun, connecting two sunspots…

  73. oldbrew says:

    China: Northern city of Mohe reports coldest temperature
    Published 5 hours ago

    China’s northernmost city, Mohe, has recorded its lowest temperature since records began.

    Mohe – known as “China’s North Pole” – is in the province of Heilongjiang, close to the Russian border.

    On Sunday, its local meteorological station recorded a record-low temperature of -53C (-63F) at 7am. The previous coldest temperature on record in the city was -52.3C, in 1969.

    However, the temperature is still shy of China’s national record.

    The coldest temperature ever recorded in China is -58C, in the city of Genhe, Inner Mongolia in December 2009.
    . . .
    Since Friday, temperatures dipped below -50C in Mohe for three consecutive days, which outlets have said is unprecedented.

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-64378176

  74. oldbrew says:

    Is the ozone hole really healing?
    Wednesday 25th January 2023 | Dr David Whitehouse, Science Editor

    The Antarctic ozone hole usually starts opening during the Southern Hemisphere spring (in late September) and begins to develop during October, usually ending during November. But this has not been the case in the past few years. Data from the last three years show a different behaviour: during this time, the ozone hole has remained larger than usual throughout November and has only come to an end well into December.

    The 2022 Antarctic ozone hole was again relatively large and its closure took longer than usual, like 2020 and 2021. This is a different behaviour from what had been seen in the previous 40 years. No one is quite sure what is happening.

    https://www.netzerowatch.com/is-the-ozone-hole-really-healing/
    – – –
    Mysterious 🤔

    NASA annual ozone data since 1979…
    https://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/meteorology/annual_data.html

  75. catweazle666 says:

    ‘Huge’ unexpected ozone hole discovered over tropics
    The area of depleted ozone is seven times larger than the hole over Antarctica and could affect 50 per cent of the global population

    From the article:

    The new research has also highlighted differences in the prevailing theories on how ozone is depleted.

    In the past, the presence of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) was considered to be the biggest cause of ozone depletion. The 1987 Montreal Protocol, which banned them, has seen a major reduction in their use.

    But despite the global ban, the largest, deepest and most persistent ozone holes – over the Antarctic – were still observed in the late 2000s and in 2020-2021.

    “This was unexpected from any of the photochemistry-climate models,” Professor Lu said.

    More “settled climate science”!

  76. catweazle666 says:

    oldbrew – This, however, is not covered by Prof. Lu’s findings about the tropical hole, and IMO is highly significant: “But despite the global ban, the largest, deepest and most persistent ozone holes – over the Antarctic – were still observed in the late 2000s and in 2020-2021.”

  77. oldbrew says:

    Al Gore’s blind rabbits and other matters…

    Ozone: The Whole Truth

    https://www.heritage.org/environment/commentary/ozone-the-hole-truth

  78. oldbrew says:

    JAN 27, 2023.
    Crushed Bug ‘Additive’ Now In Pizza, Pasta, And Cereals Across The EU

    As of yesterday, a food additive made out of powdered crickets began appearing in foods from pizza to pasta to cereals across the European Union.

    Yes, really.

    Defatted house crickets are on the menu for Europeans across the continent, without the vast majority of people knowing it is now in their food.

    “This comes thanks to a European Commission ruling passed earlier this month,” reports RT.
    . . .
    The European Union also recently approved the use of Alphitobius diaperinus, otherwise known as the lesser mealworm, for human consumption.

    As we have exhaustively documented, globalist technocrats and climate change activists have consistently lobbied for people to start eating bugs to fight global warming, despite the practice being linked to parasitic infections.

    https://climatechangedispatch.com/crushed-bug-additive-now-in-pizza-pasta-and-cereals-across-the-eu/

  79. catweazle666 says:

    Unfortunately for the UK, as a result of Government foot-dragging, we are still in thrall to Brussels’ food regulations, so it is likely this rubbish will appear here.

    So make damn sure to read the small print on the ‘ingredients’, although I wouldn’t trust that as far as I could spit.

  80. oldbrew says:

    There goes another one…

    TESLA “SPONTANEOUSLY” BURSTS INTO FLAMES WHILE DRIVING DOWN FREEWAY –
    TERRIFYING.

    Tesla Flambé

    Seemingly without warning, a Tesla Model S “spontaneously” burst into flames while cruising down a California highway, according to the Sacramento Metro Fire District.

    The Tesla was traveling at “freeway speeds,” the fire district said in a Facebook post, until the driver noticed heavy black smoke emerging from the undercarriage. Fortunately, the motorist was able to pull over and exit the vehicle unharmed, but the flames continued to intensify, devouring the vehicle’s front end.

    A crew of firefighters used jacks to expose the Tesla’s underside and extinguish the lithium ion battery blaze. Putting it out, though, required considerable effort.

    https://futurism.com/the-byte/tesla-model-s-flames-freeway

  81. oldbrew says:

    How the pattern of trends across the tropical Pacific Ocean is critical for understanding the future climate

    PUBLISHED JANUARY 26, 2023

    ‘Because natural variations in the ocean circulation are slow, it is difficult to estimate the signal of global warming in a short observational record.’

    https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/how-pattern-trends-across-tropical-pacific-ocean-critical-understanding-future
    – – –
    NOAA’s panel of experts scratch their heads. They look for something that may or may not be there, depending on a theory that always exaggerates temperature data in climate models.

  82. catweazle666 says:

    ““How will climate change influence ENSO?” is one of the most common questions that we get on the ENSO Blog.”

    A brilliant example of putting the cart before the horse, oldbrew?

  83. oldbrew says:

    Assumptions all the way, then they wonder why it’s such a struggle?

  84. oldbrew says:

    The woodburning stove crackdown is hypocritical insanity
    So what is their alternative? Gas? With prices sky high – you must be joking. Or is it electricity, when we can’t generate enough as it is?
    1 February 2023

    https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2023/02/01/woodburning-stove-crackdown-hypocritical-insanity/

    Become a power station and get massive subsidies for burning wood pellets 🙄

  85. oldbrew says:

    FEBRUARY 1, 2023
    Drilling campaign reaches a depth of 808 meters in the Antarctic ice sheet

    “We believe this ice core will give us information on the past’s climate and the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT), which happened between 900,000 and 1.2 million years ago,” says Carlo Barbante. “During this transition, climate periodicity between ice ages changed from 41,000 to 100,000 years: the reason why this happened is the mystery we hope to solve.”

    https://phys.org/news/2023-02-drilling-campaign-depth-meters-antarctic.html

  86. oldbrew says:

    California’s Snowpack Nearly 200% Above Average for Early February
    Published An hour ago

    The California Department of Water Resources conducted the second manual snowpack survey of 2023 yesterday at Phillips Station near Lake Tahoe. Officials found 85.5 inches of snow depth. That’s 193% above average for the snow depth for the location for this time of year, according to a statement from the Department.

    https://gizmodo.com/california-s-snowpack-nearly-200-above-average-for-ear-1850065249

  87. catweazle666 says:

    Aside from the bloody solar panel, if that isn’t a top class urban heat island, I don’t know what is!

  88. oldbrew says:

    Global Battery Demand Is Soaring, But Supply Is Lagging Behind
    Feb 02, 2023

    — Battery demand is expected to rise by approximately 30 percent, to 4,500 gigawatt-hours globally.

    — A unique set of challenges including material and labor shortages and the long development and construction time for gigafactories could constrain battery output.

    — Besides new demand, many of the batteries from the first generation of EVs will need to be replaced.
    . . .
    The future of the electric battery remains uncertain. As governments encourage a rapid transition away from fossil fuel-powered vehicles to EVs, no one is quite sure whether the battery manufacturing industry can keep up with the demand. A range of challenges continues to threaten output, with huge investments required to develop the mining operations and gigafactories needed to support battery production around the globe. Yet, progress remains slow considering the ambitious targets set out for EV production by governments worldwide.

    https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Global-Battery-Demand-Is-Soaring-But-Supply-Is-Lagging-Behind.html

  89. catweazle666 says:

    “No one is quite sure whether the battery manufacturing industry can keep up with the demand”

    I am totally certain, it can’t.

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